Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Propane, 1,3-dibromo-

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
163.7298.15Shehatta, 1993 
156.1245.7Crowe and Smyth, 1950T = 117 to 246 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.
159.0298.Kurbatov, 1948T = 16 to 160°C, mean Cp three temperatures.

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil430. ± 70.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus238.95KN/ATimmermans, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tfus237.0KN/ATimmermans, 1922Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus238.85KN/ATimmermans, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple238.6KN/ACrowe and Smyth, 1950, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap47.46kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap47.6kJ/molGCCarson, Laye, et al., 1994AC
Deltavap47.45 ± 0.10kJ/molCWadso, 1968ALS
Deltavap45.3kJ/molN/AStull, 1947Based on data from 283. - 440. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
47.890439.4N/ASvoboda, Kubes, et al., 1992DH
47.3 ± 0.1308.CSvoboda, Kubes, et al., 1992AC
46.7 ± 0.1315.CSvoboda, Kubes, et al., 1992AC
46.1 ± 0.1323.CSvoboda, Kubes, et al., 1992AC
45.5 ± 0.1330.CSvoboda, Kubes, et al., 1992AC
44.8 ± 0.1338.CSvoboda, Kubes, et al., 1992AC
46.6322.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 307. - 437. K.; AC
47.8366.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 351. - 487. K. See also Dykyj, 1970.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
282.9 - 440.74.433651776.679-39.691Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
14.64238.6Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
14.640238.6Crowe and Smyth, 1950DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
61.4238.6Crowe and Smyth, 1950DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Propane, 1,2-dibromo- = Propane, 1,3-dibromo-

By formula: C3H6Br2 = C3H6Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.7 ± 0.1kJ/molEqkSharonov and Rozhnov, 1971liquid phase; Heat of isomerization

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
1.1 VN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.07 ± 0.02PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
10.1PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981Vertical value; LLK
10.26PEGounelle, Menard, et al., 1975Vertical value; LLK

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

IR spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 842
NIST MS number 228964

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-54120.971.Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 199315. m/0.28 mm/2.4 «mu»m, Ar
CapillarySE-54160.989.Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 199315. m/0.28 mm/2.4 «mu»m, Ar
PackedSE-30175.936.Casteignau and Villessot, 1968Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-40M120.1419.Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 199340. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Ar
CapillaryPEG-40M120.1422.Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 199340. m/0.25 mm/0.10 «mu»m, Ar
PackedCarbowax 20M175.1460.Casteignau and Villessot, 1968Column length: 3. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-54955.Weber, 198625. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.919.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
PackedApiezon L963.7Keiko, Prokop'ev, et al., 1972Program: not specified
PackedSqualane937.7Keiko, Prokop'ev, et al., 1972Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Shehatta, 1993
Shehatta, I., Heat capacity at constant pressure of some halogen compounds, Thermochim. Acta, 1993, 213, 1-10. [all data]

Crowe and Smyth, 1950
Crowe, R.W.; Smyth, C.P., Heat capacities, dielectric constants and molecular rotational freedom in solid trichloroethanes and disubstituted propanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 4009-4015. [all data]

Kurbatov, 1948
Kurbatov, V.Ya., Heat capacity of liquids. 2. Heat capacity and the temperature dependence of heat capacity from halogen derivatives of acylic hydrocarbons, Zh. Obshch. Kim., 1948, 18, 372-389. [all data]

Timmermans, 1952
Timmermans, J., Freezing points of organic compounds. VVI New determinations., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1952, 61, 393. [all data]

Timmermans, 1922
Timmermans, J., Investigation of the Freezing Point of Organic Substances VII, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1922, 31, 389. [all data]

Timmermans, 1921
Timmermans, J., The Freezing Points of Organic Substances IV. New Exp. Determinations, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 62. [all data]

Crowe and Smyth, 1950, 2
Crowe, R.W.; Smyth, C.P., Heat capacities, dielectric constants and molecular rotational freedom in solid trichloroethanes and disubstituted propanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1950, 72, 4009. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Carson, Laye, et al., 1994
Carson, A.S.; Laye, P.G.; Pedley, J.B.; Welsby, A.M.; Chickos, J.S.; Hosseini, S., The enthalpies of formation of iodoethane, 1,2-diiodoethane, 1,3-diiodopropane, and 1,4-diiodobutane, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1994, 26, 1103-1109. [all data]

Wadso, 1968
Wadso, I., Heats of vaporization of organic compounds II. Chlorides, bromides, and iodides, Acta Chem. Scand., 1968, 22, 2438. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Svoboda, Kubes, et al., 1992
Svoboda, V.; Kubes, V.; Basarova, P., Enthalpies of vaporization and cohesive energies of 1,1,2,2-tetrachloro-1,2-difluoroethane, 1,2-dibromoethane, 1-bromo-2-chloroethane, 1,3-dibromo-propane, and 1,4-dibromo-2,3-dichloro-1,1,2,3,4,4-hexafluorobutane, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1992, 24, 555-558. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Sharonov and Rozhnov, 1971
Sharonov, K.G.; Rozhnov, A.M., Equilibrium of the isomerization of 1,2-dibromopropane into 1,3-dibromopropane, J. Org. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1971, 10, 2101-2103. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Gounelle, Menard, et al., 1975
Gounelle, Y.; Menard, C.; Pechine, J.M.; Solgadi, D.; Menes, F.; Botter, R., Conformational effects on ionization potentials; Photoelectron spectra of dibromo- and bromofluoro- alkyl compounds, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1975, 7, 247. [all data]

Grigor'eva, Vasil'ev, et al., 1993
Grigor'eva, D.N.; Vasil'ev, A.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Effect of the temperature on the retention indices in homologous series of bifunctional compounds under capillary gas chromatography conditions, J. Anal. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1993, 48, 7, 817-822. [all data]

Casteignau and Villessot, 1968
Casteignau, G.; Villessot, D., Identification par chromatographie en phase gaseuse de composés difonctionnels insaturés. I. Synthèse et indices de rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1968, 9, 3893-3903. [all data]

Weber, 1986
Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 8, 446-451, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090806 . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Keiko, Prokop'ev, et al., 1972
Keiko, V.V.; Prokop'ev, B.V.; Kuz'menko, L.P.; Kalinina, N.A.; Modonov, V.B., The use of an additive scheme of calculation of the indices of retention in gas-liquid chromatography communication. 3. Some regularities in the manifestation of the inductive effect, Izv. Akad. Nauk Kaz. SSR Ser. Khim., 1972, 12, 2629-2633. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References