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Butanoic acid

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil436. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 54 out of 58 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus267.6KN/ARadwan and Hanna, 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Tfus267.95KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Tfus267.8KN/ACostello and Bowden, 1958Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus267.89KN/ADreisbach and Martin, 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Tfus267.KN/ATimmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple267.97KN/AWilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple268.03KN/AMartin and Andon, 1982Crystal phase 1 phase; Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; type of transition uncertain; TRC
Ttriple267.4KN/AParks and Anderson, 1926Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc615.2KN/AAndereya and Chase, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tc624.KN/AAmbrose and Ghiassee, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc631.77KN/AD'Souza and Teja, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.5 K; Ambrose's procedure; TRC
Tc627.90KN/ABrown, 1906Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 6. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc40.11atmN/AAndereya and Chase, 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.59 atm; TRC
Pc38.98atmN/AAmbrose and Ghiassee, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.49 atm; TRC
Pc40.4053atmN/AD'Souza and Teja, 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.89 atm; Ambrose's procedure; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap14.0 ± 0.5kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
12.5399.N/AClifford, Ramjugernath, et al., 2004Based on data from 384. - 435. K.; AC
12.0406.EBMuñoz and Krähenbühl, 2001Based on data from 391. - 429. K.; AC
14.0 ± 0.07293.GSVerevkin, 2000Based on data from 278. - 308. K.; AC
11.4452.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 437. - 592. K.; AC
12.2316.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 301. - 358. K.; AC
12.7370.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 355. - 453. K. See also Dykyj, 1971.; AC
12.378.N/ADreisbach and Shrader, 1949Based on data from 363. - 436. K. See also Dreisbach and Martin, 1949, 2 and Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
293. - 423.6.103832634.471-3.471Jasper and Miller, 1955Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.
364.07 - 436.404.903331793.898-70.564Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
18.2 ± 0.36248.TE,MECalis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978Based on data from 238. - 255. K.; AC

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.646264.7Acree, 1991AC
2.770268.Martin and Andon, 1982, 2AC
2.6460267.4Parks and Anderson, 1926, 2DH

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.895267.4Parks and Anderson, 1926, 2DH

Enthalpy of phase transition

DeltaHtrs (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
0.2486155. - 230.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IMartin and Andon, 1982, 2DH
2.7701268.03crystaline, IliquidMartin and Andon, 1982, 2DH

Entropy of phase transition

DeltaStrs (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Initial Phase Final Phase Reference Comment
1.21155. - 230.crystaline, IIcrystaline, IMartin and Andon, 1982, 2DH
10.33268.03crystaline, IliquidMartin and Andon, 1982, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Radwan and Hanna, 1976
Radwan, M.H.; Hanna, A.A., Binary Azeotropes Containing Butyric Acid, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1976, 21, 285-8. [all data]

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Costello and Bowden, 1958
Costello, J.M.; Bowden, S.T., The temperature variation of orthobaric density difference in liquid- vapour systems: IV fatty acids, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 1958, 77, 803. [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 2875-8. [all data]

Timmermans, 1935
Timmermans, J., Researches in Stoichiometry. I. The Heat of Fusion of Organic Compounds., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1935, 44, 17-40. [all data]

Wilhoit, Chao, et al., 1985
Wilhoit, R.C.; Chao, J.; Hall, K.R., Thermodynamic Properties of Key Organic Compounds in the Carbon Range C1 to C4. Part 1. Properties of Condensed Phases, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1985, 14, 1. [all data]

Martin and Andon, 1982
Martin, J.F.; Andon, R.J.L., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part LII. Molar heat capacity of ethanoic, propanoic, and butanoic acids., J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1982, 14, 679-88. [all data]

Parks and Anderson, 1926
Parks, G.S.; Anderson, C.T., Thermal data on organic compounds. III. The heat capacities, entropies and free energies of tertiary butyl alcohol, mannitol, erythritol and normal butyric acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1506-12. [all data]

Andereya and Chase, 1990
Andereya, E.; Chase, J.D., Chem. Eng. Technol., 1990, 13, 304-12. [all data]

Ambrose and Ghiassee, 1987
Ambrose, D.; Ghiassee, N.B., Vapor Pressures and Critical Temperatures and Critical Pressures of Some Alkanoic Acids: C1 to C10, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1987, 19, 505. [all data]

D'Souza and Teja, 1987
D'Souza, R.; Teja, A.S., The prediction of the vapor pressures of carboxylic acids, Chem. Eng. Commun., 1987, 61, 13. [all data]

Brown, 1906
Brown, J.C., The critical temperature and value of ml/theta of some carbon compounds, J. Chem. Soc., Trans., 1906, 89, 311. [all data]

Clifford, Ramjugernath, et al., 2004
Clifford, Scott L.; Ramjugernath, Deresh; Raal, J. David, Subatmospheric Vapor Pressure Curves for Propionic Acid, Butyric Acid, Isobutyric Acid, Valeric Acid, Isovaleric Acid, Hexanoic Acid, and Heptanoic Acid, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2004, 49, 5, 1189-1192, https://doi.org/10.1021/je034180e . [all data]

Muñoz and Krähenbühl, 2001
Muñoz, Laura A.L.; Krähenbühl, M. Alvina, Isobaric Vapor Liquid Equilibrium (VLE) Data of the Systems n -Butanol + Butyric Acid and n -Butanol + Acetic Acid, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2001, 46, 1, 120-124, https://doi.org/10.1021/je000033u . [all data]

Verevkin, 2000
Verevkin, S.P., Measurement and Prediction of the Monocarboxylic Acids Thermochemical Properties, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2000, 45, 5, 953-960, https://doi.org/10.1021/je990282m . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1971
Dykyj, J., Petrochemia, 1971, 11, 2, 27. [all data]

Dreisbach and Shrader, 1949
Dreisbach, R.R.; Shrader, S.A., Vapor Pressure--Temperature Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2879-2880, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a054 . [all data]

Dreisbach and Martin, 1949, 2
Dreisbach, R.R.; Martin, R.A., Physical Data on Some Organic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 12, 2875-2878, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50480a053 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Jasper and Miller, 1955
Jasper, Joseph J.; Miller, George B., The Vapor Pressure of Monofluoroacetic Acid, J. Phys. Chem., 1955, 59, 5, 441-442, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150527a015 . [all data]

Calis-Van Ginkel, Calis, et al., 1978
Calis-Van Ginkel, C.H.D.; Calis, G.H.M.; Timmermans, C.W.M.; de Kruif, C.G.; Oonk, H.A.J., Enthalpies of sublimation and dimerization in the vapour phase of formic, acetic, propanoic, and butanoic acids, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1978, 10, 11, 1083-1088, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(78)90082-4 . [all data]

Acree, 1991
Acree, William E., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds: enthalpy of fusion and melting point temperature compilation, Thermochimica Acta, 1991, 189, 1, 37-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(91)87098-H . [all data]

Martin and Andon, 1982, 2
Martin, J.F.; Andon, R.J.L., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. Part LII. Molar heat capacity of ethanoic, propanoic, and butanoic acids, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1982, 14, 679-688. [all data]

Parks and Anderson, 1926, 2
Parks, G.S.; Anderson, C.T., Thermal data on organic compounds. III. The heat capacities, entropies and free energies of tertiary butyl alcohol, mannitol, erythritol and normal butyric acid, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 1506-1512. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, References