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Pyrrole

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101110.747.Zhuravleva, 200050. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101110.747.Golovnya, Kuz'menko, et al., 199950. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
PackedPMS-100130.706.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30110.740.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-3090.733.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M160.1516.Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004Chromaton N-AW; Column length: 1. m
PackedPEG-2000150.1492.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000152.1520.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000179.1530.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000180.1514.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.1520.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.1545.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-20M110.1502.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m
PackedPEG-20M90.1498.Tibor and Anna, 1971N2, Chromosorb W-AW; Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5751.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5771.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5771.Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 200525. m/0.2 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySPB-5757.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5751.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBPX-5774.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBPX-5744.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5760.Ames, Guy, et al., 2001, 250. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1731.Kim, 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1733.Izzo and Ho, 199150. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C
PackedSE-30739.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988He, Supelcoport and Chromosorb, 40. C @ 4. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Column length: 3.05 m
CapillaryDB-1727.Zhang, Chien, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS759.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-5765.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1521.Lopez-Galilea I., Fournier N., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1507.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101523.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101523.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1513.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101524.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101525.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryFFAP1547.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryPEG-20M1505.Shimoda, Nakada, et al., 199760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1505.Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1490.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1538.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994He, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1512.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1512.Shiratsuchi, Shimoda, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101514.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101530.Matiella and Hsieh, 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101521.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101523.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101524.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101526.Vejaphan, Hsieh, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101525.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1513.Alasalvar, Shahidi, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C => 2.5C/min => 155C
CapillarySupelcowax-101514.Baek and Cadwallader, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C => (6C/min) => 80C(6min) => (15C/min) => 200C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS750.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS757.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5755.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min
CapillaryZB-5751.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillarySLB-5MS768.Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 200810. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 10. K/min; Tend: 295. C
CapillaryMDN-5748.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryMDN-5755.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRTX-5750.Sies A., Hirsch R., et al., 200220. m/0.18 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 3.5 min, 40. K/min, 290. C @ 0.5 min
CapillarySPB-5755.Poligné, Collignan, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1725.Buttery, Ling, et al., 199730. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySE-54765.Bellesia, Pinetti, et al., 199625. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1730.Buttery and Ling, 1995He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-5762.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-5762.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991, 2He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101768.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5MS739.Risticevic, Carasek, et al., 200810. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS758.Liu, Xu, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 180 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (12 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups751.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5749.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5 MS758.Machiels and Istasse, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (3min) => 10C/min => 50C => 4C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryBPX-5749.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryMethyl phenyl siloxane (not specified)752.Poligne, Collignan, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS769.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone723.Zenkevich, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1733.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1733.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1755.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1727.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1728.Kawai, Ishida, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1755.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1488.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryFFAP1534.Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryFFAP1534.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1542.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1542.Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1542.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101526.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1507.Buttery, Orts, et al., 199930. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1507.Buttery and Ling, 199830. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M1477.Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1513.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1470.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1509.Wong and Bernhard, 1988He, 70. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1504.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1505.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1498.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1507.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1518.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1514.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1516.Finkelstein, Kurbatova, et al., 2002Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1532.Muresan, Eillebrecht, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 190C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101524.Chang, Seitz, et al., 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 7C/min => 140C => 17.5C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-Wax1508.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1511.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1472.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Zhuravleva, 2000
Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 2000, 49, 2, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02494682 . [all data]

Golovnya, Kuz'menko, et al., 1999
Golovnya, R.V.; Kuz'menko, T.E.; Zhuravleva, I.L., Gas chromatographic indicator of the ability of five- and six-membered heterocyclic nitrogen-containing compounds for self-association in pure liquids, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1999, 48, 4, 726-729, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02496256 . [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., 1973, 1, 51-63. [all data]

Tibor and Anna, 1971
Tibor, T.; Anna, B., Gázkromatográfiás retenció és a kémiai szerkezet, I., Magy. Kem. Foly., 1971, 77, 576-587. [all data]

Kurbatova, Finkelstein, et al., 2004
Kurbatova, S.V.; Finkelstein, E.E.; Kolosova, E.A.; Kartashev, A.V.; Rashkin, S.V., Structural analogy method in studies of adamantanes, J. Struct. Chem., 2004, 45, 1, 144-150, https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JORY.0000041513.82837.4e . [all data]

Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1427-1436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0625611 . [all data]

Solina, Baumgartner, et al., 2005
Solina, M.; Baumgartner, P.; Johnson, R.L.; Whitfield, F.B., Volatile aroma components of soy protein isolate and acid-hydrolysed vegetable protein, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 4, 861-873, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.06.005 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Volatile components of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) grown in Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 318-320, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698731 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004, 2
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 32-35, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1269 . [all data]

Bredie, Mottram, et al., 2002
Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1118-1125, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0111662 . [all data]

Ames, Guy, et al., 2001
Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 4, 1885-1894, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012547 . [all data]

Ames, Guy, et al., 2001, 2
Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH, temperature, and moisture on the formation of volatile compounds in glycine/glucose model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 9, 4315-4323, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010198m . [all data]

Kim, 2001
Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rösten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Öls, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universität Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151. [all data]

Izzo and Ho, 1991
Izzo, H.V.; Ho, C.-T., Isolation and identification of the volatile components of an extruded autolyzed yeast extract, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 12, 2245-2248, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00012a029 . [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 436, 137-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94575-8 . [all data]

Zhang, Chien, et al., 1988
Zhang, Y.; Chien, M.; Ho.C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds obtained from thermal degradation of cysteine and glutathione in water, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 5, 992-996, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00083a022 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Parker, Hassell, et al., 2000
Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3497-3506, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991302r . [all data]

Lopez-Galilea I., Fournier N., et al., 2006
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Notes

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