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Ethanol, 2-ethoxy-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
209.82298.15Svoboda, Zabransky, et al., 1991T = 298 to 330 K. Cp(liq) = 84.928 + 0.4189(T/K) J/mol*K. Cp value calculated from equation.
210.5298.15Roux, Perron, et al., 1978T = 283.15, 298.15, 313.15 K. Data at three temperatures.
210.8298.15Kusano, Suurkuusk, et al., 1973 

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil408.3 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap48.23kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap49.4kJ/molEBAntosik, Fras, et al., 1999Based on data from 313. - 353. K.; AC
Deltavap50.0kJ/molEBAntosik, Fras, et al., 1999Based on data from 313. - 363. K.; AC
Deltavap48.2 ± 0.1kJ/molCKusano, Wadsö, et al., 1971AC
Deltavap49.2kJ/molISunwoo and Eisen, 1971AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
39.22408.1N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
45.9338.TGAAl-Najjar and Al-Sammerrai, 2007Based on data from 323. - 353. K.; AC
47.4325.EBChylinski, Fras, et al., 2001Based on data from 310. - 385. K.; AC
44.7351.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 336. - 408. K. See also Pick, Fried, et al., 1956.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
336. - 407.4.868771756.857-46.92Pick, Fried, et al., 1956, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.6PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981 
9.97PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981Vertical value

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H7O+10.26CH2OHEILossing, 1977 

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 290907

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-160.687.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
PackedPorapack Q200.671.Goebel, 1982N2
PackedSE-30150.694.Haken, Nguyen, et al., 1979Celatom AW silanized; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedApiezon L120.666.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.670.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L170.718.Singliar and Dykyj, 1969 

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.1231.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1266.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-2708.Poskrobko, Linkiewicz, et al., 199425. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5716.Olson, Wong, et al., 198730. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS743.5Zheng and White, 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
PackedSE-30702.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)
PackedSE-30702.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-160.695.Shimadzu, 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedDC-400150.702.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-1695.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5716.5Olson, Wong, et al., 198830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-1694.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1694.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1701.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1701.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1246.Shimadzu, 200350. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1239.Shimadzu, 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1239.Shimadzu Corporation, 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1218.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Svoboda, Zabransky, et al., 1991
Svoboda, V.; Zabransky, M.; Barta, M., Molar heat capacities of 2-methoxyethanol, 2-ethoxyethanol, and 2-propoxyethanol in the temperature range from 298K to 330K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1991, 23, 711-712. [all data]

Roux, Perron, et al., 1978
Roux, G.; Perron, G.; Desnoyers, J.E., Model systems for hydrophobic interactions: volumes and heat capacities of n-alkoxyethanols in water, J. Solution Chem., 1978, 7, 639-654. [all data]

Kusano, Suurkuusk, et al., 1973
Kusano, K.; Suurkuusk, J.; Wads, I., Thermochemistry of solutions of biochemical model compounds. 2. Alkoxyethanols and 1,2-dialkoxyethanes in water, J. Chem. Thermodynam. 5,757-767 (1973).73LEB/TSV Lebedev, B.V., Tsvetkova, L.Ya., and Rabinovich, I.B., Specific heat and thermodynamic functions of poly(vinyltrimethylsilane), Tr. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 1973, (1), 17-18. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Antosik, Fras, et al., 1999
Antosik, Maria; Fras, Zbigniew; Malanowski, Stanislaw K., Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium in 2-Ethoxyethanol + Methanol at 313.15 to 333.15 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1999, 44, 3, 368-372, https://doi.org/10.1021/je9801011 . [all data]

Kusano, Wadsö, et al., 1971
Kusano, Kazuhito; Wadsö, Ingemar; Rømming, Chr.; Lindberg, Alf A.; Lagerlund, Inger; Ehrenberg, L., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds. VIII. Alkoxyethanols., Acta Chem. Scand., 1971, 25, 219-224, https://doi.org/10.3891/acta.chem.scand.25-0219 . [all data]

Sunwoo and Eisen, 1971
Sunwoo, Chimin; Eisen, Henry, Solubility parameter of selected sulfonamides, J. Pharm. Sci., 1971, 60, 2, 238-244, https://doi.org/10.1002/jps.2600600217 . [all data]

Al-Najjar and Al-Sammerrai, 2007
Al-Najjar, Hazim; Al-Sammerrai, Dhoaib, Thermogravimetric determination of the heat of vaporization of some highly polar solvents, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 2007, 37, 3, 145-152, https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.280370302 . [all data]

Chylinski, Fras, et al., 2001
Chylinski, K.; Fras, Z.; Malanowski, S.K., Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium in Phenol + 2-Ethoxyethanol at 363.15 to 383.15 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2001, 46, 1, 29-33, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0001072 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Pick, Fried, et al., 1956
Pick, J.; Fried, V.; Hala, E.; Vilim, O., Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1956, 21, 260. [all data]

Pick, Fried, et al., 1956, 2
Pick, J.; Fried, V.; Hala, E.; Vilim, O., Der Dampfdruck des Athylenglykolmonomethylathers und des Athylenglykolmonoathylathers, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1956, 21, 1, 260-261, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19560260 . [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Lossing, 1977
Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation of some isomeric [CnH2n+1]+ ions. Substitutional effects on ion stability, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7526. [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Gerbino, T., Gas chromatographic separation and automatic identification of complex mixtures of organic solvents in indrustrial wates, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 585, 2, 273-280, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)85088-W . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Haken, Nguyen, et al., 1979
Haken, J.K.; Nguyen, A.; Wainwright, M.S., Application of linear extrathermodynamic relationships to alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, amd ethoxy alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 179, 1, 75-85, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80658-5 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Singliar and Dykyj, 1969
Singliar, M.; Dykyj, J., Gas chromatography of glycol ethers, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1969, 34, 3, 767-775, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19690767 . [all data]

Poskrobko, Linkiewicz, et al., 1994
Poskrobko, J.; Linkiewicz, M.; Jaworski, M., Analysis of high-boiling ethoxylates of methyl, ethyl and butyl alcohols, with the use of gas chromatography, Chem. Anal. (Warsaw), 1994, 39, 2, 153-159. [all data]

Olson, Wong, et al., 1987
Olson, K.L.; Wong, C.A.; Fleck, L.L.; Lazar, D.F., Qualitative and Quantitative Determination of Solvent Formulations in Automotive Paints, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1987, 25, 9, 418-423, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/25.9.418 . [all data]

Zheng and White, 2008
Zheng, Y.; White, E., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2008. [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 436, 137-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94575-8 . [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 3), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Anderson, 1968
Anderson, D.G., USe of Kovats retention indices and response factors for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of coating solvents, J. Paint Technol., 1968, 40, 527, 549-557. [all data]

Health Safety Executive, 2000
Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24, retrieved from http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/mdhs/pdfs/mdhs96.pdf. [all data]

Olson, Wong, et al., 1988
Olson, K.L.; Wong, C.A.; Fleck, L.L.; Lazar, D.F., Qualitative and quantitative determination of solvent formulations in automotive paints, J. Coat. Technol., 1988, 60, 762, 45-50. [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]

Shimadzu, 2012
Shimadzu, Pharmaceutical Related, Analysis of pharmaceutical residual solvent (observation of separation) (1) - GC, 2012, retrieved from www.shimadzu.ru/applications/Applicationspdf/GC/Pharma/Pharmaceutical residual solvents GC.pdf. [all data]

Shimadzu Corporation, 2003
Shimadzu Corporation, Analysis of pharmaceutical residual solvent (observation of separation), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com.br/analitica/aplicacoes/book/pharm69.pdf. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References