Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Pyridine

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type PackedPackedPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PMS-1000Apiezon LC78, Branched paraffinHP-101OV-101
Column length (m) 2.1.3.350. 
Carrier gas N2 HeH2He
Substrate Chromaton N-AW-DMCSChromaton N-AW   
Column diameter (mm)    0.2 
Phase thickness (mum)    0.20.4
Temperature (C) 90.160.130.60.110.
I 726.749.724.4727.87748.
ReferenceArutyunov, Kudryashov, et al., 2004Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000Garay, 2000Golovnya, Kuz'menko, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI Large deviations from similar measurements; MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101SqualaneOV-101OV-101SPB-1
Column length (m) 50. 50.50.30.
Carrier gas He HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.3 0.30.30.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.4 0.40.40.25
Temperature (C) 110.200.110.110.60.
I 738.740.739.756.706.
ReferenceZhuravleva, 2000Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999Golovnya, Kuz'menko, et al., 1999Terenina, Zhuravieva, et al., 1997Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Porapack QSE-30C78, Branched paraffinHP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 1.0.253.325.25.
Carrier gas H2He N2N2
Substrate  Gas Chrom Q (100-120 mesh)Chromosorb G HP  
Column diameter (mm)    0.200.20
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 200.120.130.60.100.
I 728.738.723.4729.738.
ReferenceGawdzik and Matynia, 1994Kowalski, 1992Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryPackedPacked
Active phase ApolaneSE-30SE-30OV-1SE-30
Column length (m) 3.725.25.1.51.
Carrier gas  HeHeN2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.320.32  
Phase thickness (mum)  1.1.  
Temperature (C) 130.110.80.120.120.
I 726.738.732.737.743.
ReferenceDutoit, 1991Samusenko and Golovnya, 1988Samusenko and Golovnya, 1988Betts, 1986Betts, 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SP-2100OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 1.20.25.35.35.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)  0.230.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.1560.1250.125
Temperature (C) 120.150.80.80.80.
I 746.745.732.732.735.
ReferenceBetts, 1986Morishita, Morimoto, et al., 1986Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 1986Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 1986Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 1986
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedPackedPacked
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101SE-30OV-1
Column length (m) 35.50.1.200.2.
Carrier gas HeHeArN2 
Substrate   Chromosorb W HP Gas Chrom Q
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25   
Phase thickness (mum) 0.1250.125   
Temperature (C) 80.80.130.120.120.
I 735.733.692.741.741.
ReferenceSamusenko, Svetlova, et al., 1986Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 1986Osmialowski, Halkiewicz, et al., 1985Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984Valko, Papp, et al., 1984
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase ApolaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 3.3.3.3.3.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate Chromosorb GChromosorb GChromosorb GChromosorb GChromosorb G
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.120.125.200.
I 719.707.699.711.740.
ReferenceCastello and D'Amato, 1983Castello and D'Amato, 1983Castello and D'Amato, 1983Castello and D'Amato, 1983Castello and D'Amato, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SE-30Porapack QTriacontaneSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 2. 3.3.1.
Carrier gas  N2HeHe 
Substrate Gaschrom Q Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh)Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh) 
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.200.80.80.100.
I 743.690.735.751.721.6
ReferenceWinskowski, 1983Goebel, 1982Castello and D'Amato, 1979Castello and D'Amato, 1979Gröbler and Bálizs, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon MApiezon LApolaneApiezon LSE-30
Column length (m)  2.42.42.73.7
Carrier gas  HeHeN2 or He 
Substrate  Chromosorb W AW-DMCSChromosorbChromosorb G, AWCelaton (62-72 mesh)
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.130.70.100.150.
I 739.751.705.9734.750.
ReferenceGolovnya and Misharina, 1977Shatts, Avots, et al., 1977Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976Zhuravleva, Kapustin, et al., 1976Ashes and Haken, 1974
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Apiezon LApiezon LApiezon LPMS-100PMS-100
Column length (m) 2.2.2.3.3.
Carrier gas N2N2N2HeHe
Substrate Chromosorb W AW-DCMSChromosorb W AW-DCMSChromosorb W AW-DCMSCelite 545 (44-60 mesh)Celite 545 (44-60 mesh)
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 110.130.150.130.150.
I 728.736.748.720.725.
ReferenceBark and Wheatstone, 1974Bark and Wheatstone, 1974Bark and Wheatstone, 1974Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPacked
Active phase PMS-100DC-200SE-30
Column length (m) 3.4.6.
Carrier gas He He
Substrate Celite 545 (44-60 mesh)CeliteChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm)    
Phase thickness (mum)    
Temperature (C) 180.120.120.
I 730.730.725.
ReferenceAnderson, Jurel, et al., 1973Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966Viani, Müggler-Chavan, et al., 1965
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Arutyunov, Kudryashov, et al., 2004
Arutyunov, Y.I.; Kudryashov, S.Y.; Onuchak, L.A., Analysis of Mixtures Containing Unknown Components by Gas Chromatography: Determination of Molecular Mass, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 2004, 59, 4, 358-365. [all data]

Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004
Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 2004, 45, 1, 144-150, https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JORY.0000041513.82837.4e . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Garay, 2000
Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 2000, 51, 1, s108-s120, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492792 . [all data]

Golovnya, Kuz'menko, et al., 2000
Golovnya, R.V.; Kuz'menko, T.E.; Krikunova, N.I., The influence of alkyl substituents on the chromatographic indicator of self-association of N-containing heterocyclic compounds, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 2000, 49, 2, 321-324, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02494681 . [all data]

Zhuravleva, 2000
Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 2000, 49, 2, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02494682 . [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Gardella, L., Influence of temperature on the polarity of porous polymer beads stationary phases for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 837, 1-2, 153-170, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00058-8 . [all data]

Golovnya, Kuz'menko, et al., 1999
Golovnya, R.V.; Kuz'menko, T.E.; Zhuravleva, I.L., Gas chromatographic indicator of the ability of five- and six-membered heterocyclic nitrogen-containing compounds for self-association in pure liquids, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1999, 48, 4, 726-729, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02496256 . [all data]

Terenina, Zhuravieva, et al., 1997
Terenina, M.B.; Zhuravieva, I.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Peculiar features of sorption of positional isomers of formyl-, acetyl-, and aminopyridines in capillary gas-liquid chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 46, 1, 86-89, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02495353 . [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1994
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Moretti, P., The selectivity and polarity of carbon layer open tubular capillary columns modified with a polar liquid phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 1, 31-36, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170108 . [all data]

Gawdzik and Matynia, 1994
Gawdzik, B.; Matynia, T., Characterization of methacrylic ester of p,p'-dihydroxydiphenylpropane diglicydyl ether - divinylbenzene porous copolymers for GC, Chromatographia, 1994, 38, 9/10, 643-648, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02277169 . [all data]

Kowalski, 1992
Kowalski, W.J., Free radical crosslinking of the gas chromatographic stationary phase containing europium chelates, Chromatographia, 1992, 34, 5-8, 266-268, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02268356 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Zhang, Li, et al., 1992
Zhang, M.J.; Li, S.D.; Chen, B.J., Compositional studies of high-temperature coal tar by GC/FTIR analysis of light oil fractions, Chromatographia, 1992, 33, 3/4, 138-146, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275894 . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Samusenko and Golovnya, 1988
Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 6, 531-535, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02324828 . [all data]

Betts, 1986
Betts, T.J., Triangular Characterization of Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phases, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 354, 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87005-9 . [all data]

Morishita, Morimoto, et al., 1986
Morishita, F.; Morimoto, S.; Kojima, T., Prediction of molecular structures of aza-arenes by retention indices and fluorescence spectra, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 11, 688-692, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240091120 . [all data]

Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 1986
Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1986, 61, 1, 127-133. [all data]

Osmialowski, Halkiewicz, et al., 1985
Osmialowski, K.; Halkiewicz, J.; Radecki, A.; Kaliszan, R., Quantum chemical parameters in correlation analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of amines, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 346, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90493-X . [all data]

Stolyarov and Kartsova, 1984
Stolyarov, B.V.; Kartsova, L.A., Comparative experimental estimation of polarity and selectivity of stationary phases in gas chromatography by means of Forschneider-McReynolds constants and on the basis of thermodynamic characteristics, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1984, 39, 5, 883-889. [all data]

Valko, Papp, et al., 1984
Valko, K.; Papp, O.; Darvas, F., Selection of Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phase Pairs for Characterization of the 1-Octanol-Water Partition Coefficient, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 301, 355-364, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)89210-4 . [all data]

Castello and D'Amato, 1983
Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Classification of the Polarity of porous polymer bead stationary phases by comparison with squalane and apolane standard liquid phases, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 269, 153-160, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90798-8 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Castello and D'Amato, 1979
Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 175, 1, 27-35, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86400-6 . [all data]

Gröbler and Bálizs, 1979
Gröbler, A.; Bálizs, G., Investigations on mixed gas chromatographic stationary phases. Part I. Dependence of the retention index on the composition of the stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1979, 17, 11, 631-635, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/17.11.631 . [all data]

Golovnya and Misharina, 1977
Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A., Characterization of the selectivity of stationary phases from the partial molar free energies of solution of standards, Chromatographia, 1977, 10, 11, 658-660, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02268893 . [all data]

Shatts, Avots, et al., 1977
Shatts, V.D.; Avots, A.A.; Belikov, V.A., Retention indices of alkylpyridines, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1977, 32, 4, 631-638. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Zhuravleva, Kapustin, et al., 1976
Zhuravleva, I.L.; Kapustin, Yu.P.; Golovnya, P.B., Retention indices of some isoaliphatic and heterocyclic nitrogenous bases, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1976, 31, 1378-1380. [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Bark and Wheatstone, 1974
Bark, L.S.; Wheatstone, K.C., Studies in the relationship between molecular structure and chromatographic behaviour. Gas chromatographic study of monoalkylpyridines, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 92, 2, 281-289, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85738-6 . [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., 1973, 1, 51-63. [all data]

Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966
Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1966, 4, 1, 28-31, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/4.1.28 . [all data]

Viani, Müggler-Chavan, et al., 1965
Viani, R.; Müggler-Chavan, F.; Reymond, D.; Egli, R.H., 196. Sur la composition de l'arôme de café, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1965, 48, 195-196, 1809-1815, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19650480743 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References