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Propane, 1-nitro-

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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum) 3.3.3.3.3.
Temperature (C) 100.110.120.20.30.
I 708.43709.77711.18702.10702.42
ReferenceGörgényi and Héberger, 2003Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Görgényi and Héberger, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1HP-1
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum) 3.3.3.3.3.
Temperature (C) 40.50.60.70.80.
I 702.92703.52704.26705.13706.13
ReferenceGörgényi and Héberger, 2003Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Görgényi and Héberger, 2003Görgényi and Héberger, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-1C78, Branched paraffinHP-101SqualaneApolane
Column length (m) 30.3.350.  
Carrier gas N2HeH2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.2  
Phase thickness (mum) 3. 0.2  
Temperature (C) 90.130.60.200.200.
I 707.16660.5709.97667.678.
ReferenceGörgényi and Héberger, 2003Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000Garay, 2000Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SPB-1Porapack QSE-30C78, Branched paraffinApolane
Column length (m) 30.1.0.253.33.7
Carrier gas HeH2He  
Substrate   Gas Chrom Q (100-120 mesh)Chromosorb G HP 
Column diameter (mm) 0.32    
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25    
Temperature (C) 60.200.120.130.130.
I 724.683.710.661.9665.
ReferenceCastello, Vezzani, et al., 1994Gawdzik and Matynia, 1994Kowalski, 1992Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992Dutoit, 1991
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase OV-101ApolaneApolaneSqualaneSE-30
Column length (m) 2.3.3.3.2.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHe 
Substrate Chromosorb W AW DMCS (80-100 mesh)Chromosorb GChromosorb GChromosorb GGaschrom Q
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 120.100.200.200.100.
I 724.662.678.667.712.
ReferenceFernández-Sánchez, Fernández-Torres, et al., 1987Castello and D'Amato, 1983Castello and D'Amato, 1983Castello and D'Amato, 1983Winskowski, 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type PackedPackedPackedPackedPacked
Active phase SF-96SF-96SF-96Apiezon LApiezon L
Column length (m) 2.2.2.2.252.25
Carrier gas N2N2N2  
Substrate    CeliteCelite
Column diameter (mm)      
Phase thickness (mum)      
Temperature (C) 100.110.90.130.70.
I 724.724.723.686.677.
ReferenceBoneva and Dimov, 1979Boneva and Dimov, 1979Boneva and Dimov, 1979Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Görgényi and Héberger, 2003
Görgényi, M.; Héberger, K., Minimum in the temperature dependence of the Kováts retention indices of nitroalkanes and alkanenitriles on an apolar phase, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 11-19, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01842-3 . [all data]

Dallos, Sisak, et al., 2000
Dallos, A.; Sisak, A.; Kulcsár, Z.; Kováts, E., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography VII. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with secondary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 904, 2, 211-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00908-0 . [all data]

Garay, 2000
Garay, F., Application of a flow-tunable, serially coupled gas chromatographic capillary column system for the analysis of complex mixtures, Chromatographia Sup., 2000, 51, 1, s108-s120, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02492792 . [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1999
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Gardella, L., Influence of temperature on the polarity of porous polymer beads stationary phases for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 1999, 837, 1-2, 153-170, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00058-8 . [all data]

Castello, Vezzani, et al., 1994
Castello, G.; Vezzani, S.; Moretti, P., The selectivity and polarity of carbon layer open tubular capillary columns modified with a polar liquid phase, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1994, 17, 1, 31-36, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240170108 . [all data]

Gawdzik and Matynia, 1994
Gawdzik, B.; Matynia, T., Characterization of methacrylic ester of p,p'-dihydroxydiphenylpropane diglicydyl ether - divinylbenzene porous copolymers for GC, Chromatographia, 1994, 38, 9/10, 643-648, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02277169 . [all data]

Kowalski, 1992
Kowalski, W.J., Free radical crosslinking of the gas chromatographic stationary phase containing europium chelates, Chromatographia, 1992, 34, 5-8, 266-268, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02268356 . [all data]

Reddy, Dutoit, et al., 1992
Reddy, K.S.; Dutoit, J.-Cl.; Kovats, E. sz., Pair-wise interactions by gas chromatography. I. Interaction free enthalpies of solutes with non-associated primary alcohol groups, J. Chromatogr., 1992, 609, 1-2, 229-259, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(92)80167-S . [all data]

Dutoit, 1991
Dutoit, J., Gas chromatographic retention behaviour of some solutes on structurally similar polar and non-polar stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 555, 1-2, 191-204, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87179-X . [all data]

Fernández-Sánchez, Fernández-Torres, et al., 1987
Fernández-Sánchez, E.; Fernández-Torres, A.; García-Domínguez, J.A.; García-Muñoz, J.; Menéndez, V.; Molera, M.J.; Santiuste, J.M.; Pertierra-Rimada, E., Mixed stationary phases in gas-liquid chromatography. Partition coefficients and retention indices in OV-101-OV-25, OV-101-Carbowax 20M and OV-225-SP-2340 mixtures, J. Chromatogr., 1987, 410, 13-29, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90031-1 . [all data]

Castello and D'Amato, 1983
Castello, G.; D'Amato, G., Classification of the Polarity of porous polymer bead stationary phases by comparison with squalane and apolane standard liquid phases, J. Chromatogr., 1983, 269, 153-160, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)90798-8 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Boneva and Dimov, 1979
Boneva, S.; Dimov, N., Chromatographic retention indices of C1-C4 nitroparaffins, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1979, 34, 6, 902-905. [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal, References