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Thiophene

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L160.694.Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m; Large deviations from similar measurements
CapillaryDB-5100.686.1Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-5120.700.0Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-560.674.6Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-580.679.6Miller and Bruno, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.685.3Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillarySPB-1100.668.Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30100.668.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101100.668.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.683.0Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
PackedApolane130.686.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
PackedApiezon M130.694.Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985He or N2, Chromosorb W, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApiezon M60.675.Mikhailova, Gren, et al., 1985Chromosorb WAW; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApiezon M130.694.Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978Chromosorb W, AW/DMS; Column length: 2.1 m
PackedApolane70.664.6Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
CapillarySqualane60.641.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane60.648.Ryba, 1976Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryApiezon L120.693.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.644.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane86.632.Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973 
CapillarySqualane120.644.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillarySqualane86.632.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2, Celite 545; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryApiezon L120.693.Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
PackedDC-200120.670.Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966Celite; Column length: 4. m
PackedDC-200100.671.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 4. m
PackedSqualane100.652.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 5. m
PackedApiezon L100.690.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 5. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M160.1054.Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m
CapillaryCarbowax 40M100.1039.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1046.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1023.Shimoda and Shibamoto, 1990He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5672.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryMega 5MS703.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB673.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBPX-5665.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5665.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1649.Kim, 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB671.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-1658.Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101668.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101648.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1650.Zhang and Ho, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1646.Zhang and Ho, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1648.Zhang, Chien, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5661.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5661.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS626.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-5636.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1017.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1023.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994He, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 40M1028.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101022.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1028.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryStabilwax1034.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax1030.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups100.686.Safa and Hadjmohannadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups60.675.Safa and Hadjmohannadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Nitrogen
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups80.680.Safa and Hadjmohannadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Nitrogen
PackedApiezon L100.693.Kavan, 1973Column length: 3.2 m
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane110.655.Ferrand, 1962 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPONA648.Yang, Wang, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryPONA646.Yang, Wang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryPONA647.Yang, Yang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone643.23Baraldi, Rapparini, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1685.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-101650.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5677.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5644.Damste, van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, Helium, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5645.Damste, van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, Helium, 0. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB644.Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB645.Damste, Kock-van Dalen, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.45 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5665.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillarySE-30650.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5665.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5667.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryPONA647.Yang, Wang, et al., 200350. m/0.20 mm/0.50 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L694.Finkelstein, Kurbatova, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS680.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1651.Nedjma and Maujean, 199530. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, H2; Program: 35(1)-10 -> 55-25 ->250
CapillaryMethyl Silicone653.Zenkevich and Kuznetsova, 1990Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30665.P'yanova, Zvereva, et al., 1987Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101650.Shibamoto, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.647.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
PackedApiezon M700.Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 1983N2, Chromosorb W AW/DMCS; Column length: 5.6 m; Program: 60C(7min), 100C(7min), 150C isothermal

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1010.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryFFAP1024.Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryFFAP1024.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1026.Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1021.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1021.Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1021.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1041.Schlüter, Steinhart, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 34. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax995.Schlüter, Steinhart, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 34. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1022.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1035.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1032.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1034.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1032.Shibamoto and Russell, 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1035.Shibamoto and Russell, 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1035.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1054.Finkelstein, Kurbatova, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1022.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1025.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1018.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004
Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 2004, 45, 1, 144-150, https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JORY.0000041513.82837.4e . [all data]

Miller and Bruno, 2003
Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kováts retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 1007, 1-2, 117-125, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00958-0 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 1994
Misharina, T.A.; Beletsky, I.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Chromatographic and IR characteristics of methyl-, formyl-, and acetyl-substituted furans and thiophenes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1994, 43, 1, 64-69, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00699137 . [all data]

Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 1992
Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 1992, 34, 9/10, 497-501, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02290243 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985
Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1985, 40, 4, 576-586. [all data]

Mikhailova, Gren, et al., 1985
Mikhailova, T.V.; Gren, A.I.; Vysotskaja, L.E.; Misharina, T.A.; Vitt, S.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Identification of sulphur-organic compounds obtained by thermal treatment of the meat broths in the presence of alkyl-mercaptopropanol, Nahrung, 1985, 29, 7, 671-680, https://doi.org/10.1002/food.19850290705 . [all data]

Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978
Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Aerov, A.F., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulfur-containing compounds. 5. Thiophene, furan, and benzene derivatives, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1978, 11, 2271-2274. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Ryba, 1976
Ryba, M., Unlösliche Restfilme er stationären Flüssigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 1976, 9, 3, 105-112, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02330376 . [all data]

Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973
Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 1973, 95, 207-215. [all data]

Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972
Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarík, K.; Janák, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162° gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kováts retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 65, 1, 207-215, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86933-2 . [all data]

Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966
Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1966, 4, 1, 28-31, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/4.1.28 . [all data]

Rohrschneider, 1966
Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflüssigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 22, 6-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97064-5 . [all data]

Shimoda and Shibamoto, 1990
Shimoda, M.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles from brewed coffee with an on-column GC/MS method, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 3, 802-804, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00093a045 . [all data]

Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1427-1436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0625611 . [all data]

Condurso, Verzera, et al., 2006
Condurso, C.; Verzera, A.; Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Trozzi, A.; Ragusa, S., The leaf volatile constituents of Isatis tinctoria by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Planta Medica, 2006, 72, 10, 924-928, https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-946679 . [all data]

Elmore, Campo, et al., 2002
Elmore, J.S.; Campo, M.M.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S., Effect of lipid composition on meat-like model systems containing cysteine, ribose, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1126-1132, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0108718 . [all data]

Ames, Guy, et al., 2001
Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 4, 1885-1894, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012547 . [all data]

Kim, 2001
Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rösten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Öls, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universität Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151. [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Hierro, E., Two-fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the analysis of volatile aroma compounds in cooked pork, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 905, 1-2, 233-240, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00990-0 . [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1993
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Beletsky, I.V., Sorption properties of heterocyclic compounds differing by heteroatom in capillary gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1993, 42, 7, 1167-1170, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00701998 . [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1991
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Notes

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