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Propane, 1-iodo-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-31.kJ/molEqkFuruyama, Golden, et al., 1969 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-65.7 ± 3.0kJ/molCmMortimer, Pritchard, et al., 1952Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -60.3 ± 5.9 kJ/mol; ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
136.2298.15Shehatta, 1993DH
126.8298.von Reis, 1881T = 293 to 383 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil375.5 ± 0.8KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus171.75KN/ATimmermans, 1911Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap36.32kJ/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap36.3 ± 0.1kJ/molCWadsö, Luoma, et al., 1968AC
Deltavap36.25 ± 0.04kJ/molCWadso, 1968ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
32.08375.7N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
37.8256.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 171. - 271. K.; AC
36.8286.A,EStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 271. - 402. K. See also Li and Rossini, 1961 and Dykyj, 1970.; AC
37.0252.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 237. - 375. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
237. - 375.74.346111507.41-28.449Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Propane, 1-iodo- = Propane, 2-iodo-

By formula: C3H7I = C3H7I

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-8.62kJ/molEqkFuruyama, Golden, et al., 1969gas phase
Deltar-12. ± 4.2kJ/molCisoAndreevskii and Rozhnov, 1962gas phase

2Propane, 1-iodo- + Mercury diiodide = C6H14Hg + 2Iodine

By formula: 2C3H7I + HgI2 = C6H14Hg + 2I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar215.7 ± 2.4kJ/molCmMortimer, Pritchard, et al., 1952liquid phase

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference Comment
0.12 QN/A missing citation give several references for the Henry's law constants but don't assign them to specific species.
0.11 VN/A 

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)9.26 ± 0.01eVN/AN/AL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.28ESTLuo and Pacey, 1992LL
9.26PECarlson, Gerard, et al., 1988LL
9.25 ± 0.01PIPECOBrand, Baer, et al., 1983LBLHLM
9.26PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981LLK
9.26PITraeger, 1980LLK
9.26PEBoschi and Salahub, 1974LLK
9.27PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1973LLK
9.269SBoschi and Salahub, 1972LLK
9.26 ± 0.005PECocksey, Eland, et al., 1971LLK
9.25PEBrogli and Heilbronner, 1971LLK
9.27PEBaker, Betteridge, et al., 1971LLK
9.27PEBaker, Betteridge, et al., 1971LLK
9.26 ± 0.01PIWatanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962RDSH
9.5PEDromey and Peel, 1974Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H5+11.23H2+IPITraeger, 1980LLK
C3H7+9.84 ± 0.01IPIPECORosenstock, Buff, et al., 1982LBLHLM
C3H7+9.80IPITraeger, 1980LLK
C3H7+10.4 ± 0.2IEITsuda and Hamill, 1964RDSH

IR Spectrum

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Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1992
NIST MS number 125449

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30100.715.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedApolane70.720.3Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976He, Chromosorb; Column length: 2.4 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1729.Helmig and Greenberg, 199560. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: -50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillarySE-54719.Weber, 198625. m/0.31 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1700.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax971.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryApiezon L130.719.Arruda, Junkes, et al., 2008 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101705.Dimov and Milina, 1989H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes711.Zenkevich, 2001Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1705.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-1698.Helmig and Greenberg, 199560. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1700.Helmig and Greenberg, 199560. m/0.33 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1705.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.702.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.715.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax965.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M975.Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Furuyama, Golden, et al., 1969
Furuyama, S.; Golden, D.M.; Benson, S.W., Thermochemistry of the gas phase equilibria i-C3H7I = C3H6 + HI, n-C3H7I = i-C3H7I, and C3H6 + 2HI = C3H8 + I2, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1969, 1, 363-375. [all data]

Mortimer, Pritchard, et al., 1952
Mortimer, C.T.; Pritchard, H.O.; Skinner, H.A., Thermochemistry of metallic alkyls. Part V - Mercury di-propyl and mercury di-isopropyl, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1952, 48, 220-229. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Shehatta, 1993
Shehatta, I., Heat capacity at constant pressure of some halogen compounds, Thermochim. Acta, 1993, 213, 1-10. [all data]

von Reis, 1881
von Reis, M.A., Die specifische Wärme flüssiger organischer Verbindungen und ihre Beziehung zu deren Moleculargewicht, Ann. Physik [3], 1881, 13, 447-464. [all data]

Timmermans, 1911
Timmermans, J., Researches on the freezing point of organic liquid compounds, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1911, 25, 300. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Wadsö, Luoma, et al., 1968
Wadsö, Ingemar; Luoma, Sinikka; Olson, Thomas; Norin, Torbjörn, Heats of Vaporization of Organic Compounds. II. Chlorides, Bromides, and Iodides., Acta Chem. Scand., 1968, 22, 2438-2444, https://doi.org/10.3891/acta.chem.scand.22-2438 . [all data]

Wadso, 1968
Wadso, I., Heats of vaporization of organic compounds II. Chlorides, bromides, and iodides, Acta Chem. Scand., 1968, 22, 2438. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Li and Rossini, 1961
Li, J.C.M.; Rossini, F.D., Vapor Pressures and Boiling Points of the l-Fluoroalkanes, l-Chloroalkanes, l-Bromoalkanes, and l-Iodoalkanes, C 1 to C 20 ., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1961, 6, 2, 268-270, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60010a025 . [all data]

Dykyj, 1970
Dykyj, J., Petrochemica, 1970, 10, 2, 51. [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Andreevskii and Rozhnov, 1962
Andreevskii, D.N.; Rozhnov, A.M., The thermodynamics of alkyl halides. The isomerization of propl iodide, Neftekhimiya, 1962, 2, 378-383. [all data]

Luo and Pacey, 1992
Luo, Y.-R.; Pacey, P.D., Effects of alkyl substitution on ionization energies of alkanes and haloalkanes and on heats of formation of their molecular cations. Part 2. Alkanes and chloro-, bromo- and iodoalkanes, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1992, 112, 63. [all data]

Carlson, Gerard, et al., 1988
Carlson, T.A.; Gerard, P.; Pullen, B.P.; Grimm, F.A., Autoionization from the ione-pair orbitals of molecules containing iodine, J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 89, 1464. [all data]

Brand, Baer, et al., 1983
Brand, W.A.; Baer, T.; Klots, C.E., Kinetic energy release distributions in the fragmentation of energy selected iodopropane ions, Chem. Phys., 1983, 76, 111. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Traeger, 1980
Traeger, J.C., Photoionization mass spectrometry of the propyl halides, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1980, 32, 309. [all data]

Boschi and Salahub, 1974
Boschi, R.A.A.; Salahub, D.R., The high resolution photoelectron spectra of some iodoalkanes, iodocycloalkanes, iodoalkenes, and fluoroiodohydrocarbons, Can. J. Chem., 1974, 52, 1217. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1973
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Matsumoto, H.; Nagakura, S., Photoelectron spectra and orbital structures of higher alkyl chlorides, bromides, and iodides., Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1973, 46, 373. [all data]

Boschi and Salahub, 1972
Boschi, R.A.; Salahub, D.R., The far ultra-violet spectra of some 1-iodoalkanes, Mol. Phys., 1972, 24, 289. [all data]

Cocksey, Eland, et al., 1971
Cocksey, B.J.; Eland, J.H.D.; Danby, C.J., The effect of alkyl substitution on ionisation potential, J. Chem. Soc., 1971, (B), 790. [all data]

Brogli and Heilbronner, 1971
Brogli, F.; Heilbronner, E., The competition between spin orbit coupling and conjugation in alkyl halides and its repercussion on their photoelectron spectra, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1971, 54, 1423. [all data]

Baker, Betteridge, et al., 1971
Baker, A.D.; Betteridge, D.; Kemp, N.R.; Kirby, R.E., Application of photoelectron spectrometry to pesticide analysis. II.Photoelectron spectra of hydroxy-, and halo-alkanes and halohydrins, Anal. Chem., 1971, 43, 375. [all data]

Watanabe, Nakayama, et al., 1962
Watanabe, K.; Nakayama, T.; Mottl, J., Ionization potentials of some molecules, J. Quant. Spectry. Radiative Transfer, 1962, 2, 369. [all data]

Dromey and Peel, 1974
Dromey, R.G.; Peel, J.B., Photoelectron spectroscopic correlation of the molecular orbitals of the alkanes and alkyl iodides, J. Mol. Struct., 1974, 23, 53. [all data]

Rosenstock, Buff, et al., 1982
Rosenstock, H.M.; Buff, R.; Ferreira, M.A.A.; Lias, S.G.; Parr, A.C.; Stockbauer, R.L.; Holmes, J.L., Fragmentation mechanism and energetics of some alkyl halide ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 2337. [all data]

Tsuda and Hamill, 1964
Tsuda, S.; Hamill, W.H., Structure in ionization efficiency curves near threshold from alkanes and alkyl halides, J. Chem. Phys., 1964, 41, 2713. [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Riedo, Fritz, et al., 1976
Riedo, F.; Fritz, D.; Tarján, G.; Kováts, E.Sz., A tailor-made C87 hydrocarbon as a possible non-polar standard stationary phase for gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 126, 63-83, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84063-2 . [all data]

Helmig and Greenberg, 1995
Helmig, D.; Greenberg, J., Artifact formation from the use of potassium-iodide-based ozone traps during atmospheric sampling of trace organic gases, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1995, 18, 1, 15-18, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240180105 . [all data]

Weber, 1986
Weber, L., Utilization of the Sadtler standard RI system in micropollution analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1986, 9, 8, 446-451, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240090806 . [all data]

Peng, 2000
Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 903, 1-2, 117-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00901-8 . [all data]

Arruda, Junkes, et al., 2008
Arruda, A.C.S.; Junkes, B. da.S.; Souza, E.S.; Yunes, R.A.; Heizen, V.E.F., Semi-Emlirical Topological Index to Predict Properties of Halogenated Aliphatic Compounds, J. Chemometrics, 2008, 22, 3-4, 186-194, https://doi.org/10.1002/cem.1121 . [all data]

Dimov and Milina, 1989
Dimov, N.; Milina, R., Precalculation of gas chromatographic retention indices of linear 1-halogenoalkanes, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 463, 159-164, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)84464-2 . [all data]

Zenkevich, 2001
Zenkevich, I.G., Encyclopedia of Chromatography. Derivatization of Acids for GC Analysis, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York - Basel, 2001, 221. [all data]

Flanagan, Streete, et al., 1997
Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56, retrieved from http://www.odccp.org/pdf/technicalseries1997-01-011.pdf. [all data]

Strete, Ruprah, et al., 1992
Strete, P.J.; Ruprah, M.; Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and identification of volatile substances by headspace capillary gas chromatography to aid the diagnosis of acute poisoning, Analyst, 1992, 117, 7, 1111-1127, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9921701111 . [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Ramsey and Flanagan, 1982
Ramsey, J.D.; Flanagan, R.J., Detection and Identification of Volatile Organic Compounds in Blood by Headspace Gas Chromatography as an Aid to the Diagnosis of Solvent Abuse, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 240, 2, 423-444, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99622-5 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References