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Pyridine

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Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase PEG-40MSupelcowax-10PEG-40MPEG-40MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.30.50.50.3.5
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeN2
Substrate     Chromosorb W-AW
Column diameter (mm) 0.30.320.30.3 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.40.25   
Temperature (C) 150.60.110.80.80.
I 1195.1187.1195.1180.1177.
ReferenceTerenina, Zhuravieva, et al., 1997Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1994Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987Kersten and Poole, 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase PEG-20MPEG-20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 1.2.2.2.2.
Carrier gas  N2N2N2N2
Substrate  Chromaton N AW HMDSKieselgur (60-100 mesh)Chromosorb W AW-DCMSChromosorb W AW-DCMS
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.120.75.100.110.
I 1180.1216.1224.1190.1193.
ReferenceBetts, 1986Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984Goebel, 1982Bark and Wheatstone, 1974Bark and Wheatstone, 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Carbowax 20MPEG-2000PEG-2000PEG-2000
Column length (m) 2.3.3.3.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHe
Substrate Chromosorb W AW-DCMSCelite 545 (44-60 mesh)Celite 545 (44-60 mesh)Celite 545 (44-60 mesh)
Column diameter (mm)     
Phase thickness (mum)     
Temperature (C) 90.150.152.180.
I 1185.1233.1227.1233.
ReferenceBark and Wheatstone, 1974Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Terenina, Zhuravieva, et al., 1997
Terenina, M.B.; Zhuravieva, I.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Peculiar features of sorption of positional isomers of formyl-, acetyl-, and aminopyridines in capillary gas-liquid chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 46, 1, 86-89, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02495353 . [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1994
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Moretti, P., The selectivity and polarity of carbon layer open tubular capillary columns modified with a polar liquid phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 1, 31-36, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170108 . [all data]

Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987
Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Predicting retention indices of methyl-substituted pyridines in gas capillary chromatogrpahy on the basis of the principle of the nonadditive change in the energy of sorption, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1987, 10, 2234-2239. [all data]

Kersten and Poole, 1987
Kersten, B.R.; Poole, C.F., Influence of concurrent retention mechanisms on the determination of stationary phase selectivity in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 399, 1-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96108-9 . [all data]

Betts, 1986
Betts, T.J., Triangular Characterization of Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 354, 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87005-9 . [all data]

Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984
Stolyarov, B.V.; Kartsova, L.A., Comparative experimental estimation of polarity and selectivity of stationary phases in gas chromatography by means of Forschneider-McReynolds constants and on the basis of thermodynamic characteristics, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1984, 39, 5, 883-889. [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Bark and Wheatstone, 1974
Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 92, 2, 281-289, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85738-6 . [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., 1973, 1, 51-63. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal, References