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Benzene, 1,3-dimethyl-

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Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-WaxZB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MPEG-20M
Column length (m) 60.60.15.15.50.
Carrier gas   HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.50.50.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  0.13
Temperature (C) 100.120.150.150.80.
I 1176.51188.11123.1123.1134.6
ReferencePérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MPEG-20MSupelcowax-10PEG-40MPEG-40M
Column length (m) 50.50.60.50.50.
Carrier gas HeHeN2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.20.750.30.3
Phase thickness (mum) 0.190.22   
Temperature (C) 80.80.60.110.80.
I 1147.31149.91151.1157.1145.
ReferenceOrav, Kuningas, et al., 1994Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1994Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m)      
Carrier gas      
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.110.120.70.80.
I 1166.411171.521176.291151.541156.28
ReferencePodmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Carbowax 20MPEG-20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m)  30.2.  
Carrier gas  N2N2  
Substrate   Kieselgur (60-100 mesh)Chromosorb W, AW-DMCSChromosorb W, AW-DMCS
Column diameter (mm)  0.3   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 90.70.75.150.150.
I 1161.651145.31149.1175.81175.8
ReferencePodmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985Tóth, 1983Goebel, 1982Ellis and Still, 1979Ellis and Still, 1979
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryPackedPackedPacked
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MPEG-2000PEG-2000PEG-2000
Column length (m) 100.100.3.3.3.
Carrier gas N2 HeHeHe
Substrate   Celite 545 (44-60 mesh)Celite 545 (44-60 mesh)Celite 545 (44-60 mesh)
Column diameter (mm) 0.230.2   
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.90.150.152.179.
I 1140.71124.31192.1185.1195.
ReferenceEngewald and Wennrich, 1976Döring, Estel, et al., 1974Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase PEG-2000Polyethylene Glycol 4000Polyethylene Glycol 4000Polyethylene Glycol 4000Polyethylene Glycol 4000
Column length (m) 3.6.6.6.6.
Carrier gas He    
Substrate Celite 545 (44-60 mesh)Chromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb PChromosorb P
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 180.100.120.140.80.
I 1194.1168.1176.1182.1161.
ReferenceAnderson, Jurel, et al., 1973Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967Bonastre and Grenier, 1967
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Pérez-Parajón, Santiuste, et al., 2004
Pérez-Parajón, J.M.; Santiuste, J.M.; Takács, J.M., Sensitivity of the methylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes retention index to column temperature, stationary phase polarity, and number and chemical nature of substituents, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1048, 2, 223-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.07.028 . [all data]

Egazaryants and Maximov, 1998
Egazaryants, S.V.; Maximov, A.L., Analysis of Gasoline Fractions by Capillary GC in 20th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 1998, 1-6. [all data]

Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1994
Orav, A.; Kuningas, K.; Kailas, T.; Koplimets, E.; Rang, S., Effect of adsorption on the retention values in capillary columns coated with OV-225 and PEG 20M, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 659, 1, 143-150, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)85016-X . [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1991
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Gerbino, T., Gas chromatographic separation and automatic identification of complex mixtures of organic solvents in indrustrial wates, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 585, 2, 273-280, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)85088-W . [all data]

Golovnya, Samusenko, et al., 1987
Golovnya, R.V.; Samusenko, A.L.; Dmitriev, L.B., Predicting retention indices of methyl-substituted pyridines in gas capillary chromatogrpahy on the basis of the principle of the nonadditive change in the energy of sorption, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Khim., 1987, 10, 2234-2239. [all data]

Podmaniczky, Szepesy, et al., 1985
Podmaniczky, L.; Szepesy, L.; Lakszner, K.; Schomburg, G., Relationship between thermodynamic characteristics and isothermal retention indices, Chromatographia, 1985, 20, 10, 623-628, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02263223 . [all data]

Tóth, 1983
Tóth, T., Use of capillary gas chromatography in collecting retention and chemical information for the analysis of complex petrochemical mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 279, 157-165, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93614-3 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Ellis and Still, 1979
Ellis, T.S.; Still, R.H., Thermal degradation of polymers. XXI. Vacuum pyrolysis of poly(m-N,N-dimethylaminostyrene); the products volatile at pyrolysis temperature, liquid at room temperature, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1979, 23, 10, 2837-2854, https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1979.070231002 . [all data]

Engewald and Wennrich, 1976
Engewald, W.; Wennrich, L., Molekülstruktur und Retentionsverhalten. VIII. Zum Retentionsverhalten höherer Alkylbenzole bei der Gas-Verteilungs-Chromatographie, Chromatographia, 1976, 9, 11, 540-547, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02275960 . [all data]

Döring, Estel, et al., 1974
Döring, C.E.; Estel, D.; Fischer, R., Kapillar-gaschromatographische Charakterisierung von C10-bis C12-Aromaten, J. Prakt. Chem., 1974, 316, 1, 1-12, https://doi.org/10.1002/prac.19743160102 . [all data]

Anderson, Jurel, et al., 1973
Anderson, A.; Jurel, S.; Shymanska, M.; Golender, L., Gas-liquid chromatography of some aliphatic and heterocyclic mono- and pollyfunctional amines. VII. Retention indices of amines in some polar and unpolar stationary phases, Latv. PSR Zinat. Akad. Vestis Kim. Ser., 1973, 1, 51-63. [all data]

Bonastre and Grenier, 1967
Bonastre, J.; Grenier, P., Contribution à l'étude de la polarité des phases stationnaires en chromatographie gas-liquide. I. Calcul des coefficients d'activité relatifs et des indices de rétention de quelques hydrocarbures aromatiques, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1967, 4, 1395-1405. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal, References