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2-Chloroethanol

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-284.76kcal/molCcbPopoff and Schirokich, 1933At 288 °K

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil402. ± 2.KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus210.55KN/AAnonymous, 1968TRC
Tfus205.65KN/ATimmermans and Martin, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus204.2KN/ATimmermans, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Tfus204.15KN/ATimmermans and Mattaar, 1921Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap11.5 ± 0.1kcal/molCBernardes, Minas da Piedade, et al., 2007AC
Deltavap9.90 ± 0.006kcal/molVMathews, 1926ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
10.3343.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 328. - 401. K.; AC
11.2338.N/AGothard, Mentianu, et al., 1973Based on data from 323. - 363. K.; AC
9.35378.N/AGothard, Mentianu, et al., 1973Based on data from 363. - 403. K.; AC
10.9284.N/AStull, 1947Based on data from 269. - 401. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
269. - 402.05.435952082.063-18.844Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

CN- + 2-Chloroethanol = (CN- bullet 2-Chloroethanol)

By formula: CN- + C2H5ClO = (CN- bullet C2H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.1 ± 3.5kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.5cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CN-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.5 ± 2.3kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 2-Chloroethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Chloroethanol)

By formula: Cl- + C2H5ClO = (Cl- bullet C2H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)FCH2CH2OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)183.1kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity175.8kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.5PEOhno, Imai, et al., 1985LBLHLM
10.66PEKoppel, Molder, et al., 1983LBLHLM
10.90PEBaker, Betteridge, et al., 1971LLK
10.90PEBaker, Betteridge, et al., 1971LLK
10.91PEOhno, Imai, et al., 1985Vertical value; LBLHLM
10.95PEKobayashi, 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM
10.91PEKimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981Vertical value; LLK
10.90PEHoppilliard and Solgadi, 1980Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
CH3O+11.16CH2ClEIHolmes and Lossing, 1988LL
CH3O+11.16 ± 0.05CH2ClEIHolmes and Lossing, 1984LBLHLM
CH3O+11.5 ± 0.1?EIHarrison and Shannon, 1962RDSH

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

CN- + 2-Chloroethanol = (CN- bullet 2-Chloroethanol)

By formula: CN- + C2H5ClO = (CN- bullet C2H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.1 ± 3.5kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.5cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(CN-)H2O, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.5 ± 2.3kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 2-Chloroethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Chloroethanol)

By formula: Cl- + C2H5ClO = (Cl- bullet C2H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)FCH2CH2OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 341749

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Popoff and Schirokich, 1933
Popoff, M.M.; Schirokich, P.K., Ein Calorimeter zum Verbrennen von Chlor- und Bromderivaten, Z. Phys. Chem. (Leipzig), 1933, 167, 183-187. [all data]

Anonymous, 1968
Anonymous, X., Chemicals and Plastics Physical Properties, 1968, Union Carbide Corp., product bulletin, 1968. [all data]

Timmermans and Martin, 1928
Timmermans, J.; Martin, F., Study of the Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds of the Physical Constants of Twenty Organic Compounds, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1928, 25, 411. [all data]

Timmermans, 1927
Timmermans, J., The Melting Point of Organic Substances, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1927, 36, 502. [all data]

Timmermans and Mattaar, 1921
Timmermans, J.; Mattaar, J.F., Freezing points of orgainic substances VI. New experimental determinations., Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1921, 30, 213. [all data]

Bernardes, Minas da Piedade, et al., 2007
Bernardes, Carlos E.S.; Minas da Piedade, Manuel E.; Amaral, Luísa M.P.F.; Ferreira, Ana I.M.C.L.; Ribeiro da Silva, Manuel A.V.; Diogo, Hermínio P.; Costa Cabral, Benedito J., Energetics of C-F, C-Cl, C-Br, and C-I Bonds in 2-Haloethanols. Enthalpies of Formation of XCH 2 CH 2 OH (X = F, Cl, Br, I) Compounds and of the 2-Hydroxyethyl Radical, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2007, 111, 9, 1713-1720, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0675678 . [all data]

Mathews, 1926
Mathews, J.H., The accurate measurement of heats of vaporization of liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1926, 48, 562-576. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Gothard, Mentianu, et al., 1973
Gothard, Francisc A.; Mentianu, Doina C.; Breban, Domnita G.; Cristea, Constantin I., Liquid-vapor equilibrium studies by use of excess properties. IV. Water-ethylene chlorohydrin system, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1973, 18, 4, 381-384, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60059a026 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1987
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. The energetics of interaction between cyanide ion and bronsted acids, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1987, 109, 6230. [all data]

Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971
Payzant, J.D.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of CN-, NO2-, NO3-, and HO- in the gas phase, Can. J. Chem., 1971, 49, 3308. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. An experimental investigation of the interaction between chloride ion and bronsted acids from ICR chloride exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 517. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Ohno, Imai, et al., 1985
Ohno, K.; Imai, K.; Harada, Y., Variations in reactivity of lone-pair electrons due to intramolecular hydrogen bonding as observed by penning ionization electron spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 8078. [all data]

Koppel, Molder, et al., 1983
Koppel, I.A.; Molder, U.H.; Pikver, R.J., Photoelectron spectra of molecules. I. Alcohols, Org. React. Tartu, 1983, 20, 45. [all data]

Baker, Betteridge, et al., 1971
Baker, A.D.; Betteridge, D.; Kemp, N.R.; Kirby, R.E., Application of photoelectron spectrometry to pesticide analysis. II.Photoelectron spectra of hydroxy-, and halo-alkanes and halohydrins, Anal. Chem., 1971, 43, 375. [all data]

Kobayashi, 1984
Kobayashi, T., Angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of intramolecular hydrogen bond systems: 2-chloroethanol and 2-bromoethanol, Phys. Lett. A, 1984, 103, 424. [all data]

Kimura, Katsumata, et al., 1981
Kimura, K.; Katsumata, S.; Achiba, Y.; Yamazaki, T.; Iwata, S., Ionization energies, Ab initio assignments, and valence electronic structure for 200 molecules in Handbook of HeI Photoelectron Spectra of Fundamental Organic Compounds, Japan Scientific Soc. Press, Tokyo, 1981. [all data]

Hoppilliard and Solgadi, 1980
Hoppilliard, Y.; Solgadi, D., Conformational analysis of 2-haloethanols and 2-methoxyethylhalides in a photoelectron spectrometer, Tetrahedron, 1980, 36, 377. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1988
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation and bond dissociation energies in halogen-substituted methyl and ethyl radicals, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 7343. [all data]

Holmes and Lossing, 1984
Holmes, J.L.; Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation of organic radicals from appearance energies, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1984, 58, 113. [all data]

Harrison and Shannon, 1962
Harrison, A.G.; Shannon, T.W., An electron impact study of chloromethyl and dichloromethyl derivatives, Can. J. Chem., 1962, 40, 1730. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References