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Toluene

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Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Program 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
I 1035.1040.1043.1035.1035.
ReferenceBianchi, Cantoni, et al., 2007Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10FFAPCP-Wax 52CBCP-Wax 52CBDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.250.25
Program 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 220C(13.5min)45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C40C => 5C/min => 60C => 2.5C/min => 155C60C (3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 5C/min => 250C (15min)
I 1035.1058.1047.1038.1034.
ReferenceBianchi, Careri, et al., 2007Ranau, Kleeberg, et al., 2005Verzera, Ziino, et al., 2004Alasalvar, Shahidi, et al., 2003Boulanger and Crouzet, 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10
Column length (m) 30.60.
Carrier gas   
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25
Program 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)20C(0.5min) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C
I 1033.1050.
ReferenceCantergiani, Brevard, et al., 2001Maignial, Pibarot, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Cantoni, C.; Careri, M.; Chiesa, L.; Musci, M.; Pinna, A., Characterization of the aromatic profile for the authentication and differentiation of typical Italian dry-sausages, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1552-1563, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.02.019 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Ranau, Kleeberg, et al., 2005
Ranau, R.; Kleeberg, K.K.; Schlegelmilch, M.; Streese, J.; Stegmann, R.; Steinhart, H., Analytical determination of the suitability of different processes for the treatment of odorous waste gas, Waste Management, 2005, 25, 9, 908-916, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2005.07.004 . [all data]

Verzera, Ziino, et al., 2004
Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurso, C.; Romeo, V.; Zappala, M., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for rapid characterisation of semi-hard cheeses, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 2004, 380, 7-8, 930-936, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-004-2879-4 . [all data]

Alasalvar, Shahidi, et al., 2003
Alasalvar, C.; Shahidi, F.; Cadwallader, K.R., Comparison of natural and roasted Turkish Tombul hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) volatiles and flavor by DHA/GC/MS and descriptive sensory analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 17, 5067-5072, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0300846 . [all data]

Boulanger and Crouzet, 2001
Boulanger, R.; Crouzet, J., Identification of the aroma components of acerola (Malphigia glabra L.): free and bound flavor compounds, Food Chem., 2001, 74, 2, 209-216, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00128-5 . [all data]

Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 2001
Cantergiani, E.; Brevard, H.; Krebs, Y.; Feria-Morales, A.; Amadò, R.; Yeretzian, C., Characterisation of the aroma of green Mexican coffee and identification of mouldy/earthy defect, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2001, 212, 6, 648-657, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170100305 . [all data]

Maignial, Pibarot, et al., 1992
Maignial, L.; Pibarot, P.; Bonetti, G.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.P., Simultaneous distillation-extraction under static vacuum: isolation of volatile compounds at room temperature, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 606, 1, 87-94, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)85260-Z . [all data]


Notes

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