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2,6-Lutidine

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.872.0Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.870.1Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
PackedApolane130.874.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
CapillarySE-30110.869.Samusenko and Golovnya, 198825. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-3080.866.Samusenko and Golovnya, 198825. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101150.876.Morishita, Morimoto, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
CapillaryOV-10180.866.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198625. m/0.25 mm/0.156 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10180.866.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198635. m/0.25 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10180.866.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198635. m/0.25 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10180.866.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198635. m/0.25 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10180.868.Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 198650. m/0.25 mm/0.125 «mu»m, He
PackedApiezon L130.903.Shatts, Avots, et al., 1977He, Chromosorb W AW-DMCS; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedApolane70.863.8Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedApiezon L100.880.Zhuravleva, Kapustin, et al., 1976N2 or He, Chromosorb G, AW; Column length: 2.7 m
PackedPMS-100130.868.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPMS-100150.852.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPMS-100180.850.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-40M110.1253.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryPEG-40M80.1243.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M150.1288.Morishita, Morimoto, et al., 1986N2; Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm
PackedPEG-2000150.1285.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000152.1280.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000179.1300.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000180.1282.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedPEG-2000200.1271.Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973He, Celite 545 (44-60 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Petro865.8Lu, Zhao, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-54884.95Yin, Xiu, et al., 200135. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm
CapillaryOV-1859.2Gautzsch and Zinn, 19968. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-101870.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1988He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryOV-101870.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1988He, 8. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryOV-101870.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1988He, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryDB-5884.Premecz and Ford, 1987He, 60. C @ 10. min, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 3. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5874.Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS890.Varlet, Serot, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 70C => 5C/min => 85C(1min) => 3C/min => 165C => 10C/min => 280C(3min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1276.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1266.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryPEG-40M1257.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.80 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 100. C
CapillaryPEG-40M1258.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.80 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryPEG-40M1255.Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 198825. m/0.32 mm/0.80 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryCAM1243.Premecz and Ford, 1987He, 60. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 21. min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5887.2Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillarySE-30868.3Bur'yan and Nabivach, 19921.7 K/min; Tstart: 82. C; Tend: 177. C
CapillaryDB-1844.Ishihara, Tsuneya, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1846.Ishihara, Tsuneya, et al., 199260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1857.Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1857.Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30882.Li, Gao, et al., 2000Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1869.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1869.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1241.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1243.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1245.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1245.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1245.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1245.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1246.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1246.Baltes and Bochmann, 1987Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5136.27Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Samusenko and Golovnya, 1988
Samusenko, A.L.; Golovnya, R.V., Prediction of the retention indices of methyl pyridines and pyrazines in capillary gas chromatography based on the non-linear additivity of the sorption energy, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 6, 531-535, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02324828 . [all data]

Morishita, Morimoto, et al., 1986
Morishita, F.; Morimoto, S.; Kojima, T., Prediction of molecular structures of aza-arenes by retention indices and fluorescence spectra, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 11, 688-692, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240091120 . [all data]

Samusenko, Svetlova, et al., 1986
Samusenko, A.L.; Svetlova, N.I.; Golovnya, R.V., Reproducible and durable glass capillary columns with hydrogenated apiezon-l and OV-101 for the analysis of polar substances, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1986, 61, 1, 127-133. [all data]

Shatts, Avots, et al., 1977
Shatts, V.D.; Avots, A.A.; Belikov, V.A., Retention indices of alkylpyridines, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1977, 32, 4, 631-638. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Zhuravleva, Kapustin, et al., 1976
Zhuravleva, I.L.; Kapustin, Yu.P.; Golovnya, P.B., Retention indices of some isoaliphatic and heterocyclic nitrogenous bases, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1976, 31, 1378-1380. [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., 1973, 1, 51-63. [all data]

Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987
Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Predicting retention indices of methyl-substituted pyridines in gas capillary chromatogrpahy on the basis of the principle of the nonadditive change in the energy of sorption, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1987, 10, 2234-2239. [all data]

Lu, Zhao, et al., 2004
Lu, X.; Zhao, M.; Kong, H.; Cai, J.; Wu, J.; Wu, M.; Hua, R.; Liu, J.; Xu, G., Characterization of cigarette smoke condensates by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC x GC/TOFMS) Part 2: Basic fraction, J. Sep. Sci., 2004, 27, 1-2, 101-109, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200301659 . [all data]

Yin, Xiu, et al., 2001
Yin, W.; Xiu, Z.; Aijin, H., Analysis of the volatile components in trogopterorum feces by capillary gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Fenxi Huaxue, 2001, 29, 2, 195-198. [all data]

Gautzsch and Zinn, 1996
Gautzsch, R.; Zinn, P., Use of incremental models to estimate the retention indexes of aromatic compounds, Chromatographia, 1996, 43, 3/4, 163-176, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02292946 . [all data]

Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1988
Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Lyapin, V.A., Prediction of linear temperature programmed retention indices of methylpyridines in capillary gas chromatography, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1988, 63, 2, 311-317. [all data]

Premecz and Ford, 1987
Premecz, J.E.; Ford, M.E., Gas chromatographic separation of substituted pyridines, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 388, 23-35, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94463-2 . [all data]

Rostad and Pereira, 1986
Rostad, C.E.; Pereira, W.E., Kovats and Lee retention indices determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry for organic compounds of environmental interest, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 6, 328-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090603 . [all data]

Varlet, Serot, et al., 2007
Varlet, V.; Serot, T.; Cardinal, M.; Knockaert, C.; Prost, C., Olfactometric Determination of the Most Potent Odor-Active Compounds in Salmon Muscle (Salmo salar) Smoked by Using Four Smoke Generation Techniques, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 11, 4518-4525, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf063468f . [all data]

Le Guen, Prost, et al., 2000
Le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Characterization of odorant compounds of mussels (Mytilus edulis) according to their origin using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 896, 1-2, 361-371, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00729-9 . [all data]

Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 1996
Shimoda, M.; Peralta, R.R.; Osajima, Y., Headspace gas analysis of fish sauce, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 11, 3601-3605, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960345u . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Bur'yan and Nabivach, 1992
Bur'yan, P.; Nabivach, V.M., Investigation of composition of higher heterocnitrogen bases of brown coal tar, Coke Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1992, 5, 29-33. [all data]

Ishihara, Tsuneya, et al., 1992
Ishihara, M.; Tsuneya, T.; Shiga, M.; Kawashima, S.; Yamagishi, K.; Yoshida, F.; Sato, H.; Uneyama, K., New pyridine derivatives and basic components in spearmint oil (Mentha gentilis f. cardiaca) and peppermint oil (Mentha piperita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 9, 1647-1655, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00021a034 . [all data]

Flath, Matsumoto, et al., 1989
Flath, R.A.; Matsumoto, K.E.; Binder, R.G.; Cunningham, R.T.; Mon, T.R., Effect of pH on the volatiles of hydrolyzed protein insect baits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 814-819, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a053 . [all data]

Li, Gao, et al., 2000
Li, R.; Gao, S.-G.; Xiang, B.-R., Using improved BP neural network in predicting GC retention indices, Computers appl. chem. (Chinese), 2000, 17, 1-2, 113-114. [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Baltes and Bochmann, 1987
Baltes, W.; Bochmann, G., Model reactions on roast aroma formations, V. Mass spectrometric identification of pyrifines, oxazoles, and carbocyclic compounds from the reaction of serine and threonine with sucrose under the conditions of coffee roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1987, 185, 1, 5-9, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01083331 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References