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Pentane, 2,4-dimethyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-202.1 ± 0.96kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1945ALS
Deltafgas-205.1kJ/molN/ADavies and Gilbert, 1941Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -238.0±1.0 kj/mol from Davies and Gilbert, 1941 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 32.9 kj/mol from Prosen and Rossini, 1945.; DRB
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas396.73J/mol*KN/AHuffman H.M., 1961GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
115.44200.Scott D.W., 1974Recommended values were obtained from the consistent correlation scheme for alkanes [ Scott D.W., 1974, 2, Scott D.W., 1974]. This approach gives a good agreement with experimental data available for alkanes. However, large uncertainties could be expected at high temperatures.; GT
157.57273.15
170.8 ± 0.4298.15
171.71300.
220.08400.
261.37500.
296.23600.
326.35700.
352.29800.
374.47900.
394.131000.
411.291100.
426.351200.
439.321300.
451.871400.
464.421500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-235.0 ± 0.96kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1945ALS
Deltafliquid-238. ± 1.kJ/molCcbDavies and Gilbert, 1941ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-4806.29 ± 0.84kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1945Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -234.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-4802. ± 1.kJ/molCcbDavies and Gilbert, 1941Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -238.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid303.17J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Gross, et al., 1961DH
liquid291.6J/mol*KN/AHuffman, Parks, et al., 1930Extrapolation below 90 K, 65.90 J/mol*K.; DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
224.22298.15Huffman, Gross, et al., 1961T = 10 to 300 K.; DH
220.9294.4Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930T = 92 to 294 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil353.7 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 42 out of 48 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus153. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 27 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple154. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc519.8 ± 0.5KN/ADaubert, 1996 
Tc519.73KN/AMcMicking and Kay, 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tc521.7KN/AFrancis, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc520.25KN/AEdgar and Calingaert, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; measured by Keys and Kleinschmidt; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc27.4 ± 0.5barN/ADaubert, 1996 
Pc27.367barN/AMcMicking and Kay, 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4053 bar; TRC
Pc27.763barN/AEdgar and Calingaert, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5066 bar; measured by Keys and Kleinschmidt; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.418l/molN/ADaubert, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.40 ± 0.05mol/lN/ADaubert, 1996 
rhoc2.40mol/lN/AMcMicking and Kay, 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap33.02kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap32.7 ± 0.1kJ/molCSvoboda, 1998AC
Deltavap32.9 ± 0.1kJ/molCOsborne and Ginnings, 1947AC
Deltavap32.88kJ/molCOsborne and Ginnings, 1947, 2ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
29.55353.7N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
32.3 ± 0.1308.CSvoboda, 1998AC
31.9 ± 0.1315.CSvoboda, 1998AC
31.5 ± 0.1323.CSvoboda, 1998AC
31.0 ± 0.1330.CSvoboda, 1998AC
30.6 ± 0.1338.CSvoboda, 1998AC
30.0 ± 0.1348.CSvoboda, 1998AC
33.3299.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 284. - 355. K. See also Kkykj and Repas, 1973.; AC
33.2302.N/AForziati, Norris, et al., 1949Based on data from 287. - 354. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
286.86 - 354.523.96121197.608-50.877Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
6.845153.97Huffman, Gross, et al., 1961DH
6.85154.Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
6.694152.5Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
44.46153.97Huffman, Gross, et al., 1961DH
43.90152.5Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Hydrogen + 1-Pentene, 2,4-dimethyl- = Pentane, 2,4-dimethyl-

By formula: H2 + C7H14 = C7H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-114.6 ± 1.2kJ/molChydRogers and Dejroongruang, 1989liquid phase; solvent: Cyclohexane
Deltar-112.kJ/molChydTurner, Nettleton, et al., 1958liquid phase; solvent: Acetic acid

Hydrogen + 2-Pentene, 2,4-dimethyl- = Pentane, 2,4-dimethyl-

By formula: H2 + C7H14 = C7H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-109.4 ± 1.2kJ/molChydRogers and Dejroongruang, 1989liquid phase; solvent: Cyclohexane
Deltar-105.kJ/molChydTurner, Nettleton, et al., 1958liquid phase; solvent: Acetic acid

Heptane = Pentane, 2,4-dimethyl-

By formula: C7H16 = C7H16

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-10.6 ± 0.67kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1941liquid phase; Heat of Isomerization
Deltar-14.2 ± 0.92kJ/molCcbProsen and Rossini, 1941gas phase; Heat of Isomerization

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.00034 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.00034 LN/A 
0.00032 VN/A 

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 1043

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.628.9Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000He; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillarySqualane100.630.Heinzen, Soares, et al., 1999 
CapillaryOV-1010.628.Skrbic, 1997 
CapillaryOV-1010.628.Skrbic, 1997 
PackedSqualane78.5632.0Zhang and Lu, 1996 
CapillaryCP Sil 260.626.3Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995100. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-101150.630.3Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryOV-101180.634.9Cha and Lee, 1994Column length: 20. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm
CapillaryDB-160.631.0Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.630.8Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryPONA60.631.0Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-160.630.9Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 1. «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.630.7Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994H2; Phase thickness: 0.2 «mu»m
PackedC78, Branched paraffin130.629.3Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Chromosorb G HP; Column length: 3.3 m
CapillaryBP-10.628.Skrbic and Cvejanov, 199215. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, N2
PackedApolane130.630.Dutoit, 1991Column length: 3.7 m
CapillaryMethyl Silicone40.630.Takeda, 1991Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryMethyl Silicone80.631.Takeda, 1991Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm
CapillaryOV-145.630.4Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198920. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-145.630.5Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-165.631.3Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane50.629.8Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySqualane70.630.5Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198950. m/0.22 mm/0.21 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-5445.629.3Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillarySE-5465.629.8Guan, Kiraly, et al., 198925. m/0.31 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-10140.631.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillaryOV-10160.632.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillaryOV-10180.633.Laub and Purnell, 1988 
CapillarySqualane50.630.Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySqualane70.630.2Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillaryOV-10140.629.9Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10150.630.4Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10160.630.9Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10170.631.5Boneva and Dimov, 1986100. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10130.631.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10140.631.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10150.632.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10160.632.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10170.632.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-10180.633.Chien, Furio, et al., 1983 
CapillaryOV-330.628.7Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-340.629.0Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-350.629.3Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-360.629.6Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-370.630.0Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryOV-380.630.3Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2 
CapillaryDB-160.631.Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.630.9Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillaryOV-150.630.Anders, Scheller, et al., 1982Column length: 55. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm
CapillaryOV-10150.630.Johansen and Ettre, 1982100. m/0.27 mm/0.20 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-10150.630.Johansen and Ettre, 198255. m/0.27 mm/0.9 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-150.632.Johansen and Ettre, 198217.5 m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m
CapillarySE-3050.632.Johansen and Ettre, 198217.5 m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m
CapillarySF-9650.630.Johansen and Ettre, 198291.4 m/0.31 mm/0.20 «mu»m
CapillaryOV-130.630.5Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-140.631.2Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-150.631.9Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-160.632.6Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-170.633.4Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-180.634.2Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3030.633.7Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3040.633.1Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3050.632.2Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3060.631.5Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3070.630.6Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillarySE-3080.629.6Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981H2
CapillaryOV-160.627.Nijs and Jacobs, 1981He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm
PackedSqualane100.631.Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980He, Chromaton N-AW-HMDS; Column length: 1. m
PackedTriacontane70.629.Castello and D'Amato, 1979He, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedTriacontane80.629.Castello and D'Amato, 1979He, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane70.632.Castello and D'Amato, 1979He, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSqualane80.631.Castello and D'Amato, 1979He, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedOV-180.632.Dimov and Papazova, 1979Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 4. m
PackedSE-3080.632.Dimov and Papazova, 1979Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 4. m
CapillarySqualane60.630.Chretien and Dubois, 1976 
CapillarySqualane100.631.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.631.Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976He; Column length: 120. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedApolane70.626.9Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m
CapillarySqualane50.630.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.630.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSF-96100.633.19Castello, Berg, et al., 1973Chromosorb P(DMCS); Column length: 4. m
PackedSF-96110.633.65Castello, Berg, et al., 1973Chromosorb P(DMCS); Column length: 4. m
PackedSF-96120.633.57Castello, Berg, et al., 1973Chromosorb P(DMCS); Column length: 4. m
PackedSF-9680.632.42Castello, Berg, et al., 1973Chromosorb P(DMCS); Column length: 4. m
PackedSF-9690.632.98Castello, Berg, et al., 1973Chromosorb P(DMCS); Column length: 4. m
CapillaryOV-10150.631.Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 197325. m/0.25 mm/1.39 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryOV-10160.631.Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 197325. m/0.25 mm/1.39 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)35.626.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)45.627.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)50.627.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)58.628.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillaryVacuum Grease Oil (VM-4)68.628.Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972 
CapillarySqualane70.629.8Dimov and Schopov, 1971Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-3080.628.Mitra and Saha, 1970N2
PackedSqualane25.630.Mitra and Saha, 1970N2
PackedSqualane80.630.Mitra and Saha, 1970N2
CapillarySqualane40.631.Matukuma, 1969N2; Column length: 91.4 m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane27.629.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.630.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.630.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.631.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane30.629.Tourres, 1967H2; Column length: 10. m
PackedSqualane50.630.Tourres, 1967H2; Column length: 10. m
CapillarySqualane30.629.Tourres, 1967, 2H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.630.Tourres, 1967, 2H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.630.Tourres, 1967, 2H2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane100.631.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane22.629.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane30.629.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane40.632.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane55.631.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane60.630.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane70.630.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedSqualane80.630.Evans, 1966Untreated celite; Column length: 1.8 m
PackedDC-200100.633.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 4. m
PackedSqualane100.631.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 5. m
PackedApiezon L100.627.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 5. m
PackedSqualane26.630.Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966Column length: 10. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101623.Hayes and Pitzer, 1982110. m/0.25 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryApiezon L621.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100630.6Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1633.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.609.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH627.1Censullo, Jones, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-1620.63LECO Corporation, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillarySPB-1621.45LECO Corporation, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5621.2Xu, van Stee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101625.8Yin, Liu, et al., 2001N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 130. C
CapillaryPONA620.3Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryPONA623.1Martos, Saraullo, et al., 199750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 1. K/min, 220. C @ 8. min
CapillaryPetrocol DH623.73Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH623.75Subramaniam, Bochniak, et al., 1994100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-1630.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH624.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone624.Takeda, 199120. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-101623.Hayes and Pitzer, 1981108. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, 1. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101626.Wu and Lu, 1984Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-10140.630.Li and Deng, 1998N2; Column length: 51. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryMethyl Silicone50.630.N/AN2; Column length: 74.6 m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm
CapillaryOV-10150.630.Wu and Lu, 1984, 2 
CapillaryOV-10170.631.Wu and Lu, 1984, 2 
CapillarySqualane100.632.Dimov N., 1976 
CapillarySqualane70.630.Dimov N., 1976 
CapillarySqualane86.621.Vigdergauz and Martynov, 1971He; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.35 mm
CapillaryApiezon L40. - 190.629.Mann, Mühlstädt, et al., 1967Column length: 2. m
PackedMethyl Silicone50.627.Huguet, 1961Nitrogen, Celite C-22; Column length: 2.5 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB631.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryPetrocol DH625.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-1630.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySF-96634.Donetzhuber, Johansson, et al., 1976Nitrogen, 3. K/min, 130. C @ 40. min; Column length: 111. m; Column diameter: 0.76 mm; Initial hold: 8. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone631.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone630.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone631.Blunden, Aneja, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -50 0C (2 min) 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (7.75 min) 25 0C -> 225 0C (8 min)
CapillaryOV-101630.Du and Liang, 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane630.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes626.Yin, Guo, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone630.Zenkevich and Marinichev, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1631.Zhu and Wang, 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone629.Spieksma, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54629.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillarySE-54630.Zhu and He, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1626.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-101628.Skrbic and Cvejanov, 1993Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane624.Petrov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.632.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
PackedApieson L630.Kojima, Fujii, et al., 1980Chromosorb W; Column length: 20. m; Program: not specified
PackedSE-30640.Robinson and Odell, 1971Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 50C(10min) => 20C/min(2min) => 90C(6min) => 10C/min(6min) => (hold at 150C)
PackedSqualane641.Robinson and Odell, 1971Embacel; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: 25C(5min) => 2C/min(5min) => 4C/min(15min) => (hold at 95C)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-10611.Girard and Durance, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Davies and Gilbert, 1941
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Huffman H.M., 1961
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Scott D.W., 1974
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Huffman, Gross, et al., 1961
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Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Thomas, S.B., Thermal data on organic compounds. VIII. The heat capacities, entropies and free energies of the isomeric heptanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 3241-3251. [all data]

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McMicking and Kay, 1965
McMicking, J.H.; Kay, W.B., Vapor Pressures and Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities of The Isomeric Heptanes and Isomeric Octanes, Proc., Am. Pet. Inst., Sect. 3, 1965, 45, 75-90. [all data]

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Francis, A.W., Pressure-Temperature-Liquid Density Relations of Pure Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1957, 49, 1779. [all data]

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Svoboda, 1998
Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of vaporization, and the cohesive and internal energies of 2,2-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,2,3-trimethylpentane, 2,3,3-trimethylpentane, and 3-ethylpentane, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1998, 30, 11, 1411-1417, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1998.0414 . [all data]

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Osborne, N.S.; Ginnings, D.C., Measurements of heat of vaporization and heat capacity of a number of hydrocarbons, J. Res. NBS, 1947, 39, 453-477. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

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Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949
Forziati, Alphonse F.; Norris, William R.; Rossini, Frederick D., Vapor pressures and boiling points of sixty API-NBS hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1949, 43, 6, 555-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

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Forziati, A.F.; Norris, W.R.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of Sixty API-NBS Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), 1949, 43, 6, 555-563, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

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Rogers, D.W.; Dejroongruang, K., Enthalpies of hydrogenation of the dimethylpentenes, ethylpentenes, methylbutene, and trimethylbutene, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1989, 21, 1115-1120. [all data]

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Turner, R.B.; Nettleton, J.E.; Perelman, Heats of Hydrogenation. VI. Heats of hydrogenation of some substituted ethylenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1958, 80, 1430-1433. [all data]

Prosen and Rossini, 1941
Prosen, E.J.R.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of isomerization of the nine heptanes, J. Res. NBS, 1941, 27, 519-528. [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Heinzen, Soares, et al., 1999
Heinzen, V.E.F.; Soares, M.F.; Yunes, R.A., Semi-empirical topological method for the prediction of the chromatographic retention of cis- and trans-alkene isomers and alkanes, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 849, 2, 495-506, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00530-0 . [all data]

Skrbic, 1997
Skrbic, B.D., Unified retention concept -- statistical treatment of Kováts retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 764, 2, 257-264, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(96)00955-7 . [all data]

Zhang and Lu, 1996
Zhang, X.; Lu, P., Unified equation between Kováts indices on different stationary phases for select types of compounds, J. Chromatogr. A, 1996, 731, 1-2, 187-199, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(95)01213-3 . [all data]

Estel, Mohnke, et al., 1995
Estel, D.; Mohnke; Biermans; Rotzsche, The analysis of C4-C11 hydrocarbons in naphtha and reformate with a new apolar fused silica column, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 7, 403-412, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180703 . [all data]

Cha and Lee, 1994
Cha, K.-W.; Lee, D.-J., Prediction of retention indices of various compounds in gas-liquid chromatography, J. Korean Chem. Soc., 1994, 38, 2, 108-120, retrieved from http://journal.kcsnet.or.kr/publi/dh/dh94n2/108.pdf. [all data]

Krupcik, Skacani, et al., 1994
Krupcik, J.; Skacani, I.; Benicka, E.; Sandra, P., Dependence of gas chromatographic retention data of hydrocarbons on the film thickness of the polydimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1994, 59, 11, 2390-2396, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19942390 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Skrbic and Cvejanov, 1992
Skrbic, B.D.; Cvejanov, J.Dj., Unified retention indices of hydrocarbons on BP-1 dimethylsiloxane stationary phase, Chromatographia, 1992, 34, 1/2, 83-84, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02290465 . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Takeda, 1991
Takeda, I., Use of literature values of temperature programmed retention indexes in qualitative analysis by isothermal gas chromatography, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1991, 14, 12, 824-828, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240141209 . [all data]

Guan, Kiraly, et al., 1989
Guan, Y.; Kiraly, J.; Rijks, J.A., Interactive retention index database for compound identification in temperature-programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 472, 129-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94101-3 . [all data]

Laub and Purnell, 1988
Laub, R.J.; Purnell, J.H., Specific retention volumes, retention indices, and family-plot regressions of aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic hydrocarbon solutes with OV-101 poly (dimethylsiloxane) stationary phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1988, 11, 9, 649-660, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240110908 . [all data]

Lunskii and Paizanskaya, 1988
Lunskii, M.Kh.; Paizanskaya, I.L., Identification of hydrocarbons C1-C9 of petrol fractions of oils and condensates in the use of capillary columns with dinonylphthalate, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1988, 43, 127-135. [all data]

Boneva and Dimov, 1986
Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Unified retention index of hydrocarbons separated on dimethylsilicone OV-101, Chromatographia, 1986, 21, 12, 697-700, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02313682 . [all data]

Chien, Furio, et al., 1983
Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-101 and SP-2100 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 10, 577-580, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240061013 . [all data]

Chien, Furio, et al., 1983, 2
Chien, C.-F.; Furio, D.L.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific retention volumes and retention indices of selected hydrocarbon solutes with OV-3, OV-7, OV-11, OV-17, OV-22, and OV-25 polymethylphenylsiloxane solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1983, 6, 12, 669-679, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240061207 . [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 6, 328-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060612 . [all data]

Anders, Scheller, et al., 1982
Anders, G.; Scheller, M.; Schuhler, C.; Struppe, H.G., Zur Vorausberechnung von Bruttoretentioszeiten bei temperaturprogramierter Gaschromatographie mit Hilfe isotherm bestimmter Retentionsindices und einer Anpassung an experimentelle Retentionszeiten, Chromatographia, 1982, 15, 1, 43-47, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269039 . [all data]

Johansen and Ettre, 1982
Johansen, N.G.; Ettre, L.S., Retention index values of hydrocarbons on open-tubular columns coated with methylsilicone liquid phases, Chromatographia, 1982, 15, 10, 625-630, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02279488 . [all data]

Chien, Kopecni, et al., 1981
Chien, C.-F.; Kopecni, M.M.; Laub, R.J., Specific Retention Volumes and Retention Indices of Selected Hydrocarbon Solutes with OV-1 and SE-30 Polydimethylsiloxane Solvents, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1981, 4, 10, 539-543, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240041017 . [all data]

Nijs and Jacobs, 1981
Nijs, H.H.; Jacobs, P.A., On-Line Single Run Analysis of Effluents from a Fischer-Tropsch Reactor, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 1, 40-45, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/19.1.40 . [all data]

Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1980
Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., Relationship between the gas chromatographic behaviour and the molecular structure of hydrocarbon samples and various stationary phases. Part II. Correlation between the retention index, physicochemical properties and molecular structure, Chromatographia, 1980, 13, 2, 93-100, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02263060 . [all data]

Castello and D'Amato, 1979
Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Use of Linear and Branched-Chain Paraffinic Liquid Phases as Non-Polar Reference Materials in Gas Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 175, 1, 27-35, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)86400-6 . [all data]

Dimov and Papazova, 1979
Dimov, N.; Papazova, D., Calculation of retention indices of isoparaffins on different phases, Chromatographia, 1979, 12, 7, 443-447, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02302987 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1976
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J.-E., New Perspectives in the Prediction of Kovats Indices, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 171-189, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84071-1 . [all data]

Lulova, Leont'eva, et al., 1976
Lulova, N.I.; Leont'eva, S.A.; Timofeeva, A.N., Gas-chromatographic method of determination of individual hydrocarbons in catalytic cracking gasolines in Proceedings of All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes. Vol.18, All-Union Research Institute on Oil Processes, Moscow, 1976, 30-53. [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Rijks and Cramers, 1974
Rijks, J.A.; Cramers, C.A., High precision capillary gas chromatography of hydrocarbons, Chromatographia, 1974, 7, 3, 99-106, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269819 . [all data]

Castello, Berg, et al., 1973
Castello, G.; Berg, M.; Lunardelli, M., Temperature dependence of the retention indices of branched-chain paraffins on non-polar stationary phases. A method for its calculation on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 1973, 79, 23-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)85270-5 . [all data]

Pacáková, Hoch, et al., 1973
Pacáková, V.; Hoch, K.; Smolková, E., The Effect of Instrumentation on the Precision of Retention Indexes, Chromatographia, 1973, 6, 7, 320-324, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269334 . [all data]

Sidorov, Petrova, et al., 1972
Sidorov, R.I.; Petrova, V.I.; Ivanova, M.P., Qualitative analysis of wide-boiling fraction C5-C10 with capillary chromatography in Processes in chromatographic columns. Vol.17, 1972, 14-25. [all data]

Dimov and Schopov, 1971
Dimov, N.; Schopov, D., Empirische korrektion der physikalisch-chemischen retentionsindexe von kohlenwasserstoffen auf squalan, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 63, 223-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)85634-X . [all data]

Mitra and Saha, 1970
Mitra, G.D.; Saha, N.C., Determination of Retention Indices of Saturated Hydrocarbons by Graphical Methods, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1970, 8, 2, 95-102, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/8.2.95 . [all data]

Matukuma, 1969
Matukuma, A., Retention indices of alkanes through C10 and alkenes through C8 and relation between boiling points and retention data, Gas Chromatogr., Int. Symp. Anal. Instrum. Div Instrum Soc. Amer., 1969, 7, 55-75. [all data]

Hively and Hinton, 1968
Hively, R.A.; Hinton, R.E., Variation of the retention index with temperature on squalane substrates, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1968, 6, 4, 203-217, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/6.4.203 . [all data]

Tourres, 1967
Tourres, D.A., Structural analysis of industrial butene dimers by gas chromatography, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1967, 5, 1, 35-40, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/5.1.35 . [all data]

Tourres, 1967, 2
Tourres, D.A., Structure moléculaire et rétention en chromatographie en phase gazeuse. Influence de la température sur l'indice de rétention d'alcanes isomères, J. Chromatogr., 1967, 30, 357-377, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)84168-0 . [all data]

Evans, 1966
Evans, M.B., Retention indices of solutes on squalane, dinonyl phthalate, and polyethylene glycol 400, J. Gas Chromatogr., 1966, 4, 1, 1-3, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/4.1.1 . [all data]

Rohrschneider, 1966
Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflüssigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 22, 6-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97064-5 . [all data]

Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966
Zulaïca, J.; Guiochon, G., Analyse des hauts polymères par chromatographie en phase gazeuse de leurs produits de pyrolyse. II. Application à quelques hydrocarbures macromoléculaires purs, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1966, 4, 1351-1363. [all data]

Hayes and Pitzer, 1982
Hayes, P.C., Jr.; Pitzer, E.W., Characterizing petroleum- and shale-derived jet fuel distillates via temperature-programmed Kováts indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 253, 179-198, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88376-X . [all data]

Louis, 1971
Louis, R., Kovats-index-tafeln zur gaschromatographischen analyse von kohlenwasserstoffgemischen, Erdoel Kohle Erdgas Petrochem., 1971, 24, 2, 88-94. [all data]

Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997
Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22. [all data]

Hoekman, 1993
Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 639, 2, 239-253, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80260-F . [all data]

Censullo, Jones, et al., 2003
Censullo, A.C.; Jones, D.R.; Wills, M.T., Speciation of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in solventborne aerosol coatings by solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography, J. Coat. Technol., 2003, 75, 936, 47-53, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02697922 . [all data]

LECO Corporation, 2003
LECO Corporation, Determination of hydrocarbon components in petroleum naphthas, 2003, retrieved from http://www.leco.org/customersupport/apps/separationscience/-190.pdf. [all data]

Xu, van Stee, et al., 2003
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Notes

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