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Ethanol, 2-methoxy-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-376.9 ± 8.1kJ/molCmGuthrie, 1977Hydrolysis; ALS
Deltafgas-395.9kJ/molN/ASimonetta, 1947Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -441.0 kj/mol from Simonetta, 1947 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 45.1 kj/mol from Guthrie, 1977.; DRB

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-422.0 ± 7.6kJ/molCmGuthrie, 1977Hydrolysis; ALS
Deltafliquid-441.0kJ/molCcbSimonetta, 1947Author value for hf298-condensed=-123 kcal/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-1880.kJ/molCcbSimonetta, 1947Author value for hf298-condensed=-123 kcal/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -439. kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
175.38298.15Svoboda, Zabransky, et al., 1991T = 298 to 330 K. Cp(liq) = 84.235 + 0.3057(T/K) J/mol*K. Cp value calculated from equation.; DH
176.6298.15Roux, Perron, et al., 1978DH
174.9298.15Kusano, Suurkuusk, et al., 1973DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil397.6 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus188.05KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc597.6KN/AWilson, Wilson, et al., 1996Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; by a static method; TRC
Tc571.KN/ASteele, Chirico, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc52.85barN/AWilson, Wilson, et al., 1996Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.20 bar; by a static method; TRC
Pc36.00barN/ASteele, Chirico, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.80mol/lN/AWilson, Wilson, et al., 1996Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.09 mol/l; TRC
rhoc4.03mol/lN/ASteele, Chirico, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.04 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap45.2kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap45.1kJ/molN/AGuthrie, 1977DRB
Deltavap45.2 ± 0.2kJ/molCKusano, Wadsö, et al., 1971AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
37.54397.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
43.0361.N/AMarrufo, Loras, et al., 2010Based on data from 346. - 397. K.; AC
42.8348.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 333. - 423. K.; AC
42.9344.N/APick, Fried, et al., 1956Based on data from 329. - 396. K.; AC
41.3273.VGallaugher and Hibbert, 1937ALS

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
329.3 - 396.75.063861853.556-30.838Pick, Fried, et al., 1956, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C3H7O2- + Hydrogen cation = Ethanol, 2-methoxy-

By formula: C3H7O2- + H+ = C3H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1564. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1535. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
0.022-870.XN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)768.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity729.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.13PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C2H5O+10.36CH2OHEILossing, 1977LLK
C2H6O+10.3 ± 0.2CH3OEIBurgers, Holmes, et al., 1983LBLHLM
C2H6O+10.45 ± 0.05CH2OEIHolmes, Lossing, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C2H7O+9.96 ± 0.05HCOEIHolmes and Lossing, 1984LBLHLM

De-protonation reactions

C3H7O2- + Hydrogen cation = Ethanol, 2-methoxy-

By formula: C3H7O2- + H+ = C3H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1564. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1535. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 290807

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30150.630.Tiess, 1984Ar, Gas Chrom Q (80-100 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPorapack Q200.588.Goebel, 1982N2
PackedApiezon L120.591.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.595.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-1617.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-1060.1184.Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991N2; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.75 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1225.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCBP-201180.Shimadzu, 200325. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-2624.Poskrobko, Linkiewicz, et al., 199425. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, H2, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5635.Olson, Wong, et al., 198730. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30629.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)
PackedSE-30629.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-160.618.Shimadzu, 2003, 260. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
PackedDC-400150.646.Anderson, 1968Helium, Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3.0 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-ALLOY-5626.Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 320. C @ 13. min
CapillaryOV-101623.Zenkevich, 200525. m/0.20 mm/0.10 «mu»m, N2/He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBP-1616.Health Safety Executive, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.75 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5635.3Olson, Wong, et al., 198830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-1617.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1617.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillarySPB-1616.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1616.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax60.1202.Shimadzu, 2003, 250. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1199.Shimadzu, 201230. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1199.Shimadzu Corporation, 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1172.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Guthrie, 1977
Guthrie, J.P., Cyclization of glycol monoesters to give hemiorthoesters: a test of the thermochemical method for determining free energies of tetrahedral intermediates, Can. J. Chem., 1977, 55, 3562-3574. [all data]

Simonetta, 1947
Simonetta, M., II problema termico nella catena di reazioni tra ossido di etilene ed alcool metilico, Chimi. Ind. (Milan), 1947, 29, 37-39. [all data]

Svoboda, Zabransky, et al., 1991
Svoboda, V.; Zabransky, M.; Barta, M., Molar heat capacities of 2-methoxyethanol, 2-ethoxyethanol, and 2-propoxyethanol in the temperature range from 298K to 330K, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1991, 23, 711-712. [all data]

Roux, Perron, et al., 1978
Roux, G.; Perron, G.; Desnoyers, J.E., Model systems for hydrophobic interactions: volumes and heat capacities of n-alkoxyethanols in water, J. Solution Chem., 1978, 7, 639-654. [all data]

Kusano, Suurkuusk, et al., 1973
Kusano, K.; Suurkuusk, J.; Wads, I., Thermochemistry of solutions of biochemical model compounds. 2. Alkoxyethanols and 1,2-dialkoxyethanes in water, J. Chem. Thermodynam. 5,757-767 (1973).73LEB/TSV Lebedev, B.V., Tsvetkova, L.Ya., and Rabinovich, I.B., Specific heat and thermodynamic functions of poly(vinyltrimethylsilane), Tr. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 1973, (1), 17-18. [all data]

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Wilson, Wilson, et al., 1996
Wilson, L.C.; Wilson, H.L.; Wilding, W.V.; Wilson, G.M., Critical Point Measurements for Fourteen Compounds by a Static Method and a Flow Method, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 1252-4. [all data]

Steele, Chirico, et al., 1994
Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Nguyen, A.; Smith, N.K., DIPPR project 871. Determination of ideal-gas enthalpies of formation for key compounds. The 1990 project results, Experimental Results for DIPPR 1990-91 Projects on Phase Equilibria and Pure Component Properties, 1994, 1994, DIPPR Data Ser. No. 2, p. 188-215. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Kusano, Wadsö, et al., 1971
Kusano, Kazuhito; Wadsö, Ingemar; Rømming, Chr.; Lindberg, Alf A.; Lagerlund, Inger; Ehrenberg, L., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds. VIII. Alkoxyethanols., Acta Chem. Scand., 1971, 25, 219-224, https://doi.org/10.3891/acta.chem.scand.25-0219 . [all data]

Marrufo, Loras, et al., 2010
Marrufo, Beatriz; Loras, Sonia; Sanchotello, Margarita, Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibria for Binary and Ternary Mixtures with Cyclohexane, Cyclohexene, and 2-Methoxyethanol at 100 kPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2010, 55, 1, 62-68, https://doi.org/10.1021/je900259b . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Pick, Fried, et al., 1956
Pick, J.; Fried, V.; Hala, E.; Vilim, O., Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1956, 21, 260. [all data]

Gallaugher and Hibbert, 1937
Gallaugher, A.F.; Hibbert, H., Studies on reactions relating to carbohydrates and polysaccharides. LV. Vapor pressures of the polyethylene glycols and their derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2521-2525. [all data]

Pick, Fried, et al., 1956, 2
Pick, J.; Fried, V.; Hala, E.; Vilim, O., Der Dampfdruck des Athylenglykolmonomethylathers und des Athylenglykolmonoathylathers, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1956, 21, 1, 260-261, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19560260 . [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Lossing, 1977
Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation of some isomeric [CnH2n+1]+ ions. Substitutional effects on ion stability, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7526. [all data]

Burgers, Holmes, et al., 1983
Burgers, P.C.; Holmes, J.L.; Szulejko, J.E.; Mommers, A.A.; Terlouw, J.K., The gas phase ion chemistry of the acetyl cation and isomeric [C2H3O]+ ions. On the structure of the [C2H3O]+ daughter ions generated from the enol of acetone radical cation, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1983, 18, 254. [all data]

Holmes, Lossing, et al., 1982
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P.; Terlouw, J.K.; Burgers, P.C., The radical cation [CH2OH2]+ and related stable gas phase ion-dipole complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 2931. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1984
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation of organic radicals from appearance energies, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1984, 58, 113. [all data]

Tiess, 1984
Tiess, D., Gaschromatographische Retentionsindices von 125 leicht- bis mittelflüchtigen organischen Substanzen toxikologisch-analytischer Relevanz auf SE-30, Wiss. Z. Wilhelm-Pieck-Univ. Rostock Math. Naturwiss. Reihe, 1984, 33, 6-9. [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 2), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Gerbino, T., Gas chromatographic separation and automatic identification of complex mixtures of organic solvents in indrustrial wates, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 585, 2, 273-280, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)85088-W . [all data]

Poskrobko, Linkiewicz, et al., 1994
Poskrobko, J.; Linkiewicz, M.; Jaworski, M., Analysis of high-boiling ethoxylates of methyl, ethyl and butyl alcohols, with the use of gas chromatography, Chem. Anal. (Warsaw), 1994, 39, 2, 153-159. [all data]

Olson, Wong, et al., 1987
Olson, K.L.; Wong, C.A.; Fleck, L.L.; Lazar, D.F., Qualitative and Quantitative Determination of Solvent Formulations in Automotive Paints, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1987, 25, 9, 418-423, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/25.9.418 . [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 436, 137-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94575-8 . [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003, 2
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 3), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Anderson, 1968
Anderson, D.G., USe of Kovats retention indices and response factors for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of coating solvents, J. Paint Technol., 1968, 40, 527, 549-557. [all data]

Tsuge, Ohtan, et al., 2011
Tsuge, S.; Ohtan, H.; Watanabe, C., Pyrolysis - GC/MS Data Book of Synthetic Polymers, Elsevier, 2011, 420. [all data]

Zenkevich, 2005
Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005. [all data]

Health Safety Executive, 2000
Health Safety Executive, MDHS 96 Volatile organic compounds in air - Laboratory method using pumed solid sorbent tubes, solvent desorption and gas chromatography in Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances (MDHS) guidance, Crown, Colegate, Norwich, 2000, 1-24, retrieved from http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/mdhs/pdfs/mdhs96.pdf. [all data]

Olson, Wong, et al., 1988
Olson, K.L.; Wong, C.A.; Fleck, L.L.; Lazar, D.F., Qualitative and quantitative determination of solvent formulations in automotive paints, J. Coat. Technol., 1988, 60, 762, 45-50. [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]

Shimadzu, 2012
Shimadzu, Pharmaceutical Related, Analysis of pharmaceutical residual solvent (observation of separation) (1) - GC, 2012, retrieved from www.shimadzu.ru/applications/Applicationspdf/GC/Pharma/Pharmaceutical residual solvents GC.pdf. [all data]

Shimadzu Corporation, 2003
Shimadzu Corporation, Analysis of pharmaceutical residual solvent (observation of separation), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com.br/analitica/aplicacoes/book/pharm69.pdf. [all data]


Notes

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