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Heptanoic acid

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-536.5 ± 1.7kJ/molCcbAdriaanse, Dekker, et al., 1965Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° from Adriaanse, Dekker, et al., 1965 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 72. kJ/mol from Kruif and Oonk, 1979.
Deltafgas-539.5 ± 1.6kJ/molN/ALebedeva, 1964Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -611.49±0.59 kj/mol from Lebedeva, 1964 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 72±1.5 kj/mol from missing citation.
Deltafgas-539.5 ± 1.6kJ/molCcbLebedeva, 1964Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° from Lebedeva, 1964 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 72. kJ/mol from Kruif and Oonk, 1979.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-608.5 ± 0.9kJ/molCcbAdriaanse, Dekker, et al., 1965DRB
Deltafliquid-611.49 ± 0.59kJ/molCcbLebedeva, 1964ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4146.9 ± 0.9kJ/molCcbAdriaanse, Dekker, et al., 1965Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -608.5 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-4144.0 ± 0.59kJ/molCcbLebedeva, 1964Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -611.41 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid323.35J/mol*KN/ALabban and Westrum, 1991DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
267.31298.15Labban and Westrum, 1991T = 5 to 350 K.; DH
265.43298.15Schaake, van Miltenburg, et al., 1982T = 80 to 305 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil495. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 23 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus266.0KN/AAdriaanse, Dekker, et al., 1964Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Tfus265.6900KN/ABilterys and Gisseleire, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tfus266.KN/ATimmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus263.KN/ALumsden, 1905Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus264.KN/AGartenmeister, 1886Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple265.83KN/ASchaake, van Miltenburg, et al., 1982, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc677.8KN/AAndereya and Chase, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc679.KN/AAmbrose and Ghiassee, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc683.52KN/AD'Souza and Teja, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; Ambrose's procedure; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc31.61barN/AAndereya and Chase, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.80 bar; TRC
Pc28.80barN/AAmbrose and Ghiassee, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.00 bar; TRC
Pc28.2963barN/AD'Souza and Teja, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.90 bar; Ambrose's procedure; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap72.9 ± 0.8kJ/molGSVerevkin, 2000Based on data from 283. - 328. K.; AC
Deltavap75.7kJ/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 353. - 393. K.; AC
Deltavap72.0 ± 1.5kJ/molVKruif and Oonk, 1979ALS
Deltavap72.0 ± 1.5kJ/molTEKruif and Oonk, 1979Based on data from 271. - 291. K.; AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
389.20.015Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
69.0428.N/AClifford, Ramjugernath, et al., 2004Based on data from 413. - 453. K.; AC
72.5 ± 0.8306.GSVerevkin, 2000Based on data from 283. - 328. K.; AC
68.3366.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 351. - 495. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC
76.0266.N/Ade Kruif, Schaake, et al., 1982AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
351. - 494.74.306911536.114-137.446Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
385.8 - 422.71.99576532.776-248.713Kahlbaum, 1894Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
15.44265.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996See also Labban and Westrum, 1991.; AC

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
2.1634219.99crystaline, IIcrystaline, ILabban and Westrum, 1991DH
15.1299265.98crystaline, IliquidLabban and Westrum, 1991DH
2.038224.8crystaline, IIcrystaline, ISchaake, van Miltenburg, et al., 1982DH
15.437265.83crystaline, IliquidSchaake, van Miltenburg, et al., 1982DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
9.412219.99crystaline, IIcrystaline, ILabban and Westrum, 1991DH
57.295265.98crystaline, IliquidLabban and Westrum, 1991DH
9.07224.8crystaline, IIcrystaline, ISchaake, van Miltenburg, et al., 1982DH
58.07265.83crystaline, IliquidSchaake, van Miltenburg, et al., 1982DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C2H4O2+10.54 ± 0.05C5H10EIHolmes and Lossing, 1980 
C2H4O2+10.541-C5H10EIHolmes and Lossing, 1980, 2 

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 291371

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedE-301170.1083.Shashkova, Znamenskaia, et al., 1969He, Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11065.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11083.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51078.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51076.Colahan-Sederstrom and Peterson, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 6. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1078.Estevez, Ventanas, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-51091.Píno, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1068.Hendriks and Bruins, 19834. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 205. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51071.Andrade, Sampaio, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 220C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryHP-5MS1080.Bonaiti, Irlinger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(8min) => 3C/min => 20C => 10C/min => 150C(10min)
CapillaryDB-51083.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C (1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-11074.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
PackedSE-301103.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1960.Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryLM-1201930.Pinto, Guedes, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1946.Colahan-Sederstrom and Peterson, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 6. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1950.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1967.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1918.Verzera, Campisi, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 0.17 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1971.Mahajan, Goddik, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1947.Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1918.Verzera, Campisi, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 0.17 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1956.Charles, Martin, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1965.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1968.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1997.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1965.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1966.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1965.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1954.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryPEG-20M1953.Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 199760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1953.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1943.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1950.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1916.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Supelcoport, 40. C @ 4. min, 8. K/min; Column length: 3.05 m; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1939.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1986He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1946.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1936.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1958.Verzera, Ziino, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1915.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C (3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C (15min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1934.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1927.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1924.Munk, Munch, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C (5min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS1073.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1076.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1109.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1062.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-51085.Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 200810. m/0.10 mm/0.40 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-51085.Saidana, Mahjoub, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-11063.Iranshahi, Amin, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 2.5 K/min, 265. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51112.Ozel, Gogus, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-51098.Shen X., Gao Y., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51078.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51097.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillarySPB-51051.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryOptima-11091.de Beck, Bessière, et al., 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-11092.Ong, Acree, et al., 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11064.Buttery, Ling, et al., 199730. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryUltra-21091.King, Matthews, et al., 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryUltra-21098.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51083.Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 199160. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS1073.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1073.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1078.Nance and Setzer, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryZB-1 MS1073.Al-Reza, Rahman, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1108.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51065.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-51076.Hamm, Bleton, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 9C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 230C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1049.Guyot-Declerck, Renson, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51067.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11083.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-51069.Timón, Ventanas, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 35 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C (50 min)
CapillaryDB-11078.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11078.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySE-541080.Um, Bailey, et al., 1992He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillarySE-541070.Suzuki and Bailey, 1985Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C(5min) => 8C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1932.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryVF-Wax MS1962.Duarte, Dias, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 25. min
CapillaryCP-Wax1962.Mo, Fan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-20M1986.Blazevic and Mastelic, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-20M1988.Blazevic and Mastelic, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 57 CB1927.Callejon, Morales, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 150. C @ 17.5 min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1949.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillaryRTX-Wax1934.Prososki, Etzel, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-201970.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-201968.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1955.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1976.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1972.Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1962.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryStabilwax DA2000.Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1963.Choi, 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1952.Jiang and Kubota, 2004He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1957.Lin, Cai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1957.Miyazawa and Okuno, 2003He, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryInnowax1981.Suleimenov, Atazharova, et al., 2003He, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1958.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101962.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryFFAP1904.Lecanu, Ducruet, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP1900.Qian and Reineccius, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 60. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1941.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1950.Miyazawa, Kurose, et al., 2001He, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 47. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1935.Buttery, Light, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1900.Parada, Duque, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1923.Parada, Duque, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1933.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1930.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1925.Buttery and Ling, 199830. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-Innowax1950.Ong, Acree, et al., 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1956.Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997He, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1936.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1966.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1965.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1975.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 199360. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1963.Andersen J.F., Mikolajczak K.L., et al., 1987Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1990.Buttery, Parker, et al., 198150. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1952.Gyawali and Kim, 201260. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min) 5 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1950.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1955.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1976.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)1924.Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolyethylene glycol (Free Fatty Acid Phase)1928.Harraca, Syed, et al., 2009Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1913.Editorial paper, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1918.Editorial paper, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC1977.Baser, Özek, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1925.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 220C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1942.Lizárraga-Guerra, Guth, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillaryStabilwax DA1963.Henderson and Henderson, 199215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1916.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1935.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991, 2Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS176.75Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5177.8Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Notes

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