Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

2-Heptanone

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase FFAPFFAPDB-WaxHP-WaxZB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.15
Tstart (C) 35.35.40.60.35.
Tend (C) 225.225.250.220.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.10.4.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.10.5.
Final hold (min) 25.25.15. 10.
I 1183.1181.1184.1175.1173.
ReferenceLozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 2007Lozano P.R., Miracle E.R., et al., 2007Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 2007Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2006Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBLM-120Supelcowax-10DB-WaxCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.50.60.60.60.
Carrier gas   HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.50.251.0.25
Tstart (C) 60.50.40.45.45.
Tend (C) 220.240.280.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.4.5.2.
Initial hold (min) 5. 2.1.0.17
Final hold (min) 30.30. 12. 
I 1173.1193.1193.1213.1173.
ReferenceMahadevan and Farmer, 2006Pinto, Guedes, et al., 2006Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 2005Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 2005Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-WaxDB-Wax EtrDB-WaxCarbowaxSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.150.250.250.50.25
Tstart (C) 35.40.45.50.35.
Tend (C) 220.245.240.250.195.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.6.5.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.3.10.10.5.
Final hold (min) 10.20.30.10.90.
I 1173.1174.1180.1200.1185.
ReferenceLedauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004Ménager, Jost, et al., 2004Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004Censullo, Jones, et al., 2003Chung, Yung, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10DB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBAT-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.50.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeH2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.40.50.65.50.
Tend (C) 195.200.200.250.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.5. 10. 
Final hold (min) 90.30. 60.60.
I 1185.1178.1182.1172.1183.
ReferenceChung, Yung, et al., 2001Kim, 2001Liu, Yang, et al., 2001Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001Shimoda, Yoshimura, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CBSupelcowax-10CP-Wax 52CBSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.50.60.50.60.
Carrier gas He He He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 45.60.35.60.35.
Tend (C) 250.220.195.220.195.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.2.4.2.
Initial hold (min) 0.175. 5.5.
Final hold (min)  30.90.30.90.
I 1173.1189.1185.1180.1186.
ReferenceVerzera, Campisi, et al., 2001Chevance, Farmer, et al., 2000Chung, 2000Chevance and Farmer, 1999Chung, 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10FFAPDB-WaxPEG-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 35.20.20.50.50.
Tend (C) 195.200.200.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.4.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.1.5.  
Final hold (min) 90.1.10.60.60.
I 1185.1208.1182.1185.1185.
ReferenceChung, 1999, 2Ott, Fay, et al., 1997Ott, Fay, et al., 1997Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 1997Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.60.30.60.
Carrier gas HeHe HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 50.40.50.40.50.
Tend (C) 230.200.230.200.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min)  5. 5. 
Final hold (min)  30.  60.
I 1183.1161.1162.1178.1185.
ReferenceShimoda, Wu, et al., 1996Cadwallader, Tan, et al., 1995Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995Iwaoka, Hagi, et al., 1994Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10CP-Wax 52CBDB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.50.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeH2HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.50.50.40.
Tend (C) 195.200.250.250.175.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.1.54.4.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.10.3.3.5.
Final hold (min) 40.80.  20.
I 1179.1145.1178.1178.1194.
ReferenceChung and Cadwallader, 1993Wu and Liou, 1992Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 1989Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 1989Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Carbowax 20MCP-WAX 57CBSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 60.60.50.60.60.
Carrier gas  He   
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25  0.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 175.225.200.175.175.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.1.54.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5. 5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 20.80. 20.20.
I 1195.1171.1183.1184.1188.
ReferenceTanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989Chen and Ho, 1988Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 1988Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 1988Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.50.  
Carrier gas HeH2He 
Substrate    Celite 545
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.2  
Phase thickness (mum)     
Tstart (C) 50.50.50.75.
Tend (C) 225.200.160.228.
Heat rate (K/min) 1.52.1.4.6
Initial hold (min)   10. 
Final hold (min) 50.55.  
I 1172.1160.1174.1181.
ReferenceChen and Ho, 1987Wu and Liou, 1986Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Lozano P.R., Drake M., et al., 2007
Lozano P.R.; Drake M.; Benitez D.; Cadwallader K.R., Instrumental and sensory characterization of heat-induced odorants in aseptically packaged soy milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3018-3026, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631225 . [all data]

Lozano P.R., Miracle E.R., et al., 2007
Lozano P.R.; Miracle E.R.; Krause A.J.; Drake M.; Cadwallader K.R., Effect of cold storage and packaging material on the major aroma components of sweet cream butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 19, 7840-7846, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071075q . [all data]

Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 2007
Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1418-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062203y . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2006
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L.; Bagci, Y.; Dural, H.; Ertugrul, K.; Uysal, T.; Savran, A., A multivariate statistical approach to Centaurea classification using essential oil composition data of some species from Turkey, Pl. Syst. Evol., 2006, 261, 1-4, 217-228, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-006-0448-3 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 2006
Ledauphin, J.; Basset, B.; Cohen, S.; Payot, T.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled Calvados and Cognac: Carbonyl and sulphur compounds, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2006, 19, 1, 28-40, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2005.03.001 . [all data]

Mahadevan and Farmer, 2006
Mahadevan, K.; Farmer, L., Key Odor Impact Compounds in Three Yeast Extract Pastes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 19, 7242-7250, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061102x . [all data]

Pinto, Guedes, et al., 2006
Pinto, A.B.; Guedes, C.M.; Moreira, R.F.A.; de Maria, C.A.B., Volatile constituents from headspace and aqueous solution of genipap (Genipa americana) fruit isolated by the solid-phase extraction method, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 488-491, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1623 . [all data]

Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 2005
Elmore, J.S.; Nisyrios, I.; Mottram, D.S., Analysis of the headspace aroma compounds of walnuts (Juglans regia L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 5, 501-506, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1477 . [all data]

Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 2005
Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 2005, 15, 6-9, 741-758, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idairyj.2004.11.007 . [all data]

Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2005
Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappalá, M., SUPELCO. Using SPME-GC-MS to characterize volatile components of honey as indicators of botanical origin, 2005, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/Brands/SupelcoHome/TheReporter.html. [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Ménager, Jost, et al., 2004
Ménager, I.; Jost, M.; Aubert, C., Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of strawberry (Cv. Cigaline) during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 5, 1248-1254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350919 . [all data]

Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004
Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Impact of blanching and packaging atmosphere on the formation of aroma compounds during long-term frozen storage of leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 15, 4844-4852, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049623c . [all data]

Censullo, Jones, et al., 2003
Censullo, A.C.; Jones, D.R.; Wills, M.T., Speciation of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in solventborne aerosol coatings by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography, J. Coat. Technol., 2003, 75, 936, 47-53, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02697922 . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2002
Chung, H.-Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Ma, W.C.J.; Kim, J.-S., Analysis of volatile components in frozen and dried scallops (Patinopecten yessoensis) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Food Res. Int., 2002, 35, 1, 43-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(01)00107-7 . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2001
Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 1, 192-202, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000692a . [all data]

Kim, 2001
Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rösten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Öls, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universität Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151. [all data]

Liu, Yang, et al., 2001
Liu, T.-T.; Yang, T.-S.; Wu, C.-M., Changes of volatiles in soy sauce-stewed pork during cold storage and reheating, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2001, 81, 15, 1547-1552, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.978 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5883-5887, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010414r . [all data]

Shimoda, Yoshimura, et al., 2001
Shimoda, M.; Yoshimura, Y.; Yoshimura, T.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds of sweetened condensed milk, J. Food Sci., 2001, 66, 6, 804-807, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2001.tb15176.x . [all data]

Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2001
Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappalá, M.; Bonaccorsi, I., SPME-GC-MS analysis of honey volatile components for the characterization of different floral origin, Am. Lab. Fairfield Conn., 2001, 33, 15, 18-21. [all data]

Chevance, Farmer, et al., 2000
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J.; Desmond, E.M.; Novelli, E.; Troy, D.J.; Chizzolini, R., Effect of some fat replacers on the release of volatile aroma compounds from low-fat meat products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3476-3484, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991211u . [all data]

Chung, 2000
Chung, H.Y., Volatile flavor components in red fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 5, 1803-1809, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991272s . [all data]

Chevance and Farmer, 1999
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Identification of major volatile odor compounds in frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5151-5160, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990515d . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 6, 2280-2287, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981027t . [all data]

Chung, 1999, 2
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 7, 2690-2696, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981166a . [all data]

Ott, Fay, et al., 1997
Ott, A.; Fay, L.B.; Chaintreau, A., Determination and origin of the aroma impact compounds of yogurt flavor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 850-858, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960508e . [all data]

Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 1997
Shimoda, M.; Nakada, Y.; Nakashima, M.; Osajima, Y., Quantitative comparison of volatile flavor compounds in deep-roasted and light-roasted sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 8, 3193-3196, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970172o . [all data]

Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1996
Shimoda, M.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Nakada, Y.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Identification and sensory characterization of volatile flavor compounds in sesame seed oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 12, 3909-3912, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960115f . [all data]

Shimoda, Wu, et al., 1996
Shimoda, M.; Wu, Y.; Osajima, Y., Aroma compounds from aqueous solution of Haze (Rhus succedanea) honey determined by adsorptive column chromatography, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 12, 3913-3918, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9601168 . [all data]

Cadwallader, Tan, et al., 1995
Cadwallader, K.R.; Tan, Q.; Chen, F.; Meyers, S.P., Evaluation of the aroma of cooked spiny lobster tail meat by aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 9, 2432-2437, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00057a022 . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1616-1620, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a037 . [all data]

Iwaoka, Hagi, et al., 1994
Iwaoka, W.; Hagi, Y.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in fresh and cooked breadfruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 975-976, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a026 . [all data]

Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994
Shiratsuchi, H.; Shimoda, M.; Imayoshi, K.; Noda, K.; Osajima, Y., Volatile flavor compounds in spray-dried skim milk powder, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 984-988, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a028 . [all data]

Chung and Cadwallader, 1993
Chung, H.Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat and processing by-product, J. Food Sci., 1993, 58, 6, 1203-1207, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1993.tb06148.x . [all data]

Wu and Liou, 1992
Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E., Volatile components of water-boiled duck meat and Cantonese style roasted duck, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 5, 838-841, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00017a026 . [all data]

Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 1989
Fröhlich, O.; Duque, C.; Schreier, P., Volatile constituents of curuba (Passiflora mollissima) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 2, 421-425, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00086a033 . [all data]

Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989
Tanchotikul, U.; Hsieh, T.C.-Y., Volatile Flavor Components in Crayfish Waste, J. Food Sci., 1989, 54, 6, 1515-1520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1989.tb05149.x . [all data]

Chen and Ho, 1988
Chen, C.-C.; Ho, C.-T., Gas chromatographic analysis of volatile components of ginger oil (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) extracted with liquid carbon dioxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 2, 322-328, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00080a020 . [all data]

Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 1988
Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 46, 2, 227-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740460211 . [all data]

Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 1988
Vejaphan, W.; Hsieh, T.C.Y.; Williams, S.S., Volatile flavor components from boiled crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) tail meat, J. Food Sci., 1988, 53, 6, 1666-1670, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1988.tb07811.x . [all data]

Chen and Ho, 1987
Chen, C.-C.; Ho, C.-T., Gas chromatographic analysis of thermal degradation products of gingerol compounds in steam-distilled oil from ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), J. Chromatogr., 1987, 387, 499-504, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94559-5 . [all data]

Wu and Liou, 1986
Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E., Effect of tissue disruption of volatile constituents of bell peppers, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 4, 770-772, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00070a044 . [all data]

Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982
Chen, C.-C.; Kuo, M.-C.; Hwang, L.S.; Wu, J.S.-B.; Wu, C.-M., Headspace components of passion fruit juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 6, 1211-1215, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00114a052 . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References