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2-Propen-1-ol

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.576.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.558.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.546.Haken and Korhonen, 1985Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30100.576.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30120.558.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-3080.546.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
PackedDC-200100.539.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 4. m
PackedApiezon L100.512.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 5. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-351100.1130.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351120.1167.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1128.Haken and Korhonen, 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351100.1130.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351120.1167.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-35180.1128.Haken, Madden, et al., 1985N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M75.1145.Goebel, 1982N2, Kieselgur (60-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1098.Rohrschneider, 1966Column length: 2. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-1526.Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1549.Yu, Lin, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillarySE-30532.Korhonen, 1984N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30546.Peng, Ding, et al., 1988Supelcoport; Chromosorb; Column length: 3.05 m; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 200C or 250C (60min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1109.Herbrand K., Hammerschmidt F.J., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1136.Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 12. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1116.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101116.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1109.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1109.Kim, Wu, et al., 1995N2, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1107.Kim, Wu, et al., 1995N2, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1125.Yu, Wu, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1125.Yu, Wu, et al., 1989, 2N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1125.Yu and Wu, 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1100.Baltes and Mevissen, 1988He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-3511097.Korhonen, 1984N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSynachrom150.498.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m
PackedSynachrom150.501.Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971Helium, Synachrom (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-54519.Huang, Liang, et al., 199636. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1550.Yu, Wu, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1543.Yu, Wu, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1545.Yu, Wu, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1540.Yu, Wu, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryOV-101556.Zenkevich and Kulikova, 1993He, 3. K/min; Column length: 54. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-1537.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5555.Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (2 min) 2 0Cmin -> 60 0C 10 0C/min -> 100 0C 20 0C/min -> 140 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-5555.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryDB-5555.Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 95C => 10C/min => 270C (10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB540.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.534.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1119.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1124.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1124.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1104.Chyau and Mau, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1144.Kubec, Velísek, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1111.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1138.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1108.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1110.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1122.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 400, Carbowax 20M, Carbowax 1540, Carbowax 4000, Superox 06, PEG 20M, etc.1100.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Haken and Korhonen, 1985
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-liquid chromatography of homologous esters. XXIX. Propanoyl and monochlorpropanoyl esters of lower saturated branched-chain and unsaturated alcohols, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 324, 343-353, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81333-9 . [all data]

Haken, Madden, et al., 1985
Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXI. Butanoyl and monochlorobutanoyl esters of lower saturated branched chain and unsaturated alcohols on SE-30 and OV-351 capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 325, 61-73, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)96008-4 . [all data]

Rohrschneider, 1966
Rohrschneider, L., Eine methode zur charakterisierung von gaschromatographischen trennflüssigkeiten, J. Chromatogr., 1966, 22, 6-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)97064-5 . [all data]

Goebel, 1982
Goebel, K.-J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung Niedrig Siedender Substanzen Mittels Retentionsindices und Rechnerhilfe, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 235, 1, 119-127, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95793-5 . [all data]

Larráyoz, Addis, et al., 2001
Larráyoz, P.; Addis, M.; Gauch, R.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of dynamic headspace and simultaneous distillation extraction techniques used for the analysis of the volatile components in three European PDO ewes milk cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 2001, 11, 11-12, 911-926, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-6946(01)00144-3 . [all data]

Yu, Lin, et al., 1994
Yu, T.-H.; Lin, L.-Y.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds of blanched, fried blanched, and baked blanched garlic slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 6, 1342-1347, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00042a018 . [all data]

Korhonen, 1984
Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Analyses. XXVI. Separation of Unsaturated Alcohols and Their Acetyl and Haloacetyl Derivatives on Capillary Columns Coated with SE-30 and OV-351, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 288, 329-346, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)93710-0 . [all data]

Peng, Ding, et al., 1988
Peng, C.T.; Ding, S.F.; Hua, R.L.; Yang, Z.C., Prediction of Retention Indexes I. Structure-Retention Index Relationship on Apolar Columns, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 436, 137-172, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)94575-8 . [all data]

Herbrand K., Hammerschmidt F.J., et al., 2007
Herbrand K.; Hammerschmidt F.J.; Brennecke S.; Liebig M.; Losing G.; Schmidt C.O.; Gatfield I.; Krammer G.; Bertram H.J., Identification of allyl esters in garlic cheese, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 19, 7874-7878, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0713096 . [all data]

Malliaa, Fernandez-Garcia, et al., 2005
Malliaa, S.; Fernandez-Garcia, E.; Bosset, J.O., Comparison of purge and trap and solid phase microextraction techniques for studying the volatile aroma compounds of three European PDO hard cheeses, Int. Dairy J., 2005, 15, 6-9, 741-758, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.idairyj.2004.11.007 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 6, 2280-2287, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981027t . [all data]

Cha, Kim, et al., 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1944-1953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9706991 . [all data]

Kim, Wu, et al., 1995
Kim, S.M.; Wu, C.M.; Kubota, K.; Kobayashi, A., Effect of soybean oil on garlic volatile compounds isoalted by distillation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 2, 449-452, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00050a036 . [all data]

Yu, Wu, et al., 1989
Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Liou, Y.-C., Volatile compounds from garlic, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 725-730, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a032 . [all data]

Yu, Wu, et al., 1989, 2
Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Chen, S.-Y., Effects of pH adjustment and heat treatment on the stability and the formation of volatile compounds of garlic, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 730-734, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a033 . [all data]

Yu and Wu, 1989
Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M., Stability of Allicin in Garlic Juice, J. Food Sci., 1989, 54, 4, 977-981, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1989.tb07926.x . [all data]

Baltes and Mevissen, 1988
Baltes, W.; Mevissen, L., Model reactions on roast aroma formation. VI. Volatile reaction products from the reaction of phenylalanine with glucose during cooking and roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1988, 187, 3, 209-214, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01043341 . [all data]

Dufka, Malinsky, et al., 1971
Dufka, O.; Malinsky, J.; Vladyka, J., Sorpcni materialy pro plynovou chromatographii - III, Chemicky promysl., 1971, 21/46, 9, 459-463. [all data]

Huang, Liang, et al., 1996
Huang, C.; Liang, H.; Han, S., The analysis of organic compounds in waste water by gas extraction/thermal desorption/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Chromatogr., 1996, 14, 6, 421-424. [all data]

Yu, Wu, et al., 1994
Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Ho, C.-T., Meat-like flavor generated from thermal interactions of glucose and alliin or deoxyalliin, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 4, 1005-1009, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00040a032 . [all data]

Yu, Wu, et al., 1994, 2
Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Rosen, R.T.; Hartman, T.G.; Ho, C.-T., Volatile compounds in generated from thermal degradation of alliin and deoxyalliin in an aqueous solution, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 1, 146-153, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00037a026 . [all data]

Zenkevich and Kulikova, 1993
Zenkevich, I.G.; Kulikova, S.N., GC-MS Analysis of Products of Reactions of Unsaturated Compounds with Dimethyl Disulfide for Determination of Position of Double Bonds C=C, Vestnik St. Petersburg University. Ser. phys-khim., 1993, 2, 59-69. [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Rotsatschakul, Visesanguan, et al., 2009
Rotsatschakul, P.; Visesanguan, W.; Smitinont, T.; Chaiseri, S., Changes in volatile compounds during fermentation of nham (Thai fermented sausage), Int. Food Res. J., 2009, 16, 391-414. [all data]

Mateo and Zumalacárregui, 1996
Mateo, J.; Zumalacárregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 1996, 44, 4, 255-273, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(96)00028-9 . [all data]

Weller and Wolf, 1989
Weller, J.-P.; Wolf, M., Massenspektroskopie und Headspace-GC, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 1989, 47, 525-532. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Soria, Sanz, et al., 2008
Soria, A.C.; Sanz, J.; Martinez-Castro, I., SPME followed by GC-MS: a powerful technique for qualitative analysis of honey volatiles, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2008, 1-12. [all data]

Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002
Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 8, 840-847, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1110 . [all data]

Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 2001
Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1364-1369, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001100r . [all data]

Chyau and Mau, 1999
Chyau, C.-C.; Mau, J.-L., Release of volatile compounds from microwave heating of garlic juice with 2,4-decadienals, Food Chem., 1999, 64, 4, 531-535, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(98)00162-9 . [all data]

Kubec, Velísek, et al., 1997
Kubec, R.; Velísek, J.; Dolezal, M.; Kubelka, V., Sulfur-containing volatiles arising by thermal degradation of alliin and deoxyalliin, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 9, 3580-3585, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970071q . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shyoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals formed in the headspace of a heated D-glucose/L-cysteine Maillard model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 8, 2212-2218, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00056a046 . [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 2004
Kim. J.H.; Ahn, H.J.; Yook, H.S.; Kim, K.S.; Rhee, M.S.; Ryu, G.H.; Byun, M.W., Color, flavor, and sensory characteristics of gamma-irradiated salted and fermented anchovy sauce, Radiation Phys. Chem., 2004, 69, 2, 179-187, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-806X(03)00400-6 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References