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3-Octanone

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1333.966.Hu, Lu, et al., 2006 
CapillaryHP-1110.967.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-150.965.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-170.965.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryHP-190.966.Héberger and Görgényi, 199950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, N2
PackedApiezon L130.948.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m
PackedApiezon L190.952.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5985.Tzakou and Couladis, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1964.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1969.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-101966.Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1991N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101988.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101991.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryAT-5986.Rojas and Usubillaga, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 C (1 min) 4 K/min -> 200 C 10 K/min -> 280 C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax110.1284.3Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax50.1265.5Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax70.1271.4Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-Innowax90.1277.9Héberger and Görgényi, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPE-Wax1241.Chandravadana, Vekateshwarlu, et al., 2005N2, 60. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPE-Wax1241.Venkateshwarlu, Chandravadana, et al., 1999N2, 60. C @ 4. min, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1264.Tamura, Kihara, et al., 19912. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 180. C
PackedCarbowax 20M1224.Chen, Chen, et al., 1984N2, Chromosorb W A/W DMCS, 3. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1240.Buttery, Kamm, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1240.Buttery, Kamm, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-1963.Bendahou, Muselli, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-5MS988.Cho, Namgung, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5MS988.Cho, Namgung, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5MS971.Cho I.H., Lee S.M., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS984.Vagionas, Ngassapa, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5MS971.Cho, Kim, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-1962.Pinto, Pina-Vaz, et al., 200630. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5MS988.7Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB969.Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006H2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB969.Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006, 225. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillarySE-54982.Brantner, Pfeifhofer, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.27 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5989.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5982.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2005He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5970.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5989.Bertoli, Pistelli, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBPX-5998.Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 200425. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5989.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5986.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5988.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillarySPB-5986.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5988.Bader, Caponi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS985.Salido, Altarejos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5986.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2002He, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-5986.Miri, Ramezani, et al., 2002He, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryRTX-5986.Shellie, Mondello, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-5994.Shellie, Mondello, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5988.Aligiannis, Kalpoutzakis, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS986.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1967.Specht and Baltes, 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB970.Hendriks and Bruins, 19834. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 205. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-52985.Bruni, Bianchi, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C(10min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane984.Sacchetti, Maietti, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5975.Boué, Shih, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 10C/min => 60C =3C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySE-52978.Lorenzo, Paz, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.42 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillarySE-54985.Kubícková and Grosch, 1997Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 4C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryBPX-5994.Owens J.D., Allagheny N., et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: OC => 60C/min => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 250C(20min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1253.Bendahou, Muselli, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1261.Cho, Namgung, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1240.Cho, Namgung, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1240.Cho I.H., Lee S.M., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1259.Cho, Choi, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1261.Cho, Choi, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1240.Cho, Kim, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1250.Fernandez-Segovia, Escriche, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 230. C @ 25. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1210.Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1244.Cros, Lignot, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101266.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1244.Wu, Zorn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1242.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1239.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1272.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1272.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1242.Bader, Caponi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryStabilwax1244.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1272.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101258.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1205.Shellie, Mondello, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1242.Shellie, Mondello, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101258.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1278.Beauchene, Grua-Priol, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 160. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101258.Chung, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101258.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1270.Mau, Lin, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1270.Mau and Hwang, 199730. m/0.53 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryFFAP1300.Ott, Fay, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 1. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1225.Wu and Liou, 1992H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 1.5 K/min, 200. C @ 80. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101259.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101264.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1244.Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 198860. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101255.Bianchi, Cantoni, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 220C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101251.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1256.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1256.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1245.Cantergiani, Brevard, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 20C(30s) => fast => 60C => 4C/min => 220C (20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1284.7Yang, Chyau, et al., 1998He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 50C => 2.5C/min => 150C => 1.5C/min => 210C
CapillaryDB-Wax1281.9Yang, Chyau, et al., 1998He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 50C => 2.5C/min => 150C => 1.5C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-160.965.Amboni, Junkes, et al., 2002 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOptima-5 MS983.Goeminne, Vandendriessche, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1988.Fathi, Sahari, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS989.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS990.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS988.Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS982.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-1964.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS987.Farhat, Ginies, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5992.Porto, Decorti, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS983.Sahraoui, Vian, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS990.Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-5986.Berdague, Tournayre, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 205. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1963.Salehi, Fakhari, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-5989.Setkova, Risticevic, et al., 200710. m/0.18 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 0.5 min, 50. K/min, 275. C @ 0.5 min
CapillaryHP-5 MS984.Vagionas, Graikou, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-5987.Vasta, Ratel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5987.Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5990.Jiménez, Aguilera, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-5985.Sari M., Biondi D.M., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryBPX5979.Boustie, Rapior, et al., 200525. m/0.20 mm/0.13 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-5990.Chagonda and Chalchat, 200550. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1966.Fakhari, Salehi, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5977.Jelén, Krawczyk, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5984.Morteza-Semnani, Akbarzadeh, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS983.Sajjadi, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPE-5988.Singh, Raina, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-5984.Skoula and Grayer, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS976.Tepe B., Sokmen M., et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5970.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5983.Kalvandi, Sefidkon, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5984.Ghannadi and Zolfaghari, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryHP-5966.Pitarokili, Tzakou, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5980.Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.53 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5984.Velickovic, Randjelovic, et al., 200325. m/0.32 mm/0.53 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRSL-200965.Jirovetz, Smith, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5987.Kobaisy, Tellez, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-5986.Cornu, Carnat, et al., 2001He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5984.Maia, Zoghbi, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-1987.Mohagheghzadeh, Shams-Ardakani, et al., 200025. m/0.33 mm/1.0 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryHP-5986.Mohagheghzadeh, Shams-Ardakani, et al., 2000, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-5987.Tellez, Dayan, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1970.Shafiee, Javidnia, et al., 1999He, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-1965.Rapior, Breheret, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5988.Larsen and Frisvad, 199535. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5988.Larsen and Frisvad, 1995, 235. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone962.Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-5990.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryOV-101966.Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1964.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1973.de Pooter, Nicolai, et al., 198850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOV-101964.del Rosario, de Lumen, et al., 1984He, 0. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.31 mm; Tend: 225. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5987.Fang, Pu, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 170 0C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups989.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups989.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5987.Citron, Riclea, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1988.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5989.Courtois, Paine, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C m6 0C/min -> 140 0C 5 0C/min -> 160 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryHP-5992.Maggi, Bilek, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 11 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryDB-5994.Porto, Decorti, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5999.Porto, Decorti, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1959.Barra, Baldovini, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone948.Chen and Feng, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone966.Feng and Mu, 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-1984.Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 200730. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(5min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB984.Mockute, Bernotiene, et al., 200750. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5979.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillarySPB-5977.Chemat, Lucchesi, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 1C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 250C (40min)
CapillarySPB-5977.Iriti, Colnaghi, et al., 200660. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 1C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 250C(40min)
CapillarySE-52984.Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-1963.Belhattab, Larous, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C(10min)
CapillaryDB-1961.Figueiredo, Sim-Sim, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillaryMDN-5977.Jelen and Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups986.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5988.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5988.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryHP-1965.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS984.Sahin, Gulluce, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 150C(10min) => 10C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-30970.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-5986.Begnaud, Pérès, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane965.Junkes, Castanho, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryAT-5986.Usai, Atzei, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 135 0C (1 min) 5 0C/min -> 225 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 260 0C
CapillaryHP-1994.Nogueira and Romano, 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 5C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 240C(15min)
CapillaryDB-5980.Rapior, Breheret, et al., 200230. m/0.20 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5980.Rapior, Breheret, et al., 200230. m/0.20 mm/1.0 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane987.Spanier, Shahidi, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Sil5 CB MS972.Tirillini, Verdelli, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m; Program: 0C (3min) => 3C/min => 50C => 5C/min => 220C (30min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone966.Estrada and Gutierrez, 1999Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5985.Yusuf, Begum, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 3C/min => 240C => 30C/min => 300C
CapillarySPB-1970.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-5988.Jean, Garneau, et al., 1993Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5977.Storer, Elmore, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: 0C(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillarySPB-1970.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryDB-1964.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1962.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1964.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 30C (2min) => 2C/min => 150C => 4C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryAT-Wax1224.Kiss, Csoka, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1253.Karlsson, Birgersson, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 30. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Wax1262.Mo, Fan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1291.Zawirska-Wojtasiak, Siwulski, et al., 200960. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 8. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1249.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1251.Beck, Higbee, et al., 200860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1264.Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1251.Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB1235.Chen, Chyau, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryStabilwax1244.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryFFAP1287.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1262.Povolo, Contarini, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1247.Lee, Umano, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101277.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101277.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101280.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1236.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1236.Wu, Krings, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1244.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1252.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1253.Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1273.Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 180. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1259.Duque, Bonilla, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 25. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101250.Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1252.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1260.Hirose, Joichi, et al., 1999N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1254.Ngassoum, Yonkeu, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1252.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1242.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1264.Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1990Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1248.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1250.Seifert and King, 1982He, 50. C @ 10. min, 1. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1240.Buttery and Kamm, 198050. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelko CO Wax1235.Vekiari, Orepoulou, et al., 201060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 75 0C 5 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1236.Canuti, Conversano, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 2.5 0C/min -> 80 0C 5 0C/min -> 110 0C 10 0C/min -> 220 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1251.Canuti, Conversano, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1266.Yongsheng, Hua, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 3 0C/min -> 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 120 0C 7 0C/min -> 175 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min)
CapillaryBP-201252.Pontes, Marques, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C
CapillaryInnowax1266.Junkes, Amboni, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1236.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1264.le Pape, Grua-Priol, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 1C/min => 57C => 15C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1255.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1265.Piveteau, le Guen, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(6min) => 1C/min => 130C => 10C/min => 240C (15min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1230.Caldentey, Daria Fumi, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1249.Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101248.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101251.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax 101257.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1253.Luning, de Rijk, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillarySupelcowax-101256.Jean, Garneau, et al., 1993Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1252.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1251.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hu, Lu, et al., 2006
Hu, X.-F.; Lu, C.-H.; Yin, C.-S., Modeling Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices of Oxygen-containing Compounds by Novel Atom-type Topological Indices, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics, 2006, 19, 3, 243-247, https://doi.org/10.1360/cjcp2006.19(3).243.5 . [all data]

Héberger and Görgényi, 1999
Héberger, K.; Görgényi, M., Principal component analysis of Kováts indices for carbonyl compounds in capillary gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1999, 845, 1-2, 21-31, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00323-4 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Tzakou and Couladis, 2001
Tzakou, O.; Couladis, M., The essential oil of Micromeria graeca (L.) Bentham et Reichenb. growing in Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 107-109, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.955 . [all data]

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Tamura, Kihara, et al., 1991
Tamura, H.; Kihara, S.; Nakahara, K.; Sugisawa, H., A program for predicting aliphatic compounds using linear equations of GC retention index value, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1991, 38, 10, 934-939, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.38.934 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Rojas and Usubillaga, 2000
Rojas, L.B.; Usubillaga, A., Composition of the essential oil fo Satureja brownei (SW.) Briq. from Venezuela, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 21-22, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<21::AID-FFJ861>3.0.CO;2-G . [all data]

Chandravadana, Vekateshwarlu, et al., 2005
Chandravadana, M.V.; Vekateshwarlu, G.; Bujji Babu, C.S.; Roy, T.K.; Shivashankara, K.S.; Pandey, M.; Tewari, R.P.; Selvaraj, Y., Volatile flavour components of dry milky mushrooms (Calocybe indica), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 715-717, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1653 . [all data]

Venkateshwarlu, Chandravadana, et al., 1999
Venkateshwarlu, G.; Chandravadana, M.V.; Tewari, R.P., Volatile flavour components of some edible mushrooms (Basidiomycetes), Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 3, 191-194, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199905/06)14:3<191::AID-FFJ810>3.0.CO;2-7 . [all data]

Chen, Chen, et al., 1984
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Notes

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