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Butanoic acid, 3-methyl-, ethyl ester

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-527.2 ± 8.8kJ/molCcbHancock, Watson, et al., 1954Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-571.3 ± 8.4kJ/molCcbHancock, Watson, et al., 1954Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4184.4 ± 8.4kJ/molCcbHancock, Watson, et al., 1954Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -4184. kJ/mol; Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -570.95 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections)

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil405.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Tboil407.9KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil408.55KN/AHancock, Watson, et al., 1954, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tboil407.9KN/ALecat, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tboil407.9KN/ALecat, 1927, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc582.4KN/AYoung, 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Tc588.02KN/ABrown, 1906Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap44. ± 1.kJ/molVHancock, Watson, et al., 1954Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; ALS
Deltavap44.1kJ/molN/AHancock, Watson, et al., 1954DRB

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
42.8316.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 301. - 418. K.; AC
44.5282.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 267. - 407. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
267.1 - 407.54.659631711.933-39.809Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 977
NIST MS number 230242

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.838.4Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillaryOV-10180.838.Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedSE-30150.839.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.834.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.840.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5856.Adams, 200030. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5856.Adams, 199830. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30839.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1067.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1075.Garruti, Franco, et al., 2001H2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 50 0C (8 min) 4 K/min -> 110 0C 16 K/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1078.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1079.Brander, Kepner, et al., 1980Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5852.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5858.Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-5854.Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.24 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5843.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5858.Fang and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS847.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS849.Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS856.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5859.Emilio Tomei, Manganelli, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB824.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5839.Valim, Rouseff, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryHP-5MS859.Kim T.H., Kim T.H., et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5857.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB824.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5854.Escudero, Campo, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5843.Eyres, Marriott, et al., 200725. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 6C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 290C (20min)
CapillaryVF-5MS832.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-5853.Campo, Ferreira, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5832.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5848.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5855.Kirchhoff and Schieberle, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 4C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillarySE-54846.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillarySE-54849.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1064.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3.5 K/min, 180. C @ 25. min
CapillaryInnowax1070.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 45. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min, 210. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1056.Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1064.Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.24 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1072.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1071.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1082.Petka, Ferreira, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 8. min
CapillaryStabilwax1076.Fang and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1100.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1080.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101096.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1053.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1049.Varming, Andersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1055.Varming, Petersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1065.Emilio Tomei, Manganelli, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1046.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1077.Valim, Rouseff, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1067.Kim T.H., Kim T.H., et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1061.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP1059.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1054.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101072.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101072.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
PackedCarbowax 20M1064.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101073.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101068.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101073.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1083.Escudero, Campo, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 4C/min => 100C6C/min => 136C => 3C/min => 220C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1084.Campo, Ferreira, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 4C/min => 100C => 6C/min => 200C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1058.Kaack, Christensen, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C(1.5min) => 1.5C/min => 60C(4min) => 2C/min => 100C => 8C/min => 220C(15min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1051.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryStabilwax1065.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP1062.Kirchhoff and Schieberle, 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 60C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1059.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)
CapillaryFFAP1060.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1057.Yasuhara, 198750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C (5min) => 2C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOptima-5 MS854.Goeminne, Vandendriessche, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryVF-5 MS844.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS859.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane856.Ramirez R. and Cava R., 200730. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryRTX-5858.Setkova, Risticevic, et al., 200710. m/0.18 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 50. K/min, 275. C @ 0.5 min
CapillaryDB-5852.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5852.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5854.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5852.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5859.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-5867.Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5851.Czerny and Grosch, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5853.García, Martín, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5853.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBP-5864.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-5855.Meynier, Novelli, et al., 199930. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBP-5864.Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-5852.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5851.Shimoda, Shibamoto, et al., 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1840.Peppard, 199230. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryOV-101840.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1844.Takeoka and Butter, 1989He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-1845.Takeoka and Butter, 1989He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillarySE-30838.Dirinck, de Pooter, et al., 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 200. m; Column diameter: 0.6 mm; Tstart: 20. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-1839.Schreyen, Dirinck, et al., 1979N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 183. m; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 230. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB828.Collin, Nizet, et al., 201250. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups852.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups855.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil-5 CB828.Bailly and Collin, 201050. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-5856.San-Juan, Petka, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB828.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200950. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 Cb831.Collin, Nizet, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 40 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (30 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS847.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS849.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54855.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5851.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5852.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1829.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySPB-1829.Díaz-Maroto, Castillo, et al., 200750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 70C(3min) => 4C/min => 120C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillarySE-30839.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5844.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB828.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200650. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 1345 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB828.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2006, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-54845.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryMFE-73856.Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5MS856.Maia, Andrade, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-30840.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5854.Demyttenaere, Dagher, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 220C(2min)
CapillaryHP-5MS851.Martí, Mestres, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C (30min)
CapillaryDB-5849.Qian and Reineccius, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: 35C(4min) => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-5MS854.Demyttenaere, Dagher, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 220C => 10C/min => 240C(2min)
CapillaryMFE-73856.Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002H2; Program: not specified
CapillaryMFE-73856.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
CapillaryMFE-73856.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40 C (5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10 C/min => 210 C (30min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone838.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101836.Licker, Acree, et al., 1998Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54855.Reiners and Grosch, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 50 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-5853.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-54853.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-54852.Lizárraga-Guerra, Guth, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-5864.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5860.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-Wax MS1066.Duarte, Dias, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1072.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1062.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1067.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 57 CB1044.Callejon, Morales, et al., 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 150. C @ 17.5 min
CapillaryDB-Wax1076.Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 10. min, 3.5 K/min, 180. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1065.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillarySupelcowax-101054.Chin, Nazimah, et al., 200710. m/0.1 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1.5 min, 50. K/min, 240. C @ 2. min
CapillaryFFAP1074.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1060.Xu, Fan, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1060.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1066.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1084.Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 200615. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1045.Komes, Ulrich, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1042.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1055.Isogai, Utsunomiya, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1082.Culleré, Escudero, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1053.Lee and Noble, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 185. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1078.López, Ortín, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1069.Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1070.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryEC-10001075.Bendall, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryFFAP1060.Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1070.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryFFAP1060.Czerny and Grosch, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1088.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1070.Xue, Ye, et al., 2000He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 190. C @ 20. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1075.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1075.Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1075.Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1075.Ferreira, Lopez, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1074.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1060.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1065.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1067.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryEC-10001075.Delabre and Bendall, 9999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1072.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1088.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1067.Sampaio, Garruti, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C (9 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 1 0C/min -> 100 0C 16 0C/min -> 210 0C (20 min)
CapillaryFFAP1114.Bailly and Collin, 201025. m/0.32 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1068.San-Juan, Petka, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryFFAP1114.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1068.Ferreira, Juan, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (40 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1053.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP1047.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-201112.Rodrigues, Caldera, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (2 min) 1.7 0C/min -> 180 0C (1 min) 25 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-201114.Rodrigues, Caldera, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (2 min) 1.7 0C/min -> 180 0C (1 min) 25 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBP-201114.Rodrigues, Caldera, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (2 min) 1.7 0C/min -> 180 0C (1 min) 25 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1066.Tao, Wenlai, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 20 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillarySupelcowax-101061.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1078.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1060.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1055.Tian, Zhang, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C 8 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryFFAP-CB1114.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 1345 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryFFAP1114.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2006, 225. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1041.Buettner and Mestres, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min=230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1041.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP1072.Didzbalis, Ritter, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 60C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-Wax1069.Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1060.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG-20M1073.Garruti, Franco, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(8min) => 4C/min => 110C => 16C/min => 200C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1069.Martí, Mestres, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 100C => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 210C (10min)
CapillaryTRWAX1088.Torrens, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1059.Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryFFAP1068.Lopez, Lavilla, et al., 200050. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C(2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryCross-linked FFAP1069.Lavilla, Puy, et al., 199950. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C(1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C(5min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1071.Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
CapillaryFFAP1068.López, Lavilla, et al., 199850. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2; Program: 70C (1min) => 3C/min => 142C (2min) => 25C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryFFAP1065.Reiners and Grosch, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1057.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1057.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1064.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hancock, Watson, et al., 1954
Hancock, C.K.; Watson, G.M.; Gilby, R.F., Heats of combustion of five-carbon fatty acids and their methyl and ethyl esters, J. Phys. Chem., 1954, 58, 127-129. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Hancock, Watson, et al., 1954, 2
Hancock, C.K.; Watson, G.M.; Gilby, R.F., Heats of Combustion of Five-Carbon Fatty Acids and Their Methyl and Ethyl Esters, J. Phys. Chem., 1954, 58, 127. [all data]

Lecat, 1927
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 7th list, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. B, 1927, 47, 108-14. [all data]

Lecat, 1927, 2
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 6th list, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. B, 1927, 47, 63-71. [all data]

Young, 1994
Young, C.L., Personal Commun. 1994 1994, 1994. [all data]

Brown, 1906
Brown, J.C., The critical temperature and value of ml/theta of some carbon compounds, J. Chem. Soc., Trans., 1906, 89, 311. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. II. Separation of homologous series of halogenoethyl esters of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids on OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 252, 293-296, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88420-X . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Adams, 2000
Adams, R.P., Systematics of Juniperus section Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 6, 515-528, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00089-7 . [all data]

Adams, 1998
Adams, R.P., The essential oils and chemotaxonomy of Juniperus sect. Juniperus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1998, 26, 6, 637-645, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00020-9 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

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Notes

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