Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Toluene

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Normal melting point

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Tfus (K) Reference Comment
178.166Holzhauer and Ziegler, 1975DH
178.159Hwa and Ziegler, 1966DH
178.15Guieu, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1980Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
178.15Guieu, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1980, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
178.15Radwan and Hanna, 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
178.16Holzhauer and Ziegler, 1975Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; IPTS-68; TRC
178.15Hollo, Lengyel, et al., 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC
178.130Denyer, Fidler, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
177.15Murphy and Duggan, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 10. K; TRC
177.7Tschamler, 1948Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
178.11Forziati, Glasgow, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
178.14Gibbons, Thompson, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
177.92Anonymous, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
177.55Smittenberg, Hoog, et al., 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
178.15Leslie and Heuer, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
177.9Stull, 1937Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
178.Timmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
178.15Timmermans, 1934Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
178.1Parks and Huffman, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
178.Smith and Andrews, 1931Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; freezing point with thermocouple; TRC
178.15Timmermans, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.15 K; TRC
178.2Timmermans and Martin, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
176.6Maass and Russell, 1918Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
178.65Timmermans, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
179.0Ladenburg and Kruegel, 1899Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Normal melting point, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Holzhauer and Ziegler, 1975
Holzhauer, J.K.; Ziegler, W.T., Temperature dependence of excess thermodynamic properties of n-heptane-toluene, methylcyclohexane-toluene, and n-heptane-methylcyclohexane systems, J. Phys. Chem., 1975, 79(6), 590-604. [all data]

Hwa and Ziegler, 1966
Hwa, S.C.P.; Ziegler, W.T., Temperature dependence of excess thermodynamic properties of ethanol-methylcyclohexane and ethanol-toluene systems, J. Phys. Chem., 1966, 70(8), 2572-2593. [all data]

Guieu, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1980
Guieu, R.; Faradjzadeh, A.; Carbonnel, L., Int. DATA Ser., Sel. Data Mixtures, Ser. A, 1980, No. 1, 52. [all data]

Guieu, Faradjzadeh, et al., 1980, 2
Guieu, R.; Faradjzadeh, A.; Carbonnel, L., Int. DATA Ser., Sel. Data Mixtures, Ser. A, 1980, No. 1, 53. [all data]

Radwan and Hanna, 1976
Radwan, M.H.; Hanna, A.A., Binary Azeotropes Containing Butyric Acid, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1976, 21, 285-8. [all data]

Hollo, Lengyel, et al., 1958
Hollo, J.; Lengyel, T.; Uzonyi, G., Determination of the system heptane + toluene + pyridine + butanol, Magy. Kem. Lapja, 1958, 13, 440. [all data]

Denyer, Fidler, et al., 1949
Denyer, R.L.; Fidler, F.A.; Lowry, R.A., Azeotrope Formation Between Thiols and Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2727-37. [all data]

Murphy and Duggan, 1949
Murphy, M.T.; Duggan, A.C., Pyrolysis of Butadiene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 3347. [all data]

Tschamler, 1948
Tschamler, H., Binary liquid mixtures: I. heats of mixing, volume effects, and phase diagrams of chlorex with benzene and alkylbenzenes., Monatsh. Chem., 1948, 79, 162-77. [all data]

Forziati, Glasgow, et al., 1946
Forziati, A.F.; Glasgow, A.R.; Willingham, C.B.; Rossini, F.D., Specification adn Properties of 29 Paraffin, 4 Alkylcyclopentanes, 10 Alkylcyclohexanes and 8 Alkylbenzene Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1946, 36, 129. [all data]

Gibbons, Thompson, et al., 1946
Gibbons, L.C.; Thompson, J.F.; Reynolds, T.W.; Wright, J.I.; Chanan, H.H.; Lamberti, J.M.; Hipsher, H.F.; Karabinos, J.V., The Purification and Physical Constants of Aromatic Compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 1130. [all data]

Anonymous, 1941
Anonymous, R., , Am. Pet. Inst. Hydrocarbon Res. Proj., Third Annu. Rep., Ohio State Univ., Aug. 31, 1941. [all data]

Smittenberg, Hoog, et al., 1938
Smittenberg, J.; Hoog, H.; Henkes, R.A., Freezing Points of A Number of Pure Hydrocarbons of the Gasoline Boiling Range and of Some of their Binary Mixtures, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 17. [all data]

Leslie and Heuer, 1937
Leslie, R.T.; Heuer, W.W., Study of the Crystal Behavior of Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U. S.), 1937, 18, 639. [all data]

Stull, 1937
Stull, D.R., A Semi-micro Calorimeter for Measuring Heat Capacities at Low Temp., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1937, 59, 2726. [all data]

Timmermans, 1935
Timmermans, J., Researches in Stoichiometry. I. The Heat of Fusion of Organic Compounds., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1935, 44, 17-40. [all data]

Timmermans, 1934
Timmermans, J., Theory of Concentrated Solutions XII., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1934, 43, 626. [all data]

Parks and Huffman, 1931
Parks, G.S.; Huffman, H.M., Some fusion and transition data for hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1931, 23, 1138-9. [all data]

Smith and Andrews, 1931
Smith, R.H.; Andrews, D.H., Thermal Energy Studies I. Phenyl Derivatives of Methane, Ethane and Some Related Compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1931, 53, 3644. [all data]

Timmermans, 1929
Timmermans, J., The Melting Point of Organic Substances Capable of Being Used as Reference Points at Low Temperatures, Commun. Kamerlingh Onnes Lab. Univ. Leiden, 1929, 1929, Suppl. No. 64. [all data]

Timmermans and Martin, 1926
Timmermans, J.; Martin, F., J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1926, 23, 747. [all data]

Maass and Russell, 1918
Maass, O.; Russell, J., Unsaturation and molecular compound formation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1918, 40, 1561-1573. [all data]

Timmermans, 1911
Timmermans, J., Researches on the freezing point of organic liquid compounds, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1911, 25, 300. [all data]

Ladenburg and Kruegel, 1899
Ladenburg, A.; Kruegel, C., The measurement of low temperatures, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1899, 32, 1818. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal melting point, References