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Propanenitrile

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C3H5N+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)11.85 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)794.1kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity763.0kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Reference Comment
0.015092 ± 0.000087Hammer, Diri, et al., 2003B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
11.5 ± 0.25EIChess, Lapp, et al., 1982LBLHLM
11.90PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
11.85 ± 0.01PEStaley, Kleckner, et al., 1976LLK
11.85PELake and Thompson, 1970RDSH
11.84 ± 0.02PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH2N+14.88?EIHeerma, deRidder, et al., 1969RDSH
C2H2+14.70?EIHeerma, deRidder, et al., 1969RDSH
C2H3+15.40?EIHeerma, deRidder, et al., 1969RDSH
C2H4+12.40 ± 0.05HCNEIFranklin, Wada, et al., 1966RDSH
C3H4N+13.00HEIHeerma, deRidder, et al., 1969RDSH
C3H4N+12.55 ± 0.05HEIFranklin, Wada, et al., 1966RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C3H4N- + Hydrogen cation = Propanenitrile

By formula: C3H4N- + H+ = C3H5N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1569. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1537. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREBartmess, Scott, et al., 1979gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

C3H4N- + Hydrogen cation = Propanenitrile

By formula: C3H4N- + H+ = C3H5N

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1640. ± 21.kJ/molG+TSMerrill, Dahlke, et al., 1996gas phase; comparable to H2O.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1607. ± 21.kJ/molIMRBMerrill, Dahlke, et al., 1996gas phase; comparable to H2O.; B

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase ion energetics data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Hammer, Diri, et al., 2003
Hammer, N.I.; Diri, K.; Jordan, K.D.; Desfrancois, C.; Compton, R.N., Dipole-bound anions of carbonyl, nitrile, and sulfoxide containing molecules, J. Chem. Phys., 2003, 119, 7, 3650-3660, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1590959 . [all data]

Chess, Lapp, et al., 1982
Chess, E.K.; Lapp, R.L.; Gross, M.L., The question of tautomerism of alkylnitrile and isonitrile radical cations, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1982, 17, 475. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Staley, Kleckner, et al., 1976
Staley, R.H.; Kleckner, J.E.; Beauchamp, J.L., Relationship between orbital ionization energies and molecular properties. Proton affinities and photoelectron spectra of nitriles, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 2081. [all data]

Lake and Thompson, 1970
Lake, R.F.; Thompson, H., The photoelectron spectra of some molecules containing the C N group, Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), 1970, A317, 187. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Heerma, deRidder, et al., 1969
Heerma, W.; deRidder, J.J.; Dijkstra, G., The electron-impact-induced fragmentation of n-alkyl cyanides, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1969, 2, 1103. [all data]

Franklin, Wada, et al., 1966
Franklin, J.L.; Wada, Y.; Natalis, P.; Hierl, P.M., Ion-molecule reactions in acetonitrile and propionitrile, J. Phys. Chem., 1966, 70, 2353. [all data]

Bartmess, Scott, et al., 1979
Bartmess, J.E.; Scott, J.A.; McIver, R.T., Jr., The gas phase acidity scale from methanol to phenol, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 6047. [all data]

Merrill, Dahlke, et al., 1996
Merrill, G.N.; Dahlke, G.D.; Kass, S.R., beta-Cyanoethyl Anion: Lusus Naturae, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 18, 4462, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja953796o . [all data]


Notes

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