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1-Butene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-0.15 ± 0.19kcal/molCmProsen, Maron, et al., 1951ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-649.33 ± 0.18kcal/molCmProsen, Maron, et al., 1951Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = -0.13 kcal/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.81150.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997p=1 bar. Calculated values of the thermodynamic functions [ Aston J.D., 1946, Kilpatrick J.E., 1946, Durig J.R., 1980, Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997] show some disagreement between authors as well as with experimental data [ Aston J.D., 1946, 2, Wacker P.F., 1947] (up to 3-4 J/mol*K). More reliable experimental data are required to solve available inconsistency.; GT
11.48100.
13.48150.
15.58200.
19.13273.15
20.45298.15
20.55300.
25.927400.
30.846500.
35.074600.
38.690700.
41.804800.
44.505900.
46.8501000.
48.8891100.
50.6601200.
52.2011300.
53.5421400.
54.7111500.
57.0361750.
58.7242000.
59.9712250.
60.9112500.
61.6282750.
62.1803000.

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
21.41 ± 0.01313.55Wacker P.F., 1947GT
24.19 ± 0.02363.25

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid54.747cal/mol*KN/ATakeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991 
liquid54.25cal/mol*KN/AChao, Hall, et al., 1983 
liquid51.109cal/mol*KN/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
30.822298.15Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991T = 5 to 300 K.
28.2298.15Chao, Hall, et al., 1983T = 12 to 360 K.
30.74294.Schlinger and Sage, 1949T = 294 to 378 K. Cp given as 0.548 Btu/lb*R at 70°F at bubble point.
28.549260.Aston, Fink, et al., 1946T = 11.5 to 260 K.
28.480253.4Todd and Parks, 1936T = 81 to 253 K. Value is unsmoothed experimental datum.

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil266.8 ± 0.5KAVGN/AAverage of 15 out of 17 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple87.800KN/ATakeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.005 K; TRC
Ttriple87.82KN/AChao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple87.8KN/AAston, Finke, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Ttriple87.83KN/AAston, Finke, et al., 1946Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc419.5 ± 0.5KN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Tc419.6KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc417.15KN/ACoffin and Maass, 1928Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 2. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc39.7 ± 0.5atmN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Vc0.2408l/molN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
rhoc4.15 ± 0.05mol/lN/ATsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap4.990kcal/molN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Deltavap4.80kcal/molN/AReid, 1972AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
5.2261266.91N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946P = 101.325 kPa; DH
5.275266.9N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
5.57259.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 200. - 274. K.; AC
6.76177.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 126. - 192. K.; AC
5.45282.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 267. - 345. K.; AC
5.26357.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 342. - 411. K.; AC
5.38282.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 267. - 411. K.; AC
5.6647202.CAston, Fink, et al., 1946ALS
6.05202.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
5.86219.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
5.57242.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
5.23267.N/AAston, Fink, et al., 1946AC
5.54258.N/ALamb and Roper, 1940Based on data from 216. - 273. K. See also Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984.; AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-αTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kcal/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) 203. - 378.
A (kcal/mol) 7.770
alpha 0.0052
beta 0.38
Tc (K) 419.6
ReferenceMajer and Svoboda, 1985

Entropy of vaporization

DeltavapS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
19.58266.91Aston, Fink, et al., 1946P; DH

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
195.7 - 269.44.241251099.207-8.256Coffin and Maass, 1928, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
0.9461387.81Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991DH
0.919787.82Chao, Hall, et al., 1983DH
0.919987.82Aston, Fink, et al., 1946DH
0.92087.8Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
10.7887.81Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991DH
10.587.82Chao, Hall, et al., 1983DH
10.4887.82Aston, Fink, et al., 1946DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

1-Butene = 2-Butene, (E)-

By formula: C4H8 = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.00 ± 0.20kcal/molEqkMeyer and Stroz, 1972gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -2.64 kcal/mol; At 300 K; ALS
Deltar-2.96 ± 0.40kcal/molEqkHappel, Hnatow, et al., 1971gas phase; ALS
Deltar-3.03kcal/molEqkMaccoll and Ross, 1965gas phase; GC; ALS
Deltar-2.80 ± 0.20kcal/molEqkGolden, Egger, et al., 1964gas phase; ALS
Deltar-2.75kcal/molCisoLevanova and Andreevskii, 1964gas phase; At 420.3 K; ALS

C4H7- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butene

By formula: C4H7- + H+ = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar412.0 ± 2.0kcal/molBranDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar413.2 ± 4.8kcal/molBranPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar404.0 ± 2.1kcal/molH-TSDePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989gas phase; B
Deltar405.2 ± 4.9kcal/molH-TSPeerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992gas phase; B

1-Butene + Bromine = Butane, 1,2-dibromo-

By formula: C4H8 + Br2 = C4H8Br2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-28.90kcal/molCmLister, 1941gas phase; Heat of bromination at 300 K; ALS
Deltar-29.44 ± 0.20kcal/molCmConn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1938gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -29.59 ± 0.20 kcal/mol; At 355 °K; ALS

Hydrogen bromide + 1-Butene = Butane, 2-bromo-

By formula: HBr + C4H8 = C4H9Br

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-20.04 ± 0.12kcal/molCmLacher, Billings, et al., 1952gas phase; Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -20.1 ± 1.8 kcal/mol; Heat of hydrobromination at 367 K; ALS

C4H7- + Hydrogen cation = 1-Butene

By formula: C4H7- + H+ = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar408.0 ± 3.5kcal/molCIDTGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar400.2 ± 3.6kcal/molH-TSGraul and Squires, 1990gas phase; B

1-Butene = 2-Butene, (Z)-

By formula: C4H8 = C4H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-2.54 ± 0.49kcal/molEqkHappel, Hnatow, et al., 1971gas phase; ALS
Deltar-1.95kcal/molCisoLevanova and Andreevskii, 1964gas phase; At 420.3 K; ALS

1,2-Diiodobutane = 1-Butene + Iodine

By formula: C4H8I2 = C4H8 + I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.0 ± 1.5kcal/molCmCline and Kistiakowsky, 1937gas phase; Heat of formation derived by Cox and Pilcher, 1970; ALS

1-Butene + Hydrogen = Butane

By formula: C4H8 + H2 = C4H10

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-30.10 ± 0.10kcal/molChydKistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935gas phase; At 355 °K; ALS

Butane, 2-chloro- = 1-Butene + Hydrogen chloride

By formula: C4H9Cl = C4H8 + HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.00kcal/molEqkLevanova and Andreevskii, 1964gas phase; At 420 K; ALS

1-Butene + Iodine = 1,2-Diiodobutane

By formula: C4H8 + I2 = C4H8I2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-12.0 ± 1.5kcal/molCmCline and Kistiakowsky, 1937gas phase; ALS

Phenol, 2-(1-methylpropyl)- = 1-Butene + Phenol

By formula: C10H14O = C4H8 + C6H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.6kcal/molCmKukui, Potolovskii, et al., 1973liquid phase; ALS

Phenol, 4-(1-methylpropyl)- = 1-Butene + Phenol

By formula: C10H14O = C4H8 + C6H6O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.8kcal/molCmKukui, Potolovskii, et al., 1973liquid phase; ALS

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Sadtler Research Labs Under US-EPA Contract
State gas

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 18918

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References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Prosen, Maron, et al., 1951
Prosen, E.J.; Maron, F.W.; Rossini, F.D., Heats of combustion, formation, and insomerization of ten C4 hydrocarbons, J. Res. NBS, 1951, 46, 106-112. [all data]

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Aston J.D., 1946
Aston J.D., Thermodynamic properties of gaseous 1,3-butadiene and normal butenes above 25 C. Equilibria in the system 1,3-butadiene, n-butenes, and n-butane, J. Chem. Phys., 1946, 14, 67-79. [all data]

Kilpatrick J.E., 1946
Kilpatrick J.E., Heat content, free energy function, entropy, and heat capacity of ethylene, propylene, and the four butenes to 1500 K, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand, 1946, 37, 163-171. [all data]

Durig J.R., 1980
Durig J.R., Spectroscopic and thermodynamic study of conformational properties and torsional potential functions of 1-butene, J. Phys. Chem., 1980, 84, 773-781. [all data]

Aston J.D., 1946, 2
Aston J.D., The heat capacity and entropy, heats of fusion and vaporization and the vapor pressure of butene-1. The zero point entropy of the glass. The entropy of the gas from molecular data, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 52-57. [all data]

Wacker P.F., 1947
Wacker P.F., Heat capacities of gaseous oxygen, isobutane, and 1-butene from -30 to +90 C, J. Res. Nat. Bur. Stand., 1947, 38, 651-659. [all data]

Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991
Takeda, K.; Yamamuro, O.; Suga, H., Thermodynamic study of 1-butene. Exothermic and endothermic enthalpy relaxations near the glass transition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1991, 22, 607-615. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic properties of simple alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64(3), 285-303. [all data]

Aston, Fink, et al., 1946
Aston, J.G.; Fink, H.L.; Bestul, A.B.; Pace, E.L.; Szasz, G.J., The heat capacity and entropy, heats of fusion and vaporization and the vapor pressure of butene-1. The zero point entropy of the glass. The entropy of the gas from molecular data, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 52-57. [all data]

Schlinger and Sage, 1949
Schlinger, W.G.; Sage, B.H., Isobaric heat capacity of 1-butene and 1-pentene at bubble point, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1949, 41, 1779-1782. [all data]

Todd and Parks, 1936
Todd, S.S.; Parks, G.S., Thermal data on organic compounds. XV. Some heat capacity, entropy and free energy data for the isomeric butenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1936, 58, 134-137. [all data]

Takeda, Yamamuro, et al., 1991, 2
Takeda, K.; Yamamuro, O.; Suga, H., Thermodynamic study of 1-butene. Exothermic and endothermic enthalpy relaxations near the glass transition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 1991, 52, 607. [all data]

Chao, Hall, et al., 1983, 2
Chao, J.; Hall, K.R.; Yao, J.M., Thermodynamic Properties of Simple Alkenes, Thermochim. Acta, 1983, 64, 285. [all data]

Aston, Finke, et al., 1946
Aston, J.G.; Finke, H.L.; Bestul, A.B.; Pace, E.L.; Szasz, G.J., The Heat Capacity and Entropy, Heats of Fusion and Vaporization and the Vapor Pressure of Butene-1. The Zero Point Entropy of the Glass. The Entropy of the Gas from Molecular Data, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1946, 68, 52. [all data]

Tsonopoulos and Ambrose, 1996
Tsonopoulos, C.; Ambrose, D., Vapor-Liquid Critical Properties of Elements and Compounds. 6. Unsaturated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1996, 41, 645-656. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Coffin and Maass, 1928
Coffin, C.C.; Maass, O., The Preparation and Physical Properties of «alpha»-,«beta»- and «gamma»-Butylene and Normal and Isobutane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1928, 50, 1427-37. [all data]

Reid, 1972
Reid, Robert C., Handbook on vapor pressure and heats of vaporization of hydrocarbons and related compounds, R. C. Wilhort and B. J. Zwolinski, Texas A Research Foundation. College Station, Texas(1971). 329 pages.$10.00, AIChE J., 1972, 18, 6, 1278-1278, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690180637 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Lamb and Roper, 1940
Lamb, Arthur B.; Roper, Edwin E., The Vapor Pressures of Certain Unsaturated Hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1940, 62, 4, 806-814, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01861a032 . [all data]

Boublik, Fried, et al., 1984
Boublik, T.; Fried, V.; Hala, E., The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances: Selected Values of the Temperature Dependence of the Vapour Pressures of Some Pure Substances in the Normal and Low Pressure Region, 2nd ed., Elsevier, New York, 1984, 972. [all data]

Coffin and Maass, 1928, 2
Coffin, C.C.; Maass, O., The Preparation and Physical Properties of «alpha», «beta»- and «gamma»-Butylene and Normal and Isobutane, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1928, 50, 5, 1427-1437, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01392a028 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Meyer and Stroz, 1972
Meyer, E.F.; Stroz, D.G., Thermodynamics of n-butene isomerization, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1972, 94, 6344-6347. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Happel, Hnatow, et al., 1971
Happel, J.; Hnatow, M.A.; Mezaki, R., Isomerization equilibrium constants of n-butenes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1971, 16, 206-209. [all data]

Maccoll and Ross, 1965
Maccoll, A.; Ross, R.A., The hydrogen bromide catalyzed isomerization of n-butenes. I. equilibrium values, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1965, 87, 1169-1170. [all data]

Golden, Egger, et al., 1964
Golden, D.M.; Egger, K.W.; Benson, S.W., Iodine-catalyzed isomerization of olefins. I. Thermodynamics data from equilibrium studies of positional and geometrical isomerization of 1-butene and 2-butene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1964, 86, 5416-5420. [all data]

Levanova and Andreevskii, 1964
Levanova, S.V.; Andreevskii, D.N., The equilibrium of 2-chlorobutane dehydrochlorination, Neftekhimiya, 1964, 4, 329-336. [all data]

DePuy, Gronert, et al., 1989
DePuy, C.H.; Gronert, S.; Barlow, S.E.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Damrauer, R., The Gas Phase Acidities of the Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 6, 1968, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00188a003 . [all data]

Peerboom, Rademaker, et al., 1992
Peerboom, R.A.L.; Rademaker, G.J.; Dekoning, L.J.; Nibbering, N.M.M., Stabilization of Cycloalkyl Carbanions in the Gas Phase, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 1992, 6, 6, 394, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1290060608 . [all data]

Lister, 1941
Lister, M.W., Heats of organic reactions. X. Heats of bromination of cyclic olefins, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1941, 63, 143-149. [all data]

Conn, Kistiakowsky, et al., 1938
Conn, J.B.; Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Smith, E.A., Heats of organic reactions. VII. Addition of halogens to olefins, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 2764-2771. [all data]

Lacher, Billings, et al., 1952
Lacher, J.R.; Billings, T.J.; Campion, D.E., Vapor phase heats of hydrobromination of the isomeric butenes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1952, 74, 5291-52. [all data]

Graul and Squires, 1990
Graul, S.T.; Squires, R.R., Gas-Phase Acidities Derived from Threshold Energies for Activated Reactions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1990, 112, 7, 2517, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00163a007 . [all data]

Cline and Kistiakowsky, 1937
Cline, J.E.; Kistiakowsky, G.B., The gaseous equilibrium of 1,2-diiodobutane, butene-1 and iodine, J. Chem. Phys., 1937, 5, 990. [all data]

Kistiakowsky, Ruhoff, et al., 1935
Kistiakowsky, G.B.; Ruhoff, J.R.; Smith, H.A.; Vaughan, W.E., Heats of organic reactions. II. Hydrogenation of some simpler olefinic hydrocarbons, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1935, 57, 876-882. [all data]

Kukui, Potolovskii, et al., 1973
Kukui, N.M.; Potolovskii, L.A.; Vasileva, V.N., Thermochemical and thermodynamic calculation of the alkylation of phenol by normal «alpha»-olefins, Khim. Tekhnol. Topl. Masel, 1973, 18, 10-13. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References