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Butanoic acid, butyl ester

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.979.4Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillarySE-30100.991.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.982.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.985.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.978.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.978.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983, 2Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedApiezon L130.940.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
PackedSE-30150.969.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.977.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-1150.980.Ashes and Haken, 1971 
PackedSE-30100.985.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30150.980.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1983.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1977.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1982.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1990.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1982.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1982.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryBP-1978.Bartley and Schwede, 1989He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-1983.Bartley, 1988He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Tstart: -100. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101985.Morales and Duque, 1987He, 2. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-54996.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Program: 50C (10min) => 2C/min => 75C => 3C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 200C
CapillarySE-30969.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1215.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1230.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201251.Wyllie and Leach, 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1221.Umano, Shoji, et al., 1986N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5996.Balbontin, Gaete-Eastman, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 20. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-5993.Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5993.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5998.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS994.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51002.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1969.Brat, Rega, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryUltra-2999.Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB978.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1982.Brat, Brillouet, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-101975.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101977.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-521001.de Pooter, Montens, et al., 1983He, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 10. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-5998.Dharmawan, Kasapis, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 200C => 30C/min => 300C (3min)
CapillaryVF-5MS990.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-5994.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryDB-5MS994.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 K/min -> 220 0C 5 K/min -> 250 0C (15 min)
CapillaryBPX-5996.Bauchot, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He; Program: 0 0C (8 min) -> (1 min) -> 50 0C (2 min) 2.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 250 0C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1221.Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1245.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101232.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1213.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1196.Brat, Rega, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101224.Moreira, Trugo, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1207.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1212.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1215.Fröhlich, Duque, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1201.Chen, Kuo, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 160. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101223.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1218.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1231.Mehinagic, Royer, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C(30min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1220.Mehinagic, Royer, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 5C/min => 60C(30min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1214.Verzera, Ziino, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax1240.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200160. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (1min) => 3C/min => 170C => 4C/min => 200C (20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1183.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 K/min -> 220 0C 5 K/min -> 250 0C (15 min)
CapillaryFFAP1210.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-3070.985.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-1970.Bendiabdellah, El Amine Dib, et al., 201260. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51002.Cao, Li, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5992.Fraternale, Ricci, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101986.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS996.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS997.Raffo, Kelderer, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5995.Scrivanti, Anton, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-1979.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryUltra-2997.Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRSL-2001009.Ngassoum, Jirovetz, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-101975.Yang, 2001N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101977.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1975.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1975.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1975.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1975.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101975.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101977.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1978.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1979.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryOV-101979.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101977.Sugisawa, Yamamoto, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-30977.Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-30987.Alves and Jennings, 1979Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-1966.Bendiabdellah, El Amine Dib, et al., 201260. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5994.Cao, Li, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS995.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51000.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-5994.Beaulieu and Lancaster, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryLM-5996.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 50 0C (10 min) 2 oC/min -> 75 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryLM-5979.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryVB-5981.Karlshøj, Nielsen, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 4C/min => 175C => 10C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30969.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryUltra-2993.Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52996.Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySPB-5993.Crook, Boylston, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C => 4C/min => 95C => 5C/min => 115C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-5MS993.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-1999.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 110C => 5C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryHP-5993.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1004.Luo and Agnew, 200130. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101977.Yang, 2001N2; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone979.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101979.Morales and Duque, 1987He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1218.Yabumoto, Jennings, et al., 1977 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax CB1218.Alves, da Penha, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 150. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1219.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1207.Rizzolo, Cambiaghi, et al., 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1221.Narain, Almeida, et al., 200450. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1205.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryFFAP1216.Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1243.Franco and Shibamoto, 2000He, 50. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1226.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101216.Girard and Lau, 199590. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 20. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1207.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101219.Ha and Lindsay, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1208.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1221.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP1218.Ortiz, Echeverra, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 142 0C 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1206.Rowan, Hunt, et al., 200920. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 2.9 0C/min -> 100 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1206.Rowan, Hunt, et al., 2009, 220. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 2/9 0C/min -> 100 0C 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1225.Valappil, Fan, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 7 0C/min -> 110 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryFFAP1228.Lara, Echeverría, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1228.Lopez, Villatoro, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1220.Mattheis, Fan, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C (5min)
CapillaryFFAP1228.Echeverría, Correa, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C(10min)
CapillaryHP-FFAP1228.Echeverria, Fuentes, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C => 5C/min => 225C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1229.Lopez, Lavilla, et al., 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C(2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryCross-linked FFAP1229.Lavilla, Puy, et al., 199950. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryFFAP1229.López, Lavilla, et al., 199850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C (1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1216.Mattheis, Buchanan, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (5min) => 2C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 200C(5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1227.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Notes

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