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Thiophene

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Apiezon LDB-5DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 1.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas      
Substrate Chromaton N-AW    
Column diameter (mm)  0.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.10.10.10.1
Temperature (C) 160.100.120.60.80.
I 694.686.1700.0674.6679.6
ReferenceKurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Miller and Bruno, 2003Miller and Bruno, 2003Miller and Bruno, 2003Miller and Bruno, 2003
Comment Large deviations from similar measurements; MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase C78, Branched paraffinSPB-1SE-30OV-101C78, Branched paraffin
Column length (m) 3.360.60.60.3.3
Carrier gas He HeHe 
Substrate     Chromosorb G HP
Column diameter (mm)  0.320.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.500.50 
Temperature (C) 130.100.100.100.130.
I 685.3668.668.668.683.0
ReferenceDallos, Sisak, et al., 2000Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 1994Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 1992Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 1992Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase ApolaneApiezon MApiezon MApiezon MApolane
Column length (m) 3.72.12.12.12.4
Carrier gas  He or N2  He
Substrate  Chromosorb W, AW-DMCSChromosorb WAWChromosorb W, AW/DMSChromosorb
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 130.130.60.130.70.
I 686.694.675.694.664.6
ReferenceDutoit, 1991Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985Mikhailova, Gren, et al., 1985Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneApiezon LSqualaneSqualane
Column length (m) 50.50.   
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 60.60.120.120.86.
I 641.648.693.644.632.
ReferenceRyba, 1976Ryba, 1976Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneApiezon LDC-200DC-200
Column length (m) 50.50.100.4.4.
Carrier gas N2N2N2  
Substrate Celite 545Celite 545 Celite 
Column diameter (mm) 0.30.30.3  
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.86.120.120.100.
I 644.632.693.670.671.
ReferenceAgrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966Rohrschneider, 1966
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPacked
Active phase SqualaneApiezon L
Column length (m) 5.5.
Carrier gas   
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm)   
Phase thickness (mum)   
Temperature (C) 100.100.
I 652.690.
ReferenceRohrschneider, 1966Rohrschneider, 1966
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004
Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 2004, 45, 1, 144-150, https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JORY.0000041513.82837.4e . [all data]

Miller and Bruno, 2003
Miller, K.E.; Bruno, T.J., Isothermal Kováts retention indices of sulfur compounds on a poly(5% diphenyl-95% dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 1007, 1-2, 117-125, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00958-0 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Misharina, Beletsky, et al., 1994
Misharina, T.A.; Beletsky, I.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Chromatographic and IR characteristics of methyl-, formyl-, and acetyl-substituted furans and thiophenes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1994, 43, 1, 64-69, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00699137 . [all data]

Golovnya, Misharina, et al., 1992
Golovnya, R.V.; Misharina, T.A.; Beletskiy, I.V., Influence of methyl, formyl and acetyl groups on retention of substituted furans and thiophenes in capillary GC, Chromatographia, 1992, 34, 9/10, 497-501, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02290243 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Garbuzov, Misharina, et al., 1985
Garbuzov, V.G.; Misharina, T.A.; Aerov, A.F.; Golovnya, R.V., Gas chromatographic retention indices for sulphur(II)-containing organic substances, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1985, 40, 4, 576-586. [all data]

Mikhailova, Gren, et al., 1985
Mikhailova, T.V.; Gren, A.I.; Vysotskaja, L.E.; Misharina, T.A.; Vitt, S.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Identification of sulphur-organic compounds obtained by thermal treatment of the meat broths in the presence of alkyl-mercaptopropanol, Nahrung, 1985, 29, 7, 671-680, https://doi.org/10.1002/food.19850290705 . [all data]

Golovnya, Garbuzov, et al., 1978
Golovnya, R.V.; Garbuzov, V.G.; Aerov, A.F., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulfur-containing compounds. 5. Thiophene, furan, and benzene derivatives, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1978, 11, 2271-2274. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Ryba, 1976
Ryba, M., Unlösliche Restfilme er stationären Flüssigkeit in gas-chromatographischen Glaskapillaren, Chromatographia, 1976, 9, 3, 105-112, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02330376 . [all data]

Agr, Tesaric, et al., 1973
Agr, X.X.; Tesaric, K.; Janak, J., Will be entered later, J. Chromatogr., 1973, 95, 207-215. [all data]

Agrawal, Tesarík, et al., 1972
Agrawal, B.B.; Tesarík, K.; Janák, J., Gas chromatographic characterization of sulphur compounds in the 93-162° gasoline cut from Romashkino crude oil using Kováts retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1972, 65, 1, 207-215, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86933-2 . [all data]

Reymond, Mueggler-Chavan, et al., 1966
Reymond, D.; Mueggler-Chavan, F.; Viani, R.; Vuataz, L.; Egli, R.H., Gas chromatographic analysis of steam volatile aroma constituents: application to coffee, tea and cocoa aromas, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1966, 4, 1, 28-31, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/4.1.28 . [all data]

Rohrschneider, 1966
Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflüssigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 22, 6-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97064-5 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References