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Pentane, 2,4-dimethyl-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil353.7 ± 0.3KAVGN/AAverage of 42 out of 48 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus153. ± 3.KAVGN/AAverage of 27 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple154. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc519.8 ± 0.5KN/ADaubert, 1996 
Tc519.73KN/AMcMicking and Kay, 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tc521.7KN/AFrancis, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc520.25KN/AEdgar and Calingaert, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; measured by Keys and Kleinschmidt; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc27.0 ± 0.5atmN/ADaubert, 1996 
Pc27.009atmN/AMcMicking and Kay, 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4000 atm; TRC
Pc27.400atmN/AEdgar and Calingaert, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5000 atm; measured by Keys and Kleinschmidt; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.418l/molN/ADaubert, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc2.40 ± 0.05mol/lN/ADaubert, 1996 
rhoc2.40mol/lN/AMcMicking and Kay, 1965Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap7.892kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap7.82 ± 0.02kcal/molCSvoboda, 1998AC
Deltavap7.86 ± 0.02kcal/molCOsborne and Ginnings, 1947AC
Deltavap7.859kcal/molCOsborne and Ginnings, 1947, 2ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
7.063353.7N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
7.72 ± 0.02308.CSvoboda, 1998AC
7.62 ± 0.02315.CSvoboda, 1998AC
7.53 ± 0.02323.CSvoboda, 1998AC
7.41 ± 0.02330.CSvoboda, 1998AC
7.31 ± 0.02338.CSvoboda, 1998AC
7.17 ± 0.02348.CSvoboda, 1998AC
7.96299.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 284. - 355. K. See also Kkykj and Repas, 1973.; AC
7.93302.N/AForziati, Norris, et al., 1949Based on data from 287. - 354. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
286.86 - 354.523.95551197.608-50.877Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
1.636153.97Huffman, Gross, et al., 1961DH
1.64154.Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC
1.600152.5Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.63153.97Huffman, Gross, et al., 1961DH
10.49152.5Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Daubert, 1996
Daubert, T.E., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 5. Branched Alkanes and Cycloalkanes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 365-372. [all data]

McMicking and Kay, 1965
McMicking, J.H.; Kay, W.B., Vapor Pressures and Saturated Liquid and Vapor Densities of The Isomeric Heptanes and Isomeric Octanes, Proc., Am. Pet. Inst., Sect. 3, 1965, 45, 75-90. [all data]

Francis, 1957
Francis, A.W., Pressure-Temperature-Liquid Density Relations of Pure Hydrocarbons, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1957, 49, 1779. [all data]

Edgar and Calingaert, 1929
Edgar, G.; Calingaert, G., Preparation and Properties of the Isomeric Heptanes II. Physical Prop. properties, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1929, 51, 1540. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Svoboda, 1998
Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of vaporization, and the cohesive and internal energies of 2,2-dimethylpentane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, 2,2,3-trimethylpentane, 2,3,3-trimethylpentane, and 3-ethylpentane, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1998, 30, 11, 1411-1417, https://doi.org/10.1006/jcht.1998.0414 . [all data]

Osborne and Ginnings, 1947
Osborne, Nathan S.; Ginnings, Defoe C., Measurements of heat of vaporization and heat capacity of a number of hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1947, 39, 5, 453-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.039.031 . [all data]

Osborne and Ginnings, 1947, 2
Osborne, N.S.; Ginnings, D.C., Measurements of heat of vaporization and heat capacity of a number of hydrocarbons, J. Res. NBS, 1947, 39, 453-477. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Kkykj and Repas, 1973
Kkykj, J.; Repas, M., Petrochemia, 1973, 13, 179. [all data]

Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949
Forziati, Alphonse F.; Norris, William R.; Rossini, Frederick D., Vapor pressures and boiling points of sixty API-NBS hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1949, 43, 6, 555-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2
Forziati, A.F.; Norris, W.R.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of Sixty API-NBS Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), 1949, 43, 6, 555-563, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Huffman, Gross, et al., 1961
Huffman, H.M.; Gross, M.E.; Scott, D.W.; McCullough, I.P., Low temperature thermodynamic properties of six isomeric heptanes, J. Phys. Chem., 1961, 65, 495-503. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Huffman, Parks, et al., 1930
Huffman, H.M.; Parks, G.S.; Thomas, S.B., Thermal data on organic compounds. VIII. The heat capacities, entropies and free energies of the isomeric heptanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1930, 52, 3241-3251. [all data]


Notes

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