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Butanoic acid

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Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C4H7O2- + Hydrogen cation = Butanoic acid

By formula: C4H7O2- + H+ = C4H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar346.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqNorrman and McMahon, 1999gas phase; B
Deltar346.5 ± 2.2kcal/molG+TSCaldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar346.5 ± 2.2kcal/molG+TSCumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar339.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRECaldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar339.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRECumming and Kebarle, 1978gas phase; B

2Hydrogen + 3-Butynoic acid = Butanoic acid

By formula: 2H2 + C4H4O2 = C4H8O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-69.80 ± 0.20kcal/molChydFlitcroft and Skinner, 1958solid phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -72.4 ± 1.1 kcal/mol; ALS

NO3 anion + Water + Butanoic acid = C4H10NO6-

By formula: NO3- + H2O + C4H8O2 = C4H10NO6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.80 ± 0.20kcal/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

CO3 + Water + Butanoic acid = C5H10O6-

By formula: CO3 + H2O + C4H8O2 = C5H10O6-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.60 ± 0.20kcal/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

NO3 anion + Butanoic acid = C4H8NO5-

By formula: NO3- + C4H8O2 = C4H8NO5-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.80 ± 0.20kcal/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

Nitrogen oxide anion + Butanoic acid = C4H8NO4-

By formula: NO2- + C4H8O2 = C4H8NO4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.30 ± 0.20kcal/molIMREViidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Norrman and McMahon, 1999
Norrman, K.; McMahon, T.B., Intramolecular solvation of carboxylate anions in the gas phase, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1999, 103, 35, 7008-7016, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp9908202 . [all data]

Caldwell, Renneboog, et al., 1989
Caldwell, G.; Renneboog, R.; Kebarle, P., Gas Phase Acidities of Aliphatic Carboxylic Acids, Based on Measurements of Proton Transfer Equilibria, Can. J. Chem., 1989, 67, 4, 661, https://doi.org/10.1139/v89-092 . [all data]

Cumming and Kebarle, 1978
Cumming, J.B.; Kebarle, P., Summary of gas phase measurements involving acids AH. Entropy changes in proton transfer reactions involving negative ions. Bond dissociation energies D(A-H) and electron affinities EA(A), Can. J. Chem., 1978, 56, 1. [all data]

Flitcroft and Skinner, 1958
Flitcroft, T.L.; Skinner, H.A., Heats of hydrogenation Part 2.-Acetylene derivatives, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1958, 54, 47-53. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Viidanoja, Reiner, et al., 2000
Viidanoja, J.; Reiner, T.; Kiendler, A.; Grimm, F.; Arnold, F., Laboratory investigations of negative ion molecule reactions of propionic, butyric, glyoxylic, pyruvic, and pinonic acids, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2000, 194, 1, 53-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00172-4 . [all data]


Notes

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