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2,6-Lutidine

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas14.0kcal/molN/ACox and Gundry, 1958Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of 12.6 kj/mol from Cox and Gundry, 1958 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 46.06 kj/mol from missing citation.; DRB
Deltafgas13.42 ± 0.37kcal/molCmAndon, Cox, et al., 1957ALS

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid3.01kcal/molCcbCox and Gundry, 1958see Cox, Challoner, et al., 1954; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-968.80kcal/molCcbCox and Gundry, 1958see Cox, Challoner, et al., 1954; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid58.375cal/mol*KN/ASteele, Chirico, et al., 1986DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
44.257298.15Steele, Chirico, et al., 1986T = 10 to 440 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil417. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 22 out of 26 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus268. ± 7.KAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple267.03KN/AChirico, Hossenlopp, et al., 1994Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc623.8KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc623.75KN/AAmbrose and Grant, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap10.85kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap11.0 ± 0.57kcal/molCGCLipkind and Chickos, 2009Based on data from 342. - 373. K.; AC
Deltavap10.8kcal/molN/ABen-makhlouf-Hakem, Ait-Kaci, et al., 2005Based on data from 263. - 353. K.; AC
Deltavap11.1kcal/molCGCChickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995Based on data from 323. - 373. K.; AC
Deltavap11.009kcal/molVAndon, Cox, et al., 1957ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
8.953417.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
10.4330.N/ASakoguchi, Ueoka, et al., 1995Based on data from 288. - 373. K.; AC
10.5320.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 1995Based on data from 315. - 457. K.; AC
9.89360.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 1995Based on data from 315. - 457. K.; AC
9.27400.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 1995Based on data from 315. - 457. K.; AC
8.60440.EBSteele, Chirico, et al., 1995Based on data from 315. - 457. K.; AC
10.8310.EBLencka, 1990Based on data from 295. - 417. K.; AC
9.94367.A,MGStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 352. - 418. K. See also Herington and Martin, 1953.; AC
11.0282.MMWisniewska, Lencka, et al., 1986Based on data from 267. - 358. K.; AC
10.6313.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1985AC
10.2343.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1985AC
9.75368.CMajer, Svoboda, et al., 1985AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kcal/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
313. - 368.15.140.2961623.8Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
352.44 - 417.54.182141474.239-64.685Herington and Martin, 1953, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
3.117267.1Chirico, Hossenlopp, et al., 1994, 2AC

Temperature of phase transition

Ttrs (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
35.816crystaline, IIcrystaline, ISteele, Chirico, et al., 1986DH
267.033crystaline, IliquidSteele, Chirico, et al., 1986DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C7H10N+ + 2,6-Lutidine = (C7H10N+ bullet 2,6-Lutidine)

By formula: C7H10N+ + C7H9N = (C7H10N+ bullet C7H9N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.3kcal/molPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.2cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983gas phase

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 652
NIST MS number 227861

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Cox and Gundry, 1958
Cox, J.D.; Gundry, H.A., Heats of combustion. Part II. The six lutidines, J. Chem. Soc., 1958, 1019-1022. [all data]

Andon, Cox, et al., 1957
Andon, R.J.L.; Cox, J.D.; Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., The second virial coefficients of pyridine and benzene, and certain of their methyl homologues, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1957, 53, 1074. [all data]

Cox, Challoner, et al., 1954
Cox, J.D.; Challoner, A.R.; Meetham, A.R., The heats of combustion of pyridine and certain of its derivatives, J. Chem. Soc., 1954, 265-271. [all data]

Steele, Chirico, et al., 1986
Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D.; Collier, W.B.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Nguyen, A.; Strube, M.M., Thermochemical and thermophysical properties of organic nitrogen compounds found in fossil materials, NIPER Report, 1986, 188, 112p. [all data]

Chirico, Hossenlopp, et al., 1994
Chirico, R.D.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Gammon, B.E.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Steele, W.V., Heat capacities of the six dimethylpyridines between the temperatures 10 K and 445 K and methyl-group rotational barriers in the solid state a,b, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1994, 26, 11, 1187, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1994.1138 . [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Ambrose and Grant, 1957
Ambrose, D.; Grant, D.G., The Critical Temperatures of Some Hydrocarbons and Pyridine Bases, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1957, 53, 771. [all data]

Lipkind and Chickos, 2009
Lipkind, Dmitri; Chickos, James S., An examination of the vaporization enthalpies and vapor pressures of pyrazine, pyrimidine, pyridazine, and 1,3,5-triazine, Struct Chem, 2009, 20, 1, 49-58, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11224-008-9389-5 . [all data]

Ben-makhlouf-Hakem, Ait-Kaci, et al., 2005
Ben-makhlouf-Hakem, Hamama; Ait-Kaci, Ahmed; Jose, Jacques, Vapour pressures and excess functions of (3,5; 2,6)dimethylpyridine+n-hexane, n-heptane and n-octane measurement and prediction, Fluid Phase Equilibria, 2005, 232, 1-2, 189-206, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fluid.2005.03.028 . [all data]

Chickos, Hosseini, et al., 1995
Chickos, James S.; Hosseini, Sarah; Hesse, Donald G., Determination of vaporization enthalpies of simple organic molecules by correlations of changes in gas chromatographic net retention times, Thermochimica Acta, 1995, 249, 41-62, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(95)90670-3 . [all data]

Sakoguchi, Ueoka, et al., 1995
Sakoguchi, Akihiro; Ueoka, Ryuichi; Kato, Yasuo; Arai, Yasuhiko, Vapor Pressures of Alkylpyridines and Alkylpyrazines., KAGAKU KOGAKU RONBUNSHU, 1995, 21, 1, 219-223, https://doi.org/10.1252/kakoronbunshu.21.219 . [all data]

Steele, Chirico, et al., 1995
Steele, W.V.; Chirico, R.D.; Nguyen, A.; Knipmeyer, S.E., Vapor pressures, high-temperature heat capacities, critical properties, derived thermodynamic functions, and barriers to methyl-group rotation, for the six dimethylpyridines, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1995, 27, 3, 311-334, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1995.0030 . [all data]

Lencka, 1990
Lencka, Malgorzata, Measurements of the vapour pressures of pyridine, 2-methylpyridine, 2,4-dimethylpyridine, 2,6-dimethylpyridine, and 2,4,6-trimethylpyridine from 0.1 kPa to atmospheric pressure using a modified Swietoslawski ebulliometer, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1990, 22, 5, 473-480, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(90)90139-H . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Herington and Martin, 1953
Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., Vapour pressures of pyridine and its homologues, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1953, 49, 154, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9534900154 . [all data]

Wisniewska, Lencka, et al., 1986
Wisniewska, Barbara; Lencka, Malgorzata; Rogalski, Marek, Vapour pressures of 2,4-, 2,6-, and 3,5-dimethylpyridine at temperatures from 267 to 360 K, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1986, 18, 8, 703-708, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(86)90102-3 . [all data]

Majer, Svoboda, et al., 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V.; Lencka, M., Enthalpies of vaporization and cohesive energies of dimethylpyridines and trimethylpyridines, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1985, 17, 4, 365-370, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(85)90133-8 . [all data]

Herington and Martin, 1953, 2
Herington, E.F.G.; Martin, J.F., Vapour Pressures of Pyridine and its Homologues, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1953, 49, 154-162, https://doi.org/10.1039/tf9534900154 . [all data]

Chirico, Hossenlopp, et al., 1994, 2
Chirico, R.D.; Hossenlopp, I.A.; Gammon, B.E.; Knipmeyer, S.E.; Steele, W.V., Heat capacities of the six dimethylpyridines between the temperatures 10 K and 445 K and methyl-group rotational barriers in the solid state a,b, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1994, 26, 11, 1187-1218, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1994.1138 . [all data]

Meot-Ner M. and Sieck, 1983
Meot-Ner M.; Sieck, L.W., The Ionic Hydrogen Bond. 1. Sterically Hindered Bonds. Solvation and Clustering of Sterically Hindered Amines and Pyridines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 105, 10, 2956, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00348a005 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References