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Butanoic acid, 3-methyl-, butyl ester

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1029.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.1021.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1043.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3060.1045.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.1039.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.1030.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedSE-30150.1021.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.1028.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.1030.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11035.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11035.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
PackedApiezon L1008.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh), 4. K/min; Column length: 1.2 m; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L1006.Rasmussen, 1983Chromosorb W HMDS HP (00-120 mesh); Column length: 1.2 m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301021.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-351100.1278.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351120.1303.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35160.1270.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1264.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1246.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1048.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1044.Hendriks and Bruins, 19834. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 205. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1271.Boulanger and Crouzet, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 K/min -> 220 0C 5 K/min -> 250 0C (15 min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1047.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51010.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51006.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-11038.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11042.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11028.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11029.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11028.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11029.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS1048.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1048.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301021.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS1047.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-301021.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax CB1250.Alves, da Penha, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 150. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryInnowax1259.Suleimenov, Atazharova, et al., 2003He, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1295.Franco and Shibamoto, 2000He, 50. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101252.Ha and Lindsay, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC1259.Tosun, Kürkcüoglu, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1242.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1259.Kaya, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1259.Tunalier, Kirimer, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Haken, Madden, et al., 1985
Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 325, 61-73, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96008-4 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1983
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Horna, A.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. IV. Separation of homologous series of certain halogenopropyl esters of aliphatic carboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 281, 299-303, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87889-4 . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 2, 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00092a031 . [all data]

Rasmussen, 1983
Rasmussen, P., Identification of Volatile Components of Jacjfruit by Gas Chromatography / MAss Spectrometry with Two Different Columns, Anal. Chem., 1983, 55, 8, 1331-1335, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00259a033 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Hendriks and Bruins, 1983
Hendriks, H.; Bruins, A.P., A tentative identification of components in the essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. by a combination of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry and retention indices, Biomed. Mass Spectrom., 1983, 10, 6, 377-381, https://doi.org/10.1002/bms.1200100607 . [all data]

Boulanger and Crouzet, 2000
Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Free and bound flavour components of Amazonian fruits: 2. cupuacu volatile compounds, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 4, 251-257, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200007/08)15:4<251::AID-FFJ905>3.0.CO;2-2 . [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 2002
Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; da Silva, M.H.; Maia, J.G.S.; Luz, A.I.R.; da Silva, J.D., Chemical variation in the essential oils of Hyptis crenata Pohl ex Benth., Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 5-8, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1031 . [all data]

Larsen and Frisvad, 1995
Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 1995, 99, 10, 1153-1166, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0953-7562(09)80271-2 . [all data]

Shiota, 1993
Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 2056-2062, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a046 . [all data]

Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008
Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 2, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1919 . [all data]

Liu, Liang, et al., 2007
Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1307-1315, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.038 . [all data]

Maia, Andrade, et al., 2004
Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Aroma volatiles from two fruit varieties of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), Food Chem., 2004, 85, 2, 195-197, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00292-9 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Alves, da Penha, et al., 2012
Alves, V.C.C.; da Penha, M.F.A.; Pinto, N. deO.F.; Garruti, D. dosS., Volatile compounds profile of Musa FHIA 02: an option to counter losses by Black Sigatoka, Nat. Prod. J., 2012, 5, 55-60. [all data]

Suleimenov, Atazharova, et al., 2003
Suleimenov, E.M.; Atazharova, G.A.; Demirchi, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Adekenov, S.M., Essential oil composition of Artemisia Lercheana and A. Sieversiana of Kazakhstan flora in Recent problems of development of new medicines of natural origin, Proceedings of symposium, St.Petersburg - Pushkin, 2003, 382-385. [all data]

Franco and Shibamoto, 2000
Franco, M.R.B.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile composition of some Brazilian fruits: umbu-caja (Spondias citherea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), araca-boi (Eugenia stipitata), and cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1263-1265, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9900074 . [all data]

Ha and Lindsay, 1989
Ha, J.K.; Lindsay, R.C., Mass spectra of butyl esters of volatile branched-chain and other fatty acids occurring in milkfat and meat lipids, J. Food Comp. Anal., 1989, 2, 2, 118-131, https://doi.org/10.1016/0889-1575(89)90072-0 . [all data]

Tosun, Kürkcüoglu, et al., 2006
Tosun, A.; Kürkcüoglu, M.; Dogan, E.; Duman, H.; Baser, K.H.C., Essential oil composition of Seseli petraeum M. Bieb. and Seseli andronakii Woron. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 257-259, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1572 . [all data]

Kaya, Demirci, et al., 2003
Kaya, A.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The essential oil of Seseli tortuosum L. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 159-161, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1162 . [all data]

Tunalier, Kirimer, et al., 2002
Tunalier, Z.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C., The composition of essential oils from various parts of Juniperus foetidissima, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2002, 38, 1, 43-47, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015725630556 . [all data]


Notes

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