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Butanoic acid

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-FFAPDB-WaxFFAPVF-Wax MSDB-Wax
Column length (m) 25.60.60.60.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 45.50.45.60.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.220.220.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 15.3.5.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  2.1.5. 
Final hold (min)  20.5.25. 
I 1648.1612.1606.1626.1621.
ReferenceWanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999Onishi, Inoue, et al., 2011Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010Kumazawa, Sakai, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxFFAPDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40. 40.
Tend (C) 230.230.240.240.180.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.6.6.6.3.5
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2. 10.
Final hold (min) 20.20. 5.30.
I 1623.1626.1619.1620.1646.
ReferenceChen, Song, et al., 2009Chen, Song, et al., 2009Christlbauer and Schieberle, 2009Mallia, Escher, et al., 2009Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxCP-Wax 52CBDB-WaxCP-Wax 52CB
Column length (m) 50.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.25 0.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.200.250.320.50.5
Tstart (C) 45.50.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 190.250.220.240.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.6.56.5.4.
Initial hold (min) 2.1.52. 8.
Final hold (min) 50.10.20. 20.
I 1645.1629.1625.1659.1636.
ReferenceSoria, Sanz, et al., 2008Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax 52CBRTX-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.50.50.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 220.220.230.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.10.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 8.5.2.2.2.
Final hold (min) 20.10.5.5.15.
I 1634.1609.1602.1602.1602.
ReferencePovolo, Contarini, et al., 2007Prososki, Etzel, et al., 2007Xu, Fan, et al., 2007Xu, Fan, et al., 2007Fan and Qian, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxZB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.15.30.60.60.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.60.40.
Tend (C) 230.230.200.220.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.6.2.2.3.
Initial hold (min) 2. 3. 2.
Final hold (min) 15.20.15.10.10.
I 1636.1614.1613.1639.1650.
ReferenceFan and Qian, 2006, 2Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 2006Komes, Ulrich, et al., 2006Senger-Emonnot, Rochard, et al., 2006Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-WaxStabilwax DADB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.50.30.60.60.
Carrier gas N2HeliumHe Nitrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.50.50
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.40.35.
Tend (C) 230.190.180.180.235.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.3.5.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.2. 5.4.
Final hold (min) 5.30.40. 30.
I 1641.1631.1616.1652.1642.
ReferenceFan and Qian, 2005de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005Lee, Umano, et al., 2005Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 2005Qian and Wang, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-WaxZB-WaxZB-WaxZB-WaxZB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.250.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.2.2.
Final hold (min) 5.5.5.5.5.
I 1631.1642.1644.1647.1647.
ReferenceN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase ZB-WaxDB-WaxZB-WaxDB-WaxTC-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.60.
Carrier gas HeH2HeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.230.250.200.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.5.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.2.5.8.
Final hold (min) 10.15.10.  
I 1642.1647.1642.1650.1622.
ReferenceWu, Krings, et al., 2005Wu, Krings, et al., 2005Wu, Krings, et al., 2005Culleré, Escudero, et al., 2004Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PEG-20MHP-InnowaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  HeH2HeH2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.20.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.200.20.50.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.45.50.40.40.
Tend (C) 180.190.200.185.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 5.2.10.4.5.
Final hold (min) 30.50.10.20. 
I 1581.1646.1640.1614.1646.
ReferenceNarain, Almeida, et al., 2004Soria, Gonzalez, et al., 2004Alves and Franco, 2003Lee and Noble, 2003López, Ortín, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TC-WaxSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10HP-FFAPDB-FFAP
Column length (m) 60.30.30.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.250.50.25
Tstart (C) 80.40.40.45.40.
Tend (C) 250.200.200.220.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.3.15.6.
Initial hold (min)  10.10. 2.
Final hold (min) 30.   10.
I 1622.1626.1620.1648.1612.
ReferenceMiyazawa and Okuno, 2003Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 2003Czerny and Schieberle, 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-FFAPDB-WaxTC-WaxFFAPHP-FFAP
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.25.
Carrier gas HeH2HeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.251.0.52
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.35.60.
Tend (C) 230.200.230.240.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.4.2.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 2.5. 3.1.
Final hold (min) 10.   5.
I 1612.1646.1614.1588.1588.
ReferenceCzerny and Schieberle, 2002Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002Fukami, Ishiyama, et al., 2002Lecanu, Ducruet, et al., 2002Qian and Reineccius, 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase TC-WaxDB-WaxEC-1000FFAPDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeH2HeH2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.250.250.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.35.40.40.
Tend (C) 230.200.230.240.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.5.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 10.5.5.5.5.
Final hold (min) 10.60.15. 60.
I 1621.1644.1630.1630.1644.
ReferenceSuhardi, Suzuki, et al., 2002Aznar, López, et al., 2001Bendall, 2001Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-FFAPDB-WaxFFAPDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.50.5
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 195.200.230.245.245.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.6.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 5. 2.3.3.
Final hold (min) 40. 5.20.20.
I 1628.1613.1616.1615.1615.
ReferenceSuriyaphan, Drake, et al., 2001Wei, Mura, et al., 2001Czerny and Grosch, 2000Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000Kotseridis and Baumes, 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.30.60.30.
Carrier gas Nitrogen  HeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.530.530.320.33
Phase thickness (mum)    0.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.60.40.40.
Tend (C) 200.210.210.190.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.4.2.6.
Initial hold (min) 10.  5.5.
Final hold (min)     30.
I 1631.1620.1623.1623.1628.
ReferenceTamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999Suriyaphan, Drake, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxSupelcowax-10HP-InnowaxHP-InnowaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.25.25.30.
Carrier gas  H2  He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.5  0.25
Tstart (C) 30.35.35.35.50.
Tend (C) 170.250.250.250.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.5.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 4.5.  3.
Final hold (min) 30.20.  10.
I 1625.1661.1630.1630.1598.
ReferenceButtery and Ling, 1998Campeanu, Burcea, et al., 1998Ong and Acree, 1998Ong, Acree, et al., 1998Parada and Duque, 1998
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHydrogenHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50 0.5 
Tstart (C) 50.35.60.50.50.
Tend (C) 240.250.180.180.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.1.53.
Initial hold (min) 3.0.5   
Final hold (min) 10.   40.
I 1607.1645.1628.1669.1628.
ReferenceParada and Duque, 1998Farkas, Sádecká, et al., 1997Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997Ulrich, Hoberg, et al., 1997Wada and Shibamoto, 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxTC-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 50.60.30.60.60.
Carrier gas    HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1. 0.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 20.80.20.40.50.
Tend (C) 230.240.230.200.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.3.5.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.5.1.2.4.
Final hold (min)      
I 1639.1638.1616.1642.1630.
ReferenceMilo and Grosch, 1996Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996Christensen and Reineccius, 1995Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995Shimoda, Shiratsuchi, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MSP-1000Supelcowax-10Carbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.25.60.150.
Carrier gas HeN2He 
Substrate     
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.20.250.64
Phase thickness (mum)  0.430.25 
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.50.
Tend (C) 180.190.175.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.1.1.
Initial hold (min) 4. 5.30.
Final hold (min)  30. 60.
I 1585.1637.1636.1620.
ReferenceKawakami and Kobayashi, 1991De Llano D.G., Ramos M., et al., 1990Hsieh, Williams, et al., 1989Buttery, Ling, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Wanakhachornkrai and Lertsiri, 9999
Wanakhachornkrai, P.; Lertsiri, S., Comparison of determination method for volatile compounds in Thai soy sauce, Analytical, Nutritional and Clinical Methods, 9999, 1-11. [all data]

Onishi, Inoue, et al., 2011
Onishi, M.; Inoue, M.; Araki, T.; Iwabuchi, H.; Sagara, Y., Odorant transfer characteristics of white bread during baking, Biosci Biotechnol. Biochem., 2011, 75, 2, 261-267, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.100572 . [all data]

Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011
Piyachaiseth, T.; Jirapakkul, W.; Chaiseri, S., Aroma compounds of flash-fried rice, Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.), 2011, 45, 717-729. [all data]

Duarte, Dias, et al., 2010
Duarte, W.F.; Dias, D.R.; Oliveira, J.M.; Teixeira, J.A.; de Almeida e Silva, J.B.; Schwan, R.F., Characterization of different fruit wines made from cacao,cupuassu, gabiroba, jaboticaba and umbu, Food Sci. Technol., 2010, 43, 1564-1572. [all data]

Kumazawa, Sakai, et al., 2010
Kumazawa, K.; Sakai, N.; Amma, H.; Sakamoto, S.; Kodama, M.; Wada, Y.; Nishimura, O., Identification and formation of volatile components responsible for the characteristic aroma of Mat Rush (Igusa), Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 2010, 74, 6, 1231-1236, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.100053 . [all data]

Chen, Song, et al., 2009
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Christlbauer and Schieberle, 2009
Christlbauer, M.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the key aroma compounds in beef and pork vegetable gravies a la chef by application of the aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 19, 9114-9112, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9023189 . [all data]

Mallia, Escher, et al., 2009
Mallia, S.; Escher, F.; Dubois, S.; Schieberle, P.; Schlichtherle-Cerny, H., Characterization and quantification of odor-active compounds in unsaturated fatty acid/conjugated linoleic acid (UFA/CLA)-enriched butter and in conventional butter during storage and induced oxidation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 16, 7464-7472, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9002158 . [all data]

Caldeira, de Sousa, et al., 2008
Caldeira, I.; de Sousa, R.B.; Balchior, A.P.; Climaco, M.C., A sensory and chemical approach to the aroma of wooden aged Lourinha wine brandy, Ciencia Tec. Vitiv., 2008, 23, 2, 97-110. [all data]

Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 1-12. [all data]

Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008
Thakeow, P.; Angeli, S.; Weissbecker, B.; Schutz, S., Antennal and behavioral responses of Cis boleti to fungal odor of Trametes gibbosa, Chem. Senses, 2008, 33, 4, 379-387, https://doi.org/10.1093/chemse/bjn005 . [all data]

Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007
Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontán, A.; Gatti, P.; Martínez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley's glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 2007, 32, 1, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.3376/1081-1710(2007)32[75:VCSBBO]2.0.CO;2 . [all data]

Dury-Brun, Fournier, et al., 2007
Dury-Brun, C.; Fournier, N.; Pernin, K.; Guichard, E.; Voilley, A., A new approach to studying sponge cake aroma after storage in treated paper and plastic packaging by direct gas chromatography?olfactometry (D-GC-O), Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 255-264, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1788 . [all data]

Povolo, Contarini, et al., 2007
Povolo, M.; Contarini, G.; Mele, M.; Secchiari, P., Study on the influence of pasture on volatile fraction of Ewes' dairy products by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Dairy Sci., 2007, 90, 2, 556-569, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71539-4 . [all data]

Prososki, Etzel, et al., 2007
Prososki, R.A.; Etzel, M.R.; Rankin, S.A., Solvent type affects the number, distribution, and relative quantities of volatile compounds found in sweet whey powder, J. Dairy Sci., 2007, 90, 2, 523-531, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(07)71535-7 . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006, 2
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 333-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1621 . [all data]

Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 2006
Kishimoto, T.; Wanikawa, A.; Kono, K.; Shibata, K., Comparison of the Odor-Active Compounds in Unhopped Beer and Beers Hopped with Different Hop Varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 23, 8855-8861, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061342c . [all data]

Komes, Ulrich, et al., 2006
Komes, D.; Ulrich, D.; Lovric, T., Characterization of odor-active compounds in Croatian Rhine Riesling wine, subregion Zagorje, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 222, 1-2, 1-7, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-0094-y . [all data]

Senger-Emonnot, Rochard, et al., 2006
Senger-Emonnot, P.; Rochard, S.; Pellegrin, F.; George, G.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L., Odour active aroma compounds of sea fig (Microcosmus sulcatus), Food Chem., 2006, 97, 3, 465-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.05.026 . [all data]

Wierda R.L., Fletcher G., et al., 2006
Wierda R.L.; Fletcher G.; Xu L.; Dufour J.P., Analysis of volatile compounds as spoilage indicators in fresh king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during storage using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 22, 8480-8490, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061377c . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2005
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese Yanghe Daqu Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7931-7938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051011k . [all data]

de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 2005
de la Fuente, E.; Martinez-Castro, I.; Sanz, J., Characterization of Spanish unifloral honeys by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Sep. Sci., 2005, 28, 9-10, 1093-1100, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200500018 . [all data]

Lee, Umano, et al., 2005
Lee, S.-J.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T.; Lee, K.-G., Identification of volatile components in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and thyme leaves (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their antioxidant properties, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 131-137, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.056 . [all data]

Nogueira, Lubachevsky, et al., 2005
Nogueira, M.C.L.; Lubachevsky, G.; Rankin, S.A., A study of the volatile composition of Minas cheese, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 2005, 38, 5, 555-563, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2004.07.019 . [all data]

Qian and Wang, 2005
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Notes

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