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Pyridine

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Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

(Silver ion (1+) bullet 2Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Silver ion (1+) bullet 3Pyridine)

By formula: (Ag+ bullet 2C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Ag+ bullet 3C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.7kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.0cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(Silver ion (1+) bullet 3Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Silver ion (1+) bullet 4Pyridine)

By formula: (Ag+ bullet 3C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Ag+ bullet 4C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.9kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.3cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

Aluminum ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Aluminum ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Al+ + C5H5N = (Al+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.5 ± 2.5kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

C5H6N+ + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet Pyridine)

By formula: C5H6N+ + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.2kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Deltar24.6kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Deltar26.3kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Deltar23.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Deltar23.7kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.6cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1992gas phase; M
Deltar28.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase; M
Deltar32.1cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Deltar28.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M
Deltar28.cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1979gas phase; M

(C5H6N+ bullet Pyridine) + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet 2Pyridine)

By formula: (C5H6N+ bullet C5H5N) + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet 2C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.6kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.7cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; M

(C5H6N+ bullet 2Pyridine) + Pyridine = (C5H6N+ bullet 3Pyridine)

By formula: (C5H6N+ bullet 2C5H5N) + C5H5N = (C5H6N+ bullet 3C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.6kcal/molHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.9cal/mol*KHPMSHolland and Castleman, 1982gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

Chlorine anion + Pyridine = (Chlorine anion bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cl- + C5H5N = (Cl- bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.8 ± 2.6kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Pyridine) + Pyridine = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Pyridine)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C5H5N) + C5H5N = (Cl- bullet 2C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.7kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M

Cobalt ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Cobalt ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Co+ + C5H5N = (Co+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0 ± 3.0kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cr+ + C5H5N = (Cr+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.1 ± 2.8kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Copper ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Copper ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cu+ + C5H5N = (Cu+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.7 ± 2.5kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Iron ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Iron ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Fe+ + C5H5N = (Fe+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.4 ± 2.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

H2O3- + Pyridine + Water = C5H7NO3-

By formula: H2O3- + C5H5N + H2O = C5H7NO3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.7 ± 2.3kcal/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: K+ + C5H5N = (K+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6 ± 0.9kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar20.7kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.6cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

Lithium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Li+ + C5H5N = (Li+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.2 ± 3.5kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar44.kcal/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Magnesium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Magnesium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Mg+ + C5H5N = (Mg+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.8 ± 1.6kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Manganese ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Manganese ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Mn+ + C5H5N = (Mn+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.4 ± 2.1kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Nitric oxide anion + Pyridine = C5H5N2O-

By formula: NO- + C5H5N = C5H5N2O-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.6 ± 2.3kcal/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Sodium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Na+ + C5H5N = (Na+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.3 ± 0.7kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD

Nickel ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Nickel ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Ni+ + C5H5N = (Ni+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60.9 ± 3.7kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Oxygen anion + Pyridine = C5H5NO2-

By formula: O2- + C5H5N = C5H5NO2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.7 ± 2.3kcal/molN/ALe Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002gas phase; Affinity is difference in EAs of lesser solvated species; B

Scandium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Scandium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Sc+ + C5H5N = (Sc+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar55.3 ± 2.5kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Titanium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Titanium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Ti+ + C5H5N = (Ti+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 2.3kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Vanadium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Vanadium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: V+ + C5H5N = (V+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.2 ± 3.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Zinc ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Zinc ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Zn+ + C5H5N = (Zn+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0 ± 1.7kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

References

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Holland and Castleman, 1982
Holland, P.M.; Castleman, A.W., The Thermochemical Properties of Gas - Phase Transition Metal Ion Complexes, J. Chem. Phys., 1982, 76, 8, 4195, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.443497 . [all data]

Rodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000
Rodgers, M.T.; Stanley, J.R.; Amunugama, R., Periodic Trends in the Binding of Metal Ions to Pyridine Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation and Density Functional Theory, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2000, 122, 44, 10969, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja0027923 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1992
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., Intermolecular Forces in Organic Clusters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 9, 3312, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00035a024 . [all data]

Meot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983
Meot-Ner M.; Sieck, L.W., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond. 1. Sterically Hindered Bonds. Solvation and Clustering of Sterically Hindered Amines and Pyridines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 10, 2956, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00348a005 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1979
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., Ion Thermochemistry of Low Volatility Compounds in the Gas Phase. II. Intrinsic Basicities and Hydrogen Bonded Dimers of Nitrogen Heterocyclics and Nucleic Bases, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 9, 2396, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00503a027 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Determination of the Stabilities and Structures of X-(C6H6) Clusters (X = Cl, Br, and I), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 147, 2-3, 174, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(88)85078-4 . [all data]

Le Barbu, Schiedt, et al., 2002
Le Barbu, K.; Schiedt, J.; Weinkauf, R.; Schlag, E.W.; Nilles, J.M.; Xu, S.J.; Thomas, O.C.; Bowen, K.H., Microsolvation of small anions by aromatic molecules: An exploratory study, J. Chem. Phys., 2002, 116, 22, 9663-9671, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1475750 . [all data]

Amunugama and Rodgers, 2000
Amunugama, R.; Rodgers, M.T., Absolute Alkali Metal Ion Binding Affinities of Several Azines Determined by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation and Ab Initio Theory, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2000, 195/196, 439, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00145-1 . [all data]

Davidson and Kebarle, 1976
Davidson, W.R.; Kebarle, P., Binding Energies and Stabilities of Potassium Ion Complexes from Studies of Gas Phase Ion Equilibria K+ + M = K+.M, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 20, 6133, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00436a011 . [all data]

Staley and Beauchamp, 1975
Staley, R.H.; Beauchamp, J.L., Intrinsic Acid - Base Properties of Molecules. Binding Energies of Li+ to pi - and n - Donor Bases, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 20, 5920, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00853a050 . [all data]

Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970
Dzidic, I.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of the Alkali Ions in the Gas Phase. Enthalpies and Entropies of Reactions M+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = M+(H2O)n, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1466, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a013 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, References