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Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
49.668293.15Kalali, Kohler, et al., 1987T = 293.15, 313.15 K.
60.5295.Tschamler, 1948Cp is an average of 7 measurements.

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil451.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil451.KN/AAmerican Tokyo Kasei, 1988BS
Tboil452.25KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Tboil451.80KN/ALecat, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tboil451.KN/AEarp and Glasstone, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus227.05KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Tfus226.25KN/ATschamler, Richter, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
340.20.020Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
11.9312.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 297. - 452. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC
10.812273.VGallaugher and Hibbert, 1937ALS

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
296.7 - 451.74.811581990.755-37.803Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.01226.5Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
2.004226.5Tschamler, 1948DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
47.4100.XN/A

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 114915

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1945.9Sun and Stremple, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 325. C
CapillaryOV-1948.Kostiainen, 200015. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillarySE-54984.Kostiainen, 200025. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryUltra-1951.52Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 199725. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 15. K/min, 320. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-1948.D'agostino and Provost, 198815. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5984.D'agostino and Provost, 198815. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101954.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-54989.Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes954.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1948.Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.956.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M-TPA1536.Szymanowski, Kusz, et al., 1990Chromosorb W AW DMCS, 100. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 1.6 m; Tend: 220. C
PackedCarbowax 20M-TPA1536.Szymanowski, Kusz, et al., 1990, 2Chromosorb W AW DMCS, 100. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 1.6 m; Tend: 220. C
PackedCarbowax 20M-TPA1536.Szymanowski, Kusz, et al., 1989Ar, Chromosorb W AW DMCS, 100. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 1.6 m; Tend: 220. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5156.2Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kalali, Kohler, et al., 1987
Kalali, H.; Kohler, F.; Svejda, P., Excess properties of the mixture bis(2-dichlorethyl)ether (chlorex) + 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (isooctane), Monatsh. Chem., 1987, 118, 1-18. [all data]

Tschamler, 1948
Tschamler, H., Uber binare flussige Mischungen I. Mischungswarment, Volumseffekte und Zustandsdiagramme von chlorex mit benzol und n-alkylbenzolen, Monatsh. Chem., 1948, 79, 162-177. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

American Tokyo Kasei, 1988
American Tokyo Kasei, TCI American Organic Chemical 88/89 Catalog, American Tokyo Kasei, Portland, OR, 1988, 1610. [all data]

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Lecat, 1947
Lecat, M., Orthobaric Azeotropes of Sulfides, Bull. Cl. Sci., Acad. R. Belg., 1947, 33, 160-82. [all data]

Earp and Glasstone, 1935
Earp, D.P.; Glasstone, S., Dielectric polarisation and molecular-compound formation in solution, J. Chem. Soc., 1935, 1935, 1709. [all data]

Tschamler, Richter, et al., 1949
Tschamler, H.; Richter, E.; Wettig, F., Mixtures of Primry Aliphatic Alcohols with Chlorex and Other Organic Substances. Binary Liquid Mixtures XII., Monatsh. Chem., 1949, 80, 749. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Gallaugher and Hibbert, 1937
Gallaugher, A.F.; Hibbert, H., Studies on reactions relating to carbohydrates and polysaccharides. LV. Vapor pressures of the polyethylene glycols and their derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2521-2525. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Sun and Stremple, 2003
Sun, G.; Stremple, P., Retention index characterization of flavor, fragrance, and many other compounds on DB-1 and DB-XLB, 2003, retrieved from http://www.chem.agilent.com/cag/cabu/pdf/b-0279.pdf. [all data]

Kostiainen, 2000
Kostiainen, O., Gas Chromatography in Screening of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention in Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, Meyers, R.A., ed(s)., John Wiley Sons Ltd, Chichester, 2000, 963-979. [all data]

Richmond and Pombo-Villar, 1997
Richmond, R.; Pombo-Villar, E., Short communication. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled with pseudo-Sadtler retention indices, for the identification of components in the essential oil of Curcuma longa L., J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 760, 2, 303-308, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00802-3 . [all data]

D'agostino and Provost, 1988
D'agostino, P.A.; Provost, L.R., Gas chromatographic retention indices of sulphur vesicants and related compounds, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 436, 399-411, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94599-0 . [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Ukolov, A.I., Identification of the products of nonregioselective organic reactions by chromatography - mass spectrometry: chloro derivatives of dialkyl ethers, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 2011, 66, 14, 1445-1454, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934811140218 . [all data]

Harland, Cumming, et al., 1986
Harland, B.J.; Cumming, R.I.; Gillings, E., The Kovats indexes of some organic micropollutants on an SE54 capillary column, EUR, I Org. Micropollut. Aquat. Environ., 1986, EUR 10388, 123-127. [all data]

Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 1996, 32, 5, 656-666. [all data]

Tarjan, Nyiredy, et al., 1989
Tarjan, G.; Nyiredy, Sz.; Gyor, M.; Lombosi, E.R.; Lombosi, T.S.; Budahegyi, M.V.; Meszaros, S.Y.; Takacs, J.M., Review. Thirtieth Anniversary of the Retention Index According to Kovats in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 1-92, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94099-8 . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Szymanowski, Kusz, et al., 1990
Szymanowski, J.; Kusz, P.; Dziwinski, E., Degradation and analysis of commercial polyoxyethylene glycol mono(4-alkylphenyl) ethers, J. Chromatogr., 1990, 511, 325-332, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93295-9 . [all data]

Szymanowski, Kusz, et al., 1990, 2
Szymanowski, J.; Kusz, P.; Dziwinski, E.; Latocha, Cz., Degradation and analysis of oligooxyethylene glycol mono(4-tert.-octylphenyl) ethers in the presence of acetyl chloride, J. Chromatogr., 1990, 502, 407-415, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)89606-0 . [all data]

Szymanowski, Kusz, et al., 1989
Szymanowski, J.; Kusz, P.; Dziwinski, E.; Szewczyk, H.; Pyzalski, K., Degradation and Analysis of Polyoxyethylene Monoalkyl Ethers in the Presence of Acetyl Chloride and Ferric Chloride, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 469, 197-208, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96455-6 . [all data]

Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 1993
Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 642, 1-2, 409-415, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80106-I . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References