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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C9H12+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.40 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)199.9kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity193.3kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
199.6Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
193.3Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.41 ± 0.01EQLias and Ausloos, 1978LLK
8.46CTSKobayashi, Kobayashi, et al., 1973LLK
8.2 ± 0.1EIGilbert, Leach, et al., 1973LLK
8.47CTSHuttner and Fischer, 1967RDSH
8.40 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
8.55CTSKinoshita, 1962RDSH
8.39 ± 0.01PIPrice, Bralsford, et al., 1959RDSH
8.41 ± 0.02PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
8.42PEHowell, Goncalves, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.42PECetinkaya, Lappert, et al., 1983Vertical value; LBLHLM
8.45PEWorley and Webb, 1980Vertical value; LLK
8.45 ± 0.05PEGower, Kane-Maguire, et al., 1977Vertical value; LLK
8.45 ± 0.05PEEvans, Green, et al., 1974Vertical value; LLK
8.65 ± 0.03PEKlessinger, 1972Vertical value; LLK


Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, . [all data]

Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000
Aue, D.H.; Guidoni, M.; Betowski, L.D., Ab initio calculated gas-phase basicities of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2000, 201, 283. [all data]

Lias and Ausloos, 1978
Lias, S.G.; Ausloos, P.J., eIonization energies of organic compounds by equilibrium measurements, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 6027. [all data]

Kobayashi, Kobayashi, et al., 1973
Kobayashi, H.; Kobayashi, M.; Kaizu, Y., Molecular complexes of arenetricarbonylchromium, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1973, 46, 3109. [all data]

Gilbert, Leach, et al., 1973
Gilbert, J.R.; Leach, W.P.; Miller, J.R., Ionisation appearance potential measurements in arene chromium tricarbonyls, J. Organomet. Chem., 1973, 49, 219. [all data]

Huttner and Fischer, 1967
Huttner, G.; Fischer, E.O., Uber Aromatenkomplexe von Metallen. XCVIII. Spectroskopische Untersuchungen an Charge-Transfer-Komplexen von Aromaten-Chrom Tricarbonylen mit 1,3,5-Trinitrobenzol, J. Organometal. Chem., 1967, 8, 299. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Kinoshita, 1962
Kinoshita, M., The absorption spectra of the molecular complexes of aromatic compounds with p-bromanil, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1962, 35, 1609. [all data]

Price, Bralsford, et al., 1959
Price, W.C.; Bralsford, R.; Harris, P.V.; Ridley, R.G., Ultra-violet spectra and ionization potentials of hydrocarbon molecules, Spectrochim. Acta, 1959, 14, 45. [all data]

Vilesov and Terenin, 1957
Vilesov, F.I.; Terenin, A.N., The photoionization of the vapors of certain organic compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1957, 115, 744, In original 539. [all data]

Howell, Goncalves, et al., 1984
Howell, J.O.; Goncalves, J.M.; Amatore, C.; Klasinc, L.; Wightman, R.M.; Kochi, J.K., Electron transfer from aromatic hydrocarbons and their π-complexes with metals. Comparison of the standard oxidation potentials and vertical ionization potentials, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 3968. [all data]

Cetinkaya, Lappert, et al., 1983
Cetinkaya, B.; Lappert, M.F.; Suffolk, R.J., Photoelectron spectra of some sterically hindered phenols and related compounds, J. Chem. Res. Synop., 1983, 316. [all data]

Worley and Webb, 1980
Worley, S.D.; Webb, T.R., The electronic structure of transition-metal carbonyl complexes of norbornadiene and mesitylene, J. Organomet. Chem., 1980, 192, 139. [all data]

Gower, Kane-Maguire, et al., 1977
Gower, M.; Kane-Maguire, L.A.P.; Maier, J.P.; Sweigart, D.A., Ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of cyclohepta-1,3,5-triene and mesitylene tricarbonyl complexes of the group 6A metals, J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans., 1977, 316. [all data]

Evans, Green, et al., 1974
Evans, S.; Green, J.C.; Jackson, S.E.; Higginson, B., He(I) photoelectron spectra of some transition-metal sandwich complexes, J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans., 1974, 304. [all data]

Klessinger, 1972
Klessinger, M., Ionization potentials of substituted benzenes, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1972, 11, 525. [all data]


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