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2-Butenal, 2-methyl-


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-1730.Bartley and Schwede, 1989He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1076.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB749.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5749.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1097.Calvo-Gómez, Morales-López, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1093.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryPEG-20M1095.Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 199760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1104.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1095.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1093.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1063.Yu, Wu, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 1.5 K/min, 200. C @ 60. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101100.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1088.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS737.Kim and Chung, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 30. min
CapillaryMDN-5740.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5741.Joffraud, Leroi, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1722.Chen and Ho, 199960. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryHP-1752.Ong and Acree, 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1720.Rapior, Breheret, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1708.Buttery, Teranishi, et al., 1990He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-1722.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-5 MS715.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS744.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS748.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryHP-5748.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5748.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB1095.Birtic, Ginies, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1101.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1109.Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1093.de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1119.Qian and Wang, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1085.Wijaya, Ulrich, et al., 200515. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1104.Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1084.Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1108.Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 180. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-FFAP1073.Qian and Reineccius, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1102.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1102.Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1102.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101114.Girard and Lau, 199590. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 20. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1093.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1073.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1129.Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 190 0C (11 min) 8 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1091.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1090.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax-101101.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200950. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101101.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101101.Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (15 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1090.Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 200660. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C(20min) => 5C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-Wax1087.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Bartley and Schwede, 1989
Bartley, J.P.; Schwede, A.M., Production of volatile componds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 4, 1023-1025, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00088a046 . [all data]

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Rapior, Breheret, et al., 1997
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Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 2007
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Liu, Xu, et al., 2007
Liu, Y.; Xu, X.-L.; Zhou, G.-H., Comparative study of volatile compounds in traditional Chinese Nanjing marinated duck by different extraction techniques, Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2007, 42, 5, 543-550, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2006.01264.x . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004
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Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 2
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Birtic, Ginies, et al., 2009
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Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 1-12. [all data]

Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006
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de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005
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Qian and Wang, 2005
Qian, M.C.; Wang, Y., Seasonal Variations of Volatile Composition and Odor Activity Value of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Thornless Evergreen (R.laciniatus L.) Blackberries, J. Food. Sci., 2005, 70, 1, c13-c20, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2005.tb09013.x . [all data]

Wijaya, Ulrich, et al., 2005
Wijaya, C.H.; Ulrich, D.; Lestari, R.; Schippel, K.; Ebert, G., Identification of potent odorants in different cultivars of snake fruit [Salacca zalacca (Gaert.) Voss] using gas chromatography-olfactometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 5, 1637-1641, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048950h . [all data]

Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 2004
Ishikawa, M.; Ito, O.; Ishizaki, S.; Kurobayashi, Y.; Fujita, A., Solid-phase aroma concentrate extraction (SPACE ): a new headspace technique for more sensitive analysis of volatiles, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1322 . [all data]

Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004
Soria, A.C.; Gonzalez, M.; de Lorenzo, C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanza, J., Characterization of artisanal honeys from Madrid (Central Spain) on the basis of their melissopalynological, physicochemical and volatile composition data, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 1, 121-130, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.06.012 . [all data]

Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 2002
Galindo-Cuspinera, V.; Lubran, M.B.; Rankin, S.A., Comparison of volatile compounds in water- and oil-soluble annatto (Bixa orellana L.) extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 7, 2010-2015, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011325h . [all data]

Qian and Reineccius, 2002
Qian, M.; Reineccius, G., Identification of aroma compounds in Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese by gas chromatography/olfactometry, J. Dairy Sci., 2002, 85, 6, 1362-1369, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(02)74202-1 . [all data]

Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002
Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 8, 840-847, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1110 . [all data]

Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 2001
Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Peña, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 11, 5437-5444, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0107959 . [all data]

Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 2001
Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1364-1369, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001100r . [all data]

Girard and Lau, 1995
Girard, B.; Lau, O.L., Effect of maturity and storage on quality and volatile production of 'Jonagold' apples, Food Res. Int., 1995, 28, 5, 465-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/0963-9969(96)81393-7 . [all data]

Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1993
Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Minegishi, Y.; Osajima, Y., Flavor deterioration of nonfermented coarse-cut sausage during storage. Flavor as a factor of quality for nonfermented sausage. 2, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 6, 946-950, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00030a021 . [all data]

Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1275-1279, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a016 . [all data]

Kadar, Juan-Borras, et al., 2010
Kadar, M.; Juan-Borras, M.; Hellebrandova, M.; Domenech, E.; Escriche, I., Volatile fraction composition of Acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia) honey from Romania, Spain, and Check Republic, Bull. USAMV Agriculture, 2010, 67, 2, 259-265. [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2009
Soria, A.C.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Study of the precision in the purge-and-trap-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry analysis of volatile compounds in honey, J. Chromatogr. A., 2009, 1216, 15, 3300-3304, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2009.01.065 . [all data]

Soria, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2008
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Gyawalia, Seo, et al., 2006
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Notes

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