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Butanoic acid

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Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5HP-5SE-54DB-5MSDB-5MS
Column length (m) 60.30.50.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.25 0.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.40.30.40.
Tend (C) 230.250.240.250.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.8.2.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.4.2.2.5.
Final hold (min) 10.10.5.2.45.
I 789.790.823.822.850.
ReferenceEngel and Ratel, 2007Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 2007Schlutt B., Moran N., et al., 2007Schwambach and Peterson, 2006Whetstine M.E.C., Drake M.A., et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSDB-5HP-5HP-5HP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  N2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.50.50.
Tend (C) 200.230.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 10.5.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.2.5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 20.6.15.15.15.
I 840.824.831.848.841.
ReferenceCarunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 2005Colahan-Sederstrom and Peterson, 2005Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSDB-5ZB-5ZB-5CP-Sil 8CB-MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.0.60.
Carrier gas He Helium  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.500.50.25
Tstart (C) 60.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.200.265.265.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.10.7.7.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.  2.
Final hold (min) 20.15.5.5.5.
I 790.844.820.823.818.
ReferencePino, Mesa, et al., 2005Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 2004Bell, 2004Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 2004Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5DB-5MSDB-5DB-5SPB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHe  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.35.35.35.60.
Tend (C) 250.200.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.10.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.2.2.2.
Final hold (min) 20.30.4.4.20.
I 780.804.818.818.780.
ReferencePíno, Marbot, et al., 2004Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 2003Peterson and Reineccius, 2003Peterson and Reineccius, 2003, 2Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5CP Sil 5 CBCP-Sil 8CB-MSDB-5
Column length (m) 60.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas He H2  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.35.60.40.35.
Tend (C) 275.200.280.280.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 7.10.2.4.10.
Initial hold (min)  5.10.2.5.
Final hold (min)  30.40. 30.
I 834.826.856.820.802.
ReferenceValim, Rouseff, et al., 2003Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 2002Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002Bruna, Hierro, et al., 2001Karagül-Yüceer, Drake, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-5DB-1
Column length (m) 60.60.
Carrier gas He 
Substrate   
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.25
Tstart (C) 40.35.
Tend (C) 200.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.
Initial hold (min) 5.10.
Final hold (min) 2.10.
I 795.778.
ReferenceVerdier-Metz., Coulon, et al., 1998Specht and Baltes, 1994
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Engel and Ratel, 2007
Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1154, 1-2, 331-341, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.012 . [all data]

Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 2007
Quijano, C.E.; Salamanca, G.; Pino, J.A., Aroma volatile constituents of Colombian varieties of mango (Mangifera indica L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 401-406, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1812 . [all data]

Schlutt B., Moran N., et al., 2007
Schlutt B.; Moran N.; Schieberle P.; Hofmann T., Sensory-directed identification of creaminess-enhancing volatiles and semivolatiles in full-fat cream, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 23, 9634-9645, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0721545 . [all data]

Schwambach and Peterson, 2006
Schwambach, S.L.; Peterson, D.G., Reduction of Stale Flavor Development in Low-Heat Skim Milk Powder via Epicatechin Addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 2, 502-508, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0519764 . [all data]

Whetstine M.E.C., Drake M.A., et al., 2006
Whetstine M.E.C.; Drake M.A.; Nelson B.K.; Barbano D.M., Flavor profiles of full-fat and reduced-fat cheese and cheese fat made from aged cheddar with the fat removed using a novel process, J. Dairy Res., 2006, 89, 2, 505-517, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72113-0 . [all data]

Carunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 2005
Carunchia Whetstine, M.E.; Croissant, A.E.; Drake, M.A., Characterization of Dried Whey Protein Concentrate and Isolate Flavor, J. Dairy Sci., 2005, 88, 11, 3826-3839, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)73068-X . [all data]

Colahan-Sederstrom and Peterson, 2005
Colahan-Sederstrom, P.M.; Peterson, D.G., Inhibition of key aroma compound generated during ultrahigh-temperature processing of bovine milk via epicatechin addition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 2, 398-402, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0487248 . [all data]

Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005
Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 2005, 118, 414-418. [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Avsar, Karagul-Yuceer, et al., 2004
Avsar, Y.K.; Karagul-Yuceer, Y.; Drake, M.A.; Singh, T.K.; Yoon, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characterization of nutty flavor in cheddar cheese, J. Dairy Sci., 2004, 87, 7, 1999-2010, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)70017-X . [all data]

Bell, 2004
Bell, W.A.-M., Examination of Aroma Volatiles Formed from Thermal Processing of Florida Reconstituted Grapefruit Juice. A Thesis presented to the graduate school of the university of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science, 2004. [all data]

Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 2004
Gocmen, D.; Gurbuz, O.; Rouseff, R.L.; Smoot, J.M.; Dagdelen, A.F., Gas chromatographic-olfactometric characterization of aroma active compounds in sun-dried and vacuum-dried tarhana, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2004, 218, 6, 573-578, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-004-0913-6 . [all data]

Hierro, de la Hoz, et al., 2004
Hierro, E.; de la Hoz, L.; Ordóñez, J.A., Headspace volatile compounds from salted and occasionally smoked dried meats (cecinas) as affected by animal species, Food Chem., 2004, 85, 4, 649-657, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.07.001 . [all data]

Píno, Marbot, et al., 2004
Píno, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Volatile components of the fruits of Vangueria madagascariensis J. F. Gmel. from Cuba, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 302-304, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698727 . [all data]

Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 2003
Karagül-Yüceer, Y.; Vlahovich, K.N.; Drake, M.A.; Cadwallader, K.R., Characteristic aroma components of rennet casein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 23, 6797-6801, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0345806 . [all data]

Peterson and Reineccius, 2003
Peterson, D.G.; Reineccius, G.A., Characterization of the volatile compounds that constitute fresh sweet cream butter aroma, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 3, 215-220, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1192 . [all data]

Peterson and Reineccius, 2003, 2
Peterson, D.G.; Reineccius, G.A., Determination of the aroma impact compounds in heated sweet cream butter, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 320-324, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1228 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003
Pino, J.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of fruits of Garcinia dulcis Kurz. from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 271-274, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1187 . [all data]

Valim, Rouseff, et al., 2003
Valim, M.F.; Rouseff, R.L.; Lin, J., Gas chromatographic-olfactometric characterization of aroma compounds in two types of cashew apple nectar, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 4, 1010-1015, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf025738+ . [all data]

Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 2002
Karagül-Yüceer, Y.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Drake, M.A., Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 2, 305-312, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010648a . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Bello, A., Volatile compounds of Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 18, 5146-5148, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0116303 . [all data]

Bruna, Hierro, et al., 2001
Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernández, M.; Ordóñez, J.A., The contribution of Penicillium aurantiogriseum to the volatile composition and sensory quality of dry fermented sausages, Meat Sci., 2001, 59, 1, 97-107, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00058-4 . [all data]

Karagül-Yüceer, Drake, et al., 2001
Karagül-Yüceer, Y.; Drake, M.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active components of nonfat dry milk, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 6, 2948-2953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0009854 . [all data]

Verdier-Metz., Coulon, et al., 1998
Verdier-Metz., I.; Coulon, J.-B.; PPradel, P.; Viallon, C.; Berdague, J.-L., Effect of forage conservation (hay or silage) and cow breed on the coagulation properties of milks and on the characteristics of ripened cheeses, J. Dairy Res., 1998, 65, 1, 9-21, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029997002616 . [all data]

Specht and Baltes, 1994
Specht, K.; Baltes, W., Identification of volatile flavor compounds with high aroma values from shallow-fried beef, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 10, 2246-2253, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00046a031 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References