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Butanoic acid

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Normal boiling point

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director

Tboil (K) Reference Comment
435.2Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
436.American Tokyo Kasei, 1988BS
436.7Radwan and Hanna, 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
437.Radecki and Kaczmarek, 1975Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
436.45Anonymous, 1968TRC
436.55Lebedeva, 1964Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
436.Sisido, Kazama, et al., 1959Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
436.15Zieborak and Wyrzykowska-Stankiewicz, 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
433.65Nielsen, 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
437.25Hansen, Miller, et al., 1955Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
437.15Purnell and Bowden, 1954Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
436.55Cook, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
436.85Happ and Stewart, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
436.65James and Martin, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
435.5Tomecko and Hatcher, 1951Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
436.55Mumford and Phillips, 1950Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
436.4Dreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
437.15Lecat, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
437.15Patschky and Liermeier, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
434.75French, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
437.2Lecat, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
435.65Sato, Barry, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
437.15Lecat, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
437.15Lecat, 1943, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
435.15Semishin, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
435.15Landee and Johns, 1941Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
435.55Butler and Ramchandani, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
437.Kohlraush, Koppl, et al., 1933Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
437.2Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1932Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
434.55Hunten and Maass, 1929Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
437.15Grignard and Fluchaire, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
433.65Ipatieff and Razuvaev, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
435.6Lecat, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
436.7Timmermans, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; source of data not clear; TRC
391.0Hannotte, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
435.65Harkins and McLaughlin, 1925Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
434.15Andre, 1924Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
433.25Richmond, 1917Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
434.9Bielecki and Henri, 1913Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
433.2Falk, 1909Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
436.35Beckmann, 1906Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
433.65Nef, 1901Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
436.15Kahlbaum, 1898Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
436.25Franke, 1895Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
436.65Kahlbaum, 1894Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
455.15Behal, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
435.Gartenmeister, 1886Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
434.65Kahlbaum, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
435.15Perkin, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
435.5Zander, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
435.65Zander, 1884Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
436.Von Reis, 1881Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
435.45Linnemann and von Zotta, 1872Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
435.5Linnemann, 1871Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
435.9Landolt, 1868Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
434.15Frankland and Duppa, 1866Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
430.15Kopp, 1854Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average
430.15Kopp, 1848Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 5. K; TRC; Data excluded from overall average

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

American Tokyo Kasei, 1988
American Tokyo Kasei, TCI American Organic Chemical 88/89 Catalog, American Tokyo Kasei, Portland, OR, 1988, 1610. [all data]

Radwan and Hanna, 1976
Radwan, M.H.; Hanna, A.A., Binary Azeotropes Containing Butyric Acid, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1976, 21, 285-8. [all data]

Radecki and Kaczmarek, 1975
Radecki, A.; Kaczmarek, B., Liquid-vapor equilibria of binary systems of hexamethyldisiloxane with some carboxylic acids, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1975, 20, 378-81. [all data]

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Lebedeva, 1964
Lebedeva, N.D., Heat of Combustion of A Series of Monocarboxylic Acids, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 1964, 38, 2648. [all data]

Sisido, Kazama, et al., 1959
Sisido, K.; Kazama, Y.; Kodama, H.; Nozaki, H., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1959, 81, 5817. [all data]

Zieborak and Wyrzykowska-Stankiewicz, 1958
Zieborak, K.; Wyrzykowska-Stankiewicz, D., The influence of polar components on the compositions of ternary positive-negative azeotropes containing n-undecane, Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci., Ser. Sci., Chim., Geol. Geogr., 1958, 6, 517. [all data]

Nielsen, 1957
Nielsen, A.T., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 2524. [all data]

Hansen, Miller, et al., 1955
Hansen, R.S.; Miller, F.A.; Christian, S.D., Activity coefficients of components in the systems water - acetic acid, water - propionic acid and water - n-butyric acid at 25c, J. Phys. Chem., 1955, 59, 391-5. [all data]

Purnell and Bowden, 1954
Purnell, J.H.; Bowden, S.T., Miscibility Phenomena in Ternary Systems Containing Diphenyl Ether Water, and an Aliphatic Alcohol, J. Chem. Soc., 1954, 1954, 539. [all data]

Cook, 1952
Cook, N.C., , Unpublished, Final Rep. Stand. Proj. on Oxygenated Compounds, Penn. State Univ., College Park, PA, 1952. [all data]

Happ and Stewart, 1952
Happ, G.P.; Stewart, D.W., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 4404. [all data]

James and Martin, 1952
James, A.T.; Martin, A.J.P., Biochem. J., 1952, 50, 679. [all data]

Tomecko and Hatcher, 1951
Tomecko, J.W.; Hatcher, W.H., Trans. R. Soc. Can., 1951, 45, 39. [all data]

Mumford and Phillips, 1950
Mumford, S.A.; Phillips, J.W.C., 19. The Physical Properties of Some Aliphatic Compounds, J. Chem. Soc., 1950, 1950, 75-84. [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2875-8. [all data]

Lecat, 1949
Lecat, M., Tables Azeotropiques, Vol. 1, 10th ed., Brussels, Belgium, 1949. [all data]

Patschky and Liermeier, 1949
Patschky, A.; Liermeier, F., Z. Anal. Chem., 1949, 129, 62. [all data]

French, 1947
French, C.M., Trans. Faraday Soc., 1947, 43, 356. [all data]

Lecat, 1947
Lecat, M., Orthobaric Azeotropes of Sulfides, Bull. Cl. Sci., Acad. R. Belg., 1947, 33, 160-82. [all data]

Sato, Barry, et al., 1947
Sato, Y.; Barry, G.T.; Craig, L.C., Identification of Small Amounts of ORganic Compounds by Distribution Studies VII. Separation and Estimation of Normal Fatty Acids, J. Biol. Chem., 1947, 170, 501. [all data]

Lecat, 1943
Lecat, M., Negative and other Azeotropes, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1943, 217, 242. [all data]

Lecat, 1943, 2
Lecat, M., Azeotropes of Ethyl Urethane and other Azeotropes, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1943, 217, 273. [all data]

Semishin, 1943
Semishin, V.I., V thermal analysis of systems of hydrazine with organic acids, Zh. Obshch. Khim., 1943, 13, 632-42. [all data]

Landee and Johns, 1941
Landee, F.A.; Johns, I.B., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1941, 63, 2891. [all data]

Butler and Ramchandani, 1935
Butler, J.A.V.; Ramchandani, C.N., The Solubility of Non-electrolytes. Part II. The Influence of the Polar Group on the Free Energy of Hydration of Aliphatic Compounds., J. Chem. Soc., 1935, 1935, 952. [all data]

Kohlraush, Koppl, et al., 1933
Kohlraush, K.W.F.; Koppl, F.; Pongratz, A., Z. Phys. Chem., Abt. B, 1933, 21, 242. [all data]

Timmermans and Hennaut-Roland, 1932
Timmermans, J.; Hennaut-Roland, M., The Work of the International Bureau of Physical-Chemical Standards. V. Study of the Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds., J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1932, 29, 529-68. [all data]

Hunten and Maass, 1929
Hunten, K.W.; Maass, O., Investigation of surface tension constants in an homologous series from the point of view of surface orientation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1929, 51, 153-65. [all data]

Grignard and Fluchaire, 1928
Grignard, V.; Fluchaire, M., Suiz les proprietetes condensantes des alcoolates magnesiens mixtures, Ann. Chim. (Paris), 1928, 9, 5. [all data]

Ipatieff and Razuvaev, 1928
Ipatieff, W.; Razuvaev, Chem. Ber., 1928, 61, 634. [all data]

Lecat, 1927
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 5th list, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1927, 46, 240-7. [all data]

Timmermans, 1927
Timmermans, J., The Melting Point of Organic Substances, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1927, 36, 502. [all data]

Hannotte, 1926
Hannotte, T., Azeotropic Properties of Formic Ethers and Acetates of Saturated Aliphatic Alcohols, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1926, 35, 86. [all data]

Harkins and McLaughlin, 1925
Harkins, W.D.; McLaughlin, H.M., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1925, 47, 1610. [all data]

Andre, 1924
Andre, E., C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1924, 178, 1188. [all data]

Richmond, 1917
Richmond, H.D., Analyst (London), 1917, 42, 125. [all data]

Bielecki and Henri, 1913
Bielecki, J.; Henri, V., Quantitative study on absorption of ultra-violet rays by monobasic acids and esters of the aliphatic series: II, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1913, 46, 1304. [all data]

Falk, 1909
Falk, K.G., The change in refractive index with temperature, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1909, 31, 86. [all data]

Beckmann, 1906
Beckmann, E., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1906, 57, 129. [all data]

Nef, 1901
Nef, J.V., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1901, 318, 137. [all data]

Kahlbaum, 1898
Kahlbaum, G.W.A., Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1898, 26, 577. [all data]

Franke, 1895
Franke, E., Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 1895, 16, 477. [all data]

Kahlbaum, 1894
Kahlbaum, G.W.A., Studien uber Dampfspannkraftsmessungen, Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 1894, 13, 14-55. [all data]

Behal, 1888
Behal, A., Ann. Chim. Phys., 1888, 15, 267. [all data]

Gartenmeister, 1886
Gartenmeister, R., Investigation of the physical characterstics of liquid compounds: vi boiling point and specific volume of normal fatty acid esters, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1886, 233, 249-315. [all data]

Kahlbaum, 1884
Kahlbaum, G.W.A., The dependence of Boiling Temperature on Air Pressure, Ber. Dtsch. Chem. Ges., 1884, 17, 1245. [all data]

Perkin, 1884
Perkin, W.H., On the Magnetic Rotary Polarisation of Compounds in Relation to their Chemical Consitution; with Observations on the Preparation and Relative Densities of the Bodies Examined, J. Chem. Soc., 1884, 45, 421-580. [all data]

Zander, 1884
Zander, A., The specific volumes of liquid compounds: IV normal fatty acids and normal fatty alcohols, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1884, 224, 56-95. [all data]

Von Reis, 1881
Von Reis, M.A., IV. The Specific Heat of Liquid Organic Compounds and its Relation to Molecular Weight., Ann. Phys. (Leipzig), 1881, 13, 447. [all data]

Linnemann and von Zotta, 1872
Linnemann, E.; von Zotta, V., Reduction of Formic Acid to Formaldehyde and Methyl Alcohol, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1872, 161, 15. [all data]

Linnemann, 1871
Linnemann, E., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1871, 160, 195. [all data]

Landolt, 1868
Landolt, H., Studies of the vapor pressure of homologous compounds, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1868, 6, 129. [all data]

Frankland and Duppa, 1866
Frankland, E.; Duppa, B.F., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1866, 138, 204. [all data]

Kopp, 1854
Kopp, H., Specific volumes of liquid compounds, Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1854, 92, 1-32. [all data]

Kopp, 1848
Kopp, H., Justus Liebigs Ann. Chem., 1848, 64, 212. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal boiling point, References