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Heptanoic acid

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase VF-5 MSVF-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5
Column length (m) 60.60.30.30.10.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.250.10
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.40
Tstart (C) 30.30.50.70.40.
Tend (C) 260.260.240.290.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.4.5.20.
Initial hold (min)   2. 1.
Final hold (min) 28.28.10.10.1.
I 1073.1076.1109.1062.1085.
ReferenceLeffingwell and Alford, 2011Leffingwell and Alford, 2011Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-1DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas NitrogenHeHeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.50.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 280.265.280.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.55.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 1.1.0.52.2.
Final hold (min) 1.20.2.10.5.
I 1085.1063.1112.1098.1078.
ReferenceSaidana, Mahjoub, et al., 2008Iranshahi, Amin, et al., 2006Ozel, Gogus, et al., 2006Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 2006Fan and Qian, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5SPB-5Optima-1HP-1DB-1
Column length (m) 60.60.25.25.60.
Carrier gas HeHeliumHe  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.200.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.00.25  
Tstart (C) 30.30.50.35.30.
Tend (C) 260.230.250.250.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 2. 3. 25.
Final hold (min) 28.   20.
I 1097.01051.1091.1092.1064.
ReferenceLeffingwell and Alford, 2005Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000Ong, Acree, et al., 1998Buttery, Ling, et al., 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Ultra-2Ultra-2DB-5
Column length (m) 50.50.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHe
Substrate    
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.520.521.0
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 3.3. 
Final hold (min) 30.30. 
I 1091.1098.1083.
ReferenceKing, Matthews, et al., 1995King, Hamilton, et al., 1993Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Quijano, C.E.; Castro, D., Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) at two ripening stages, Ciencia e Technologia de Alimentos, 2010, 30, 1, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000100028 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Dordevic, N.; Markovic, M.; Palic, R., Volatile constituents of Glechoma Hirsuta Waldst. Kit. and G. Hederacea L. (Lamiaceae), Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2010, 24, 1, 67-76, https://doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v24i1.52962 . [all data]

Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 2008
Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H., The potential of different techniques for volatile compounds analysis coupled with PCA for the detection of the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil, Food Chem., 2008, 110, 3, 751-761, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.02.053 . [all data]

Saidana, Mahjoub, et al., 2008
Saidana, D.; Mahjoub, M.A.; Boussaada, O.; Chriaa, J.; Cheraif, I.; Daami, M.; Mighri, Z.; Helal, A.N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile compounds of Tamarix boveana (Tamaricaceae), Microbiol. Res., 2008, 163, 4, 445-455, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.micres.2006.07.009 . [all data]

Iranshahi, Amin, et al., 2006
Iranshahi, M.; Amin, G.; Sourmaghi, M.S.; Shafiee, A.; Hadjiakhoondi, A., Sulphur-containing compounds in the essential oil of the root of Ferula persica Willd. var. persica, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 260-261, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1574 . [all data]

Ozel, Gogus, et al., 2006
Ozel, M.Z.; Gogus, F.; Lewis, A.C., Comparison of direct thermal desorption with water distillation and superheated water extraction for the analysis of volatile components of Rosa damascena Mill. using GCxGC-TOF/MS, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2006, 566, 2, 172-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2006.03.014 . [all data]

Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 2006
Shen X.; Gao Y.; Su Q.D., Constituents of the essential oil of Rhizoma polygonati, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 556-558, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1666 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2005
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese Yanghe Daqu Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7931-7938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051011k . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003
Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 2003, 23, 4, 497-511, https://doi.org/10.3166/sda.23.497-511 . [all data]

de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000
de Beck, P.O.; Bessière, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 182-185, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<182::AID-FFJ888>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Ong, Acree, et al., 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 611-615, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970665t . [all data]

Buttery, Ling, et al., 1997
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Stern, D.J., Studies on popcorn aroma and flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 837-843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9604807 . [all data]

King, Matthews, et al., 1995
King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 3, 773-778, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00051a039 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991
Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quéré, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1257-1261, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a012 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References