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Toluene

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CBP-1DB-5DB-1DB-1DB-5
Column length (m) 25.60.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeHe  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.320.250.250.13
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.0.250.25 
Tstart (C) 50.40.30.30.30.
Tend (C) 200.230.220.220.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.2.2.10.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.4.4.2.
Final hold (min)  2.  3.
I 758.769.748.755.763.
ReferenceShimadzu, 2003Buchin, Salmon, et al., 2002Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5SE-54OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 30.30.110.70.70.
Carrier gas HeHeHeN2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.130.250.250.280.28
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.20  
Tstart (C) 30.0.35.80.80.
Tend (C) 280.250.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.12.1.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.12.   
Final hold (min) 3.    
I 746.758.748.764.765.
ReferenceRamarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993, 2Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989Hayes and Pitzer, 1982Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase Apiezon L
Column length (m) 50.
Carrier gas N2
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.25
Phase thickness (mum)  
Tstart (C) 60.
Tend (C)  
Heat rate (K/min) 1.
Initial hold (min)  
Final hold (min)  
I 776.
ReferenceLouis, 1971
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Shimadzu, 2003
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 2), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Buchin, Salmon, et al., 2002
Buchin, S.; Salmon, J.-C.; Carnat, A.-P.; Berger, T.; Bugaud, C.; Bosset, J.O., Identification de composés monoterpéniques, sesquiterpéniques et benzéniques dans un lait d'alpage très riche en ces substances, Mitt. Lebensmittelunters. Hyg., 2002, 93, 199-216. [all data]

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993
Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 3. A novel method for trapping volatile components from uncured and cured pork, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 6, 933-938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00030a019 . [all data]

Ramarathnam, Rubin, et al., 1993, 2
Ramarathnam, N.; Rubin, L.J.; Diosady, L.L., Studies on meat flavor. 4. Fractionation, characterization, and quantitation of volatiles from uncured and cured beef and chicken, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 6, 939-945, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00030a020 . [all data]

Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989
Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 659-662, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a018 . [all data]

Hayes and Pitzer, 1982
Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kováts indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 253, 179-198, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88376-X . [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 366-370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a035 . [all data]

Louis, 1971
Louis, R., Kovats-index-tafeln zur gaschromatographischen analyse von kohlenwasserstoffgemischen, Erdoel Kohle Erdgas Petrochem., 1971, 24, 2, 88-94. [all data]


Notes

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