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Pyridine, 2-chloro-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil443.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap51.0 ± 1.2kJ/molCRibeiro da Silva, 1997AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (bar) Reference Comment
439.20.952Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
329.20.013Weast and Grasselli, 1989BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
53.301.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 286. - 444. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
286.4 - 443.44.55871851.07-37.283Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.0eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)900.9kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity869.kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.0PEModelli and Distefano, 1981LLK
9.9 ± 0.1EIStefanovic and Grutzmacher, 1974LLK
9.91 ± 0.05EIBasila and Clancy, 1963RDSH
9.68PEModelli and Distefano, 1981Vertical value; LLK
9.54PEKlasinc, Novak, et al., 1978Vertical value; LLK

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 291268

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Brown and McDaniel, 1955
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 12083
Instrument Cary recording spectrometer
Boiling point 170

Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedOV-101130.870.Osmialowski, Halkiewicz, et al., 1985Ar, Chromosorb W HP; Column length: 1. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1900.0Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101130.870.Qi, Yang, et al., 2000 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes895.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.870.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Ribeiro da Silva, 1997
Ribeiro da Silva, M., Standard molar enthalpies of formation of some chloropyridines, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1997, 29, 12, 1535-1543, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1997.0269 . [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Modelli and Distefano, 1981
Modelli, A.; Distefano, G., He(I) photoelectron spectra of chloro-, vinyl- and acetyl-pyridines, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1981, 23, 323. [all data]

Stefanovic and Grutzmacher, 1974
Stefanovic, D.; Grutzmacher, H.F., The ionisation potential of some substituted pyridines, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 9, 1052. [all data]

Basila and Clancy, 1963
Basila, M.R.; Clancy, D.J., The ionization potentials of monosubstituted pyridines by electron impact, J. Phys. Chem., 1963, 67, 1551. [all data]

Klasinc, Novak, et al., 1978
Klasinc, L.; Novak, I.; Scholz, M.; Kluge, G., Photoelektronenspektren substituierter Pyridine und Benzole und ihre Interpretation durch die CNDO/SWW-Methode, Croat. Chem. Acta, 1978, 51, 43. [all data]

Brown and McDaniel, 1955
Brown, H.C.; McDaniel, D.H., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1955, 77, 3752. [all data]

Osmialowski, Halkiewicz, et al., 1985
Osmialowski, K.; Halkiewicz, J.; Radecki, A.; Kaliszan, R., Quantum chemical parameters in correlation analysis of gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of amines, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 346, 53-60, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90493-X . [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Qi, Yang, et al., 2000
Qi, Y.; Yang, J.; Xu, L., correlation analysis of the structures and gas liquid chromatographic retention indices of amines, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 2000, 28, 2, 223-227. [all data]

Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G.; Chupalov, A.A., New Possibilities of Chromato Mass Pectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds Using Increments of Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Molecular Structural Fragments, Zh. Org. Khim. (Rus.), 1996, 32, 5, 656-666. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]


Notes

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