Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Pyridine

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5HP-5 MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogenHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.70.70.70.70.
Tend (C) 300.290.290.290.290.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 5.    
Final hold (min) 15. 10. 10.
I 736.753.739.743.769.
ReferenceKotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 2010Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-5HP-5 MSVF-5SPB-5SLB-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.10.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHelium Helium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.18
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.251.000.18
Tstart (C) 40.35.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 280.195.300.230.295.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.2.10.3.10.
Initial hold (min) 1.5.2.5.1.5
Final hold (min) 9.30.10.10. 
I 742.740.740.748.762.
ReferenceHarrison and Priest, 2009Kim and Chung, 2009Li and Zhao, 2009Sivadier, Ratel, et al., 2009Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxaneDB-5DB-5HP-5MDN-5
Column length (m) 30.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.  0.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.50.30.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.260.270.
Heat rate (K/min) 7.4.4.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 10.5.5.2.4.
Final hold (min) 5.  28.5.
I 751.732.727.752.5746.
ReferenceRamirez R. and Cava R., 2007Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006, 2Leffingwell and Alford, 2005van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase MDN-5SPB-55 % Phenyl methyl siloxaneDB-5HP-1
Column length (m) 60.30.0.30.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.251.0.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.60.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 270.250.250.280.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.7.4.2.
Initial hold (min) 4.2.10.10. 
Final hold (min) 5.20.5.40.40.
I 745.752.751.752.712.
Referencevan Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 2004Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5SPB-5DB-1DB-1DB-1
Column length (m) 30.60.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.1.01.1.0
Tstart (C) 60.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.200.260.260.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.3.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.    
Final hold (min) 20.    
I 752.743.728.728.738.
ReferencePino, Marbot, et al., 2002Poligné, Collignan, et al., 2001Chen and Ho, 1998Chen, Wang, et al., 1998Tai and Ho, 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1OV-101DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 60.60.50.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHe H2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.220.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.  1.1.
Tstart (C) 40.30.80.40.40.
Tend (C) 280.200.200.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.2.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.25.   
Final hold (min) 40.20.   
I 733.712.695.741.744.
ReferenceLu, Yu, et al., 1997Buttery, Stern, et al., 1994Egolf and Jurs, 1993Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-1DB-5DB-5OV-101
Column length (m) 60.60.60.60.50.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  0.5
Tstart (C) 50.50.40.40.50.
Tend (C) 240.240.160.160.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.5. 
Final hold (min)      
I 694.702.751.750.744.
ReferenceIshihara, Tsuneya, et al., 1992Ishihara, Tsuneya, et al., 1992Macku and Shibamoto, 1991Macku and Shibamoto, 1991, 2Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5SE-30SE-30
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas H2H2 He
Substrate     
Column diameter (mm) 0.30.30.50.5
Phase thickness (mum)     
Tstart (C) 80.80.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.170.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 16.16.3.3.
Initial hold (min)   3.3.
Final hold (min)     
I 712.739.718.720.
ReferenceSpadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kotowska, Zalikowski, et al., 2012
Kotowska, U.; Zalikowski, M.; Isidorov, V.A., HS-SPME/GC-MS analysis of volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from municipal sewage sludge, Environ. Monit. Asses., 2012, 184, 5, 2893-2907, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2158-8 . [all data]

Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 2010
Lazarevic, J.; Radulovic, N.; Palic, R.; Zlatkovic, B., Chemical Analusis of volatile constituents of Berula erecta (Hudson) Coville subsp. erecta (Apiaceae) from Serbia, J. Essential Oil. Res., 2010, 22, 3, 153-156, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700290 . [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.S.; Dordevic, N.D.; Palic, R.M., Volatiles of Pleurospermum austriacum (L.) Hoffm. (Apiaceae), J. Serbian Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 12, 1-11, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100323127R . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010, 2
Radulovic, N.; Dordevic, N.; Markovic, M.; Palic, R., Volatile constituents of Glechoma Hirsuta Waldst. Kit. and G. Hederacea L. (Lamiaceae), Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2010, 24, 1, 67-76, https://doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v24i1.52962 . [all data]

Harrison and Priest, 2009
Harrison, B.M.; Priest, F.G., Composition of peaks used in the preparation of malt for Scotch Whisky production - influence of geographical source and extraction depth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 6, 2385-2391, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803556y . [all data]

Kim and Chung, 2009
Kim, J.-S.; Chung, H.Y., GC-MS analysis of the volatile components in dried boxthorn (Lycium chimensis) Fruit, J. Korean Soc. Appl. Biol. Chem., 2009, 52, 5, 516-524, https://doi.org/10.3839/jksabc.2009.088 . [all data]

Li and Zhao, 2009
Li, L.; Zhao, J., Determination of the volatile composition of Rhodobryum giganteum (Schwaegr.) Par. (Bryaceae) using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography / mass spectrometry (GC/MS), Molecules, 2009, 14, 6, 2195-2201, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14062195 . [all data]

Sivadier, Ratel, et al., 2009
Sivadier, G.; Ratel, J.; Engel, E., Latency and persistence of diet volatile biomarkers in lamb fats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 2, 645-652, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802467q . [all data]

Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 2008
Risticevic, S.; Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatographic-time-of-flight mass spectrometric methodology for geographical origin verification of coffee, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2008, 617, 1-2, 72-84, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.04.009 . [all data]

Ramirez R. and Cava R., 2007
Ramirez R.; Cava R., Volatile profiles of dry-cured meat products from three different Iberian x Duroc genotypes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 5, 1923-1931, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062810l . [all data]

Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006
Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Quality and flavour stability of coffee substitute prepared by extrusion of wheat germ and chicory roots, Amino Acids, 2006, https://doi.org/10.1007/s007260200008 . [all data]

Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006, 2
Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Samad, A.K.M.E.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Cocoa substitute: Evaluation of sensory qualities and flavour stability, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 223, 1, 125-131, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-0162-3 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005
van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 3, 417-425, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.005 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of genipap (Genipa americana L.) fruit from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 583-586, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1491 . [all data]

Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 2004
Ramírez, M.R.; Estévez, M.; Morcuende, D.; Cava, R., Effect of the type of frying culinary fat on volatile compounds isolated in fried pork loin chops by using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 25, 7637-7643, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049207s . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Fuentes, V., Characterization of volatiles in Bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 13, 3836-3839, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020733y . [all data]

Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Valette, L.; Fernandez, X.; Poulain, S.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Levieil, R.; Restier, L., Volatile constituents from Romanesco cauliflower, Food Chem., 2003, 80, 3, 353-358, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00272-8 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2002, 33, 3, 115-119. [all data]

Poligné, Collignan, et al., 2001
Poligné, I.; Collignan, A.; Trystram, G., Characterization of traditional processing of pork meat into boucané, Meat Sci., 2001, 59, 4, 377-389, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00090-0 . [all data]

Chen and Ho, 1998
Chen, J.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds formed from thermal degradation of glucosamine in a dry system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1971-1974, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf971021o . [all data]

Chen, Wang, et al., 1998
Chen, J.; Wang, M.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds generated from thermal degradation of N-acetylglucosamine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 8, 3207-3209, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980129g . [all data]

Tai and Ho, 1998
Tai, C.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Influence of glutathione oxidation and pH on thermal formation of Maillard-type volatile compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 6, 2260-2265, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf971111t . [all data]

Lu, Yu, et al., 1997
Lu, G.; Yu, T.-H.; Ho, C.-T., Generation of flavor compounds by the reaction of 2-deoxyglucose with selected amino acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 1, 233-236, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960609c . [all data]

Buttery, Stern, et al., 1994
Buttery, R.G.; Stern, D.J.; Ling, L.C., Studies on flavor volatiles of some sweet corn products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 3, 791-795, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00039a038 . [all data]

Egolf and Jurs, 1993
Egolf, L.M.; Jurs, P.C., Quantitative structure-retention and structure-odor intensity relationships for a diverse group of odor-active compounds, Anal. Chem., 1993, 65, 21, 3119-3126, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00069a027 . [all data]

Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993
Moio, L.; Dekimpe, J.; Etievant, P.; Addeo, F., Neutral volatile compounds in the raw milks from different species, J. Dairy Res., 1993, 60, 2, 199-213, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900027515 . [all data]

Ishihara, Tsuneya, et al., 1992
Ishihara, M.; Tsuneya, T.; Shiga, M.; Kawashima, S.; Yamagishi, K.; Yoshida, F.; Sato, H.; Uneyama, K., New pyridine derivatives and basic components in spearmint oil (Mentha gentilis f. cardiaca) and peppermint oil (Mentha piperita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 9, 1647-1655, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00021a034 . [all data]

Macku and Shibamoto, 1991
Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Headspace volatile compounds formed from heated corn oil and corn oil with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1265-1269, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a014 . [all data]

Macku and Shibamoto, 1991, 2
Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile sulfur-containing compounds generated from the thermal interaction of corn oil and cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 11, 1987-1989, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00011a021 . [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1991
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Charnomskii, V.V., Volatile components of boiled shrimp funchalia woodwardi and crab geryon maritae, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1991, 46, 1421-1429. [all data]

Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990
Spadone, J.-C.; Takeoka, G.; Liardon, R., Analytical Investigation of Rio Off-Flavor in Green Coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 1, 226-233, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00091a050 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy identification of volatiles from rancid oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 1093-1095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a051 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 950-954, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a016 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References