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Heptanoic acid

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SLB-5 MSSLB-5 MSHP-5 MSZB-1 MSHP-5 MS
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum)
Program not specifiednot specified40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0Cnot specified
I 1073.1073.1078.1073.1108.
ReferenceMondello, 2012Mondello, 2012Nance and Setzer, 2011Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2010Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5CP Sil 5 CBHP-5HP-1
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeliumHeHe N2
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum)
Program 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)40C(1min) => 9C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 230C36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250Cnot specified40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
I 1065.1076.1049.1067.1083.
ReferenceVentanas, Estevez, et al., 2008Hamm, Bleton, et al., 2005Guyot-Declerck, Renson, et al., 2002Jordán, Goodner, et al., 2002Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-1DB-1SE-54SE-54
Column length (m)
Carrier gas He  He 
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.520.250.25  
Program 35 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min)not specified3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min35 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 250 0C35C(5min) => 8C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 250C
I 1069.1078.1078.1080.1070.
ReferenceTimón, Ventanas, et al., 1998Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 1993Um, Bailey, et al., 1992Suzuki and Bailey, 1985


Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Nance and Setzer, 2011
Nance, M.R.; Setzer, W.N., Volatile components of aroma hops (Humulus lupulus L.) commonly used in beer brewing, J. of Brewing and Distilling, 2011, 2, 2, 16-22. [all data]

Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 2010
Al-Reza, S.M.; Rahman, A.; Lee, J.; Kang, S.C., Potential roles of essential oil and organic extracts of Zizyphus jujuba in inhibiting food-borne pathogens, Food Chem., 2010, 119, 3, 981-986, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.07.059 . [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Quijano, C.E.; Castro, D., Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) at two ripening stages, Ciencia e Technologia de Alimentos, 2010, 30, 1, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000100028 . [all data]

Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 2008
Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 2008, 79, 1, 172-180, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.08.011 . [all data]

Hamm, Bleton, et al., 2005
Hamm, S.; Bleton, J.; Connan, J.; Tchapla, A., A chemical investigation by headspace SPME and GC-MS of volatile and semi-volatile terpenes in various olibanum samples, Phytochemistry, 2005, 66, 12, 1499-1514, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.025 . [all data]

Guyot-Declerck, Renson, et al., 2002
Guyot-Declerck, C.; Renson, S.; Bouseta, A.; Collin, S., Floral quality and discrimination of Lavandula stoechas, Lavandula angustifolia, and Lavandula angustifolia × latifolia honeys, Food Chem., 2002, 79, 4, 453-459, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00216-9 . [all data]

Jordán, Goodner, et al., 2002
Jordán, M.J.; Goodner, K.L.; Shaw, P.E., Characterization of the aromatic profile in aqueous essence and fruit juice of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims F. Flavicarpa degner) by GC-MS and GC/O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 6, 1523-1528, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011077p . [all data]

Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 2001
Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2001, 13, 5, 314-318, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2001.9712222 . [all data]

Timón, Ventanas, et al., 1998
Timón, M.L.; Ventanas, J.; Martín, L.; Tejeda, J.F.; García, C., Volatile compounds in supercritical carbon dioxide extracts of Iberian ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5143-5150, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980652v . [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1994
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, 1994, 549-568. [all data]

Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 1993
Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 643, 1-2, 55-69, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80541-F . [all data]

Um, Bailey, et al., 1992
Um, K.W.; Bailey, M.E.; Clarke, A.D.; Chao, R.R., Concentration and identification of volatile compounds from heated beef fat using supercritical CO2 extraction-gas liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 9, 1641-1646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00021a033 . [all data]

Suzuki and Bailey, 1985
Suzuki, J.; Bailey, M.E., Direct sampling capillary GLC analysis of flavor volatiles from ovine fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 3, 343-347, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00063a006 . [all data]


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