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Toluene

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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Polydimethyl siloxanePolydimethyl siloxanePolydimethyl siloxaneMethyl SiliconeMethyl Silicone
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 105.75.90.100.120.
I 766.760.763.766.771.
ReferenceTello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeMethyl SiliconeDB-1OV-101
Column length (m)    60.51.
Carrier gas    HeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)    0.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)    1. 
Temperature (C) 140.80.120.60.40.
I 776.761.772.757.754.
ReferenceLebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007Chen and Feng, 2006Shimadzu, 2003Li and Deng, 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 50.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas NitrogenNitrogenNitrogenNitrogenNitrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.300.300.300.300.30
Phase thickness (mum) 0.260.260.260.260.26
Temperature (C) 100.100.100.100.100.
I 764.766.766.766.767.
ReferenceGerasimenko and Nabivach, 1995Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1995Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1995Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1995Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneOV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m)   50.50.50.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.200.200.20
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.100.100.100.120.
I 757.763.766.766.770.
ReferenceBerezkin, 1993Berezkin, 1993Tian, 1993Tian, 1993Tian, 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 50.23.23.23.23.
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.500.500.500.50
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.102.106.110.114.
I 772.760.760.762.763.
ReferenceTian, 1993Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101OV-101SE-54SE-54
Column length (m) 23.23.23.23.23.
Carrier gas    N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.500.500.500.500.50
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 94.98.98.70.74.
I 758.758.759.769.771.
ReferenceWang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-54SE-54SE-54SE-54SE-54
Column length (m) 23.23.23.23.23.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.500.500.500.500.50
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 74.78.82.86.90.
I 771.772.773.774.776.
ReferenceWang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992Wang, Deng, et al., 1992
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Methyl SiliconeOV-101OV-101E-301Squalane
Column length (m) 74.6  50.50.
Carrier gas N2  N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.28  0.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 50.50.70.100.100.
I 745.754.758.770.760.
ReferenceN/AWu and Lu, 1984Wu and Lu, 1984Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedCapillaryPacked
Active phase SqualaneSqualaneApiezon LSqualaneDC-400
Column length (m)  100.3.2150.3.0
Carrier gas H2N2 HeHelium
Substrate     Gas-Pak (60-80 mesh)
Column diameter (mm)  0.25 0.35 
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 95.4110.100.86.150.
I 746.759.792.743.769.
ReferenceSojak and Vigdergauz, 1978Papazova and Pankova, 1975Kavan, 1973Vigdergauz and Martynov, 1971Anderson, 1968
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Packed
Active phase Polydimethyl siloxane
Column length (m)  
Carrier gas  
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm)  
Phase thickness (mum)  
Temperature (C) 110.
I 768.
ReferenceFerrand, 1962
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tello, Lebron-Aguilar, et al., 2009
Tello, A.M.; Lebron-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-Lopez, J.E.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly93-cyanopropylmethyl)siloxane stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 2009, 1216, 10, 1630-1639, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.025 . [all data]

Lebrón-Aguilar, Quintanilla-López, et al., 2007
Lebrón-Aguilar, R.; Quintanilla-López, J.E.; Tello, A.M.; Santiuste, J.M., Isothermal retention indices on poly (3,3,3-trifluoropropylmethylsiloxane) stationary phases, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1160, 1-2, 276-288, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.05.025 . [all data]

Chen and Feng, 2006
Chen, Y.; Feng, C.-I., Regerating the spent metal-contaminated cracking catalyst by ozalic acid, J. Shanxi Univ. (Nat. Sci. Ed.), 2006, 29, 4, 414-420. [all data]

Shimadzu, 2003
Shimadzu, Gas chromatography analysis of organic solvents using capillary columns (No. 3), 2003, retrieved from http://www.shimadzu.com/apps/form.cfm. [all data]

Li and Deng, 1998
Li, H.; Deng, C., Qualitative analysis of light components of gasoline cracking using Kovats retention indices, J. Instrumental Analysis, 1998, 17, 1, 67-69. [all data]

Gerasimenko and Nabivach, 1995
Gerasimenko, V.A.; Nabivach, N.M., Principles of chromatographic retention of alkylbenzenes of stationary phases of different polarity, Koks i Khimia (in Russian) (Coke and Chemistry), 1995, 10, 20-27. [all data]

Berezkin, 1993
Berezkin, V.G., Linear correlation between retention indexes obtained in different laboratories on open tubular capillary columns with the same liquid stationary phase, Chem. Anal. (Warsaw), 1993, 38, 5, 649-651. [all data]

Tian, 1993
Tian, S., Analysis of the tower bottom oil of dimethylbenzene rectifying tower and C9 aromatic hydrocarbon fraction by capillary gas chromatography, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1993, 11, 4, 202-206. [all data]

Wang, Deng, et al., 1992
Wang, H.; Deng, Z.; Song, L.; Jiang, W., Analysis of volatile organic pollutants with Curie point desorption gas chromatographic method. 2. Quantitative analysis., Environ. Pollut. Control (Chinese), 1992, 14, 5, 35-38. [all data]

Wu and Lu, 1984
Wu, J.; Lu, W., Kovats indices of C4-C10 hydrocarbons in apolar quartz capillary OV-101, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1984, 1, 1, 11-17. [all data]

Bermejo, Moinelo, et al., 1980
Bermejo, J.; Moinelo, S.R.; Suarez Canga, C., Calculo de indices de retencion a patir de DI y de la polaridad de la fase, Calculo de indices de retencion a patir de DI y de la polaridad de la fase, Instituto Nacional del Carbon y sus Derivados Francisco Pintado Fe (INCAR), La Corredoria, Oviedo, Espana, 1980, 13. [all data]

Sojak and Vigdergauz, 1978
Sojak, L.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Comparison of interpolation methods for the interpretation of retention data in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 148, 1, 159-167, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99332-4 . [all data]

Papazova and Pankova, 1975
Papazova, D.I.; Pankova, M.C., Identification of individual aromatic hydrocarbons in kerosene fraction (b.p. 150-250 °), J. Chromatogr., 1975, 105, 2, 411-414, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)82276-7 . [all data]

Kavan, 1973
Kavan, I., Analysis of odorants, Sbornik Praci UVP, 1973, 26, 128-144. [all data]

Vigdergauz and Martynov, 1971
Vigdergauz, M.S.; Martynov, A.A., Some applications of the gas chromatographic linear retention indices, Chromatographia, 1971, 4, 10, 463-467, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02268816 . [all data]

Anderson, 1968
Anderson, D.G., USe of Kovats retention indices and response factors for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of coating solvents, J. Paint Technol., 1968, 40, 527, 549-557. [all data]

Ferrand, 1962
Ferrand, R., Gas phase chromatography using retention indices for the analysis of tars and their hydrogenation products, Journees internationales d'etude des methodes de separation immediate at de chromatographie; Org. sur l'initiative du IX., 1962, 132-140. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References