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Pentane, 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-

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Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil395.4 ± 0.7KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus207. ± 1.KAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple206.61KN/AFinke, Messerly, et al., 1976Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc574.6 ± 0.5KN/ADaubert, 1996 
Tc574.65KN/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc24.9 ± 0.4barN/ADaubert, 1996 
Pc24.85barN/AAmbrose and Townsend, 1968Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.10 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap38.55kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap38.5 ± 0.1kJ/molCFuchs, Peacock, et al., 1982AC
Deltavap38.5 ± 0.3kJ/molCFuchs and Peacock, 1979ALS
Deltavap38.5 ± 0.3kJ/molGCCFuchs and Peacock, 1979AC
Deltavap38.2kJ/molN/AReid, 1972See also Labbauf, Greenshields, et al., 1961.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
32.51395.5N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
37.2328.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 313. - 397. K. See also Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949.; AC
36.5346.EBSmith, 1941Based on data from 331. - 375. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC
34.8390.N/ASmith, 1941Based on data from 375. - 422. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
316.11 - 396.423.929621329.863-56.52Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.7441206.61Finke, Messerly, et al., 1976, 2DH
9.75206.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
47.16206.61Finke, Messerly, et al., 1976, 2DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Go To: Top, Phase change data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Finke, Messerly, et al., 1976
Finke, H.L.; Messerly, J.F.; Douslin, D.R., Low-Temp. Thermal Quantities for Five Alkyl-Substituted Pentanes, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1976, 8, 965. [all data]

Daubert, 1996
Daubert, T.E., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 5. Branched Alkanes and Cycloalkanes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 365-372. [all data]

Ambrose and Townsend, 1968
Ambrose, D.; Townsend, R., Critical Temperatures and Pressures of Some Alkanes, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1968, 64, 2622. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Fuchs, Peacock, et al., 1982
Fuchs, Richard; Peacock, L. Alan; Stephenson, W. Kirk, Enthalpies of interaction of polar and nonpolar molecules with aromatic solvents, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 15, 1953-1958, https://doi.org/10.1139/v82-273 . [all data]

Fuchs and Peacock, 1979
Fuchs, R.; Peacock, L.A., Heats of vaporization and gaseous heats of formation of some five- and six-membered ring alkenes, Can. J. Chem., 1979, 57, 2302-2304. [all data]

Reid, 1972
Reid, Robert C., Handbook on vapor pressure and heats of vaporization of hydrocarbons and related compounds, R. C. Wilhort and B. J. Zwolinski, Texas A Research Foundation. College Station, Texas(1971). 329 pages.$10.00, AIChE J., 1972, 18, 6, 1278-1278, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690180637 . [all data]

Labbauf, Greenshields, et al., 1961
Labbauf, A.; Greenshields, J.B.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of formation, combustion, and vaporization of the 35 nonanes and 75 decanes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1961, 6, 261-263. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949
Forziati, Alphonse F.; Norris, William R.; Rossini, Frederick D., Vapor pressures and boiling points of sixty API-NBS hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1949, 43, 6, 555-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Smith, 1941
Smith, E.R., Boiling points of benzene, 2,2,3-trimethylbutane, 3-ethylpentane, and 2,2,4,4-tetramethylpentane within the range 100 to 1,500 millimeters of mercury, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1941, 26, 2, 129-17, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.026.004 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Forziati, Norris, et al., 1949, 2
Forziati, A.F.; Norris, W.R.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of Sixty API-NBS Hydrocarbons, J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. (U.S.), 1949, 43, 6, 555-563, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.043.050 . [all data]

Finke, Messerly, et al., 1976, 2
Finke, H.L.; Messerly, J.F.; Douslin, D.R., Low-temperature thermal quantities for five alkyl-substituted pentanes, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1976, 8, 965-983. [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]


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