Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Heptanal

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Optima-5VF-5 MSVF-5 MSVF-5 MSHP-5 MS
Column length (m) 30.60.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.30.30.40.40.
Tend (C) 246.260.260.250.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.5.4.
Initial hold (min) 1.  3. 
Final hold (min)  28.28.3.5.
I 901.904.905.906.903.
ReferenceAl-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 2012Leffingwell and Alford, 2011Leffingwell and Alford, 2011Liu, Lu, et al., 2011Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 2011
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5OV-1OV-1HP-5 MSDB-5 MS
Column length (m) 60.50.30.30.25.
Carrier gas Helium HeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.20
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.500.250.250.33
Tstart (C) 35.40.50.70.40.
Tend (C) 220.270.250.290.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.2.5.5.10.
Initial hold (min) 1. 3. 1.
Final hold (min) 15.10.2.  
I 900.878.858.903.912.
ReferencePiyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011Da Costa, Yang, et al., 2010Hu, Liang, et al., 2010Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 2010Majcher, Lawrowski, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5 MSDB-5 MSDB-5 MSHP-5 MSVF-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 70.40.40.35.60.
Tend (C) 290.230.250.195.300.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.6.6.2.10.
Initial hold (min)  2.2.5.2.
Final hold (min) 10.20.20.30.10.
I 902.897.903.901.906.
ReferenceRadulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010Chen, Song, et al., 2009Chen, Song, et al., 2009Kim and Chung, 2009Li and Zhao, 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5BP-1Mega 5 MSRTX-5 MSHP-5 MS
Column length (m) 60.50.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.220.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.500.25
Tstart (C)  60.40.35.50.
Tend (C) 240.220.240.225.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.2.3.6.4.
Initial hold (min)   2.5. 
Final hold (min) 5.20. 10. 
I 910.883.864.902.902.
ReferenceMallia, Escher, et al., 2009Ottavioli, Bighelli, et al., 2009Romeo, Verzera, et al., 2009Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 2009Zhao, Zeng, et al., 2009
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-101HP-101HP-5HP-5 MSSPB-1
Column length (m) 25.25.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumN2HeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.200.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.251.0
Tstart (C) 70.70.60.50.60.
Tend (C) 200.200.220.230.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.5.4.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.10.4.5.
Final hold (min)    10. 
I 880.883.902.902.882.
ReferenceBlazevic and Mastelic, 2008Blazevic and Mastelic, 2008Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2008Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008Frerot, Velluz, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1HP-5HP-5 MSRTX-5HP-5 MS
Column length (m) 30.10.30.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeliumHelium Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.100.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.400.251.0.25
Tstart (C) 30.40.50.40.60.
Tend (C) 210.280.250.205.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.20.6.54.4.
Initial hold (min)  1.1.55.5.
Final hold (min)  1.10.5. 
I 877.902.907.903.897.
ReferenceKumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 2008Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008Berdague, Tournayre, et al., 2007Capetanos, Saroglou, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase VF-5MS5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane5 % Phenyl methyl siloxaneHP-5Elite-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.1.0.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.260.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 7.7.7.4.4.
Initial hold (min)  10.10. 5.
Final hold (min)  5.5. 10.
I 897.901.901.900.901.
ReferenceGhiasvand, Setkova, et al., 2007Ramirez R. and Cava R., 2007Ramirez R. and Cava R., 2007Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 2007Tava, Pecetti, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5CP Sil 5 CBHP-1HP-1Ultra-2
Column length (m) 60.25.50.50.25.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.32 0.20.20.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1. 0.50.330.33
Tstart (C) 40.80.60.60.40.
Tend (C) 230.270.250.250.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.10.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 5.  4.2.
Final hold (min) 5. 120.30.10.
I 901.904.874.874.897.
ReferenceVasta, Ratel, et al., 2007Ayoub, Al-Azizi, et al., 2006Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5PE-5SPB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.50.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeliumHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.60.100.60.70.
Tend (C) 200.280.280.250.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.0.51.2.4.
Final hold (min)  2. 20. 
I 902.903.908.899.899.
ReferenceIsidorov, Purzynska, et al., 2006Ozel, Gogus, et al., 2006Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006Pino, Marquez, et al., 2006Pino, Marbot, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5 MSDB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.13.5
Carrier gas Hydrogen HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 70.40.40.40.35.
Tend (C) 280.200.260.250.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.8.2.4.6.
Initial hold (min) 4.3.5.2.3.
Final hold (min)  20.20.10. 
I 899.937.901.902.901.
ReferencePino, Marbot, et al., 2006Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 2006Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 2006de Souza, Vásquez, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1DB-5HP-5MSMDN-5MDN-5
Column length (m) 50.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHe HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.38.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.240.220.270.270.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.5.4.4.
Initial hold (min)   1.4.4.
Final hold (min) 60. 2.5.5.
I 880.908.900.902.900.
ReferenceBendimerad and Bendiab, 2005Chaverri and Cicció, 2005Krist, Stuebiger, et al., 2005van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5DB-1HP-5HP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeliumHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.50.40.40.60.
Tend (C) 250.265.300.250.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.54.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.1. 2.2.
Final hold (min) 20.20.5.5.13.
I 900.877.900.896.901.
ReferencePino, Marbot, et al., 2005Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2005Utsunomia, Kawata, et al., 2005N/AYayli, Yasar, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5ZB-55 % Phenyl methyl siloxaneDB-1HP-5
Column length (m) 25.60.0.30.25.
Carrier gas NitrogenHeHeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.251.0.250.5
Tstart (C) 60.40.40.50.30.
Tend (C) 240.260.250.265.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.6.7.2.53.
Initial hold (min)  4.610.1. 
Final hold (min)  1.5.20. 
I 900.908.900.877.901.
ReferenceJAvidnia, Mojab, et al., 2004Jürgens and Dötterl, 2004Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 2004Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2004Shafi, Nambiar, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5MDN-5DB-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.35.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 240.280.280.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.20.4.4.
Initial hold (min)  2.1.10. 
Final hold (min)  4.1.40. 
I 896.901.902.899.901.
ReferenceTellez, Khan, et al., 2004Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003Mildner-Szkudlarz, Jelen, et al., 2003Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003Sajjadi and Mehregan, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5HP-1SPB-1SPB-1SPB-1
Column length (m) 60.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.20.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.00.50.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 30.60.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 230.220.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)   10.10.10.
Final hold (min)  40.   
I 902.873.877.879.881.
ReferenceSebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5OV-101SPB-5RTX-5
Column length (m) 50.30.50.30.20.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.20.250.18
Phase thickness (mum) 1.050.250.50.250.4
Tstart (C) 40.60.50.60.20.
Tend (C) 200.240.250.250.290.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.2.4.40.
Initial hold (min) 10.  2.3.5
Final hold (min) 5.  20.0.5
I 900.900.879.901.906.
ReferenceAndrés, Cava, et al., 2002Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 2002Orav, Kailas, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-54Optima-1DB-5MSHP-5SPB-5
Column length (m) 25.25.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.200.530.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.251.50.251.
Tstart (C) 35.50.40.60.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.225.220.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.6.5.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.3.5.10. 
Final hold (min)   30.  
I 909.881.890.900.900.
ReferenceBellesia, Pinetti, et al., 2001Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001Cadwallader and Heo, 2001Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2001Poligné, Collignan, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101Optima-1Methyl SiliconeHP-1
Column length (m) 50.50.25.60.25.
Carrier gas N2N2He H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.200.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)   0.250.250.17
Tstart (C) 80.80.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.200.250.220.260.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.3.5.3.
Initial hold (min)   3.10.5.
Final hold (min)      
I 880.880.882.880.65879.
ReferenceYang, 2001Yang, 2001, 2de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 1999Lopes, Koketsu, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5DB-5MSHP-5SE-54
Column length (m) 30. 30.50.25.
Carrier gas   He  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.32 0.250.320.31
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.250.250.52 
Tstart (C) 40.34.60.35.35.
Tend (C) 200.200.240.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.3.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.3. 15.3.
Final hold (min)  10. 45. 
I 900.895.901.902.888.
ReferenceMeynier, Novelli, et al., 1999Schlüter, Steinhart, et al., 1999Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 1999Boylston and Viniyard, 1998Ding, Deng, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1DB-1DB-5DB-5SE-54
Column length (m) 25.60.60.60.25.
Carrier gas     He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.250.320.320.2
Phase thickness (mum)   1.1.0.5
Tstart (C) 35.30.40.40.35.
Tend (C) 200.200.200.200.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.4.3.3.5.
Initial hold (min) 5.25.5.5.2.
Final hold (min)  20.2.2. 
I 902.876.899.900.909.
ReferenceQuiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 1998Buttery, Ling, et al., 1997Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 1997Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 1997Bellesia, Pinetti, et al., 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1Ultra-2DB-1DB-5 MSCross-Linked Methylsilicone
Column length (m) 60.50.60.30.25.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeliumHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.52   
Tstart (C) 30.40.30.50.35.
Tend (C) 200.250.200.250.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 25.3.25. 3.
Final hold (min) 20.30.20.  
I 876.900.876.898.878.
ReferenceButtery and Ling, 1995King, Matthews, et al., 1995Buttery, Stern, et al., 1994Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101Ultra-2DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 50.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeH2H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.521.1.1.
Tstart (C) 80.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.250.220.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.3.3.5.
Initial hold (min)  3.  5.
Final hold (min)  30.   
I 883.900.898.898.897.
ReferenceEgolf and Jurs, 1993King, Hamilton, et al., 1993Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993Moio, Langlois, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101DB-1HG-5DB-5
Column length (m) 50.50.60.50.60.
Carrier gas   HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)   1.20.520.25
Tstart (C) 80.80.30.35.40.
Tend (C) 200.200.240.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.3.3.2.
Initial hold (min)   10.15.5.
Final hold (min)    45. 
I 880.882.881.902.901.
ReferenceTamura, Yang, et al., 1993Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1992Drumm and Spanier, 1991Lee, Macku, et al., 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 60.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas He NitrogenNitrogenNitrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.280.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 40.80.70.80.80.
Tend (C) 160.200.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.    
Final hold (min)      
I 903.883.878.881.878.
ReferenceMacku and Shibamoto, 1991Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101DB-1OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 50.50.60.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2 N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.80.50.80.80.
Tend (C) 200.200.250.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.4.2.2.
Initial hold (min)   0.1  
Final hold (min)   5.  
I 878.879.876.878.875.
ReferenceYang and Sugisawa, 1990Yang and Sugisawa, 1990Binder and Flath, 1989Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101DB-1DB-1OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas N2    
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.0.50.40.50.
Tend (C) 200.250.250.225.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min)    0.10.1
Final hold (min)    30.30.
I 878.877.875.877.876.
ReferenceSugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989Habu, Flath, et al., 1985Habu, Flath, et al., 1985Stern, Flath, et al., 1985Stern, Flath, et al., 1985
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101SP 2100SE-30SE-30SE-30+Igepal
Column length (m) 50.40.50.50.100.
Carrier gas HeHelium He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.310.200.50.50.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 0.40.40.40.70.
Tend (C) 225.200.170.170.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.10.3.3.1.
Initial hold (min) 1. 3.3. 
Final hold (min)      
I 877.871.877.878.895.
Referencedel Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2Shibamoto and Jennings, 1977
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-30+IgepalSF-96
Column length (m) 100.111.
Carrier gas  Nitrogen
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.76
Phase thickness (mum)   
Tstart (C) 70. 
Tend (C) 170.130.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.3.
Initial hold (min)  8.
Final hold (min)  40.
I 896.885.
ReferenceShibamoto and Jennings, 1977Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Al-Qudah, Muhaidat, et al., 2012
Al-Qudah, M.A.; Muhaidat, R.; Trawenh, I.N.; Jaber, H.I.; Abu Zarga, M.H.; Abu Orabi, S.T., Volatile constituents of leaves and bulbs of Gynandriris Sisyrinchicum and their antimicrobial activities, Jordan J. Chem., 2012, 7, 3, 287-295. [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Liu, Lu, et al., 2011
Liu, S.; Lu, S.; Su, Y.; Guo, Y., Analysis of volatile compounds in Radix Bupleuri injection by GC-MS-MS, Chromatographia, 2011, 74, 5-6, 497-502, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10337-011-2082-7 . [all data]

Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 2011
Miyazawa, M.; Marumoto, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Yoshida, S.; Utsumi, Y., Determination of characteristic components in essential oils from Wisteria braphybotrys using gas chromatography - olfactometry incremental dilution technique, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2011, 5, 3, 221-227. [all data]

Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011
Piyachaiseth, T.; Jirapakkul, W.; Chaiseri, S., Aroma compounds of flash-fried rice, Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.), 2011, 45, 717-729. [all data]

Da Costa, Yang, et al., 2010
Da Costa, N.C.; Yang, Y.; Kowalczyk, J.; Poulsen, M.L., The analysis of volatiles and non-volatiles in Yerba Mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) in Proc. 12th Weurman Symp., Blank, I.; Wust, M.; Yeretzian, C., ed(s)., Institut fur Chemie und Biologisher Chemie, Wissenschafen, Winterthur, 2010, 494-497. [all data]

Hu, Liang, et al., 2010
Hu, C.-D.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Guo, F.-Q.; Li, X.-R.; Wang, W.-P., Determination of essential oil composition from Osmanthus fragrans tea by GC-MS combined with a chemometric resolution method, Molecules, 2010, 15, 5, 3683-3693, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15053683 . [all data]

Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 2010
Lazarevic, J.; Radulovic, N.; Palic, R.; Zlatkovic, B., Chemical Analusis of volatile constituents of Berula erecta (Hudson) Coville subsp. erecta (Apiaceae) from Serbia, J. Essential Oil. Res., 2010, 22, 3, 153-156, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700290 . [all data]

Majcher, Lawrowski, et al., 2010
Majcher, M.; Lawrowski, P.; Jelen, H., Comparison of original and adulterated oscypek cheese based on volatile and sensory profiles, Acta Sci. Pol. Technol. Aliment., 2010, 9, 3, 265-275. [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Dordevic, N.; Markovic, M.; Palic, R., Volatile constituents of Glechoma Hirsuta Waldst. Kit. and G. Hederacea L. (Lamiaceae), Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2010, 24, 1, 67-76, https://doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v24i1.52962 . [all data]

Chen, Song, et al., 2009
Chen, G.; Song, H.; Ma, C., Aroma-active aompounds of Beijing roast duck, Flavour Fragr. J., 2009, 24, 4, 186-191, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1932 . [all data]

Kim and Chung, 2009
Kim, J.-S.; Chung, H.Y., GC-MS analysis of the volatile components in dried boxthorn (Lycium chimensis) Fruit, J. Korean Soc. Appl. Biol. Chem., 2009, 52, 5, 516-524, https://doi.org/10.3839/jksabc.2009.088 . [all data]

Li and Zhao, 2009
Li, L.; Zhao, J., Determination of the volatile composition of Rhodobryum giganteum (Schwaegr.) Par. (Bryaceae) using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography / mass spectrometry (GC/MS), Molecules, 2009, 14, 6, 2195-2201, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14062195 . [all data]

Mallia, Escher, et al., 2009
Mallia, S.; Escher, F.; Dubois, S.; Schieberle, P.; Schlichtherle-Cerny, H., Characterization and quantification of odor-active compounds in unsaturated fatty acid/conjugated linoleic acid (UFA/CLA)-enriched butter and in conventional butter during storage and induced oxidation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 16, 7464-7472, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9002158 . [all data]

Ottavioli, Bighelli, et al., 2009
Ottavioli, J.; Bighelli, A.; Casanova, J.; Bang, B.T.; Y., GC (retention indices), GC-MS, and 13C NMR of two citral-rich Cymbopogon leaf oils: C. Flexuosus and C. tortilis, Spectroscopy Lett., 2009, 42, 8, 506-512, https://doi.org/10.1080/00387010903022350 . [all data]

Romeo, Verzera, et al., 2009
Romeo, V.; Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurao, C.; Tripodi, G., Headspace volatiles of Vicia sativa L. (Legumnodeae) by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Ess. Oil Res., 2009, 21, 1, 33-35, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2009.9700101 . [all data]

Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 2009
Watcharananun, W.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Huangrak, K.; Kim, H.; Lorjaroenphon, Y., Identification of predominant odorants in Thai desserts flavored by smoking with Tian Op, a traditional Thai scented candle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 3, 996-1005, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802674c . [all data]

Zhao, Zeng, et al., 2009
Zhao, C.; Zeng, Y.; Wan, M.; Li, R.; Liang, Y.; Li, C.; Zeng, Z.; Chau, F.-T., Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods, J. Sep. Sci., 2009, 32, 4, 660-670, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200800484 . [all data]

Blazevic and Mastelic, 2008
Blazevic, I.; Mastelic, J., Free and bounded volatiles of rocket (Eruca sativa Mill.), Fravour Fragr. J., 2008, 23, 4, 278-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1883 . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2008
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L., Composition of the essential oils from leafy parts of the shoots, flowers and fruits of Eryngium amethystinum from Amiata Mount (Tuscany, Italy), Food Chem., 2008, 107, 2, 671-674, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.08.064 . [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Frerot, Velluz, et al., 2008
Frerot, E.; Velluz, A.; Bagnoud, A.; Delort, E., Analysis of the volatile constituents of cooked petai beans (Parkia speciosa) using high-resolution GC/TOF-MS, Flav. Fragr. J., 2008, 23, 6, 434-440, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1902 . [all data]

Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008
Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 2008, 14, 3, 269-276, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.14.269 . [all data]

Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 2008
Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H., The potential of different techniques for volatile compounds analysis coupled with PCA for the detection of the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil, Food Chem., 2008, 110, 3, 751-761, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.02.053 . [all data]

Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008
Thakeow, P.; Angeli, S.; Weissbecker, B.; Schutz, S., Antennal and behavioral responses of Cis boleti to fungal odor of Trametes gibbosa, Chem. Senses, 2008, 33, 4, 379-387, https://doi.org/10.1093/chemse/bjn005 . [all data]

Berdague, Tournayre, et al., 2007
Berdague, J.L.; Tournayre, P.; Cambou, S., Novel multi-gas chromatography?olfactometry device and software for the identification of odour-active compounds, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1146, 1, 85-92, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.12.102 . [all data]

Capetanos, Saroglou, et al., 2007
Capetanos, C.; Saroglou, V.; Marin, P.D.; Simic, A.; Skaltsa, H.D., Essential oil snalysis of two endemic Eringium species from Serbia, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2007, 72, 10, 961-965, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0710961C . [all data]

Ghiasvand, Setkova, et al., 2007
Ghiasvand, A.R.; Setkova, L.; Pawliszyn, J., Determination of flavour profile in Iranian fragrant rice samples using cold-fibre SPME-GC-TOF-MS, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 377-391, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1809 . [all data]

Ramirez R. and Cava R., 2007
Ramirez R.; Cava R., Volatile profiles of dry-cured meat products from three different Iberian x Duroc genotypes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 5, 1923-1931, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062810l . [all data]

Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 2007
Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 2007, 61, 5, 272-277, https://doi.org/10.2298/HEMIND0704272R . [all data]

Tava, Pecetti, et al., 2007
Tava, A.; Pecetti, L.; Ricci, M.; Pagnotta, M.A.; Russi, L., Volatile compounds from leaves and flowers of Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt. (Fabaceae) from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 363-370, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1806 . [all data]

Vasta, Ratel, et al., 2007
Vasta, V.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Raw Meat for the Authentication of the Feeding Background of Farm Animals, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 12, 4630-4639, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf063432n . [all data]

Ayoub, Al-Azizi, et al., 2006
Ayoub, N.; Al-Azizi, M.; König, W.; Kubeczka, K.-H., Essential oils and a novel polyacetylene from Eryngium yuccifolium Michaux. (Apiaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 6, 864-868, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1631 . [all data]

Castel, Fernandez, et al., 2006
Castel, C.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Perichet, C.; Lavoine, S., Characterization of the Chemical Composition of a Byproduct from Siam Benzoin Gum, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 23, 8848-8854, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061193y . [all data]

Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 2006
Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Silva, A.S.; Carvalho, C.P.S.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile composition of siriguela (Spondias purpurea L.) by solid phase microextraction (SPME), LWT, 2006, 39, 4, 437-443, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2005.02.007 . [all data]

Isidorov, Purzynska, et al., 2006
Isidorov, V.; Purzynska, A.; Modzelewska, A.; Serowiecka, M., Distribution coefficients of aliphatic alcohols, carbonyl compounds and esters between air and Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane fiber coating, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 560, 1-2, 103-109, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2005.12.043 . [all data]

Ozel, Gogus, et al., 2006
Ozel, M.Z.; Gogus, F.; Lewis, A.C., Comparison of direct thermal desorption with water distillation and superheated water extraction for the analysis of volatile components of Rosa damascena Mill. using GCxGC-TOF/MS, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 566, 2, 172-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.03.014 . [all data]

Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006
Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 427-430, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1606 . [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2006
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Marbot, R., Volatile constituents from tea of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), Rev. CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2006, 37, 3, 127-129. [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2006
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Payo, A.; Chao, D.; Herrera, P., Aromatic Plants from Western Cuba VII. Composition of the Leaf Oil of Psidium wrightii KRug et Urb., Lantana involucrata L., Cinnamonum montanum (Sw.) Berchtold et J. Persl. and Caesalpinia violacea (Mill.) Standley, J. Essent. Oil. Res., 2006, 18, 2, 170-174, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2006.9699058 . [all data]

Schirack, Drake, et al., 2006
Schirack, A.V.; Drake, M.A.; Sander, T.H.; Sandeep, K.P., Characterization of aroma-active compounds in microwave blanched peanuts, J. Food Sci., 2006, 71, 9, c513-c520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2006.00173.x . [all data]

Senatore, Landolfi, et al., 2006
Senatore, F.; Landolfi, S.; Celik, S.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea calcitrapa L. and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. sphaerocephala, two Asteraceae growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 282-285, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1585 . [all data]

Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 2006
Shen X.; Gao Y.; Su Q.D., Constituents of the essential oil of Rhizoma polygonati, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 556-558, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1666 . [all data]

de Souza, Vásquez, et al., 2006
de Souza, M.D.C.A.; Vásquez, P.; del Mastro, N.L.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization and cachaca and rum aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 2, 485-488, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0511190 . [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

Chaverri and Cicció, 2005
Chaverri, C.; Cicció, J.F., Essential oil of trees of the genus Ocotea (Lauraceae) in Costa Rica. I. Ocotea brenesii, Rev. Biol. Trop., 2005, 53, 3-4, 431-436, https://doi.org/10.15517/rbt.v53i3-4.14611 . [all data]

Krist, Stuebiger, et al., 2005
Krist, S.; Stuebiger, G.; Unterweger, H.; Bandion, F.; Buchbauer, G., Analysis of volatile compounds and triglycerides of seed oils extracted from different poppy varieties (Papaver somniferum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 21, 8310-8316, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0580869 . [all data]

van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005
van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 3, 417-425, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.005 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of genipap (Genipa americana L.) fruit from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 583-586, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1491 . [all data]

Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2005
Sarkhail, P.; Amin, G.; Surmaghi, M.H.S.; Shafiee, A., Composition of the volatile oils of Phlomis lanceolata Boiss. Hohen., Phlomis anisodonta Boiss. and Phlomis bruguieri Desf. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 3, 327-329, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1427 . [all data]

Utsunomia, Kawata, et al., 2005
Utsunomia, H.; Kawata, J.; Chanoki, W.; Shirakawa, N.; Miyazawa, M., Components of Essential Oil from Woods of Prunus mume Sieb. at Zucc., J. Oleo Sci., 2005, 54, 11, 609-612, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.54.609 . [all data]

Yayli, Yasar, et al., 2005
Yayli, N.; Yasar, A.; Gülec, C.; Usta, A.; Kolayli, S.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Karaoglu, S., Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Centaurea sessilis and Centaurea armena, Phytochemistry, 2005, 66, 14, 1741-1745, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.006 . [all data]

JAvidnia, Mojab, et al., 2004
JAvidnia, K.; Mojab, F.; Mojahedi, S.A., Chemical constituents of the essential oil of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl from Iran, Iranian J. Pharm. Res., 2004, 3, 61-63. [all data]

Jürgens and Dötterl, 2004
Jürgens, A.; Dötterl, S., Chemical composition of anther volatiles in Ranunculaceae: genera-specific profiles in Aemone, Aquilegia, Caltha, Pulsatilla, Ranunculus, and Trollius species, American Journal of Botany, 2004, 91, 12, 1969-1980, https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.91.12.1969 . [all data]

Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 2004
Ramírez, M.R.; Estévez, M.; Morcuende, D.; Cava, R., Effect of the type of frying culinary fat on volatile compounds isolated in fried pork loin chops by using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 25, 7637-7643, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049207s . [all data]

Sarkhail, Amin, et al., 2004
Sarkhail, P.; Amin, G.; Shafiee, A., Composition of the essential oil of Phlomis persica Boiss and Phlomis chorassanica Bunge from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 538-540, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1338 . [all data]

Shafi, Nambiar, et al., 2004
Shafi, P.M.; Nambiar, M.K.G.; Clery, R.A.; Sarma, Y.R.; Veena, S.S., Composition and antifungal activity of the oil of Artemisia nilagirica (Clarke) Pamp, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 377-379, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698748 . [all data]

Tellez, Khan, et al., 2004
Tellez, M.R.; Khan, I.A.; Schaneberg, B.T.; Crockett, S.L.; Rimando, A.M.; Kobaisy, M., Steam distillation-solid-phase microextraction for the detection of Ephedra sinica in herbal preparations, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1025, 1, 51-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)01035-5 . [all data]

Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003
Dhanda, J.S.; Pegg, R.B.; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program - Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003, retrieved from http://www.agr.gov.sk.ca/afif/Projects/19980016.pdf. [all data]

Mildner-Szkudlarz, Jelen, et al., 2003
Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H.; Zawirska-Wojtasiak, R.; Wasowicz, E., Application of headspace - solid phase microextraction and multivariate analysis for plant oils differentiation, Food Chem., 2003, 83, 4, 515-522, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00147-X . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Fuentes, V., Characterization of volatiles in Bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 13, 3836-3839, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020733y . [all data]

Sajjadi and Mehregan, 2003
Sajjadi, S.E.; Mehregan, I., Chemical composition of the essential oil of Prangos Asperula Boiss. subsp. haussknechtii (Boiss.) Hernst. et Heyn fruits, 2003, retrieved from http://www1.tums.ac.ir/daru/daru2%2020003/Dr%20Sajadi.PDF. [all data]

Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003
Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 2003, 23, 4, 497-511, https://doi.org/10.3166/sda.23.497-511 . [all data]

Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Valette, L.; Fernandez, X.; Poulain, S.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Levieil, R.; Restier, L., Volatile constituents from Romanesco cauliflower, Food Chem., 2003, 80, 3, 353-358, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00272-8 . [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: modifications induced by oxidation and suitable markers of oxidative status, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6564-6571, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030268k . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 2
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6572-6577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030269c . [all data]

Andrés, Cava, et al., 2002
Andrés, A.I.; Cava, R.; Ruiz, J., Monitoring volatile compounds during dry-cured ham ripening by solid-phase microextraction coupled to a new direct-extraction device, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 963, 1-2, 83-88, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00139-5 . [all data]

Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 2002
Flamini, G.; Ertugrul, K.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Dural, H.; Bagci, Y., Volatile constituents of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey: C. pseudoscabiosa subsp. pseudoscabiosa and C. hadimensis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2002, 30, 10, 953-959, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00043-1 . [all data]

Orav, Kailas, et al., 2002
Orav, A.; Kailas, T.; Müürisepp, M., Composition of blackcurrant aroma isolated from leaves, buds, and berries of Ribes nigrum L., Proc. Est. Acad. Sci. Chem., 2002, 51, 4, 225-234. [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2002, 33, 3, 115-119. [all data]

Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 2002
Sies A.; Hirsch R.; Löscher R.; Tablack P.; Guth H., Direct thermal desorption and Fast-GC-TOF-MS for a rapid quality control of hazelnuts, 10th Weurman Flavour Research Symposium, 24 - 28 June 2002, Beaune, France, 2002. [all data]

Bellesia, Pinetti, et al., 2001
Bellesia, F.; Pinetti, A.; Tirillini, B.; Bianchi, A., Temperature-dependent evolution of volatile organic compounds in Tuber borchii from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 1, 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<1::AID-FFJ936>3.0.CO;2-Y . [all data]

Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001
Brun, G.; Bessière, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 116-119, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.958 . [all data]

Cadwallader and Heo, 2001
Cadwallader, K.R.; Heo, J., Aroma of roasted sesame oil: characterization by direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography-olfactometry and sample dilution analysis, Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser., 2001, 782, 187-202. [all data]

Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2001
Campeol, E.; Flamini, G.; Chericoni, S.; Catalano, S.; Cremonini, R., Volatile compounds from three cultivars of Olea europaea from Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 11, 5409-5411, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010455n . [all data]

Poligné, Collignan, et al., 2001
Poligné, I.; Collignan, A.; Trystram, G., Characterization of traditional processing of pork meat into boucané, Meat Sci., 2001, 59, 4, 377-389, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00090-0 . [all data]

Yang, 2001
Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 2001, 29, 3, 313-316. [all data]

Yang, 2001, 2
Yang, R., Volatile compounds in peel oil of Citrus sudachi, Food Sci. (Beijing), 2001, 22, 3, 71-73. [all data]

de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000
de Beck, P.O.; Bessière, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 182-185, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<182::AID-FFJ888>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 1999
Baraldi, R.; Rapparini, F.; Rossi, F.; Latella, A.; Ciccioli, P., Volatile organic compound emissions from flowers of the most occurring and economically important species of fruit trees, Phys. Chem. Earth, 1999, 24, 6, 729-732, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1464-1909(99)00073-8 . [all data]

Lopes, Koketsu, et al., 1999
Lopes, D.; Koketsu, M.; Carauta, J.P.P.; de Oliveira, R.R.; Kaplan, M.A.C., Chemical composition of Pourouma guianensis Aublet essential oils, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 4, 233-236, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199907/08)14:4<233::AID-FFJ813>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Meynier, Novelli, et al., 1999
Meynier, A.; Novelli, E.; Chissolinim, R.; Zanardi, E.; Gandemer, G., Volatile compounds of commercial Milano salami, Meat Sci., 1999, 51, 2, 175-183, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(98)00122-3 . [all data]

Schlüter, Steinhart, et al., 1999
Schlüter, S.; Steinhart, H.; Schwarz, F.J.; Kirchgessner, M., Changes in the odorants of boiled carp fillet (Cyprinus carpio L.) as affected by increasing methionine levels in feed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5146-5150, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9902604 . [all data]

Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 1999
Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents from leaves and flowers of Alpinia speciosa K. Schum. and A. purpurata (Viell.) Schum., Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 6, 411-414, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199911/12)14:6<411::AID-FFJ854>3.0.CO;2-U . [all data]

Boylston and Viniyard, 1998
Boylston, T.D.; Viniyard, B.T., Isolation of volatile flavor compounds from peanut butter using purge-and-trap technique in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel and G. Charalambous, ed(s)., 1998, 225-243. [all data]

Ding, Deng, et al., 1998
Ding, Q.; Deng, Y.; Sun, Y.; Huagn, A.; Sun, Y., Analysis of volatile components in ox feces by capillary gas chromatography, Beijing Daxue Xuebao Ziran Kexueban, 1998, 34, 6, 720-725. [all data]

Quiroz A. and Niemeyer H.M., 1998
Quiroz A.; Niemeyer H.M., Olfactometer-assessed responses of aphid Rhopalosiphum padi to wheat and oat volatiles, J. Chem. Ecol., 1998, 24, 1, 113-124, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022393029987 . [all data]

Buttery, Ling, et al., 1997
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 837-843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9604807 . [all data]

Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 1997
Kondjoyan, N.; Viallon, C.; Berdagué, J.L.; Daridan, D.; Simon, M.-N.; Legault, C., Analyse comparative de la fraction volatile de jambons secs de porcs Gascon et Large-White x Landrace Français, J. Rech. C.N.R.S., 1997, 29, 405-410, retrieved from http://www.rennes.inra.fr/srp/jrp/1997/97txtQualite/Q9704.pdf. [all data]

Bellesia, Pinetti, et al., 1996
Bellesia, F.; Pinetti, A.; Bianchi, A.; Tirillini, B., Volatile compounds of the white truffle (Tuber magnaturn Pico) from middle Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 1996, 11, 4, 239-243, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199607)11:4<239::AID-FFJ573>3.0.CO;2-A . [all data]

Buttery and Ling, 1995
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Volatile flavor components of corn tortillas and related products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 7, 1878-1882, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00055a023 . [all data]

King, Matthews, et al., 1995
King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 3, 773-778, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00051a039 . [all data]

Buttery, Stern, et al., 1994
Buttery, R.G.; Stern, D.J.; Ling, L.C., Studies on flavor volatiles of some sweet corn products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 3, 791-795, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00039a038 . [all data]

Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994
Gomez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A., Comparative study of the aromatic profiles of two different plum species: Prunus salicina Lindl and Prunus simonii L., J. Sci. Food Agric., 1994, 65, 1, 111-115, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740650116 . [all data]

Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993
Bravo, A.; Hotchkiss, J.H., Identification of volatile compounds resulting from the thermal oxidation of polyethylene, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1993, 47, 10, 1741-1748, https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1993.070471004 . [all data]

Egolf and Jurs, 1993
Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 21, 3119-3126, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00069a027 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993
Moio, L.; Dekimpe, J.; Etievant, P.; Addeo, F., Neutral volatile compounds in the raw milks from different species, J. Dairy Res., 1993, 60, 2, 199-213, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900027515 . [all data]

Moio, Langlois, et al., 1993
Moio, L.; Langlois, D.; Etievant, P.; Addeo, F., Powerful odorants in bovine, ovine, caprine and water buffalo milk determined by means of gas chromatography-olfactometry, J. Dairy Res., 1993, 60, 02, 215-222, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900027527 . [all data]

Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993
Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 1993, 525, 121-136. [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1992
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 75-84, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150205 . [all data]

Drumm and Spanier, 1991
Drumm, T.D.; Spanier, A.M., Changes in the content of lipid autoxidation and sulfur-containing compounds in cooked beef during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 2, 336-343, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00002a023 . [all data]

Lee, Macku, et al., 1991
Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 11, 1972-1975, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00011a017 . [all data]

Macku and Shibamoto, 1991
Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Headspace volatile compounds formed from heated corn oil and corn oil with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1265-1269, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a014 . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990
Sugisawa, H.; Nakamura, K.; Tamura, H., The aroma profile of the volatile in marine green algae (Ulva pertusa), Food Reviews International, 1990, 6, 4, 573-589, https://doi.org/10.1080/87559129009540893 . [all data]

Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1990
Tamura, H.; Kihara, S.; Sugisawa, H., A New Identification Method for Aliphatic Compounds Using Linear Equation of the GC Retention Index Value, Agric. Biol. Chem., 1990, 54, 12, 3171-3176, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.54.3171 . [all data]

Yang and Sugisawa, 1990
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1990, 37, 12, 946-952, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.37.12_946 . [all data]

Binder and Flath, 1989
Binder, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of pineapple guava, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 734-736, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a034 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989
Sugisawa, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., The comparison of volatile components in peel oil from four species of navel orange, Nippon Shokuhin Kogio Gakkaishi, 1989, 36, 6, 455-462, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.36.6_455 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989
Sugisawa, H.; Yang, R.H.; Kawabata, C.; Tamura, H., Volatile constituents in the peel oil of sudachi (Citrus sudachi), Agric. Biol. Chem., 1989, 53, 6, 1721-1723, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb1961.53.1721 . [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Stern, Flath, et al., 1985
Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Lundin, R.E.; Benson, M.E., Crude oleic acid volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 180-184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a005 . [all data]

del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984
del Rosario, R.; de Lumen, B.O.; Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R., Comparison of headspace volatiles from winged beans and soybeans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 1011-1015, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a015 . [all data]

Labropoulos, Palmer, et al., 1982
Labropoulos, A.E.; Palmer, J.K.; Tao, P., Flavor evaluation and characterization of yogurt as affected by ultra-high temperature and vat processes, J. Dairy Sci., 1982, 65, 2, 191-196, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(82)82176-0 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy identification of volatiles from rancid oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 1093-1095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a051 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 950-954, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a016 . [all data]

Shibamoto and Jennings, 1977
Shibamoto, T.; Jennings, W.G., The volatile composition of the leaf oil of California Juniper (J. californica Carr.) in Proceedings of VII International Congress of Essential Oils, October 7-11, 1977, Kyoto, Japan, 1977, 413-418. [all data]

Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976
Donetzhuber, A.; Johansson, K.; Sandstroem, C., Gas phase characterization of wood, pulp, and paper, Appl. Polymer Symp., 1976, 28, 889-901. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References