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Butanoic acid, 3-methyl-, ethyl ester

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase VF-Wax MSDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCP-Wax 57 CB
Column length (m) 60.30.60.60.50.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.20
Tstart (C) 60.40.30.30.35.
Tend (C) 220.230.200.200.150.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.2.4.4.5.
Final hold (min) 25.5.30.30.17.5
I 1066.1072.1062.1067.1044.
ReferenceDuarte, Dias, et al., 2010Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCP-Wax 52CBSupelcowax-10FFAPDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.10.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeHeN2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.25 0.10.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.320.10.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.40.35.40.
Tend (C) 180.220.240.320.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.56.50.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 10.2.1.55.2.
Final hold (min) 30.20.2.45.5.
I 1076.1065.1054.1074.1060.
ReferenceCaldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007Chin, Nazimah, et al., 2007Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.15.30.30.
Carrier gas HeN2HeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 230.230.230.200.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.6.6.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.2. 3.2.
Final hold (min) 15.15.20.15.5.
I 1060.1066.1084.1045.1042.
ReferenceFan and Qian, 2006Fan and Qian, 2006, 2Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 2006Komes, Ulrich, et al., 2006Fan and Qian, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeH2HeH2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 240.200.185.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.4.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.4.5.5.
Final hold (min) 15. 20.  
I 1055.1082.1053.1078.1069.
ReferenceIsogai, Utsunomiya, et al., 2005Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004Lee and Noble, 2003López, Ortín, et al., 2003Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxEC-1000FFAPDB-WaxFFAP
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas H2HeH2H2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.250.250.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.35.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.230.240.200.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.3.4.6.
Initial hold (min) 5.5.5.5.2.
Final hold (min) 60.15. 60.5.
I 1070.1075.1060.1070.1060.
ReferenceAznar, López, et al., 2001Bendall, 2001Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001Czerny and Grosch, 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 30.25.60.60.60.
Carrier gas H2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.30.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.5 0.50.50.5
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 245.190.190.190.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 3.2.5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 20.20.   
I 1088.1070.1075.1075.1075.
ReferenceKotseridis and Baumes, 2000Xue, Ye, et al., 2000Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 1998Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MDB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.80.60.60.
Carrier gas HeH2 HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.20.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.25 0.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.70.30.30.
Tend (C) 190.220.170.180.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.3.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.  4.4.
Final hold (min)      
I 1075.1074.1060.1065.1067.
ReferenceFerreira, Lopez, et al., 1998Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 1998Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Takeoka and Butter, 1989Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Beck, Higbee, et al., 2008
Beck, J.J.; Higbee, B.S.; Marrill, G.B.; Roitman, J.N., Comparison of volatile emissions from undamaged and mechanically damaged almonds, J, Sci. Food Argic., 2008, 88, 8, 1363-1368, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3224 . [all data]

Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008
Callejon, R.M.; Morales, M.L.; Ferreira, A.C.S.; Troncoso, A.M., Defining the typical aroma of sherry vinegar: sensory and chemical approach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 17, 8086-8095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf800903n . [all data]

Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008
Caldeira, I.; de Sousa, R.B.; Balchior, A.P.; Climaco, M.C., A sensory and chemical approach to the aroma of wooden aged Lourinha wine brandy, Ciencia Tec. Vitiv., 2008, 23, 2, 97-110. [all data]

Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007
Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontán, A.; Gatti, P.; Martínez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley's glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 2007, 32, 1, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.3376/1081-1710(2007)32[75:VCSBBO]2.0.CO;2 . [all data]

Chin, Nazimah, et al., 2007
Chin, S.T.; Nazimah, S.A.H.; Quek, S.Y.; Che Man, Y.B.; Rahman, R.A.; Hashim, D.M., Analysis of volatile compounds from Malaysian durians (Durio zibethinus) using headspace SPME coupled to fast GC-MS, J. Food Comp. Anal., 2007, 20, 1, 31-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.04.011 . [all data]

Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007
Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2007, 225, 1, 9-19, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-006-0375-0 . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006, 2
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 333-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1621 . [all data]

Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 2006
Kishimoto, T.; Wanikawa, A.; Kono, K.; Shibata, K., Comparison of the Odor-Active Compounds in Unhopped Beer and Beers Hopped with Different Hop Varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 23, 8855-8861, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061342c . [all data]

Komes, Ulrich, et al., 2006
Komes, D.; Ulrich, D.; Lovric, T., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Croatian Rhine Riesling wine, subregion Zagorje, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 222, 1-2, 1-7, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-0094-y . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2005
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese Yanghe Daqu Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7931-7938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051011k . [all data]

Isogai, Utsunomiya, et al., 2005
Isogai, A.; Utsunomiya, H.; Kanda, R.; Iwata, H., Changes in the Aroma Compounds of Sake during Aging, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 10, 4118-4123, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047933p . [all data]

Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004
Culleré, L.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative study of the aroma of six premium auality Spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 6, 1653-1660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350820 . [all data]

Lee and Noble, 2003
Lee, S.-J.; Noble, A.C., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Californian Chardonnay wines using GC-olfactometry and GC-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 27, 8036-8044, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034747v . [all data]

López, Ortín, et al., 2003
López, R.; Ortín, N.; Pérez-Trujillo, J.P.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Impact odorants of different young white wines from the Canary islands, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3419-3425, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf026045w . [all data]

Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002
Ferreira, V.; Ortín, N.; Escudero, A.; López, R.; Cacho, J., Chemical characterization of the aroma of grenache Rosé wines: aroma extract dilution analysis, quantitative determination, and sensory reconstitution studies, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 14, 4048-4054, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0115645 . [all data]

Aznar, López, et al., 2001
Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J.F.; Ferreira, V., Identification and quantification of impact odorants of aged red wines from Rioja. GC-olfactometry, quantitative GC-MS, and odor evaluation of HPLC fractions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 6, 2924-2929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001372u . [all data]

Bendall, 2001
Bendall, J.G., Aroma compounds of fresh milk from New Zealand cows fed different diets, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 10, 4825-4832, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010334n . [all data]

Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001
Ducruet, V.; Fournier, N.; Saillard, P.; Feigenbaum, A.; Guichard, E., Influence of packaging on the aroma stability of strawberry syrup during shelf life, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 5, 2290-2297, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012796 . [all data]

Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001
Ferreira, V.; Aznar, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J., Quantitative gas chromatography-olfactometry carried out at different dilutions of an extract. Differences in the odor profiles of four high-quality spanish aged red wines, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 10, 4818-4824, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010283u . [all data]

Czerny and Grosch, 2000
Czerny, M.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of raw Arabica coffee. Their changes during roasting, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 3, 868-872, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990609n . [all data]

Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000
Kotseridis, Y.; Baumes, R., Identification of impact odorants in Bordeaux red grape juice, in the commercial yeast used for its fermentation, and in the produced wine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 2, 400-406, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990565i . [all data]

Xue, Ye, et al., 2000
Xue, C.; Ye, M.; Li, Z.; Cai, Y.; Tan, L.; Lin, H.; Sakaguchi, M., Changes in the volatile compounds of Yellowtail (Seriola aureovitata) during refrigerated storage, Asian Fisheries Sciences, 2000, 13, 263-270. [all data]

Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999
Lopez, R.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez, P.; Cacho, J.F., Identification of impact odorants of young red wines made with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache grape varieties: a comparative study, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1999, 79, 11, 1461-1467, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199908)79:11<1461::AID-JSFA388>3.0.CO;2-K . [all data]

Ferreira, Ardanuy, et al., 1998
Ferreira, V.; Ardanuy, M.; López, R.; Cacho, J.F., Relationship between flavor dilution values and odor unit values in hydroalcoholic solutions: role of volatility and a practical rule for its estimation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 10, 4341-4346, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980144l . [all data]

Ferreira, Lopez, et al., 1998
Ferreira, V.; Lopez, R.; Escudero, A.; Cacho, J.F., The Aroma of Red Wine: Hierarchy Grenache and Nature of its Main Odorants, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1998, 77, 2, 259-267, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199806)77:2<259::AID-JSFA36>3.0.CO;2-Q . [all data]

Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 1998
Werkhoff, P.; Güntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1076-1093, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970655s . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.) in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s)., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References