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Benzenamine, 3-methyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas61.1kJ/molCcbDraeger, 1984ALS
Deltafgas87.9kJ/molN/APushin, 1954Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of 42.3 kj/mol from Pushin, 1954 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 45.61 kj/mol from missing citation.; DRB

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid42.3kJ/molCcbPushin, 1954Author's hf298_condensed=8.5 kcal/mol; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4083.kJ/molCcbPushin, 1954Author's hf298_condensed=8.5 kcal/mol; ALS
Deltacliquid-4047.kJ/molCcbSwarts, 1909ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
167.2303.15Guseinov, Mirzaliev, et al., 1988T = 303 to 463 K. p = 0.1 MPa. Unsmooethed experimental datum. Cp(liq) = 0.8666 + 0.0022600 + (0.0007010 - 6.0538x10-6T)P kJ/kg*K (303.15 to 523.25 K, 0.1 to 25 MPa).; DH
216.7302.7de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1934DH
216.7302.7Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil476. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 13 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus241. ± 8.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc709.15KN/AGlaser and Ruland, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc41.5433barN/AGlaser and Ruland, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3.0398 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap58. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
51.1409.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 394. - 477. K. See also Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949 and Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
394.92 - 476.494.199831618.386-90.631Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
8.800241.65Meva'a and Lichanot, 1990DH
8.8241.7Acree, 1991AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
36.241.65Meva'a and Lichanot, 1990DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C7H8N- + Hydrogen cation = Benzenamine, 3-methyl-

By formula: C7H8N- + H+ = C7H9N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1535. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1505. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Urea, N,N'-bis(3-methylphenyl)- = Benzenamine, 3-methyl- + Benzene, 1-isocyanato-3-methyl-

By formula: C15H16N2O = C7H9N + C8H7NO

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar126.2 ± 1.7kJ/molEqkChimishkyan, Svetlova, et al., 1984solid phase; Dissociation; ALS

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C7H9N+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)7.54 ± 0.03eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)895.8kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity864.0kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
7.55PECowling and Johnstone, 1973LLK
7.7 ± 0.1CTSFarrell and Newton, 1966RDSH
7.6 ± 0.1EIEland, Shepherd, et al., 1966RDSH
7.75CTSBriegleb and Czekalla, 1959RDSH
7.50 ± 0.02PIVilesov and Terenin, 1957RDSH
7.82PEPalmer, Moyes, et al., 1979Vertical value; LLK
7.66PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1974Vertical value; LLK
7.66PEKobayashi and Nagakura, 1972Vertical value; LLK

De-protonation reactions

C7H8N- + Hydrogen cation = Benzenamine, 3-methyl-

By formula: C7H8N- + H+ = C7H9N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1535. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1505. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1998.
NIST MS number 290543

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Draeger, 1984
Draeger, J.A., Chemical-thermodynamic properties of molecules that undergo inversion. II. The methylanilines, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1984, 16, 1067-1073. [all data]

Pushin, 1954
Pushin, N.A., Heats of combustion and heats of formation of isomeric organic compounds, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belgrade, 1954, 19, 531-547. [all data]

Swarts, 1909
Swarts, M.F., Sur la chaleur de formation de l'aniline et de quelquesuns de ses derives, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1909, 28, 155-165. [all data]

Guseinov, Mirzaliev, et al., 1988
Guseinov, S.O.; Mirzaliev, A.A.; Shakhmuradov, Sh.G., Investigation of the isobaric heat capacity of meta- and ortho-toluidine over a wide interval ov varying temperature and pressure, Iaz. Vyssh. Ucheb. Zaved., Neft i Gaz 31(9), 1988, 13, 35. [all data]

de Kolossowsky and Udowenko, 1934
de Kolossowsky, N.; Udowenko, W.W., Determination des chaleurs specifiques des liquides, Compt. rend., 1934, 198, 1394-1395. [all data]

Kolosovskii and Udovenko, 1934
Kolosovskii, N.A.; Udovenko, W.W., Specific heat of liquids. II., Zhur. Obshchei Khim., 1934, 4, 1027-1033. [all data]

Glaser and Ruland, 1957
Glaser, F.; Ruland, H., Untersuchungsen über dampfdruckkurven und kritische daten einiger technisch wichtiger organischer substanzen, Chem. Ing. Techn., 1957, 29, 772. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Shrader, S.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2879-2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a054 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Meva'a and Lichanot, 1990
Meva'a, L.M.; Lichanot, A., Proprietes thermodynamiques en phase condensee des ortho, meta et para fluorotoluene, cresol et toluidine, Thermochim. Acta, 1990, 158, 335-345. [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]

Chimishkyan, Svetlova, et al., 1984
Chimishkyan, A.L.; Svetlova, L.P.; Leonova, T.V.; Gluyaev, N.D., Thermal decomposition of substituted ureas, J. Gen. Chem. USSR, 1984, 54, 1317-1320. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Cowling and Johnstone, 1973
Cowling, S.A.; Johnstone, R.A.W., Photoelectron spectroscopy: The effects of steric inhibition to resonance in anilines, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1973, 2, 161. [all data]

Farrell and Newton, 1966
Farrell, P.G.; Newton, J., Ionization potentials of primary aromatic amines and aza-hydrocarbons, Tetrahedron Lett., 1966, 5517. [all data]

Eland, Shepherd, et al., 1966
Eland, J.H.D.; Shepherd, P.J.; Danby, C.J., Ionization potentials of aromatic molecules determined by analytical interpretation of electron impact data, Z. Naturforsch., 1966, 21a, 1580. [all data]

Briegleb and Czekalla, 1959
Briegleb, G.; Czekalla, J., Die Bestimmung von lonisierungsenergien aus den Spektren von Elektronenubergangskomplexen, Z.Elektrochem., 1959, 63, 6. [all data]

Vilesov and Terenin, 1957
Vilesov, F.I.; Terenin, A.N., The photoionization of the vapors of certain organic compounds, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1957, 115, 744, In original 539. [all data]

Palmer, Moyes, et al., 1979
Palmer, M.H.; Moyes, W.; Spiers, M.; Ridyard, J.N.A., The electronic structure of substituted benzenes; a study of aniline, the toluidines, phenylenediamines and fluoroanilines by photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio calculations, J. Mol. Struct., 1979, 53, 235. [all data]

Kobayashi and Nagakura, 1974
Kobayashi, T.; Nagakura, S., Photoelectron spectra of substituted benzenes, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1974, 47, 2563. [all data]

Kobayashi and Nagakura, 1972
Kobayashi, T.; Nagakura, S., Photoelectron spectra of anilines, Chem. Lett., 1972, 1013. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References