Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Fumaric Acid

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-810.2 ± 1.3kJ/molChydFlitcroft, Skinner, et al., 1957Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -812.0 ± 0.4 kJ/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid-811.03 ± 0.88kJ/molCcbWilhoit and Shiao, 1964ALS
Deltafsolid-810.98kJ/molCcbSchwabe and Wagner, 1958ALS
Deltafsolid-812.24kJ/molCcbHuffman and Fox, 1938Author's hf298_condensed=-194.88 kcal/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-1334.7 ± 0.8kJ/molCcbWilhoit and Shiao, 1964Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -810.98 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-1334.7kJ/molCcbSchwabe and Wagner, 1958Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -810.94 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-1333.5kJ/molCcbHuffman and Fox, 1938Author's hf298_condensed=-194.88 kcal/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = -812.20 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar166.1J/mol*KN/AParks and Huffman, 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 51.51 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
141.8297.1Parks and Huffman, 1930T = 91 to 297.1 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus560.45KN/AWilhoit and Shiao, 1964, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Tfus562.55KN/AWilhoit and Shiao, 1964, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus375.KN/ATimmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus473.KN/AKern, Shriner, et al., 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Tfus557.15KN/AWeiss and Downs, 1923Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
123.6 ± 2.0381.TE,MEDe Kruif and Van Ginkel, 1977Based on data from 371. - 391. K.; AC
136. ± 6.3365.QFWolf and Weghofer, 1938See also Trieschmann, 1935 and Jones, 1960.; AC
136. ± 6.3365.VWolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2ALS
134. ± 4.2358. - 371.N/AWolf and Trieschmann, 1934AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Fumaric Acid + Hydrogen = Butanedioic acid

By formula: C4H4O4 + H2 = C4H6O4

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-130.3 ± 0.1kJ/molChydFlitcroft, Skinner, et al., 1957liquid phase

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.7PEKobayashi, Yokota, et al., 1975 
10.9PEKobayashi, Yokota, et al., 1975Vertical value

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 340935

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Flitcroft, Skinner, et al., 1957
Flitcroft, T.; Skinner, H.A.; Whiting, M.C., Heats of hydrogenation Part 1.-Dodeca-3:9 and -5:7 Diynes, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1957, 53, 784-790. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Wilhoit and Shiao, 1964
Wilhoit, R.C.; Shiao, D., Thermochemistry of biologically important compounds. Heats of combustion of solid organic acids., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1964, 9, 595-599. [all data]

Schwabe and Wagner, 1958
Schwabe, K.; Wagner, W., Verbrennungs-und bildungswarmen von fumar- und maleinsaure, Chem. Ber., 1958, 91, 686-689. [all data]

Huffman and Fox, 1938
Huffman, H.M.; Fox, S.W., Thermal data. X. The heats of combustion and free energies, at 25°, of some organic compounds concerned in carbohydrate metabolism, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 1400-1403. [all data]

Parks and Huffman, 1930
Parks, G.S.; Huffman, H.M., Thermal data on organic compounds. IX. A study of the effect of unsaturation on the heat capacities, entropies and free energies of some hydrocarbons and other compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 4381-4391. [all data]

Wilhoit and Shiao, 1964, 2
Wilhoit, R.C.; Shiao, D., Thermochemistry of Biologically Important Compounds. Heats of Combustion of Solid Organic Acids, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1964, 9, 595. [all data]

Timmermans, 1935
Timmermans, J., Researches in Stoichiometry. I. The Heat of Fusion of Organic Compounds., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1935, 44, 17-40. [all data]

Kern, Shriner, et al., 1925
Kern, J.W.; Shriner, R.L.; Adams, R., Platinum and Palladium Oxides as Catalysts in the Reduction of Organic Compounds IX. The Reduction of Olefins, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 1147. [all data]

Weiss and Downs, 1923
Weiss, J.M.; Downs, C.R., The Physical Properties of Maleic, Fumaric and Malic Acids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1923, 45, 1003. [all data]

De Kruif and Van Ginkel, 1977
De Kruif, C.G.; Van Ginkel, C.H.D., Torsion-weighing effusion vapour-pressure measurements on organic compounds, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1977, 9, 8, 725-730, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(77)90015-5 . [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H.Z., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. B, 1938, 39, 194. [all data]

Trieschmann, 1935
Trieschmann, H.G., , Ph.D. Dissertation, Inst. Fur Phys. Chem. and Electrochem. der Universitat Kiel, Germany, 1935. [all data]

Jones, 1960
Jones, A.H., Sublimation Pressure Data for Organic Compounds., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1960, 5, 2, 196-200, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60006a019 . [all data]

Wolf and Weghofer, 1938, 2
Wolf, K.L.; Weghofer, H., Uber sublimationswarmen, Z. Phys. Chem., 1938, 39, 194-208. [all data]

Wolf and Trieschmann, 1934
Wolf, K.L.; Trieschmann, H.G., Z. Phys. Chem. Abt. B, 1934, 27, 376. [all data]

Kobayashi, Yokota, et al., 1975
Kobayashi, T.; Yokota, K.; Nagakura, S., Photoelectron spectra of the cis- trans-isomers of some ethylene derivatives, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1975, 48, 412. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References