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1-Butanethiol

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil371. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 19 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus157.48KN/AHaines, Helm, et al., 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
Tfus157.03KN/ADenyer, Fidler, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.25 K; TRC
Tfus157.3KN/ATeets, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus157.3KN/AEllis and Reid, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple157.47KN/AScott, Finke, et al., 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc570.1KN/ATeja and Anselme, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tc569.2KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc3.08mol/lN/ATeja and Anselme, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap8.77kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap8.72kcal/molN/AReid, 1972AC
Deltavap8.7 ± 0.1kcal/molVScott, Finke, et al., 1957, 2See Hubbard, Good, et al., 1958; ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
7.703371.6N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
8.4338.A,EBStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 323. - 409. K. See also Scott, Finke, et al., 1957, 3 and Osborn and Douslin, 1966.; AC
8.29 ± 0.02330.CScott, Finke, et al., 1957, 3AC
8.03 ± 0.02350.CScott, Finke, et al., 1957, 3AC
7.70 ± 0.02371.CScott, Finke, et al., 1957, 3AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
331. - 372.12.60.2874569.2Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference
324.6 - 408.824.046731281.018-55.0Osborn and Douslin, 1966

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.5000157.47Scott, Finke, et al., 1957, 3DH
2.500157.5Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
15.88157.47Scott, Finke, et al., 1957, 3DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Haines, Helm, et al., 1956
Haines, W.E.; Helm, R.V.; Cook, G.L.; Ball, J.S., Purification and Properties of Organic Sulfur Compounds, J. Phys. Chem., 1956, 60, 549-55. [all data]

Denyer, Fidler, et al., 1949
Denyer, R.L.; Fidler, F.A.; Lowry, R.A., Azeotrope Formation Between Thiols and Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2727-37. [all data]

Teets, 1934
Teets, D.E., The Relation of the Melting Point to the Number of Carbon Atoms in a Series of Normal Mercaptans, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1934, 56, 1143. [all data]

Ellis and Reid, 1932
Ellis, L.M.; Reid, E.E., The Preparation and Properties of A Double Series of Aliphatic Mercaptans, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1932, 54, 1674. [all data]

Scott, Finke, et al., 1957
Scott, D.W.; Finke, H.L.; McCullough, J.P.; Messerly, J.F.; Pennington, R.E.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Waddington, G., 1-butanethiol and 2-thiapentane. Experimental thermodynamic studies between 12 and 500 K; thermodynamic functions by a refined method of increments., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 1062-8. [all data]

Teja and Anselme, 1990
Teja, A.S.; Anselme, M.J., The critical properties of thermally stable and unstable fluids. II. 1986 results, AIChE Symp. Ser., 1990, 86, 279, 122-7. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Reid, 1972
Reid, Robert C., Handbook on vapor pressure and heats of vaporization of hydrocarbons and related compounds, R. C. Wilhort and B. J. Zwolinski, Texas A Research Foundation. College Station, Texas(1971). 329 pages.$10.00, AIChE J., 1972, 18, 6, 1278-1278, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690180637 . [all data]

Scott, Finke, et al., 1957, 2
Scott, D.W.; Finke, H.L.; McCullough, J.P.; Messerly, J.F.; Pennington, R.E.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Waddington, G., 1-Butanethiol and 2-thiapentane. Experimental thermodynamic studies between 12 and 500°K; thermodynamic functions by a refined method of increments, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 1062-10. [all data]

Hubbard, Good, et al., 1958
Hubbard, W.N.; Good, W.D.; Waddington, G., The heats of combustion, formation and isomerization of the seven isomeric C4H10S alkane thiols and sulfides, J. Phys. Chem., 1958, 62, 614-617. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Scott, Finke, et al., 1957, 3
Scott, D.W.; Finke, H.L.; McCullough, J.P.; Messerly, J.F.; Pennington, R.E.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Waddington, G., 1-Butanethiol and 2-thiapentane. Experimental thermodynamic studies between 12 and 500'K., thermodynamic functions by a refined method of increments, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 1062-1068. [all data]

Osborn and Douslin, 1966
Osborn, A.G.; Douslin, D.R., Vapor Pressure Relations of 36 Sulfur Compounds Present in Petroleum., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1966, 11, 4, 502-509, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60031a014 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, References