Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Methyl formate

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-336.9kJ/molN/AGladii, Starchevskii, et al., 1990Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -365.9 kj/mol from Gladii, Starchevskii, et al., 1990 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 29.0 kj/mol from Hine and Klueppet, 1974.; DRB
Deltafgas-349.0kJ/molN/AGuthrie, 1974Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -378.0 kj/mol from Guthrie, 1974 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 29.0 kj/mol from Hine and Klueppet, 1974.; DRB
Deltafgas-362.kJ/molCmHine and Klueppet, 1974ALS
Deltafgas-355.5kJ/molCcrHall and Baldt, 1971ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
44.06100.Chao J., 1986p=1 bar. Recommended S(T) and Cp(T) values are in close agreement with statistical values calculated by [ Vay P.-M., 1971] (discrepancies in S(T) do not exceed 1.3 J/mol*K) and value of S(298.15 K)=286.10 J/mol*K determined from high accuracy ab initio calculation [ East A.L.L., 1997].; GT
49.84150.
54.18200.
61.45273.15
64.38 ± 0.09298.15
64.61300.
77.56400.
90.29500.
101.57600.
111.26700.
119.53800.
126.61900.
132.681000.
137.891100.
142.381200.
146.241300.
149.581400.
152.481500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-365.9kJ/molEqkGladii, Starchevskii, et al., 1990ALS
Deltafliquid-378.0kJ/molCmGuthrie, 1974Heat of hydrolysis; ALS
Deltafliquid-391.kJ/molCmHine and Klueppet, 1974ALS
Deltafliquid-386.1kJ/molCcrHall and Baldt, 1971ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-972.61 ± 0.59kJ/molCcrHall and Baldt, 1971Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -386.1 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
120.57298.75Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987T = 293 to 299 K. Unsmoothed experimental datum.; DH
119.7298.15Fuchs, 1979DH
95.5297.Hall and Baldt, 1971DH
121.3288.Mehl, 1934DH
130.298.Berthelot and Ogier, 1881T = 286 to 302 K. Cp given as 0.516 cal/g*K.; DH

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil305. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 20 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus173.2KN/ATimmermans, 1935Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Tfus173.4KN/ATimmermans, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc487.2KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc487.2KN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc487.2KN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tc523.7KN/ADe Heen, 1888Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 20. K; TRC
Tc485.2KN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc60.04barN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6079 bar; TRC
Pc60.075barN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.40 bar; TRC
Pc62.47barN/ANadezhdin, 1887Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2.0265 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc5.818mol/lN/AYoung, 1910Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.08 mol/l; TRC
rhoc5.818mol/lN/AYoung and Thomas, 1893Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 mol/l; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap29. ± 2.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
27.92304.7N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
29.6292.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 279. - 305. K.; AC
28.4320.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 305. - 443. K.; AC
28.7 ± 0.1293.CCihlár, Hynek, et al., 1976AC
27.9 ± 0.1305.CCihlár, Hynek, et al., 1976AC
27.4 ± 0.1313.CCihlár, Hynek, et al., 1976AC
30.1283.BGBaldt and Hall, 1971Based on data from 261. - 305. K.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
293. - 314.46.090.3119487.2Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

View plot Requires a JavaScript / HTML 5 canvas capable browser.

Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
294. - 304.90.250976.524-278.54Nelson, 1928Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C2H3O2- + Hydrogen cation = Methyl formate

By formula: C2H3O2- + H+ = C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<1606.7kJ/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar<1639.1 ± 3.8kJ/molG+TSDePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985gas phase; HO- + DCO2CH3 -> (M-D)-. «DELTA»Hf(MeO- + CO) = -59.7 kcal/mol; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<1606.7kJ/molIMRBDePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985gas phase; HO- + DCO2CH3 -> (M-D)-. «DELTA»Hf(MeO- + CO) = -59.7 kcal/mol; B

C2H3O2- + Hydrogen cation = Methyl formate

By formula: C2H3O2- + H+ = C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1637. ± 17.kJ/molG+TSDePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1607. ± 17.kJ/molIMRBDePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985gas phase; B

Methane, trimethoxy- + Water = Methyl formate + 2Methyl Alcohol

By formula: C4H10O3 + H2O = C2H4O2 + 2CH4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-9.6 ± 1.2kJ/molCmHine and Klueppet, 1974liquid phase; ALS

Henry's Law data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
4.1 MN/A 
4.5 QN/A missing citation is quoted as the source. However, there only activity coefficients and no vapor pressures are listed.
4.5 QN/A missing citation is quoted as the source. However, there only activity coefficients and no vapor pressures are listed.
4.13800.MN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C2H4O2+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)10.835eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)782.5kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity751.5kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.835TEWaterstradt, Jung, et al., 1994LL
~10.7PECannington and Ham, 1985LBLHLM
10.99PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
10.85 ± 0.05PEBenoit, Harrison, et al., 1977LLK
10.85PESweigart and Turner, 1972LLK
10.815 ± 0.005PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
11.0PECannington and Ham, 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM
10.85PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK
10.3PERao, 1975Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CHO+12.91 ± 0.07CH3OPIPECONishimura, Zha, et al., 1987LBLHLM
CHO+13.47 ± 0.05CH3OEIHaney and Franklin, 1969RDSH
CHO2+15.9CH3EIKing and Long, 1958RDSH
CH2+19.8?EIKing and Long, 1958RDSH
CH2O+13.6?EIKing and Long, 1958RDSH
CH3+13.27 ± 0.24HCO2PIPECONishimura, Zha, et al., 1987LBLHLM
CH3+13.71?EIHaney and Franklin, 1969RDSH
CH3O+12.23CHOEIHaney and Franklin, 1969RDSH
CH4O+11.47 ± 0.05COPIPECONishimura, Zha, et al., 1987LBLHLM
CH4O+11.5 ± 0.1COEIVanRaalte and Harrison, 1963RDSH
C2H3O2+12.3HEIKing and Long, 1958RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C2H3O2- + Hydrogen cation = Methyl formate

By formula: C2H3O2- + H+ = C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<1606.7kJ/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar<1639.1 ± 3.8kJ/molG+TSDePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985gas phase; HO- + DCO2CH3 -> (M-D)-. «DELTA»Hf(MeO- + CO) = -59.7 kcal/mol; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<1606.7kJ/molIMRBDePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985gas phase; HO- + DCO2CH3 -> (M-D)-. «DELTA»Hf(MeO- + CO) = -59.7 kcal/mol; B

C2H3O2- + Hydrogen cation = Methyl formate

By formula: C2H3O2- + H+ = C2H4O2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1637. ± 17.kJ/molG+TSDePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1607. ± 17.kJ/molIMRBDePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985gas phase; B

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: Tanya L. Myers, Russell G. Tonkyn, Ashley M. Oeck, Tyler O. Danby, John S. Loring, Matthew S. Taubman, Stephen W. Sharpe, Jerome C. Birnbaum, and Timothy J. Johnson

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-3741
NIST MS number 228212

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Takehiko Shimanouchi

Symmetry:   Cs     Symmetry Number sigma = 1


 Sym.   No   Approximate   Selected Freq.  Infrared   Raman   Comments 
 Species   type of mode   Value   Rating   Value  Phase  Value  Phase

a' 1 CH3 d-str 3045  D 3045 M gas 3030 liq.
a' 2 CH3 s-str 2969  D 2969 S gas 2955 p liq.
a' 3 CH str 2943  D 2943 S gas
a' 4 C=O str 1754  C 1754 VS gas 1717 p liq.
a' 5 CH3 d-deform 1454  D 1454 W solid solid
a' 6 CH3 s-deform 1445  D 1445 M gas
a' 7 CH bend 1371  D 1371 W gas 1379 p liq.
a' 8 C-O str 1207  C 1207 VS gas 1207 liq.
a' 9 CH3 rock 1166  D 1166 VS gas 1157 liq.
a' 10 O-CH3 str 925  C 925 S gas 912 p liq.
a' 11 OCO deform 767  C 767 M gas 765 liq.
a' 12 COC deform 318  D 318 M gas
a 13 CH3 d-str 3012  D 3012 M gas
a 14 CH3 d-deform 1443  E 1443 W solid solid 1440 liq.
a 15 CH3 rock 1168  D 1168 M gas
a 16 CH bend 1032  C 1032 M gas 1030 liq.
a 17 C-O torsion 332  D 332 M gas 332 p liq.
a 18 CH3 torsion 130  D 130 VW gas MW: «nu»132

Source: Shimanouchi, 1972

Notes

VSVery strong
SStrong
MMedium
WWeak
VWVery weak
pPolarized
MWTorsional Frequency calculated from microwave spectroscopic data.
C3~6 cm-1 uncertainty
D6~15 cm-1 uncertainty
E15~30 cm-1 uncertainty

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSqualane50.376.Becerra, Sánchez, et al., 1982N2, Chromosorb W-AM; Column length: 6. m
PackedSqualane50.377.Becerra, Sánchez, et al., 1982N2, Chromosorb W-AM; Column length: 6. m
PackedPorapack Q200.369.Goebel, 1982N2
PackedApiezon L120.369.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.373.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L70.370.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
PackedSE-30150.386.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSqualane50.373.Mira and Sanchez, 1970Chromosorb G
PackedSE-30150.380.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m
PackedApiezon L130.362.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L70.370.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30386.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M75.779.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5401.1Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone386.Du and Feng, 2008Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone386.N/AProgram: not specified
CapillarySPB-1407.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillarySPB-1407.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.757.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.779.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M761.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Gladii, Starchevskii, et al., 1990
Gladii, S.L.; Starchevskii, M.K.; Pazderskii, Yu.A.; Moiseev, I.I., Chemical equilibrium in the methyl formate-water-methanol-formic acid system, J. Appl. Chem. USSR, 1990, 63, 106-111. [all data]

Hine and Klueppet, 1974
Hine, J.; Klueppet, A.W., Structural effects on rates and equilibria. XVIII. Thermodynamic stability of ortho esters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1974, 96, 2924-2929. [all data]

Guthrie, 1974
Guthrie, J.P., Hydration of carboxamides. Evaluation of the free energy change for addition of water to acetamide and formamide derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1974, 96, 3608-3615. [all data]

Hall and Baldt, 1971
Hall, H.K., Jr.; Baldt, J.H., Thermochemistry of strained-ring bridgehead nitriles and esters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 140-145. [all data]

Chao J., 1986
Chao J., Thermodynamic properties of key organic oxygen compounds in the carbon range C1 to C4. Part 2. Ideal gas properties, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1369-1436. [all data]

Vay P.-M., 1971
Vay P.-M., Tables of thermodynamic functions for gaseous methyl formate and methyl acetate, J. Chim. Phys. Physico-Chim. Biol., 1971, 68, 1757-1758. [all data]

East A.L.L., 1997
East A.L.L., Ab initio statistical thermodynamical models for the computation of third-law entropies, J. Chem. Phys., 1997, 106, 6655-6674. [all data]

Zabransky, Hynek, et al., 1987
Zabransky, M.; Hynek, V.; Finkeova-Hastabova, J.; Vesely, F., Heat capacities of six liquid esters as a function of temperature, Coll. Czech. Chem. Comm., 1987, 52, 251-256. [all data]

Fuchs, 1979
Fuchs, R., Heat capacities of some liquid aliphatic, alicyclic, and aromatic esters at 298.15 K, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1979, 11, 959-961. [all data]

Mehl, 1934
Mehl, W., Die spezifische Wärme einiger flüssiger Kältemittel, Z. ges. Kalte-Ind., 1934, 41, 152-153. [all data]

Berthelot and Ogier, 1881
Berthelot, M.; Ogier, J., Recherches sur les ethers formiques, Ann. chim. et phys., 1881, 23(5), 201-209. [all data]

Timmermans, 1935
Timmermans, J., Researches in Stoichiometry. I. The Heat of Fusion of Organic Compounds., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1935, 44, 17-40. [all data]

Timmermans, 1911
Timmermans, J., Researches on the freezing point of organic liquid compounds, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1911, 25, 300. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Young, 1910
Young, S., The Internal Heat of Vaporization constants of thirty pure substances, Sci. Proc. R. Dublin Soc., 1910, 12, 374. [all data]

Young and Thomas, 1893
Young, S.; Thomas, G.L., The vapour pressures, molecular volumes, and critical constants of ten of the lower esters, J. Chem. Soc., 1893, 63, 1191. [all data]

De Heen, 1888
De Heen, P., Research on Physics and Theory of Liquids, Experimental Part Paris, 1888. [all data]

Nadezhdin, 1887
Nadezhdin, A., Rep. Phys., 1887, 23, 708. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Cihlár, Hynek, et al., 1976
Cihlár, J.; Hynek, V.; Svoboda, V.; Holub, R., Heats of vaporization of alkyl esters of formic acid, Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun., 1976, 41, 1, 1-6, https://doi.org/10.1135/cccc19760001 . [all data]

Baldt and Hall, 1971
Baldt, J.H.; Hall, H.K.K., Jr., Thermochemistry of strained-ring bridgehead nitriles and esters, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 140-145. [all data]

Nelson, 1928
Nelson, O.A., Vapor Pressures of Fumigants: II---Methyl, Ethyl, n-Propyl, Isopropyl, n-Butyl, Secondary Butyl and Isobutyl Formates 1, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1928, 20, 12, 1382-1384, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50228a035 . [all data]

Graul and Squires, 1988
Graul, S.T.; Squires, R.R., On the Existence of Alkyl Carbanions in the Gas Phase, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 2, 607, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00210a054 . [all data]

DePuy, Grabowski, et al., 1985
DePuy, C.H.; Grabowski, J.J.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Ingemann, S.; Nibbering, N.M.M., Gas-phase reactions of anions with methyl formate and N,N-dimethylformamide, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 1093. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Waterstradt, Jung, et al., 1994
Waterstradt, E.; Jung, R.; Belling, T.; Muller-Dethlefs, K., Zero kinetic energy (ZEKE) photoelectron spectrum and coincident mass spectra of methyl formate, Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 176. [all data]

Cannington and Ham, 1985
Cannington, P.H.; Ham, N.S., He(II) photoelectron spectra of esters, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1985, 36, 203. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Benoit, Harrison, et al., 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G.; Lossing, F.P., Hydrogen migrations in mass spectrometry III-Energetics of formation of [R'CO2H2]+ in the mass spectra of R'CO2R, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1977, 12, 78. [all data]

Sweigart and Turner, 1972
Sweigart, D.A.; Turner, D.W., Lone pair orbitals and their interactions studied by photoelectron spectroscopy. I. Carboxylic acids and their derivatives, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1972, 94, 5592. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Benoit and Harrison, 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G., Predictive value of proton affinity. Ionization energy correlations involving oxygenated molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 3980. [all data]

Rao, 1975
Rao, C.N.R., Lone-pair ionization bands of chromophores in the photoelectron spectra of organic molecules, Indian J. Chem., 1975, 13, 950. [all data]

Nishimura, Zha, et al., 1987
Nishimura, T.; Zha, Q.; Meisels, G.G., Unimolecular dissociation of energy-selected methyl formate ion, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87, 4589. [all data]

Haney and Franklin, 1969
Haney, M.A.; Franklin, J.L., Excess energies in mass spectra of some oxygen-containing organic compounds, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans., 1969, 65, 1794. [all data]

King and Long, 1958
King, A.B.; Long, F.A., Mass spectra of some simple esters and their interpretation by quasi-equilibrium theory, J. Chem. Phys., 1958, 29, 374. [all data]

VanRaalte and Harrison, 1963
VanRaalte, D.; Harrison, A.G., Ionization and dissociation of formate esters by electron impact, Can. J. Chem., 1963, 41, 2054. [all data]

Shimanouchi, 1972
Shimanouchi, T., Tables of Molecular Vibrational Frequencies Consolidated Volume I, National Bureau of Standards, 1972, 1-160. [all data]

Becerra, Sánchez, et al., 1982
Becerra, M.R.; Sánchez, E.F.; Domínguez, J.A.G.; Muñoz, J.G.; Molera, M.J., The use of gaseous and liquid n-paraffins in GC identification of oxidation products of acetondimethyl acetal, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1982, 20, 8, 363-366, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/20.8.363 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Mira and Sanchez, 1970
Mira, J.M.; Sanchez, L.G., Polarity of the Gas Chromatographic Stationary Phases and Retention Indices of Aliphatic Esters, Ketones and Alcohols, Anal. Chim. Acta., 1970, 50, 2, 315-321, https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2670(70)80071-X . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Du and Feng, 2008
Du, X.; Feng, C., Correlativity research between topological dyeing index and gas chromatography retention index of fatty esters, J. Petrochem. Univ. (Chinese), 2008, 21, 1, 16-20. [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References