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Cyclohexane

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-124.6kJ/molN/ASpitzer and Huffman, 1947Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -157.7±1.8 kj/mol from Spitzer and Huffman, 1947 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 33.1 kj/mol from Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946.; DRB
Deltafgas-123.1 ± 0.79kJ/molCcbProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946ALS
Deltafgas-123.3kJ/molN/AMoore, Renquist, et al., 1940Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -156.4±1.3 kj/mol from Moore, Renquist, et al., 1940 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 33.1 kj/mol from Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946.; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas298.19J/mol*KN/ABeckett C.W., 1947Close value of S(298.15 K)=298.78(0.75) J/mol*K was obtained by [43ASTSZA] from calorimetric data.; GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
34.0750.Dorofeeva O.V., 1986There is an appreciable difference (up to 3.0-4.5 J/mol*K) between selected values of S(T) and Cp(T) and earlier statistically calculated values [ Brickwedde F.G., 1946, Beckett C.W., 1947, Kilpatrick J.E., 1947, Lippincott E.R., 1966] at high temperatures. It is due to using the most reliable molecular constants in [ Dorofeeva O.V., 1986].; GT
42.59100.
54.80150.
69.05200.
95.20273.15
105.3 ± 2.0298.15
106.11300.
148.64400.
188.68500.
223.38600.
252.62700.
277.05800.
297.42900.
314.421000.
328.661100.
340.651200.
350.791300.
359.441400.
366.851500.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
138.07370.Spitzer R., 1946Please also see Montgomery J.B., 1942.; GT
143.1 ± 1.3384.
146.44390.
153.97410.
161.8 ± 1.7428.
174.5 ± 1.7460.
189.5 ± 2.1495.
196.7 ± 2.1521.
206.3 ± 2.1544.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-157.7 ± 1.8kJ/molCcbSpitzer and Huffman, 1947ALS
Deltafliquid-156.2 ± 0.79kJ/molCcbProsen, Johnson, et al., 1946ALS
Deltafliquid-156.4 ± 1.3kJ/molCcbMoore, Renquist, et al., 1940Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -157.7 kJ/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3930. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid203.89J/mol*KN/AAston, Szasa, et al., 1943DH
liquid204.35J/mol*KN/ARuehrwein and Huffman, 1943DH
liquid205.9J/mol*KN/AParks, Huffman, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 50.54 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
156.00298.15Trejo, Costas, et al., 1991DH
156.90298.15Lainez, Rodrigo, et al., 1989DH
143.9326.5Voss and Sloan, 1989T = 326.5 to 450.0 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
155.96298.15Saito and Tanaka, 1988DH
154.32298.15Shiohama, Ogawa, et al., 1988DH
155.13293.15Kalali, Kohler, et al., 1987T = 293.15, 313.15 K.; DH
157.06298.15Jimenez, Romani, et al., 1986DH
155.85298.15Ortega, 1986DH
156.5298.15Nkinamubanzi, Charlet, et al., 1985DH
155.96298.15Tanaka, Nakamichi, et al., 1985DH
154.81293.15Siddiqi, Svejda, et al., 1983DH
156.4298.15Grolier, Inglese, et al., 1982DH
156.0298.15Tanaka, 1982T = 293.15, 298.15, 303.15 K. Data at three temperatures.; DH
156.149298.15Fortier, D'Arcy, et al., 1979DH
156.12298.15Vesely, Zabransky, et al., 1979DH
156.4298.15Wilhelm, Grolier, et al., 1979DH
156.35298.15Grolier, Wilhelm, et al., 1978DH
156.7298.Safir, 1978T = 298 to 313 K. Data calculated from equation Cp = 1.7493 + 0.00452 T kJ/kg*K.; DH
156.12298.15Vesely, Svoboda, et al., 1977T = 298 to 318 K.; DH
156.07298.15Fortier, Benson, et al., 1976DH
156.070298.15Fortier and Benson, 1976DH
156.20298.15Jolicoeur, Boileau, et al., 1975DH
154.80293.15Wilhelm, Zettler, et al., 1974T = 273 to 323 K.; DH
159.6298.15Subrahmanyam and Rajagopal, 1973T = 298 to 323 K.; DH
155.2298.15Wilhelm, Schano, et al., 1969Temperature 20, 30, and 40°C.; DH
155.5298.Recko, 1968T = 24 to 40°C, equation only.; DH
152.93298.Nikolaev, Rabinovich, et al., 1966T = 10 to 50°C.; DH
155.31298.00Moelwyn-Hughes and Thorpe, 1964T = 297 to 327 K.; DH
155.2311.Swietoslawski and Zielenkiewicz, 1960Mean value 20 to 56°C.; DH
154.2300.Auerbach, Sage, et al., 1950T = 300 to 366 K. Cp given as 0.4378 Btu/lb*R at 80°F.; DH
155.85295.Aston, Szasa, et al., 1943T = 12 to 293 K.; DH
156.31298.15Ruehrwein and Huffman, 1943T = 13 to 302 K.; DH
100.4304.2Phillip, 1939DH
143.9298.9Parks, Huffman, et al., 1930T = 92 to 299 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
176.1298.Dejardin, 1919T = 22 to 50°C.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
CAL - James S. Chickos, William E. Acree, Jr., Joel F. Liebman, Students of Chem 202 (Introduction to the Literature of Chemistry), University of Missouri -- St. Louis

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil353.9 ± 0.2KAVGN/AAverage of 93 out of 116 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus279.6 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 38 out of 47 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple279.7 ± 0.4KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc554. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 18 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc40.7 ± 0.5barAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.308l/molN/ADaubert, 1996 
Vc0.309l/molN/AYoung, 1972Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.003 l/mol; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.24 ± 0.03mol/lN/ADaubert, 1996 
rhoc3.26mol/lN/ATeja and Anselme, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 mol/l; TRC
rhoc3.230mol/lN/ASimon, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
rhoc3.250mol/lN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 mol/l; TRC
rhoc3.247mol/lN/AYoung and Fortey, 1899Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.06 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap33.1 ± 0.4kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 19 out of 21 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
29.97353.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
33.334298.15N/AAston, Szasa, et al., 1943P = 13.18 kPa; DH
33.1315.EBGierycz, Kosowski, et al., 2009Based on data from 296. - 353. K.; AC
32.7315.N/ALubomska, Banas, et al., 2002Based on data from 300. - 345. K.; AC
31.9324.EBDiogo, Santos, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 336. K.; AC
32.2375.N/ALee and Holder, 1993Based on data from 360. - 470. K.; AC
32.3314.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
31.1332.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
30.3345.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
30.0355.CDong, Lin, et al., 1988AC
30.9368.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 353. - 414. K.; AC
29.6427.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 412. - 491. K.; AC
29.6504.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 489. - 553. K.; AC
32.9308.A,MMStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 293. - 355. K. See also Willingham, Taylor, et al., 1945.; AC
32.3 ± 0.1313.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1979AC
31.2 ± 0.1333.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1979AC
31.0 ± 0.1338.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1979AC
30.4 ± 0.1348.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1979AC
30.1 ± 0.1353.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1979AC
32.2 ± 0.1313.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
31.9 ± 0.1323.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
31.1 ± 0.1333.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
30.6 ± 0.1343.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
30.1 ± 0.1354.CSvoboda, Veselý, et al., 1973AC
32.5318.N/AGaw and Swinton, 1968Based on data from 303. - 343. K.; AC
32.9313.N/ACruickshank and Cutler, 1967Based on data from 298. - 348. K.; AC
32.8331.N/AMarinichev and Susarev, 1965Based on data from 316. - 354. K.; AC
31.4 ± 0.1324.CMcCullough, Person, et al., 1951AC
30.4 ± 0.1346.CMcCullough, Person, et al., 1951AC
30.1354.N/ASpitzer and Pitzer, 1946AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 292. - 422.
A (kJ/mol) 43.32
alpha -0.1437
beta 0.4512
Tc (K) 553.4
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
111.80298.15Aston, Szasa, et al., 1943P; DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
323. - 523.4.139831316.554-35.581Kerns, Anthony, et al., 1974Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
303. - 343.3.99201216.93-48.621Gaw and Swinton, 1968, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
315.70 - 353.903.17125780.637-107.29Marinichev and Susarev, 1965, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
293.06 - 354.733.969881203.526-50.287Williamham, Taylor, et al., 1945 

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
27.6265.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 223. - 280. K.; AC
46.6186.BBondi, 1963AC
37.2273.N/AJones, 1960Based on data from 268. - 278. K.; AC
37.7248.AStull, 1947Based on data from 228. - 268. K.; AC
36.5274.ARotinjanz and Nagornow, 1934Based on data from 269. - 279. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.68279.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
36.2186.1Domalski and Hearing, 1996CAL
9.57279.8

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
6.686186.09crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAston, Szasa, et al., 1943DH
2.628279.84crystaline, IliquidAston, Szasa, et al., 1943DH
6.7396186.1crystaline, IIcrystaline, IRuehrwein and Huffman, 1943DH
2.6769279.82crystaline, IliquidRuehrwein and Huffman, 1943DH
6.820186.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, IZiegler and Andrews, 1942DH
2.728279.4crystaline, IliquidZiegler and Andrews, 1942DH
6.234185.9crystaline, IIcrystaline, IParks, Huffman, et al., 1930DH
2.423279.3crystaline, IliquidParks, Huffman, et al., 1930DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
35.93186.09crystaline, IIcrystaline, IAston, Szasa, et al., 1943DH
9.39279.84crystaline, IliquidAston, Szasa, et al., 1943DH
36.21186.1crystaline, IIcrystaline, IRuehrwein and Huffman, 1943DH
9.57279.82crystaline, IliquidRuehrwein and Huffman, 1943DH
36.59186.4crystaline, IIcrystaline, IZiegler and Andrews, 1942DH
9.76279.4crystaline, IliquidZiegler and Andrews, 1942DH
33.53185.9crystaline, IIcrystaline, IParks, Huffman, et al., 1930DH
8.68279.3crystaline, IliquidParks, Huffman, et al., 1930DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Cyclohexene + Hydrogen = Cyclohexane

By formula: C6H10 + H2 = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-118. ± 6.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points

NH4+ + Cyclohexane = (NH4+ bullet Cyclohexane)

By formula: H4N+ + C6H12 = (H4N+ bullet C6H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.kJ/molPHPMSDeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/ADeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.317.PHPMSDeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<; M

C6H6+ + Cyclohexane = (C6H6+ bullet Cyclohexane)

By formula: C6H6+ + C6H12 = (C6H6+ bullet C6H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.295.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

C6H11- + Hydrogen cation = Cyclohexane

By formula: C6H11- + H+ = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1750. ± 8.4kJ/molBranPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Deltar1702.1 ± 3.8kJ/molG+TSBohme, Lee-Ruff, et al., 1972gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1713. ± 9.2kJ/molH-TSPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Deltar>1665.2kJ/molIMRBBohme, Lee-Ruff, et al., 1972gas phase; B

2Hydrogen + 1,3-Cyclohexadiene = Cyclohexane

By formula: 2H2 + C6H8 = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-224.4 ± 1.2kJ/molChydTurner, Mallon, et al., 1973liquid phase; solvent: Glacial acetic acid; ALS
Deltar-229.6 ± 0.42kJ/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -231.7 ± 0.4 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

2Hydrogen + 1,4-Cyclohexadiene = Cyclohexane

By formula: 2H2 + C6H8 = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-233.kJ/molChydRoth, Adamczak, et al., 1991liquid phase; ALS
Deltar-225.5 ± 1.4kJ/molChydTurner, Mallon, et al., 1973liquid phase; solvent: Glacial acetic acid; ALS

C3H9Si+ + Cyclohexane = (C3H9Si+ bullet Cyclohexane)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C6H12 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C6H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar159.kJ/molPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar201.J/mol*KPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation; M

3Hydrogen + Benzene = Cyclohexane

By formula: 3H2 + C6H6 = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-205.3 ± 0.63kJ/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1936gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -208.4 ± 0.63 kJ/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Hydrogen iodide + Cyclohexane, iodo- = Cyclohexane + Iodine

By formula: HI + C6H11I = C6H12 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-32.6 ± 8.4kJ/molCmBrennan and Ubbelohde, 1956gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -28. ± 4.2 kJ/mol; ALS

Lithium ion (1+) + Cyclohexane = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Cyclohexane)

By formula: Li+ + C6H12 = (Li+ bullet C6H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.kJ/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated; M

Cyclopentane, methyl- = Cyclohexane

By formula: C6H12 = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-14.69kJ/molEqkGlasebrook and Lovell, 1939liquid phase; Heat of isomerization; ALS

2Hydrogen + Bicyclo[2.2.0]hex-1(4)-ene = Cyclohexane

By formula: 2H2 + C6H8 = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-426.8 ± 7.9kJ/molChydRoth, Adamczak, et al., 1991liquid phase; ALS

Cyclohexanol = Cyclohexane + Hydrogen

By formula: C6H12O = C6H12 + H2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63.4 ± 2.3kJ/molEqkFedoseenko, Yursha, et al., 1983gas phase; At 502 K; ALS

Cyclohexane, chloro- + Hydrogen chloride = Cyclohexane + Chlorine

By formula: C6H11Cl + HCl = C6H12 + Cl2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-143.1kJ/molCmKirkbride, 1956liquid phase; ALS

Cyclohexane = Cyclopentane, methyl-

By formula: C6H12 = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.1 ± 1.2kJ/molEqkKabo and Andreevskii, 1973liquid phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.0051 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.00553200.XN/A 
0.0062710.XN/A 
0.0056 LN/A 
0.0051 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C6H12+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.88 ± 0.03eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)686.9kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity666.9kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.80 ± 0.05EIHolmes and Lossing, 1991LL
10.0 ± 0.03EIArimura and Yoshikawa, 1984LBLHLM
9.82EQSieck and Mautner(Meot-Ner), 1982LBLHLM
9.88 ± 0.10EQLias, 1982LBLHLM
9.88PEKovac and Klasinc, 1978LLK
9.88 ± 0.02PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977LLK
9.88EILossing and Traeger, 1975LLK
9.89 ± 0.01PERang, Paldoia, et al., 1974LLK
9.83 ± 0.05EIPuttemans, 1974LLK
9.84PEPuttemans, 1974LLK
9.88 ± 0.01PISergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973LLK
9.87PEIkuta, Yoshihara, et al., 1973LLK
9.88 ± 0.01SRaymonda, 1972LLK
9.89PEDemeo and Yencha, 1970RDSH
9.81PEDewar and Worley, 1969RDSH
9.79PEAl-Joboury and Turner, 1964RDSH
9.88 ± 0.02PIWatanabe, 1957RDSH
11.0 ± 0.2EIHustrulid, Kusch, et al., 1938RDSH
10.32PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981Vertical value; LLK
10.3 ± 0.1PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.3PEBruckmann and Klessinger, 1973Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H5+13.20 ± 0.08C3H7EIRabbih, Selim, et al., 1981LLK
C3H6+12.00 ± 0.07C3H6EIRabbih, Selim, et al., 1981LLK
C3H6+11.23 ± 0.04C3H6PISergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973LLK
C3H7+13.50 ± 0.08C3H5EIRabbih, Selim, et al., 1981LLK
C3H7+11.49 ± 0.03C3H5PISergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973LLK
C4H7+11.21 ± 0.04C2H5PISergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973LLK
C4H8+11.15 ± 0.03C2H4EIRabbih, Selim, et al., 1981LLK
C4H8+11.45C2H4EIPuttemans, 1974LLK
C4H8+11.08 ± 0.01C2H4PISergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973LLK
C5H9+9.88CH3EILossing and Traeger, 1975, 2LLK
C5H9+<=11.06CH3EILossing and Traeger, 1975LLK
C5H9+11.15CH3EIPuttemans, 1974LLK
C5H9+11.07 ± 0.04CH3PISergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973LLK
C6H11+11.32 ± 0.05HPISergeev, Akopyan, et al., 1973LLK
C6H11+11.66HEIPottie, Harrison, et al., 1961RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C6H11- + Hydrogen cation = Cyclohexane

By formula: C6H11- + H+ = C6H12

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1750. ± 8.4kJ/molBranPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Deltar1702.1 ± 3.8kJ/molG+TSBohme, Lee-Ruff, et al., 1972gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1713. ± 9.2kJ/molH-TSPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Deltar>1665.2kJ/molIMRBBohme, Lee-Ruff, et al., 1972gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

C3H9Si+ + Cyclohexane = (C3H9Si+ bullet Cyclohexane)

By formula: C3H9Si+ + C6H12 = (C3H9Si+ bullet C6H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar159.kJ/molPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar201.J/mol*KPHPMSLi and Stone, 1989gas phase; condensation

C6H6+ + Cyclohexane = (C6H6+ bullet Cyclohexane)

By formula: C6H6+ + C6H12 = (C6H6+ bullet C6H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/AMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.295.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), Hamlet, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated

NH4+ + Cyclohexane = (NH4+ bullet Cyclohexane)

By formula: H4N+ + C6H12 = (H4N+ bullet C6H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.kJ/molPHPMSDeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/ADeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.317.PHPMSDeakyne and Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1985gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG<, «DELTA»rH<

Lithium ion (1+) + Cyclohexane = (Lithium ion (1+) bullet Cyclohexane)

By formula: Li+ + C6H12 = (Li+ bullet C6H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.kJ/molICRStaley and Beauchamp, 1975gas phase; switching reaction(Li+)H2O, from graph; Dzidic and Kebarle, 1970 extrapolated

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 291493

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Pickett, Muntz, et al., 1951
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 193
Instrument Hilger prism spectrograph
Melting point 6.6
Boiling point 80.7

Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   D3d     Symmetry Number sigma = 6


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

a1g 1 CH2 a-str 2930  E  ia 2938 VS p liq. FR(2«nu»3)
a1g 1 CH2 a-str 2930  E  ia 2923 VS p liq. FR(2«nu»3)
a1g 2 CH2 s-str 2852  C  ia 2852 VS p liq.
a1g 3 CH2 scis 1465  C  ia 1465 M p liq.
a1g 4 CH2 rock 1157  C  ia 1157 S p liq.
a1g 5 CC str 802  C  ia 802 VS p liq.
a1g 6 CCC deform + CC torsion 383  C  ia 383 M p liq.
a1u 7 CH2 twist 1383  C 1383 gas  ia Observed in the crystalline state at about «nu»90 K
a1u 8 CH2 wag 1157  C 1157 gas  ia Observed in the crystalline state at about «nu»90 K
a1u 9 CC str + CC torsion 1057  C 1057 gas  ia Observed in the crystalline state at about «nu»90 K
a2g 10 CH2 wag 1437  C 1437 gas  ia Observed in the crystalline state at about «nu»90 K
a2g 11 CH2 twist 1090  C 1090 gas  ia Observed in the crystalline state at about «nu»90 K
a2u 12 CH2 a-str 2915  E 2915 M gas  ia
a2u 13 CH2 s-str 2860  E  ia SF(«nu»2,«nu»18,«nu»26)
a2u 14 CH2 scis 1437  C 1437 M gas  ia
a2u 15 CH2 rock 1030  D 1040 M gas  ia FR(«nu»23+«nu»32)
a2u 15 CH2 rock 1030  D 1016 M gas  ia FR(«nu»23+«nu»32)
a2u 16 CCC deform 523  A 523 W gas  ia
eg 17 CH2 a-str 2930  E  ia SF(«nu»1,«nu»12,«nu»25)
eg 18 CH2 s-str 2897  E  ia 2897 M vb
eg 19 CH2 scis 1443  C  ia 1443 S dp
eg 20 CH2 wag 1347  C  ia 1347 S dp
eg 21 CH2 twist 1266  C  ia 1266 VS dp
eg 22 CC str 1027  C  ia 1027 VS dp
eg 23 CH2 rock 785  C 785 gas 785 VW dp liq. Observed in the crystalline state at about «nu»90 K
eg 24 CCC deform + CC torsion 426  C  ia 426 S dp liq.
eu 25 CH2 a-str 2933  A 2933 VS gas  ia
eu 26 CH2 s-str 2863  A 2863 VS gas  ia
eu 27 CH2 scis 1457  A 1457 VS gas  ia
eu 28 CH2 wag 1355  B 1355 W gas  ia
eu 29 CH2 twist 1261  A 1261 S gas  ia
eu 30 CH2 rock 907  B 907 S gas  ia
eu 31 CC str 863  A 863 S gas  ia
eu 32 CCC deform + CC torsion 248  C 248 VW liq.  ia

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

VSVery strong
SStrong
MMedium
WWeak
VWVery weak
iaInactive
vbVery broad
pPolarized
dpDepolarized
FRFermi resonance with an overtone or a combination tone indicated in the parentheses.
SFCalculation shows that the frequency approximately equals that of the vibration indicated in the parentheses.
A0~1 cm-1 uncertainty
B1~3 cm-1 uncertainty
C3~6 cm-1 uncertainty
D6~15 cm-1 uncertainty
E15~30 cm-1 uncertainty

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Site Links, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-10.664.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-110.660.1Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-120.665.7Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-130.662.3Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-140.661.2Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-150.661.9Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-160.662.9Wang, Liu, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
PackedPMS-100090.681.Arutyunov, Kudryashov, et al., 2004N2, Chromaton N-AW-DMCS; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30160.676.Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane70.667.14Soják, 2004H2
CapillarySqualane70.667.02Soják, 2004N2
CapillarySqualane70.667.46Soják, 2004N2
CapillaryOV-10140.656.8Chen, Liang, et al., 2001He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-10160.662.2Chen, Liang, et al., 2001He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.693.6Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryHP-10160.663.35Garay, 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, H2
CapillaryOV-101110.668.Zhuravleva, 200050. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-1010.649.Skrbic, 1997 
CapillaryOV-1010.650.Skrbic, 1997 
CapillaryCP Sil 260.672.0Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101150.688.3Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.697.9Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySqualane25.658.Hilal, Carreira, et al., 1994 
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB20.655.7Do and Raulin, 199225. m/0.15 mm/2. «mu»m, H2
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.692.8Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryBP-10.649.Skrbic and Cvejanov, 199215. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, N2
PackedApolane130.694.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
CapillaryOV-145.660.6Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198920. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.665.6Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198920. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-145.660.6Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.665.6Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane50.662.7Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.667.1Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillaryHP-160.663.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryHP-160.664.Bangjie, Yijian, et al., 1988N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-10140.658.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillaryOV-10160.663.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillaryOV-10180.668.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
PackedOV-101120.676.Litvinenko, Isakova, et al., 1988He, Chromaton W AW; Column length: 2.4 m
CapillarySqualane50.662.Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySqualane70.666.4Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-1100.671.1Engewald, Billing, et al., 1987Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryOV-101100.674.Engewald, Topalova, et al., 1987Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm
PackedApolane150.680.Evans and Haken, 1987He, Chromosorb G AW DCMS; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSqualane80.669.Fernández-Sánchez, García-Domínguez, et al., 1987H2
CapillaryOV-10140.658.7Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10150.660.9Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.663.2Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10170.665.5Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
PackedApolane150.680.Haken and Vernon, 1986Chromosorb G AW DCMS; Column length: 3.7 m
CapillaryOV-1100.673.6Anders, Anders, et al., 198555. m/0.21 mm/0.35 «mu»m, N2
PackedSE-30180.658.Oszczapowicz, Osek, et al., 1985N2, Chromosorb A AW; Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.685.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
CapillaryOV-10130.656.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10140.658.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10150.660.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10160.663.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10170.665.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10180.668.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-330.664.5Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-340.666.8Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-350.669.2Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-360.671.7Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-370.674.4Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-380.677.3Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryDB-160.663.7Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.664.2Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
PackedSE-30100.675.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
CapillaryOV-150.661.Anders, Scheller, et al., 1982Column length: 55. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillarySE-30130.683.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillarySE-3080.669.Bredael, 1982Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
PackedPorapack Q200.639.Goebel, 1982N2
PackedApiezon L70.680.Jaworski, 1982Column length: 1.8 m
CapillaryOV-10150.661.Johansen and Ettre, 1982100. m/0.27 mm/0.20 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10150.661.Johansen and Ettre, 198255. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-150.662.Johansen and Ettre, 198217.5 m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m
CapillarySE-3050.661.Johansen and Ettre, 198217.5 m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m
CapillarySF-9650.661.Johansen and Ettre, 198291.4 m/0.31 mm/0.20 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-130.657.2Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-140.659.6Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-150.662.1Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-160.664.7Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-170.667.4Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-180.670.3Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3030.657.Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3040.659.1Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3050.661.3Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3060.663.6Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3070.666.1Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3080.668.8Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySqualane50.662.Mitra, 1981N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.663.Mitra, 1981N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-3080.669.2Albaigés and Guardino, 1980He; Column length: 64. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.668.1Albaigés and Guardino, 1980He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L100.690.Morishita, Okano, et al., 1980Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane100.675.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane50.662.7Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.663.9Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.662.78Pacáková and Koslík, 197850. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySqualane100.674.Rang, Orav, et al., 1977Nitrogen or helium; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.664.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.668.8Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.667.8Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApolane70.675.6Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedSqualane100.671.Vernon and Edwards, 1975N2, DCMS-treated Celite; Column length: 1. m
CapillarySqualane42.5660.Engewald, Epsch, et al., 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillarySqualane70.668.Engewald, Epsch, et al., 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedSE-30120.663.Pascal, Heintz, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30140.668.Pascal, Heintz, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30160.674.Pascal, Heintz, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m
CapillarySqualane50.663.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.667.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.674.Besson and Gäumann, 1973Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L100.689.Besson and Gäumann, 1973Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L50.669.Gäumann and Bonzo, 1973Column length: 100. m
CapillarySqualane50.662.Gäumann and Bonzo, 1973Column length: 100. m
CapillaryOV-10150.662.Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 197325. m/0.25 mm/1.39 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-10160.664.Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 197325. m/0.25 mm/1.39 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySqualane100.675.7Schomburg and Dielmann, 1973Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane120.682.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.674.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedApiezon L130.683.Paris and Alexandre, 1972Chromosorb W AW
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)35.662.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)45.665.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)50.667.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)58.669.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)68.672.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillarySqualane70.663.8Dimov and Schopov, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-3075.667.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSqualane100.674.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m
PackedVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)35.662.Sidorov, Ivanova, et al., 1971 
PackedApiezon L100.700.Wagaman and Smith, 1971CH4; Column length: 3. m
CapillarySqualane70.667.Cramers, Rijks, et al., 1970Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.667.Cramers, Rijks, et al., 1970Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.667.Cramers, Rijks, et al., 1970Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30130.676.Mitra and Saha, 1970N2
PackedSE-3080.667.Mitra and Saha, 1970N2
PackedApiezon L100.688.Brown, Chapman, et al., 1968N2, DCMS-treated Chromosorb W; Column length: 2.3 m
PackedSqualane27.658.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.664.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.668.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.672.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane22.656.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane30.658.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane40.660.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane55.664.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane70.667.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedDC-200100.675.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 4. m
PackedSqualane100.675.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 5. m
PackedApiezon L100.689.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 5. m
CapillarySqualane120.675.Schomburg, 1966 
CapillarySqualane70.668.Schomburg, 1966 
CapillarySqualane80.668.Schomburg, 1966 
PackedMethyl Silicone130.676.Antheaume and Guiochon, 1965 
PackedSqualane150.688.Schomburg, 1964 
PackedApiezon L70.676.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101650.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L678.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100657.8Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1658.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M160.740.Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m
CapillaryPEG 4000100.766.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 400060.748.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 400070.752.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 400080.757.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
PackedCarbowax 20M150.740.Haken and Vernon, 1986Chromosorb G AW DCMS; Column length: 3.7 m; Column diameter: 6.4 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.735.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
CapillaryPEG-20M100.742.Morishita, Okano, et al., 1980Column length: 75. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG 4000100.766.Rang, Orav, et al., 1977Nitrogen or Helium; Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M120.726.Pascal, Heintz, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M140.732.Pascal, Heintz, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M160.738.Pascal, Heintz, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.752.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax722.Umano and Shibamoto, 198840. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax722.Umano and Shibamoto, 198840. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax722.Umano and Shibamoto, 1987He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5663.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH655.8Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-1647.56LECO Corporation, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillarySPB-1648.22LECO Corporation, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5656.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5654.9Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5655.4Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5656.2Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5657.6Song, Lai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryOV-101654.6Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillaryDB-5655.4Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5656.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5657.6Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5656.2Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5654.9Lai and Song, 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH651.20Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH651.24Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-1651.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH651.09White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH651.14White, Douglas, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH651.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH668.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-1660.8Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1657.3Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-1656.4Bangjie, Xijian, et al., 1987N2, 30. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm
CapillaryUltra-1647.36Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1650.41Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-1652.19Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2653.15Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2656.24Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryUltra-2658.10Haynes and Pitzer, 198550. m/0.22 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: -30. C; Tend: 240. C
PackedSE-30662.Buchman, Cao, et al., 1984He, Chromosorb AW, 40. C @ 10. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 30. min; Column length: 3.05 m
CapillaryOV-101650.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1665.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone648.90Hassoun, Pilling, et al., 199950. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: -50C(2min) => 49.9C/min => 35C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C(2min) => 40C/min => 240C(30min)
PackedSE-30662.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)
PackedSE-30662.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax732.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryPEG-20M734.0Wang and Sun, 19853. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-20M735.5Wang and Sun, 19854. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-20M737.0Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryPEG-20M741.7Wang and Sun, 19852. K/min; Column length: 62. m; Column diameter: 0.27 mm; Tstart: 90. C
PackedCarbowax 20M723.Buchman, Cao, et al., 1984He, Supelcoport, 40. C @ 10. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 30. min; Column length: 3.05 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.673.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone120.680.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone140.685.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.668.Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007 
CapillaryOV-10140.660.Li and Deng, 1998N2; Column length: 51. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryMethyl Silicone50.663.N/AN2; Column length: 74.6 m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10150.661.Wu and Lu, 1984 
CapillaryOV-10170.665.Wu and Lu, 1984 
PackedSynachrom150.619.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSynachrom150.625.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
CapillarySqualane86.661.Vigdergauz and Martynov, 1971He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm
PackedApieson L120.688.Kurdina, Markovich, et al., 1969not specified, not specified
PackedSqualane125.676.Cremer and Nonn, 1964H2, Chromosorb W (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB658.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryPetrocol DH651.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryOV-101666.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 200925. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-1662.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5MS654.9Shoenmakers, Oomen, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone648.95Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-101658.Orav, Kailas, et al., 199950. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 6. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 100. C
CapillarySE-54670.Bellesia, Pinetti, et al., 199625. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1658.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySE-30651.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
PackedApiezon L668.Dahlmann, Köser, et al., 1979Chromosorb G-AW-DMCS, 10. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 25. C
CapillarySF-96659.Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976Nitrogen, 3. K/min, 130. C @ 40. min; Column length: 111. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Initial hold: 8. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySqualane660.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane669.Chen, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS669.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone663.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone661.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillarySE-30677.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5657.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L696.Finkelstein, Kurbatova, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone700.N/AProgram: not specified
CapillaryDB-1664.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone666.Zenkevich, 2000Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone657.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone666.Zenkevich, 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1666.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone654.Xu, Chu, et al., 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1649.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1649.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySE-30664.Lou, Liu, et al., 1993Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101650.Skrbic and Cvejanov, 1993Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1666.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1664.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101677.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52666.van Langenhove and Schamp, 1986Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.645.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.661.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.669.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.675.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1664.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified
PackedSE-30675.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C910min) => 20C/min => 90(6min) => 10C/min => 150C(hold)
PackedSqualane669.Robinson and Odell, 1971N2, Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min => 35 => 4C/min => 95C(hold)
PackedSE-30675.Robinson and Odell, 1971, 2Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C(10min) => 20C/min(2min) => 90C(6min) => 10C/min(6min) => (hold at 150C)
PackedSqualane669.Robinson and Odell, 1971, 2Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min(5min) => 4C/min(15min) => (hold at 95C)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax729.Shimadzu, 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-Wax729.Shimadzu Corporation, 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillarySupelcowax-10717.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax712.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 199360. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-20765.MacLeod and Snyder, 198570. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySOLGel-Wax742.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax737.Johanningsmeier and McFeeters, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M765.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax723.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M756.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.723.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M726.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, Site Links, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Spitzer and Huffman, 1947
Spitzer, R.; Huffman, H.M., The heats of combustion of cyclopentane, cyclohexane, cycloheptane and cyclooctane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1947, 69, 211-213. [all data]

Prosen, Johnson, et al., 1946
Prosen, E.J.; Johnson, W.H.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of formation and combustion of the normal alkylcyclopentanes and cyclohexanes and the increment per CH2 group for several homologous series of hydrocarbons, J. Res. NBS, 1946, 37, 51-56. [all data]

Moore, Renquist, et al., 1940
Moore, G.E.; Renquist, M.L.; Parks, G.S., Thermal data on organic compounds. XX. Modern combustion data for two methylnonanes, methyl ethyl ketone, thiophene and six cycloparaffins, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 1505-1507. [all data]

Beckett C.W., 1947
Beckett C.W., The thermodynamic properties and molecular structure of cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane, ethylcyclohexane, and seven dimethylcyclohexanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1947, 69, 2488-2495. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1986
Dorofeeva O.V., Thermodynamic properties of twenty-one monocyclic hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 437-464. [all data]

Brickwedde F.G., 1946
Brickwedde F.G., Equilibrium constants of some reactions involved in the production of 1,3-butadiene, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1946, 37, 263-279. [all data]

Kilpatrick J.E., 1947
Kilpatrick J.E., Heats, equilibrium constants, and free energies of formation of the alkylcyclopentanes and alkylcyclohexanes, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1947, 39, 523-543. [all data]

Lippincott E.R., 1966
Lippincott E.R., Enthalpy, free energy, entropy, and heat capacity of cyclohexane and acetaldehyde, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belges., 1966, 75, 655-667. [all data]

Spitzer R., 1946
Spitzer R., The heat capacity of gaseous cyclopentane, cyclohexane and methylcyclohexane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 2537-2538. [all data]

Montgomery J.B., 1942
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Notes

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